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Federal Republic of Besmenia
Motto: "Hoffnung, Stolz und Frieden"
Anthem: "Freedom for Besmenia"
|Recognised regional languages||Sedakanian|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Federal parliamentary republic|
• Prime Minister
|July 2, 1920|
|September 14, 1949|
|300,160 km² [convert: unknown unit]|
|99/km2 (256.4/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Besmenian Spero (BS)|
The Federal Republic of Besmenia, commonly called Besmenia, is a German-speaking country in the world. It is located in the east of Belisaria, bordering Drevstran to the north, a maritime border with Nachtmark to the southwest, and the Periclean Sea to the east and south. The country is a parliamentary democracy. The current President since 2015 is Sebastian Bergmann. The current Prime Minister since 2012 is Theodor Sidemann.
In 1765, the first independent Besmenian state, the United States of Besmenia was founded after the Besmenian states got independence from Thraysia. In 1831 the USB was under the Heraldstein dynasty formed into the Kingdom of Besmenia. After the Besmenian Civil War from 1911 to 1920, Besmenia was divided under the Heraldstein-Müller contract. While the kingdom continued to exist in the west, the Federal Republic was founded in the east. The relationship between the two states was complicated. On November 5, 1949, the Kingdom merged into the Federal Republic. Thus, the Besmenian division ended after 29 years.
In February 1991, the assassination of Martin Beiter occurred.
Besmenia is a member of the Forum of Nations. The World Postal Union, which is an agency of the Forum of Nations, is located in Lait City. Besmenia is considered a wealthy country with a strong economy among global competitors.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Government and politics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Geography and climate
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 See also
Government and politics
President since 2015
|Theodor Sidemann |
Prime Minister since 2012
Besmenia is a federal, parliamentary, representative democratic republic. Federal legislative power is vested in the parliament consisting of the Federal Chamber and the Federal Senate, which together form the legislative body. The Federal Chamber is elected through direct elections, by proportional representation (mixed-member).The members of the Federal Chamber represent the governments of the twelve states and are members of the state cabinets. The Besmenian political system operates under a framework laid out in the 1920 constitution known as the Grundgesetz (Basic Law of Besmenia).
The president, currently Sebastian Bergmann, is the head of state and invested primarily with representative responsibilities and powers. He is since 1943 elected by direct popular vote. The second-highest official in the Besmenian order of precedence is the President of the Federal Chamber, who is elected by the Federal Chamber and responsible for overseeing the daily sessions of the body. The third-highest official and the head of government is the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President after being elected by the Federal Chamber. The prime minister , currently Theodor Sidemann, is the head of government and exercises executive power through their Cabinet.
|Ministry||Minister||In office since||Party|
|President||Sebastian Bergmann||2 April 2015||GPB|
|Prime Minister||Theodor Sidemann||3 September 2012||BVP|
|Ministry of Finance||Frank Hille||7 September 2016||BVP|
|Ministry of Foreign relations||Derrick Württenberg||7 September 2016||FBBP|
|Ministry of Defense||Joachim Weigand||3 September 2012||BVP|
|Ministry of Education||Susanne Treu||4 March 2019||BVP|
|Ministry of the Environment||Brigitte Müller||7 September 2016||FBBP|
|Ministry of Internal Affairs||Lars Tecker||3 September 2012||BVP|
|Ministry for Labour and Social Affairs||Daniel Adler||16 August 2019||FBBP|
|Ministry for Family and Youth||Marie Fliedermann||7 September 2016||BVP|
|Ministry of Health||Tom Hartung||15 November 2017||BVP|
|Ministry of Economy||Lisa Nowack||7 September 2016||FBBP|
|Ministry for Food and Agriculture||Karsten Lux||7 September 2016||FBBP|
Besmenia has a social market economy with a highly skilled labour force, a large capital stock, a low level of corruption, and a high level of innovation. The unemployment rate amounts to 4.7% in February 2018. The top 10 exports of Besmenien are vehicles, trams, chemical goods, electronic products, electrical equipments, pharmaceuticals, transport equipments, basic metals, food products, and rubber and plastics.
Geography and climate
Besmenia is located in the east of Belisaria. The country has a border with Drevstran in the north. Besmenia has also a maritime border with Nachtmark to the southwest, and the Periclean Sea to the east and south.
Besmenia is 44% covered with forest. One of the most famous forests in the country is the "Sümminger Wald". The Sümminger Wald is a forested low mountain range in the state of Sümmingen. The Sümminger Wald is about 70 kilometers long and 29 kilometers wide.
The entire area around it is protected. On the highest mountain in the Sümminger forest is the Felixberg, which is also a popular destination of tourists. On the Felixberg, there is a transmitter system of the Besmenischer Rundfunk. There is also an observation tower there.
The largest lake in Besmenia is the "Könlenzer See" in the state of Ostlemberland. The lake is used for leisure activities. The sports of sailing, surfing, diving and swimming can already be practiced. At 177 meters, it is also the deepest lake in Besmenien.
Besmenian is the official language. In the state of Sedakania is the regional language Sedakanian. Sedakanian is a slavic language with Besmenian elements. This language was after Besmenian the second official language in the Kingdom of Sedakania (1765-1831).
The oldest newspaper that still appears today is the Nordbesmenische Zeitung, which has been published since 1849. The press in Besmenia is rated by the global Press Freedom Index has having a "good situation".
The first television program was in 1939 with BRF 1. This station still exists today and is the national television station of Besmenia. BRF 1 is owned by "Besmenischer Rundfunk", which also has other stations (BRF 2, BRF Nachrichten, BRF Doku). The first private television station was "Epic" which went on the air in 1981.
Football is the popular sport in Besmenia. The first football games took place in Besmenia around the 1860s, where it was very popular. Besmenia has had its own national football team since 1893, which, according to many, plays pretty well and is also popular internationally.
Music and film
The first silent film from Besmenia appeared in 1897. In 1928 the first Besmenian sound film was released in East Besmenia. At the time of the Besmenian division, propaganda films against East Besmenia and their allies were made in West Besmenia. At that time, many films in East Besmenia dealt with the division and the civil war from the 1910s and their consequences.
In the 1950s, the main focus in Besmenia was on drama films. Most of the Besmenian films made in the 1960s were comedy and horror films. One of the most important directors after the end of the division was Helmut Rommel (1931-2004). He made around 15 feature films between 1957 and 2004. Many of his films are considered masterpieces of Besmenian film culture today. His film Ochsenbein (a film biography of Karl Ochsenbein), which was released in 1990, is internationally the most successful Besmenian film of all time. With a budget of 250 million BS, it was also the most expensive Besmenian film. Due to Helmut Rommel's Ochsenbein movie, Besmenian films had some international significance since the 90s.