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Republic of Carucere
République d' Caruquère (Gaullican)
Repiblik Karuke (Papotement)
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Motto: "Inite nan Divesite" (Papotement)
("Unity in Diversity")
Anthem: "Karuke Cheri Lan"
("Carucere Beloved Land")
Location of Carucere (green), within the Golden Isles (light grey)
Location of Carucere (green), within the Golden Isles (light grey)
Carucere info map.png
and largest city
COA of Kingston Carucere.svg Jameston
Official languagesNone (de jure)
Gaullican (de facto)
Recognised national languagesPapotement
Recognized languagesPapotement
Carucerean Ziba
Ethnic groups
GovernmentFederal semi-presidential collegiate republic
• President
Neil Gaubina
National Assembly
Independence from Functionalist Gaullica
• Part of the Arucian Federation
28 June 1935
• Part of the United Provinces
4 May 1945
• Independence
14 February 1954
• Current constitution
12 August 1972
• Total
8,121.52 km2 (3,135.74 sq mi)
• 2021 census
• Density
74.7/km2 (193.5/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
$10.8 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$6.4 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2021)Negative increase 37.4
HDI (2021)Increase 0.75
CurrencyArucian shilling (ARS)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
ISO 3166 codeCAR

Carucere (Gaullican: Caruquère, IPA: [kaʁukɛre]; Papotement: Karuke, IPA: [karuke]), formally known as the Republic of Carucere (Gaullican: République d' Caruquère; Papotement: Repiblik Karuke), is a small island nation between Asteria Superior and Asteria Inferior in the Arucian. It is geographically situated as part of the Golden Isles archipelago in the Western Arucian Sea. Consisting of the main islands of Marien and Magua, and numerous much smaller islands, it shares maritime borders with Sainte-Chloé to the west, Imagua and the Assimas to the north, and Aucuria to the east and south.

Before the arrival of Euclean settlers, the islands were home to a confederation of Nati tribes who traded with their neighbors. Carucere was discovered by Euclean explorers during the voyage of the Gaullican explorer Auguste de Antibes, who initially named it after the Queen of Gaullica, Anne the Financier. The Estmerish destroyed the confederation and established the Colony of Karukera in 1533, founding Jameston next to the strait between Marien and Magua, which formed a large natural harbor. Tens of thousands of Bahian slaves were transported to the islands to work on plantations. The island's strategic location and ideal geography for a naval base played a critical role in Estmere's attempts to contest Gaullica's control over Arucian Sea. Following Estmere's defeat in the Ten Years' War in 1721, the colony was annexed by Gaullica and renamed Saint-Brendan. Gaullican control would only last for fifty years before Estmere regained control of the islands after the Asterian War of Secession and restored its Estermish name. After Estmere banned slavery in 1795, many freedmen chose to farm elsewhere rather than to continue working on plantations. After the arrival of Amendist Churches, the colony was renamed St John and the population was largely converted to Amendism. The islands were finally regained by Gaullica after the War of the Triple Alliance, reverting the colony back to its Gaullican name. Their rule was briefly interrupted by the uprising by the St John Republic during the Capois Rebellion.

Without slave labor, the Gauillican government imported tens of thousands of gowsas to the islands for labor. By the turn of the century, they formed a significant minority of the population. During the 1920s, Carucere was the center of National Functionalism in the Arucian. After the Great War, ownership of the islands was stripped from Gaullica's possession and transferred to a joint Allied commission which later established the Arucian Federation which consisted of former Gaullican colonial possessions, including Sainte-Chloé. Under the Federation, it experienced a political, economic, and social revolution as part of the wider Arucian Naissance. In 1945, both states formed an independent federation with Bonaventura and Imagua and the Assimas, forming the United Provinces of the Golden Isles. Under the United Provinces, the islands were ruled by the former colonial elite which bred resentment and further social change. The collapse of the United Provinces led to Carucere’s independence in 1954. The new republic was characterized by political instability until President Jean Preval asserted his power in 1971 in a soft coup. His government saw wide ranging political and economic reforms that saw Carucere grow into a pluralistic and inclusive state; overseeing the promotion of multiracialism, the establishment of a common identity, and the development and diversification of the economy from a purely extractive and agriculture based one. Preval remained in office until his resignation in 1982.

