People's Republic of Namor
Namorese: Намора Имингука
Motto: Джию, Хакбенг, Минджу, Чинбу, Данджек
Freedom, Peace, Democracy, Progress, Unity
Anthem: Tongboman Chanjin
(March on, Compatriots!)
|Location of Namor in Borea|
Location of Namor in Borea
|Recognised national languages||Khao, Luziycan, Minjianese, Tojavese, Tuhaoese|
|Ethnic groups||Kannei Namorese (71%)|
Ethnic Minorities (29%)
|Government||Unitary presidential republic|
|Template:President-General of Namor|
|Template:Vice President of Namor|
• President of the Central Council
• President of the Supreme People's Court
• Unification (as the Bo dynasty)
• People's Republic
|2,355,619 km2 (909,510 sq mi)|
• 2015 census
• Per capita
• Per capita
|Currency||Ramon (P) (=100 fen) (NR)|
|ISO 3166 code||NMR|
Namor (Намора tr. Namora), officially the People's Republic of Namor (Намора Имингука), is a sovereign state in Central Borea inhabited by Namorese people. It is the second-largest country in the world by population with over 521 million people. Namor shares a border with Luziyca and Katranjiev in the north, Qaradalai and Lecia in the northeast, and Jathana in the east.
Namor is a country with a long history; the Nozama Valley is considered one of Esquarium's cradles of civilization and is also considered by many to be the origin of the Monic peoples. Namorese historians view the semi-legendary monarchy of Nozama to be the first period of Namorese history. Over time, the territory of Nozama split into smaller states that constantly warred for regional dominance. Finally, in 340 BCE, the states were unified under the Bo dynasty. From then on, Namor was ruled by successive dynasties that cyclically rose and fell. The last dynasty, the Hào, became a constitutional monarchy following the Double Fourth Revolution in 1910. However, an attempt to restore the absolute monarchy in 1915 led to the Unification War between monarchists and republicans, a six-year-long civil conflict that ended with Namor's unification under the Republic of Namor. Another civil war broke out after reunification, this time between the ruling Republican Party of Namor and Liberationists. The Liberationists quickly gained the upper hand and took control of mainland Namor by 1925, establishing the People's Republic of Namor. The Republicans retreated to Peitoa and formed a rival government; both the PRN and RON claimed to be the sole legitimate government of Namor until Peitoa reunified with the mainland in 2006.
Under Antelope Yunglang, the People's Republic of Namor was an autarkic Liberationist single-party state. Following Antelope's death in 1950, the Liberationists started opening up its economy and pursuing political reforms. Consequently, Namor experienced double-digit economic growth that would not cool until the 1980s, while opposition groups began to flourish. The country held its first genuine multiparty legislative elections in 1960; ten years later, it held its first direct presidential election. By the 1980s, Namor had become a multiparty democracy with a presidential system.
Present-day Namor is the largest liberal democracy in Esquarium, owing to its massive electorate. It is the second-largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and the largest by purchasing power parity. Despite this, Namor's GDP per capita and HDI are considerably lower than those of developed countries, making it a newly industrialized country. A great power, Namor is a recognized nuclear weapons state. Namor is a member of the ETO, IFDS, and the Esquarian Summit. It is an observer in the EC.
- 1 Names
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Governance
- 5 Society
- 6 Economy
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Culture
Various names of Namor have been used throughout history, with the most common ones being Namor (Namora, 南屋域 in Namorese) and Nozama (黎澤茻). Namora was the name of an ancient kingdom that ruled the Nozama River Valley from 1500 to 800 BCE and whose capital was situated in present-day Namo; present-day historians refer to the kingdom as Kanamora (古南屋域), or "ancient Namor," to differentiate it from the modern country. During the Christian conquests of Namor, the ruling Jidu dynasty, which associated the conquered lands with the city of Namo, started to use Namora. The Shan dynasty switched to Nozama to reflect the country's liberation from Christian rule, and the practice continued until the Hao dynasty, when Namora became the official name once again. By the end of the absolute monarchy in 1910, Namora had become a common name, while Anglophone and francophone speakers became accustomed with using Namor and Namoirie respectively.
The Republic of Namor, declared in 1915, adopted the name Nozama Kunghakguka, but used Namor and Nozama interchangeably in official English-language documents. When the People's Republic of Namor was established, Namora was restored as the official Namorese name of the country. Namora and Namor have been in use, both officially and unofficially, since.
Nozama Valley Civilization
The Nozama Valley Civilization (NVC) formed around the 3000s BCE. At the time of its formation, the civilization was situated around the upper Nozama and Tanken Lake, but eventually it expanded southward to the Nozama River Delta partially as a result of the civilization's use of perennial irrigation, which transported water from the Nozama River to areas deeper inland, allowing inhabitants to stray farther away from the river.
There are two contending theories that purport to explain how the Nozama Valley Civilization was governed. One asserts that the valley was under the rule of a single state - the similarity in artifacts and grid patterns between the various settlements in the valley support this. Another states that the valley was highly decentralized, with each settlement having its own ruler. This theory is mostly supported by the fact that ancient Namorese records do not mention the existence of a singular ruler who dominated the valley before the foundation of the Nozama kingdom.
Early dynastic rule and chinpun era
Traditional Namorese history regards the kingdom of Nozama as the first Namorese dynasty. According to legend, Nozama was founded in 2976 BCE by the goddess-queen Nushen, daughter of the universal ruler Songte. Nushen was succeeded by a line of eight queens, popularly known as the Eight Matriarchs. Following the death of Kungna, the last matriarch, in 2281 BCE, Nozama was ruled by a dynasty of kings known as the Twelve Patriarchs. No archaeological evidence of the Eight Matriarchs has been found, leading historians to designate the matriarchs as a legendary period in Nozama's history. However, recent evidence supports the existence of the Twelve Patriarchs, though the historicity of some events in that period remains a matter of debate.
