Energy in Montecara

Electricity

Montecara: Electricity sector
Data
Electricity coverage100%
Continuity of supply99.99%
Installed capacity (2017)4795 MW
Share of fossil energy92.28%
Share of renewable energy7.72%
Average electricity use (2017)8,194 kW·h per capita
Services
Share of private sector in generation100%
Competitive supply to large usersNo
Competitive supply to residential usersNo
Institutions
Responsibility for transmissionComega

Montecara consumes about 14.35 billion kW·h of electricity per year.

Montecara is in the process of moving away from fossil fuels and toward sustainable energy but badly lags behind schedule in its goal, set in 2000, to achieve 100% renewable electricity by 2025. Less than ten percent of the electricity generated in Montecara comes from a renewable source, with the remaining more than ninety percent coming from oil and natural gas. There are several obstacles to increased use of renewables: limited land area means that there is little free space to deploy solar panels, the terrain is not generally favorable to onshore wind power, and high land values mean that land-intensive renewable plants are prohibitively expensive to build and maintain.

Nuclear power is a highly contentious political issue in Montecara. Montecara has been a nuclear-free zone since 1985 in response to plans by Comega to build a boiling water reactor.

Montecara must import all its fossil fuels and is therefore highly dependent on the flow of international shipping to supply its energy needs. Tanker ships arrive several times per week with supplies of oil and liquefied natural gas, and the state estimates that if its sea lanes were disrupted, fuel and power shortages would likely develop within less than 48 hours.

An interconnector cable allows electricity to be exported to and imported from mainland Euclea as needed.

Power plants

Name Image Capacity (MW) Commissioned Type
Saonèla I
Black Point Power Station 1.jpg
1875 1970 Oil
Saonèla II
Black Point Power Station 1.jpg
1500 1993 Natural gas
Nùvol
Central Termica Badalona.jpg
1050 1982 Oil
Siròco Nòvo
Block Island offshore wind farm P6290638m.jpg
315 2013 Offshore wind
Cocàl
ISK Knapsack EBS 2008.jpg
55 1999 Waste-to-energy

Sources

Twin oil and natural gas pipelines run from Tsabara to Florena underneath Montecara. These are tapped off for use in Montecaran power plants and for use in transportation. These pipelines provide the vast majority of oil and gas resources used locally, but some oil and liquefied natural gas arrives by ship as well.

Regulation

The Secretary of the Environment, Transport, and Urban Development has authority over energy regulation in Montecara.

Taxation

Transportation

VM is in the process of converting its entire bus fleet away from fossil fuel. It began to replace aging diesel buses with compressed natural gas vehicles in the late 1990s and is now replacing old equipment with all-electric models.

The state charges higher registration fees to vehicles with poor fuel efficiency.

Diesel fuel sold in Montecara must have a minimum cetane number of 53 and a maximum sulfur content of 10 ppm. This includes the fuel oil burned in Montecara's power plants.

Shipping

Bunker C fuel is banned from use in Montecaran waters. Additionally, all marine fuel must have a maximum sulfur content of 0.1%. This essentially limits marine fuel options to Bunker A or lighter.