Taxation in Montecara
Taxation in Montecara is administered by the Secretariat for Finance. Montecara is known as a tax haven and offshore financial hub thanks to its lack of income, capital gains, and estate taxes. The state does, however, assess a variety of other taxes and fees that contribute to its overall operating revenue. Montecara operates a single-tier tax system; i.e., there is no dividend tax. There are no extant double taxation avoidance agreements.
Excises are per unit taxes paid on specific types of goods.
|Alcohol||Ł65/liter of pure ethanol||752|
|Coal and coke||Ł15.50/Gj||29|
|Heavy fuel oil||Ł2.85/l||4,796|
|Tobacco||Ł12/pack of 20 cigarettes
Ł7/cigar ≤ 10g
Ł9/cigar > 10g
Ł0.65/g loose tobacco
The Montecaran tariff system is complex, with rates varying by national origin and type of good, but are generally low by international standards (with some notable exceptions). For instance, the trade with the Euclean Community is tariff-free; general tariff rates with other countries range from 0% (for many types of goods and utilities) to 45% (for private cars, trucks, and vans). Montecara collected Ł3.215 million in tariff revenue in 2017.
Hospitality tax is assessed on spending at hotels, casinos, brothels, and car rental agencies. Land value tax is assessed on the unimproved value of land. Withholding tax is assessed on income earned in Montecara by non-resident foreign workers (entertainers, athletes, etc.).
|Type||Rate||2017 revenue (millions Ł)|
|Air transport tax||Cargo||Ł16/tonne||13|
|Passengers||5% of ticket price||508|
|Income earned in Montecara by entities incorporated abroad||13.5%||735|
|Income earned abroad by domestically incorporated entities||7.5%||48,205|
|Domestic income earned by domestically incorporated entities||0%||0|
|Foreign insurance tax||4.75% of premium||85|
|Land value tax||0% - 2.75%||17,059|
|Mortgage tax||0.9% of each payment||271|
|Value-added tax||0% - 6%||32,223|
|Air and sea transit||Varies||62||Charged to aircraft and ships transiting Montecaran seas and airspace.|
|Cruise ship passenger fee||Ł425/passenger||81|
|Incorporation||Ł2,500||17||Flat fee assessed on incorporating a new business.|
|Landing and docking||Varies||10,445||Assessed on aircraft and ships using Montecara's port or airport.|
|License plate auction revenue||Varies||623|
|Road use vignette||Varies||10,445|
|Ship registration||Varies||43||Costs vary with size, class, and age of ship. Montecara has an open ship registry and is a popular flag of convenience.|
Hypothecated fees and surcharges
Revenue from these sources is dedicated to specific purposes rather than being paid into the general account.
|Climate surcharge||Ł88.20/tonne emitted CO2‑e||Assessed on emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases not otherwise taxed. Revenue is earmarked to subsidize replacement technologies for these gases.|
|Electronic goods recycling fee||3%||Collected at sale and earmarked for e-waste recycling.|
|Fishing equipment surcharge||12%||Collected at sale and earmarked for the cleanup of waste from Montecaran waters and beaches.|
|Landfill waste collection fee||Ł80/tonne||Assessed on domestic, commercial, and industrial landfill waste and earmarked for processing costs.|
|Public broadcasting surcharge||13%||Assessed on cable television, Internet service, and cellular data bills in order to fund Telèradio Montecara.|
Salt tax (Montecaran: gabèla) was first imposed under the Latin Republic, and was levied in some form up to the late 19th century. It was for many centuries up to the early modern era the single largest source of income for the Montecaran state, though it was often bitterly resented by common people. At times it even included the compulsory purchase of a fixed quantity of salt per month by every man, woman, and child in Montecara.
First levied in 1708, stamp tax was imposed on official documents, newspapers, cheques, and other printed matter. It was finally repealed in its entirety in 1953.