In 1513 BCE, Movang, the last patriarch, was overthrown by the Nan, an indigenous people from the lower Nozama River Valley, who established the kingdom of Kanamora. During the Kanamora period, more people started to move to the lower Nozama River Valley, where the new capital, Namo, was situated. The migration turned the lower Nozama River Valley into the more populous part of the kingdom, causing the center of Namorese civilization to shift southward. The period also saw the first documented use of the Ventzi script. The monarchy stayed in total control of Kanamora until the 10th century BCE, when a series of uprisings by feudal lords forced the monarchy to recognize their authority. By the 8th century BCE, Kanamora had been effectively replaced by chinpun (city-states), with the monarchy reduced to a judicial and religious authority.
The Chinpun era officially began following the death of the last Kanamora king. At first, the chinpun were concentrated within cities and their surroundings, but slowly expanded in size as some chinpun were absorbed by others. Two powerful chinpun emerged in the 5th century BCE: Namo and Tungmo. In 354 BCE, war broke out between Namo, Tungmo, and their respective allies. The war lasted fourteen years before Tungmo conquered Namo, forcing Namo's allies to surrender and effectively bringing the Nozama River Delta under Tungmo's control. The unification of the Nozama River Delta marked the beginning of the Bo dynasty — the first dynasty of the imperial era.
The Bo empire was initially reclusive but turned to territorial expansion as trade with the outside world increased. In the third century BCE, the Bo dynasty conquered the neighboring kingdoms of Xhinan and Shachin, opening up a link to eastern Borea.
The Bo dynasty collapsed in the third century CE, breaking up into the Lin dynasty in the north and Cheng dynasty in the south. Both dynasties were short-lived; the Cheng was absorbed by the Tunghao, an ethnic group from the Tung River Delta, who then established the Fan dynasty in the year 243. The Fan subsequently conquered the Lin dynasty in 255, completing the unification of all lands formerly controlled by the Bo. Despite this, the Fan dynasty was weakened by infighting within the ruling house that resulted in the empire fragmenting into the Northern Fan and Southern Fan dynasties in 302.
For the next two centuries, northern and southern Namor each had its own ruler, a period known as the First North-South Divide — in the south, ethnic Minjianese rebels overthrew the Southern Fan in 331, and the Zhao dynasty took its place. The Zhao was later succeeded by the Chen, another Minjianese dynasty, which ruled for the remainder of the divide. In the north, the Northern Fan remained in power until the late fifth century when it was succeeded by the Kannei Tung dynasty. The Tung dynasty conquered the Chen dynasty in 537 but disintegrated in 582 after the assassination of the Tung emperor triggered a civil war. The imperial chancellor Li Jik helped his protege, the late emperor's grandnephew, restore order to the empire in 594. In 598, the emperor mysteriously died, and Li Jik proclaimed himself emperor, founding the Li dynasty.
The Li dynasty is widely regarded as a golden age in Namorese history; during this period, the emperor and local governments developed a gentleman's agreement where the emperor respected the autonomy of local governments, while the local governments agreed to pay taxes to the emperor and defend the empire from invasions and rebellions. The agreement is said to have ensured prolonged stability by holding multiple levels of government accountable for their actions, disincentivizing rebellions against the empire as a whole. Li rulers were also more cosmopolitan than their predecessors; trade with the rest of Borea surpassed Bo-era levels, bringing an unprecedented amount of foreign traditions into Namor. Among those were Dharmic religions, whose concepts of reincarnation and nirvana were gradually integrated with local traditions to form modern-day Txoism.
The Li dynasty weakened after Minjianese in the south rebelled, forming the breakaway Guang dynasty in 783. The Li continued to hold on to Namor Proper until 857 when it was overthrown by the Yung dynasty. The decline of the Li marked the beginning of the Second North-South Divide. During this period, southern Namor — specifically Minjian — became the cultural and economic center of Namor; Minjianese art, language, and literature flourished and made its way to the north, enabling the emergence of a dialect continuum influenced by Minjianese. The Guang dynasty was succeeded by the Liang and Xi dynasties; in the north, the Yung dynasty was succeeded by the Ze dynasty, which in turn broke up into several states during the 11th century.
During the 12th century, the Peivet, a Tastanist people from present-day Shanpei and Xhipei, launched a series of incursions into Namor Proper that became known as the Crusades. The Peivet crusaders quickly conquered the fragmented northern states and established the Jidu dynasty. In 1149, the Jidu defeated the Xi dynasty, ending the Second North-South Divide. Under the Jidu, monotheism was introduced into Namor; Tastanist temples were built across Namor and the first Namorese translations of Tastanist texts were published. Over time, the Jidu modified monotheism to make it more compatible with local traditions; ancestor worship was permitted, Namorese deities were officially worshiped as saints, and new myths similar to the Tastanist creation narrative made their way into Namorese mythology. Despite these achievements, Jidu rule was widely seen as incompetent and oppressive, and the relationship between Jidu and local rulers was often tense. In 1264, rebels under Dan Yensun expelled the Jidu from Namor Proper and established the Dan dynasty.
The Dan dynasty saw the rise of maritime trade, which was seen as a more convenient alternative to traveling on land. Government-funded naval expeditions established contact with eastern Borea and Nautasia, in some places, the Namorese established settlements, forming the first few overseas Namorese communities. However, these settlements never amounted to permanent colonies and their inhabitants eventually returned to Namor or were assimilated into native societies. Despite an increase in foreign trade, the Dan tried to prevent outside traditions from entering Namor. The government standardized Txoism for the first time, compiling a list of officially recognized gods in 1317. At the same time, Dan rulers initiated a mass persecution of Tastanists across Namor. By 1400, it was reported that not a single monotheist remained in the empire, although underground monotheistic movements continued to attract followers.