Today Carucere is an upper-middle income country with a rapidly growing and diversifying economy. The legacy of colonial rule is reflected in the country's extremely diverse ethnic and religious makeup. Carucere continues to experience occasional tensions between various ethnic groups especially between the predominant religion, Solarian Catholicism, and the various minority faiths of the country. The islands’ rapidly growing economy consists of a mix of agriculture, manufacturing, and various service-based businesses. However the disparities between different ethnic groups are very visible especially in income inequality and standards of living. Carucere is a member of the Community of Nations, the Organization of Asterian Nations, and the Arucian Cooperation Organization.


The archipelago was called "The Island of Beautiful Waters" (Karukera) by the native Nati chiefdoms. At its initial founding as an Estermish colony from 1530 to 1720, the island was known by its native name. When the islands were ruled by Gaullica during the periods of 1720 to 1771 and then from 1855 to 1935, the colony was officially named Saint-Brendan after Brendan the Sailor. During the second period of Estmerish rule Karukera was used until it was renamed St John after John the Amender in 1826. During the the Arucian Federation and United Provinces, the three names were used interchangeably, although derivatives of the native name were more common. Upon independence in 1967, it adopted the creole name Karuke and its Gaullican translation Caruquère as its official name.



Archeological evidence suggests humans may have first settled or visited Carucere around 1600 BCE, but this remains a highly debated topic. It is definitively known that the Nati peoples first appeared on the island around the 4th to 7th centuries CE, with permanent settlements beginning around 1000 CE. Following the rise of Cutinsua, the island became a major trading center for the Arucian oceanic trade network by the mid-14th century. The Edward Strait served as a massive safe harbor for ships to safely anchor and conduct business. When Euclean explorers arrived to the island in the 16th century, the island was governed by the Karukera Confederacy, a confederation of several chiefdoms centered around the Edward Strait which played an important intermediary role in Medasterian trade. They lived in small clusters of villages led by a cacique or chief, who in turn represented their chiefdom in a council of chiefs that led the confederation. The tribes extensively traded with its neighbors and those sailing around the Arucian; usually exchanging guayacán wood for food, metal, and other trade goods. Recent archeological explorations have uncovered the extensive trading activities of the Nati of Carucere that made a prosperous part of a wealthy trading network. When first contact was made with Euclean explorers in 1528, the population of the Confederacy was estimated to be about 40,000 people.

Early colonial period

The island of Carucere was discovered by Eucleans in the year 1498 by the Gaullican explorer Auguste de Antibes, who named the island after Queen Anne of Gaullica and claimed it on behalf of her country. Antibes did not step foot on the island, but his expedition noted the island's mountainous terrain and rocky coast during a pass of the island and reported it as unsuited for settlement. For unknown reasons, he failed to notice the Edward Strait, possibly due to poor weather. Eucleans did not return to the island until 1528, when an expedition of Estmerish surveyors were tasked with properly exploring the island. During the expedition, they discovered the strait and quickly realized the strategic value of the strait that formed a large natural harbor. After scouting out the strait, they quickly returned to Estmere.

In 1530 an Estmerish fleet arrived at Carucere with the intent of settling the island. The collapse of Cutinsua two years prior had significantly disrupted the trading network that the Confederacy had relied on and there was significant infighting within the confederation. The commander of the fleet, Captain James Edwards, exploited this to his advantage by attacking the tribes one at a time before massacring a small army that formed to oppose him. Afterwards Captain Edwards founded Jameston on the northern island of Magua on the spot of a razed village, establishing the Colony of Karukera. The massive natural harbor formed by the Strait made the location of Jameston an ideal place for a large naval base and anchorage. The first naval facilities around Jameston were built a year after; the settlement quickly became a major trade port and home to one of the largest naval bases in the Asterias. Alongside Port de la Sainte in the Sainte-Chloé archipelago, it was the center of early naval activity in the Asterias, containing docking, construction, and repair facilities. Despite its small size compared to the Sainte-Chloé archipelago, Carucere played a large role in being the "Gateway to the Asterias". Carucere's strategic role was highlighted during the Amendist Wars, when Estmere used the island to launch attacks against Sainte-Chloé.