The Dan started more attention to domestic affairs during the 16th century, when the empire fought three wars with the neighboring kingdom of Tuhao between 1557 and 1613. In the first war, Dan forces defeated the Tuhaoese and forced them to pay tribute; however, during the reign of Queen Nguyen Linh Tú, Tuhao waged war on the Dan again, capturing large swaths of Dan territory in Namor Proper. However, the offensive ended after Queen Nguyen was fatally wounded in 1599. Her son, Nguyen Quang Công, waged the last war, besieging Namo in 1613 and proclaiming the Hào dynasty. Hào rule was met with resistance from Dan loyalists in northern Namor, who continued to fight the Hào until the late 17th century.
To prevent non-Tuhaoese from contaminating Tuhaoese blood, Hào rulers established a racial hierarchy dominated by Tuhaoese people, forced all subjects to learn Tuhaoese, and banned intermarriage between Tuhaoese and non-Tuhaoese groups. But over time, the hierarchy became harder to maintain as the Hào acquired more territory. During the reign of the Kaisang Emperor (Soi Sáng in Tuhaoese), the hierarchy was repealed and the Hào namorized. Eventually, most government officials were Kannei Namorese, and Namorese replaced Tuhaoese as the commonly used language in court.
In 1794, a massive tidal wave hit the southern coast of Namor, bringing severe economic troubles to the Hào. As corruption, food shortages and homelessness continued to plague the empire, rebellions against Hào rule became more frequent. The largest-scale rebellion, led by Kansism founder Chen Minko, lasted from 1871 to 1886 and caused over 20 million civilian deaths. Although the rebellion was eventually put down, the Hào never fully recovered from its effects. In 1882, the Kochan Emperor adopted the Latin alphabet (Redentzi) as the official Namorese script with the goal of increasing literacy among the population, albeit with limited success.
Hào Namor fought a devastating war with Luziyca that resulted in the Luziycan annexation of Nantai and Txotai. The war was perceived as a humiliation among many Namorese and increased resentment against Hào rule.
On April 4, 1910, a rebellion led by the Namorese Democratic Brotherhood broke out in the Nozama River Delta. With the support of defectors from the Hào army, the rebels took over most of the delta and besieged Namo. In an attempt to save its authority, the imperial government agreed to enter talks with the Democratic Brotherhood. Both sides agreed to set up a constitutional monarchy with the Veinan Empress as its head of state and Democratic Brotherhood leader Jacob Cho as its prime minister.
While the compromise averted the total collapse of the Hào dynasty, it did not mitigate tensions between the monarchists and republicans, which erupted again in 1915 after monarchists staged a coup in Namo that restored the absolute monarchy, killing thousands of republicans in the process. In response to the coup, the republicans declared the imperial government to be illegitimate and established the Republic of Namor (RON) in Mojing. A six-year civil war between monarchists and republicans, known as the Unification War, ended with the reunification of Namor under the republicans in 1921. After the war, two parties emerged as the most powerful forces in Namorese politics - the Republicans, a right-wing party led by Generalissimo Jung To, and the Liberationists, a left-wing populist party that had operated mostly in monarchist territory during the war.
Not so long after reunification, tensions between the Republicans and Liberationists led to the outbreak of a second civil war, known by most historians as the Namorese Civil War. Support for the Liberationists from peasants in the countryside, workers, and intellectuals in the cities enabled the party to gain the upper hand in the conflict; by 1925, the Liberationists had effectively taken control of mainland Namor. That year, they established the People's Republic of Namor (PRN) with party chairman Antelope Yunglang as its first President-General. Jung To's regime relocated to Peitoa, where it continued to lay claim over the mainland.
Under Antelope Yunglang, mainland Namor underwent a combination of economic recovery, social progress, and repression. The Liberationists executed and imprisoned millions of Republican sympathizers, large landowners, former warlords and other suspected opponents to their rule. Despite promises during the civil war to share power with other parties in a coalition government, the Liberationists established themselves as the vanguard party to which all must pledge allegiance to - a role that was enshrined in the constitution. At the same time, the government promoted the "three universals" - universal housing, universal literacy and universal healthcare - through the New Revival Program. It also supported programs to revitalize the infrastructure, building electricity dams, hospitals, roads, and schools. By the end of Antelope's presidency, the Liberationists had secured their hold on power.
Growing conflict between Antelope and President-General Mikhail Zo prompted Antelope to launch the Movement to Implement Comprehensive Liberationism Throughout Namorese Society, colloquially known as the "Green Fever," in 1940. The Green Fever resulted in widespread instability; the Green Youth Organization (GYO), the Liberationist Party's youth wing during the Fever, attacked both those who were labeled as reactionaries by Antelope and those were perceived to be reactionary but were never labeled as such by Antelope or anyone else in the party leadership. Antelope scaled back the GYO's activities following deadly clashes involving the GYO and armed uprisings by opponents to the Fever. As Antelope's health declined, most responsibilities of overseeing the party's activities went to the rest of the Politburo Standing Committee and Vice Chairman Kiang Su. The Green Fever finally ended after Antelope's death in 1950. A power struggle between acting chairman Kiang and President-General Antelope Gelai ended in Kiang's removal from power and the rise of a moderate, pro-reform leadership.
In 1955, the Central Council approved a new constitution which increased the powers of the President-General and the Central Council, transferring the power of commanding the military to the President-General and the power to override presidential vetoes to the Central Council. Under the new constitution, Antelope Gelai was reelected President-General. He would serve another two terms in office, becoming the only President-General to have stayed in office for more than two terms.
The administration of Antelope Gelai supported both economic and political reforms. The Opening Act of 1957 set up special economic zones throughout the country, attracting investment. The Northern Development program resulted in a mass migration to northern Namor, spurring development there. At the same time, the authorities became more tolerable of dissent - political prisoners were released and direct multiparty elections for Central Council were held in 1960. By 1970, Namor had achieved double-digit economic growth and the one-party state was slowly giving way to a multiparty democracy.
Reforms continued under Antelope Gelai's successor, Kong Jo, who was President-General from 1965 to 1975. During the Plum Blossom Revolution of 1965, Kong agreed to allow direct presidential elections. Kong became the first directly elected leader in Namorese history in 1970, defeating Democratic Socialist challenger Daiji Suang. A year later, the killing of 16 Namorese by Luziycan troops in Vulan sparked the Third Namo-Luziycan War. The war ended with both Namor and Luziyca declaring victory. For the remainder of Kong's presidency, Namor diverted its attention to bolstering national defense, stalling reforms.
Kong was succeeded by Vice President Su Shui. Namor maintained its economic growth during Su's presidency, but problems linked to fast growth - mainly corruption and pollution - led to declining public support for the government. Su was reelected by a significantly narrower margin in 1980; two years later, he was impeached by the Central Council after it was revealed that he had shared confidential documents with members of his family. He was succeeded by Vice President Chen Chanin, who barely clung to the presidency in the election of 1985. Chen tried improving the image of the Liberationist Party by focusing on social problems as opposed to economic growth, but his efforts were compromised by infighting between conservative and liberal factions in the party. In the 1990 election, Chen was defeated by Democratic Socialist Lan Xuân Hường. Lan became the first woman, non-Kannei, and non-Liberationist to become President-General, marking an end to 65 years of Liberationist rule.
Lan Xuân Hường's presidency lasted from 1990 to 2000. Upon taking office, she followed a policy of Deliberationization, establishing a transitional justice commission to redress legacies of human rights abuses committed under the Liberationist regime. Many streets and squares named after Liberationism or Liberationist leaders were renamed, while Liberationist imagery was removed from stamps and currency banknotes. However, deliberationization lost momentum due to mounting opposition from the public, which saw the policy as an attempt to stifle political opposition. At the same time, Lan's administration normalized relations with Luziyca, introduced the Common Medical Care System (CMCS), and abolished the death penalty for most crimes.
National unity skyrocketed following the June 28 attacks in 1992 during which terrorists hijacked an Air Namor passenger jet and crashed it into the Aininian embassy, while a suicide truck bomber crashed the Ethnic Minority Affairs building in Namo. The Knights of Saint Luther, an Otekian separatist militant group, claimed responsibility, prompting Lan to launch a renewed campaign against domestic Otekian separatists. The campaign resulted in the death and capture of Breuvi Chikmurdof, commander of the Knights, and the organization's disintegration.
Lan was succeeded by Vice President Kaitlyn Kan, who mostly continued her predecessor's policies but declined in popularity due to lackluster economic growth and her perceived mishandling of Peitoa's seizure of a mainland Namorese ferry. In 2005, she was voted out of office, and businessman Fu Wen of the New Democrats was elected, becoming Namor's first right-wing President-General.
During Fu's presidency, mainland Namor invaded Peitoa and toppled the Republic of Namor, ending the era in which there were two governments claiming to be the legitimate representative of the entire country. The Fu administration lowered income tax rates, decreased spending and privatized some state-run enterprises. Relations with Luziyca improved, with Namo and Bethlehem agreeing to consider Nantai "Namorese territory under Luziycan administration." While some praised this as a step forward towards stability in Borea, critics within Namor accused Fu of jeopardizing Namorese interests. Support for the New Democrats hit a new low after the stock market crashed in 2015 as a result of a global recession. On the same year, Antelope Shohai, the great-grandson of Antelope Yunglang, won the presidency, becoming the first Liberationist President-General in 25 years.
Under Antelope, Namor expanded the CMCS to low-income residents in urban areas. The government was given the power to freeze stockholders' activities during a period of economic crisis, and a nationwide minimum wage was introduced. Namor hosted the Third Esquarian Summit in October 2016.
Namor is a large and geographically diverse country. With a total area of 10,586,430 km2, it is the second-largest country in Esquarium after Koyro. It borders two seas - the Haddock Sea in the north and the East Namor Sea in the south.
The country is sometimes called the "Three Mountains and Six Rivers" (Сансан Pукон, Sansan Rukon, 三山六江) - a term that refers to Namor's three major mountain ranges and six major rivers. The Northern Mountains (Peisan), the Xhinan Highlands (Xhinan Koyen) and Tuhaoese Highlands (Tzigao Koyen) are the three major mountain ranges. The Northern Mountains are generally higher than the Xhinan and Tuhaoese Highlands; the highest mountain in Namor, Daibeng Peak (formerly Liberationism Peak), is situated there.
The six major rivers of Namor are the Nozama, Xhi (Xi Jiang in Minjianese), Tung (Sông Phía Nam in Tuhaoese), Samsomkiad, Pei, Sa and Keng. Of the six rivers, the Nozama is the longest, beginning from Tanken Lake in the north before converging with the East Namor Sea in the south through the Nozama River Delta.
The west is dominated by the Western Desert, considered to be the largest desert by area in Borea.
Climate of Namor varies by region. The south has a humid subtropical climate with warm and wet summers and mild winters, while the north has a temperate climate. The south is affected by monsoons that bring excessive amounts of rainfall to the region in the summer. This has sometimes led to typhoons which cause infrastructural damage. Snowfall is generally rare except in the northwest, where it is frequent.