The colonial government experienced fierce resistance by the indigenous population against attempts to convert them to the Estmerish branch of Amendism and to use them as forced labor. While diseases devastated the population on both islands, the terrain offered many places for indigenous people to hide and resist. They descended from the mountains to attack settlements while the colonial authorities raided their villages for slaves. In 1543, the Estmerish forced the remaining Nati to flee Maugua and to retreat to Marien, which offered greater safety. Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, the Nati continued to conduct numerous raids against settlements on Marien island, searching for food, weapons, gunpowder and women. Slaves often broke free during these raids and joined the indigenous Nati peoples in the island's densely forested interior, establishing Carucere's first maroon community. Expeditions by the Estmerish into the island's interior met limited success as they failed to destroy their hideaways and they continued to attract runaways.

Carucere remained as a highly strategic location for Estmere, as Satucin became the center of the Gaullican empire in Asteria Inferior. In addition to its major port and naval base, Carucere developed a small plantation economy. While it was overshadowed by the economic production of the Sainte-Chloé islands, Carucere developed sugar and tobacco plantations centered around settlements. Nevertheless the islands' mountainous terrain and its geopolitical position hindered the widespread expansion of cash crops. The development of new plantations in Carucere were largely concentrated on the island of Magua and around the Edward Strait. By the late 17th century, the total population of the islands were roughly 10,000 people, the vast majority of which were slaves. The sparse settlement and limited development made Carucere one of the less populated colonies of the Arucians, with the least developed plantation infrastructure.

The Gaullican raid on modern-day Jameston in 1713

Piracy around Carucere became a significant issue by the end of the 17th century as corrupt local authorities and military officials allowed pirates to operate openly. The era of true pirate control occurred when Jameston was razed by a Gaullican fleet during the Ten Years' War in 1713. Afterwards the islands were abandoned by colonial authorities and were taken over by pirates who were already based on the coast of Marien. Carucere became a pirate republic, a stronghold for pirates which allowed them to raid and cause havoc with trade and shipping in the Western Acurian Islands. It was governed by an informal clique of pirates, led by the captains Firebeard and Graves. Following the war, Estmere’s colonies, including Carucere, were annexed by Gaullica. To restore order, they launched an anti-piracy operation coupled with an offer for clemency and an opportunity to become privateers. After the establishment of Gaullican rule, Carucere was renamed after Saint Brendan and incorporated into the Viceroyalty of the New Aurean.

During the attacks on the plantations, it is estimated that several thousand slaves escaped and fled. While some died during their escape, many still made it into the interior of Marien where they encountered existing Nati and Maroon communities. The arrival of a large number of freed slaves significantly strengthened their communities and led to the mixing of Nati and Maroon cultures. Without a central authority to confront them, they established a few small villages and launched larger and more frequent raids against the remaining colonists. It is thought that the Carucrean Maroons were fully established by the 1730s . However the arrival of Gaullican colonial rule in 1722 forced the communities to reduce their aggressiveness and return to a semi-nomadic lifestyle, as Gaullican authorities sought to bring them under control. Eventually they would agree on a peace deal with the Maroons, whereby they granted them autonomy in exchange for ending all Maroon raids and not helping any runaway slaves.