Namor is a unitary state where the central government is ultimately supreme and delegates powers to regional authorities. First-level administrative divisions of Namor include (Ку, ku) and five autonomous republics (Чиджигука, Chijiguka). Both divisions are subsequently divided into prefectures (Сен, Sen) or autonomous prefectures (Чиджиcен, Chijisen) for ethnic minorities. In total, there are 131 prefectures in Namor.
Each district, autonomous republic and prefecture has its own regional government, which has the power to pass laws and is partially responsible for maintaining the local infrastructure. Autonomous republics have a significant population of ethnic minorities. They differ from districts in that they have significant jurisdiction over education, fiscal policy, infrastructure, language policy, law enforcement and other affairs.
The capital of Namo is a part of Capital District (Шодуку, Shoduku) - a national capital territory with its own mayor and municipal legislature.
List of districts
List of Autonomous Republics
Namor is presently a unitary state with a presidential system. The Constitution of Namor is the basic governing document of the country; the first version of the Constitution, adopted in 1925, designated the People's Republic as a "multiparty republic under the direction of the Liberationist Party of Namor." While other parties besides the Liberationists were allowed to operate, they had to be a part of the March 28 Front - an organization led by the Liberationists. In 1955, the second and present version of the Constitution was adopted. The new Constitution emphasized rule of law, separation of powers and individual rights, paving the way for direct and genuine multiparty elections.
The President-General is the head of state and government of the People's Republic. The President-General is elected every five years and may serve in office for up to two terms. Like the executive in most presidential systems, the President-General may appoint officials, command the military, sign treaties and veto laws. Accompanying the President-General is the Vice President and the ministers who make up the State Council. The current President-General is Template:President-General of Namor. His Vice President is Template:Vice President of Namor.
The Central Council (often abbreviated as the CenCo) is the national legislature. Comprised of 2,549 seats, it is the largest professional legislature in Esquarium. The CenCo has the power to pass laws, ratify treaties signed by the President-General, and confirm appointments by the President-General. The CenCo can also override presidential vetoes by a three-fourths majority vote, and impeach the President-General by a simple majority vote. Members of the CenCo are elected every five years, with elections occurring concurrently with presidential elections.
The Supreme People's Court (SPC) is the highest court in Namor. It consists of five justices - the President of the SPC and four Vice Presidents of the SPC. All five justices are appointed by the President-General, but their appointments must be confirmed by the CenCo. The SPC specializes in constitutional law and constitutional review. It is also the final authority in the impeachment process; once the CenCo passes a motion of impeachment against the President-General, the SPC determines whether to support this motion; if it does, then the President-General is required to leave office.
Namor maintains cordial relations with most democracies, particularly those belonging to the Esquarian Community (EC), of which Namor is an observer. Namor enjoys an especially strong alliance with Ainin - both countries are among the founding members of the Esquarian Treaty Organisation (ETO) and have signed a free trade agreement, causing Ainin to become Namor's largest trading partner and vice versa.
Relations between Namor and other developing countries are moderately warm, partially due to Namor's status as a newly-industrialized developing economy and the Liberationist regime's identification with the third world. Namor has traditionally refrained from supporting economic sanctions and military interventions against developing nations; however, it has also supported compromises in disputes between developed democracies and developing states. Namo's support for a conditional withdrawal of all non-Nautasian troops from Nautasia during the Third Esquarian Summit is a recent example of this.
Namor's relations with neighboring Luziyca are traditionally contentious due to the long history of conflict between the two countries. The First Namo-Luziycan War, which ended in a Luziycan victory, saw Luziyca annexing Nantai and Txotai, turning the former into a constituent republic and the latter into a nominally independent state. While Namor eventually retook control of Txotai, Otekian separatists in the region declared independence in 1941 with East Luziycan support, provoking a Namorese response which led to the Second Namo-Luziycan War (also known as the Txotai Rebellion). Fears of a reunified Luziyca and border tensions led to the Third Namo-Luziycan War, after which both countries claimed victory. The two countries reestablished diplomatic ties, and relations improved under the watch of President-General Fu Wen, whose administration advocated for detente. While the risk of conflict has greatly decreased since, suspicion of Luziyca remains high among the Namorese body politic, hindering enhanced bilateral cooperation in a range of issues.
The Namorese Liberation Army (NLA) is the armed forces of Namor. It was founded in 1904 as the armed wing of the Liberationist Party of Namor. The NLA remained under the control of the Liberationists after the establishment of the People's Republic in 1925. While it served as the de facto military of Namor for decades, it was officially nationalized with the adoption of the 1955 Constitution, which transferred the role of supreme commander from the Secretary-General of the Liberationist Party to the President-General.
Branches of the NLA include the Ground Force (NLAGF), Air Force (NLAAF), Navy (NLAN) and the People's Gendarmerie.
Namor has the third largest standing army in Esquarium, with 2.5 million active military personnel. The Liberation Navy is widely considered to be green-water navy, although it is aspiring to acquire blue-water capabilities. Currently, the Liberation Army consists of two fleets - the East Sea Fleet which operates in the East Namor Sea and the Yenfang Fleet which operates in the Haddock Sea. The NLAN possesses two aircraft carriers - the NNS Sandinghan and NNS Sicho.
Namor is a nuclear power - while the exact number of warheads has never been disclosed, it is estimated that Namor possesses around 3,000 nuclear warheads. In addition, Namor is among the several countries in Esquarium that continue to possess biological and chemical weapons. There is an ongoing debate regarding the future of Namor's biological and chemical arsenal, with some supporting disarmament and others opposing it.
While Namor formerly had a policy of conscription in which all citizens between the ages of 18 and 22 must serve in the military for 12-18 months, conscription was abolished in 1989. Since then, successive administrations have pursued policies aimed at cutting the size of the military while improving its performance.
Namor is a multiethnic country with 10 officially recognized ethnic groups — one being the dominant Kannei Namorese group and the other nine being ethnic minority groups. In addition to the ten groups, there are groups that do not enjoy official recognition and whose members are classified as part of an officially recognized group, regardless of whether they identify with that group or not. Naturalized citizens of Namor are not considered to be members of an ethnic group.
Kannei Namorese are the dominant ethnicity in Namor, making up 71.5% of the total population. The Kannei are believed to have emerged during the Kanamora period when the Nozama peoples of the upper Nozama River Valley and the Nan peoples of the lower Nozama were unified under one ruler. The Nozama River Valley and adjacent areas have been historically known as the Kannei ("within the frontier"), hence the group's present name. Though considered to be one group, the Kannei can be broken down into multiple sub-groups, each with its distinct culture.
Ethnic minorities make up most of the remaining 28 percent of the population. The largest minority groups are the Minjianese, Tuhaoese, Tojavese, and Jathanis. The Minjianese, Tuhaoese, and Tojavese are native to southern Namor and are believed to have migrated there during the Great Monic Migration, with legends tracing their ancestry to Nan people who migrated from the Nozama River Valley. Jathanis in Namor mostly live in the district of East Namor; their population swelled during the Second Civil War, which saw millions of Jathani refugees make their way to Namor. Eventually, many permanently settled in Namor and became Namorese citizens.
The Ministry of Ethnic Minority Affairs is the governmental ministry tasked with ensuring the implementation of affirmative action laws for certain minority groups. The Ethnic Minorities Benefits Act (EMBA) of 1955 guarantees coverage of medical insurance and university tuition for minority groups; however, following complaints that affluent minorities were benefiting from government benefits, EMBA was amended in 2007 to exclude minority groups that make up more than two percent of the population and have an average GDP per capita of over P105,000 from receiving benefits.
Statistics regarding religion in Namor vary wildly due to a lack of consensus on the definition of "religious" and "irreligious." Most Namorese identify with no religion, but many in this group nevertheless participate in activities associated with religion, such as ancestor worship and temple visits, or believe in the existence of supernatural forces and deities. According to the Namorese Census, which defines "religious" as "identifying with a particular religion or religious movement regardless of the extent of one's participation in religious activities," around 60% of Namorese identify as irreligious while 40% identify as religious.
The most predominant religion in Namor is Namorese folk religion — commonly known as Txoism — which combines Vedic religions and indigenous traditions. Txoists believe in a hierarchical universe where their conduct in life determines their proximity to Kote, or the Highest Realm. Those who live closer to Kote are believed to enjoy longer lifespans, while those who reach Kote are considered to have achieved both immortality and salvation. Practice of Txoism varies by region; while certain deities are worshipped in almost all traditions, a sect may emphasize the worship of some deities over others.
Kansism is the second largest religion in Namor with approximately 62 million followers. It was founded by Chen Minko, who led a failed uprising against the Hao dynasty. A syncretic monotheistic religion, Kansism teaches that one God manifested himself in many forms throughout history to deliver parts of his revelation to humankind. Kansists recognize Chen as the "Last Saint" who delivered God's final revelation and will reappear when God's revelations are universally accepted as the truth.
Lutheran Catholicism, an offshoot of Tastanism, is a major religion in Txotai, where it is followed by most Otekian people. Txotai is home to the Patriarchate of Gusev, a branch of the Lutheran Catholic Church that wields a considerable amount of religious and political influence in the region.
Namorese is the only official language in the national level. The dialect of Namorese that originated in present-day Southern Namor is considered the standard dialect, hence the name "Standard Namorese," which is used to distinguish the dialect from other non-Standard dialects such as Nan Namorese.
There are three major scripts used in written Namorese - Ventzi, Redentzi and Shintzi. Of the three scripts, Ventzi is the oldest; based on a system of characters with its own meaning, it had been used by Namorese for thousands of years. Redentzi emerged during the 19th century, when it was introduced by Christian missionaries who aspired to make the Bible accessible to the Namorese population. While the script did not gain much traction at first, it was adopted as the official script in 1901. Redentzi remained the official script for decades until the 1920s, when the Liberationists viewed it as a legacy of imperialism a commissioned the invention of a new script that could effectively replace Redentzi while increasing literacy. Thus, Shintzi (Namorese for the "new script") was introduced and taught nationwide. Today, Shintzi is the standard script in mainland Namor, although it remains used in Peitoa and Nantai, which did not come under Liberationist control after the civil war.
In addition to Namorese, there are various languages recognized at the regional level in autonomous regions. Minjianese is an official language of Minjian, Tuhaoese is official in Tuhao, Khao is official in Khao, Tojavese is official in Tojav, and Luziycan is official in Txotai. Katranjian enjoys official status in Changlong Katranjian Autonomous Prefecture in Xhipei District, while French enjoys official status in ethnic Nanhoi autonomous prefectures located in East and Southern Namor. There have been proposals to make Namor a multilingual state where Namorese as well as the regional languages enjoy official status at the national level, but these proposals have been rejected due to their perceived impact on national unity.
Healthcare in Namor consists of both public and private institutions and insurance programs. 98.7% of Namorese have at least basic health insurance coverage either from public or private institutions.
Namor does not have universal health care, as the government does not provide health care or financial protection to all citizens except for those who are deemed incapable of affording health care. Instead, it has a Common Medical Care System (CMCS) in place which guarantees near-complete coverage low-income families, especially in rural areas where the quality of medical facilities lag behind the quality of facilities in urban and suburban areas. Under the CMCS, the government pays for almost all medical costs of patients from rural areas who receive treatment in a local hospital or clinic. However, the proportion of costs paid for by the government decreases if patients seek medical care in facilities that are farther away from home (e.g. suburban or city hospitals). In 2016, the CMCS was modified to expand government coverage to citizens of low-income living in urban areas.