The new colonial administration expelled the remainder of Estmerish settlers and renamed many settlements and landmarks, including the colony itself which was changed to Saint-Brendan. Its recorded population in 1724, excluding the Maroons, was a mere 20,000 people, so they sought to further develop the colony. To attract more settlers, the government granted free land and tax exemption for 10 years to Solarian Catholic settlers who were willing to swear allegiance to the Gaullican monarchy. The Solarian Catholic Church was established in the colony for the first time, constructing a small church in Magua. Over ten thousand slaves would be imported to Carucere but a large-scale expansion in the production of cash crops suffered the same problems that the colony experienced in the centuries prior. While there was interest in developing plantations, the mountainous terrain continued to limit development to the flat areas on the eastern and around the Edward Strait. Furthermore the eastern coastal plain known as the Plaine Orientale; while flat, was swampy and riddled with malaria. While there were some tobacco plantations and a salt harvesting operation, the death rates among slaves were very high. The main industry of the islands continued to be shipbuilding, and repair work at the islands' rebuilt and expanded shipyards in the Edward Strait. Gaulllican authorities continued to skirmish with Maroon communities throughout the 18th century without much success. By 1770, the islands' economy and population started growing rapidly. A census taken in 1771 showed that the island's population had grown to over 50,000 people, not including the few thousand Maroons in the mountains. The vast majority of the population were slaves, but also included a varied population of mixed race individuals, free Bahians, gowsas, retired pirates and Gaullican settlers.

Carucere was a key target for Estmere during the Asterian War of Secession and was attacked several times by the Estmerish fleet. Following the war, Carucere was returned to Estmere, along with several other former Estmerish colonies. The new colonial administrators expelled most of the Gaullican settlers who refused to pledge allegiance to Estmere and most of their slaves were confiscated by the state to work on the formerly Gaullican plantations. The Estmerish ban on the trade of slaves completely halted the arrival of slaves to the country, resulting in a shortage of slave labor. In 1795, Estmere banned slavery throughout its empire, including in Carucere. A major consequence of emancipation was a second, more severe, labor shortage as after the Bahian slaves were emancipated, many refused to continue working on the plantations. The plantation economy on Carucere ceased to exist and many plantations were simply abandoned as the newly freed slaves moved away to form their own private communities or even join the Maroons. Estmere did little to revitalize Carucere's stagnant economy, as they were more concerned with the islands' strategic location in the Arucian. Nevertheless after Gaullica began importing gowsas to their colonies in the Asterias, colonial authorities brought tens of thousands of Satrians from Estmere’s colony in modern day Padaratha were imported to Carucere by local authorities.

The Amendist church in Estmere suffered several schisms during the 19th century, leading to the rise of the evangelical and fundamentalist Reformed and Amended Church of Sotirias (RACS) and their de facto exile from mainland Estmere. Seeking to expand their influence, starting in the 1810s the Church began “civilizing” the freedmen of Carucere by providing a basic education with the express purpose of converting them to Amendism. To lead their efforts, the Church converted and educated about six thousand freemen to lead and implement missionary and education efforts. The RACS were supported by the colonial administration led Governor Richard Hawley, a devout Amendist, who gave implicit consent for the active suppression of the Catholic Church in Carucere. By 1850, they reported that Church-led education programs were widespread across the island which provided a basic education and assisted in the conversion of the majority of the Noir population. The Church was successful in establishing a large Amendist community on Carucere, led by the most educated freedmen. Conversion efforts amongst Satrians were limited and reports suggest that many Satrians that converted were only nominally Sotirian.

Late Gaullican period

Newly arrived indentured gowsas on Marien.

In 1854, Carucere was again embroiled in war after Estmere intervened in the War of the Triple Alliance. After a decisive naval battle in favor of the Triple Alliance, Gaullican troops landed on the island with the intent of seizing the island. After a few battles, the island’s garrison surrendered and the island was occupied by Gaullica. In the Congress of Torrazza, their control of the island was affirmed, restoring the Theme of Riene Anne. Estmerish settlers were again largely expelled and the RACS was in turn suppressed. The Amendist free blacks of the islands were permitted to stay provided that they pledge loyalty to Gaullica, but significant dissent continued which culminated in their participation in the Capois Rebellion. In 1863, John Brown declared the establishment of the St John Republic, which he sought as a safe haven for Bahian Amendists. The republic’s brief existence was characterized by power struggles and persecution against Catholics and Carucerean Maroons. Gaullica suppressed the rebellion by 1865 and punished its most radical members severely.