The average life expectancy in Namor is 76.8 years for men and 79.9 years for women.
Namor has a compulsory 12-year public education system. This does not include preschool or university, although most Namorese go to both.
The first year of required education is kindergarten (Суйеченбан, Suyechenban) which children attend at the age of five. Kindergarten is followed by five years of primary school (Униден Hодонг, Uniden Hodong), three years of intermediate school (Джунгден Hодонг, Jungden Hodong) and four years of secondary school (Демиден Hодонг, Demiden Hodong). In secondary school, students begin taking the "High Test (HIT)," which is standard nationwide. A "passing grade" in the HIT is considered 70% or over - a student who gets a grade above 70 percent are considered qualified to graduate. The unofficial "excellence grade" is 85% or over. A student who gets over an 85 percent in the HIT has a chance of entering a top Namorese university. Top 1-3% scorers in the HIT are qualified to earn government scholarships, although other top scorers - including those who earn an "excellence grade" - are qualified to earn scholarships from private organizations.
After completing the compulsory 12 years of education, most Namorese continue their studies at an university. Namor is home to around 3,000 degree providing universities. Most students complete their university education with a bachelor's degree, although many go on to obtain a master's degree. Nearly all students who enter university receive financial assistance, either through government scholarships, non-governmental scholarships or loans. Most universities offer financial assistance reserved specifically for ethnic minorities.
Namor is a mixed market economy where there is private ownership of the means of production with government regulation. With an aggregate GDP of $8.8 trillion, it is the third largest economy in Esquarium after Luziyca and Ainin.
Namor experienced an economic boom in the 1960s as a result of reforms that encouraged foreign investment and liberalized the markets. Due to its large population, Namor has a large market, making it a popular destination for investors. The Namorese economy was initially driven by exports and investment, but starting the 1990s Namor shifted to a consumer-oriented economy. At present, roughly 60% of the Namorese economy is comprised of consumer spending, while the remaining 40% is comprised of exports and investment.
Most of the economy is dominated by the private sector; while the public sector is still influential, its size has been drastically cut since reforms were first implemented in the 1960s. Numerous state-run enterprises still exist, namely Namelectric (Namorese Electric), Natel (Namorese Telecom), Nagusigo (Namorese National Petroleum Corporation) and Narail (Namorese Railways).
The largest industries in Namor, sometimes called the "big three," are manufacturing, services and agriculture. A significant number of automobiles, clothes, electronics, ships and shoes come from Namorese manufacturers. While the manufacturing industry is slowly declining with the advent of technology, the services industry is growing and is expected to surpass the manufacturing industry in the foreseeable future. Namor is Esquarium's largest producer of rice, although the amount of rice sold overseas is low due to high demands domestically. Other industries that are growing in prominence include alternative energy, health care, and information technology.
Namor is Esquarium's largest consumer of coal, accounting for 50% of Esquarium's total coal. Coal is very popular in Namor due to its low prices; however, there have been calls to reduce Namor's dependence on coal due to the environmental problems caused by excessive consumption of coal, including pollution. The question of whether to abandon coal, including the means by which coal should be abandoned, remains a contentious issue in Namorese politics.
Recently, Namor has begun increasing its reliance on renewable sources of energy, the most popular being hydroelectric power and wind power. The most prominent example of this is the construction of Progress Dam, which opened in 1979. Since its completion, Progress Dam has provided electricity to millions of residents living in the Nozama Valley region. However, the dam also caused environmental damage to its surroundings and forced millions to relocate.
Air travel remains the most popular mode of long-distance travel among Namorese. There are around 2,500 airports; 70 of them are international airports. Namo International Airport is one of the busiest airports in Esquarium, carrying around 80-90 million passengers per year.
Air Namor is the national flag carrier of Namor. Besides Air Namor, there are other airlines that serve certain regions within the country.
Namor has an elaborative expressway system that covers the entire country. Expressways exist at the national, regional and local levels.
National-level expressways consist of two kinds - National Expressways (Gukakosu) and Interdistrict Highways (Kujikosu). National Expressways are always toll-free and tend to reach more remote areas , while Interdistrict Highways are rarely toll-free and connect more populated areas.
In addition to national-level expressways, districts and autonomous republics maintain their own regional expressway systems.
Namor is renowned for its high-speed railway lines, known as the Namora Kote (NKT); to date, it has the most distance of high-speed rail in operation than any other country.
Railway lines in Namor are arranged according to a grid, with three main "horizontal" (east-west) lines and three main "vertical" (north-south) lines forming the backbone of the railway network. The main "horizontal" lines include the Loxi-Haidi Line in northern Namor, the Kenyen-Hai Nang Line in central Namor, and the Huankun-Mojing Line in southern Namor, while the main "vertical" lines include the Xiangmen-Vetpei Line in western Namor, the Esquarian City-Arra Line in central Namor, and the Mojing-Arra Line in eastern Namor.
Four public holidays in Namor - Namorese New Year, Songte Day, Nushen Day and the Mid-Autumn Festival - do not have fixed Gregorian dates but are observed on the same day and month on the lunisolar Namorese calendar.
|Date||Name (Shintzi - Tziredin - Ventzi)||Public holiday||Notes|
|1 January||New Year's Day (Шиннин - Shinnin - 新年)||First day of the year in the Gregorian calendar|
|1 Chunnat||Namorese New Year (Шинцун - Shintsun - 新春)||Officially known as Shintsun (Festival of the New Spring) due to recognition of the Gregorian calendar|
|28 March||Liberation Day (Джикфанри - Jikfanri - 解放日)||Commemorates the founding of the People's Republic of Namor|
|1 May||Worker's Day (Кунглонри - Kunglonri - 工人日)||Celebrates the working class|
|Third Saturday of May||Democracy Day (Минджури - Minjuri - 民主日)||Commemorates the first direct presidential election in Namorese history. Observed every five years during general elections. Formerly observed on the third Saturday of March from 1970 to 2018.|
|8 Hanat||Songte's Birthday (Сонгдан - Songdan - 嵩诞)||Commemorates legendary birthday of Songte|
|1 Ranat||Nushen Day (Нушенри - Nushenri - 弩神日)||Commemorates Nushen's victory over Teyu in the legendary Battle of Xhidu|
|8 August||Army Day (Kунри - Kunri - 军日)||Commemorates the founding of the Namorese Liberation Army|
|15 Kanat||Nozama Day (Нозамари - Nozamari - 黎澤茻日)||Harvest festival of the Namorese people. Commemorates Nozama's bringing of the Nonites and Maites under his dominion to form the nation of Nozama.|
|25 December||Anti-Imperialism Day (Фантери- Fainter - 反帝日)||Commemorates the recapture of Kusef by Namorese forces, which marked the symbolic end of the Second Namo-Luziycan War. Simultaneously celebrated with Christmas in Txotai.|
Namor has one of the freest media in the Monic world. While there was little press freedom during the early years of Liberationist rule, government restrictions to the press were gradually lifted in the 1960s. This was accompanied by the rise of a robust media industry. Today, Namor has over 50,000 newspapers, 3,000 television broadcast systems and over 800 radio stations (FM, AM and shortwave).
Namorese Radiotelevision (PTH) is the national public broadcaster of Namor. Although it is government-funded, it has a reputation for editorial independence. In addition, almost every district and autonomous republic has its own public broadcaster.
Major newspapers in Namor include The Liberator and Mojing Sibo. The Liberator is considered to be editorially left-wing due to its affiliation with the Liberationists, while the Mojing Sibo is editorially right-wing. Other newspapers include Namor Daily and The Commoner Mandate.
Namorese music has a long history dating back to the Pre-Imperial era. Possession of musical skills was considered a basic quality of a well-rounded person in ancient Namorese society, along with calligraphy and martial arts skills.
The Kageng - a 21-stringed zither instrument - originated in the Pre-Imperial era and is said to have inspired similar zither instruments in other Monic cultures. Various ethnic groups within Namor have their own instruments, such as the Tuhaoese dan tranh.
Namorese popular music, or N-Pop, emerged in the 1950s in Peitoa with the rise of musicians such as Tzang Jeli, Yu Haiying and Gu Sang. Peitoan N-Pop experienced a surge in popularity in the mainland after authorities stopped censoring it. This led to a new N-Pop wave, this time led primarily by mainland artists. N-Pop played a substantial role in driving democratic reforms, as many artists composed songs that criticized government corruption and called for change.
Masut is the national sport of Namor. Derived from traditional martial arts, masut involves mastery of the eighteen arms of war as well as hand-to-hand combat. Annual Masut competitions are held at the local level.
The National Games is the largest domestic multi-sport event. The Games were first held at the height of Green Fever in 1942 as the "Liberationism Games," but were renamed to the National Games during the 3rd edition in 1954. Most events in the National Games are identical to those of the Esquarian Games, although indigenous sports such as Masut are also featured.
Namor is a regular participant in international multi-sport events, having participated in the 2014 Esquarian Winter Games, 2014 Esquarian Summer Games and 2016 Esquarian Summer Games. It also took part in the first, second, third, fourth and sixth editions of the Coupe d'Esquarium.
Under Liberationist rule, the Namorese film industry was state-run. As a result, many films actively promoted Liberationism or the cult of personality of Antelope Yunglang. This began to change in the 1960s, when a more liberal attitude was adopted towards filmmaking. Around the same time, Namorese-language cinema was mostly represented by the cinema of Peitoa, which was considerably more liberal.
Literature in Namor has a long history. In the beginning, tales were communicated orally, but during the Bo dynasty stories began to be inscribed on paper. The practice is said to have been popularized by Su Feng, a poet-historian who composed the Nushenshi - an epic detailing the goddess Nushen's rise to power and subsequent reign over Nozama. Su went on to compose The History of Nozama, a history of Namor up until the Bo era written in the form of an epic that is still studied by historians today. Su's contributions to literature has earned him the title of "father of Namorese literature."
Namorese literature entered a new phase in the Republican era. While most ancient stories dealt with mythological figures and were written in classical Namorese, contemporary literature were centered around the themes of revolution, social change and criticism of the so-called "old ways," and were written in the vernacular. This "first revolutionary wave" produced works such as Yin Gang's The Making of a Rebel and Txo Ukshan's Eternal Spring.
Democratization in the 1950s and 1960s caused the "second revolutionary wave" that produced literature critical of the Liberationist Party, such as Hang Jungte's Green which detailed the experiences of intellectuals during the Green Fever. The literature greatly accelerated political reform in the country.
Namorese cuisine is a subset of Monic cuisine, and thus shares several similarities with the cuisines of other Monic countries.
Considered the "national grain," rice is a main staple of Namorese cuisine. While Namor is the largest producer of rice, it is also the largest consumer, meaning that most rice produced in Namor are sold domestically.
The dishes that accompany rice vary by region. In the south, seafood dishes are popular, while in the north dumplings and meat buns tend to be popular. Hot pot, a stew that originated in Shanpei during the time of the Jidu dynasty, is most popular in the north but has spread to other parts of the country.
Regions and minorities also have their own popular dishes. Pho noodle soup (Fen in Namorese) is considered the Tuhaoese national dish.