After the rebellion, Gaullica sought to revitalize the plantation economy of Carucere which had completely disappeared under Estmerish rule. Through various methods, Gaullica confiscated farmland from free Bahians for the plantation families arriving from Sainte-Chloé. Gaullica began to import gowsas, emigrants from modern-day Dezevau, to work on the new plantations. It is estimated that from 1855 to 1890, over 70,000 gowsas arrived to Carucere. The vast majority of gowsas arrived under indentureship contracts, although a few migrated freely. These contracts were often exploitative, but after their contracts expired, Gaullica offered portions of land to gowsas to encourage settlement across Magua. Over 90% of gowsas accepted the offer instead of returning to Dezevau. Attracted by the development, middle class White Chloéois migrated to Carucere to service the plantation economy. These included accountants, artisans, bureaucrats, and sailors.

The discovery of anti-malarial medication and better agricultural technology and techniques, led to another rapid expansion of the island's economy. The War of the Arucian in 1883 to 1884, brought further development to the naval facilities of Carucere. Development was concentrated on the island of Magua, where they quickly became the majority population of the island. By then Carucere became the center of Gowsa migration to the Arucian; while the majority of gowsas arriving to the islands continued to be indentured servants, a growing number of gowsas and came to Carucere. Although Gosas were subject to assimilation and conversion programs by the colonial government, it was less successful compared to neighboring Sainte-Chloé due to a combination of less resources, addressing the discontent Amendist population, and gowsa forming their own communities. Although many gowsas converted to Sotirianity, many either continued to practice Badi alongside or incorporated aspects of Badi into it. The large number of Gowsas migrating to Carucere, colonial authorities granting them land, and the tendency of Gosa men to take Bahian wives led to racial tensions with the Bahian population.

The Great Collapse beginning in 1913 led to the near total collapse of the agricultural sector on Carucere, resulting in widespread depression among rural and agricultural workers. Worsening conditions on the islands led to outbreaks of violence; the most significant incident occurred in May 1914 when a violent attempt to break up a strike led to several days of riots. The conditions led to cooperation between Gosa and Bahian workers which marked the first major instance of cooperation between the two ethnic groups of the time. However, large-scale attempts to organize strikes were stopped by Gaullican colonial authorities. Carucere's economy slowly recovered over the following decade as demand for sugar and coca recovered.

The social and economic instability led to the spread of National Functionalism among the white and creole population. The colonial authorities initially sought to suppress the ideology, but it continued to grow in popularity throughout the 1910s. In 1916, the Red Hibiscus Society reformed into a political club and quickly grew into the largest National Functionalist movement in the Arucian. After the 1919 Gaullican legislative election and the Parti Populaire’s ascension to power the following year, the Society intimidated the colonial administration into allowing it to seize effective control over Carucere. It sought the complete reorganization of colonial society along functionalist lines by completely assimilating the Viceroyalty's nonwhite population into the Gaullican national civic identity.

This mission was pursued by Resolution 31, an aggressively expanded program of ethnic cleansing that saw white men forcibly marry non white women to give birth to “whitened” children, who then would be raised under the Functionalist ideology. Dozens of religious sites were destroyed by the Society and forced conversions occurred whenever authorities could. In addition the Society banned the practice of all non-Catholic religions and suppressed the use of other languages other than Guallican.

Federations period

To administer the District of Carucere, the Trusteeship Council appointed Pierre Belain as Governor. A member of Carucere's wealthiest family who sided with the Grand Alliance, Pierre was also appointed due to his broad support among the old planter class of the island. His administration worked closely with other prominent members of the oligarchy to repair and clean up the damage to the island's plantations and other infrastructure caused by the Great War. However, some attempts to help urban workers and farmers who were made homeless and unemployed by the war were hampered by a lack of support, corruption, and poor bureaucracy. Furthermore, land that was previously owned by small farmers and abandoned during the war were often confiscated by the District government, despite one or more legitimate claims. Confiscated land was usually sold to new owners.

The slow recovery of private farms during the late 1930s compared to large plantations owned by the upper class led to resentment and encouraged the rise of a broad class-based land reform movement. The movement aimed to unite the urban working class and agricultural laborers to promote labor rights and land reform. As the movement grew, calls for political and economic reform became widespread. The movement as a whole, was strongly opposed by the Creole elite and by the Arucian Federation and the Grand Alliance who feared the spread of socialism within the Federation. The government began a series of measures to crackdown on the movement including strikebreaking, arbitrary arrest and detainment of the movement's leaders, police harassment of its supporters, and legal threats. Finally poor rural and urban voters were further disenfranchised to ensure the Creoles’ dominance in the District Senate.

The Arucian Naissance during the 1940s in Carucere saw a period of immense social, political, and economic change. The self-organized communes formed by Dezevaun and Bahian communities during the Great War served as a bedrock of support. Despite the reimposition of state control after the Great War, these communities continued to govern themselves with a degree of autonomy. Although they traditionally handled menial tasks such as distributing resources and organizing caregiving, the mass gatherings usually held to make decisions quickly became a source of political dissent across the country. Despite the wider campaign of suppression by the authorities, the mass assemblies would become the basis of local direct-democracy across Carucere.

These communes also formed the basis for further cooperation and interaction between the two communities, by facilitating cultural exchange and resolving disputes between communities. As hostility declined, cross-cultural interactions became common, most prominently in music and cuisine, leading to syncretism that would form the basis for a common Carucerean culture. In addition as traditional stigma for interethnic interactions declined, relations between Gowsa, Satrian, and Bahian people grew more common. These interactions between the three peoples formed the basis of a Medi or "mixed" Dezevaun-Bahio culture in Caurcere. The mass adoption of the Papotement language in Carucere served to further these ties. Nevertheless, distinct ethnic identities still formed due to racial and religious differences.

Carucere was governed by Chloéois planter families who owned land in both archipelagos and local Creole planters allied with them. When the Districts of Sainte-Chloé began discussions on seeking independence from the Arucian Federation, many Chloéois planters pushed for Carucere to form a political union with an independent Sainte-Chloé. They sought to consolidate their control over Carucere and ensure they continued to have access to their homes and plantations on Sainte-Chloé. In addition many businessmen around the Arucian saw another potential market and source of raw materials. In 1944, the District Senate voted to join the nascent United Provinces which officially came into existence on 4 May 1945. Carucere's population largely opposed the move, but they were largely shut out of the decision making process as the average Carucerean continued to be excluded from the political process. That year Pierre Belain was elected Governor of the Province of Carucere without an election.

By the 1940s Carucere began a period of rapid economic development coupled with a large population boom as living standards increased. Some small farmers chose to continue producing sugarcane, Many decided to plant other crops, like coffee and tropical fruit, especially bananas and breadfruit. This marked the beginning of the islands' diversification and transition away from an agricultural sector that was originally centered based upon sugarcane production. Although there were improvements in the lives of the average Carucerean, the growth largely benefited the Creole elite who continued to profit from their plantations. Under the United Provinces, Carucere was effectively a banana republic and economic puppet of planters from Sainte Chloé, the local Creole elite, and businessmen from the wider United Provinces.

Universal suffrage was introduced to Carucerean provincial and federal elections in 1945 as part of its accession to the United Provinces. However, a strict property requirement and tactics such as intimidation of voters ensured that the planter elite and the creole elite maintained their political dominance. The early elections were dominated by the Democratic Party, who sought to maintain their dominance of the country. Nevertheless, the limited franchise led to the political mobilization among the various ethnic groups of the country and the formation of the country’s first modern political parties.The new political parties formed along ethnic and religious lines, leading to a fractured opposition. Although it was universally recognized that they needed to cooperate if they were to wield any power, they were unable to form a cohesive opposition.

A series of political crises within the United Provinces beginning with the secession of Imagua and the Amissas in 1948, greatly weakened the power of the ruling class as they succumbed to infighting over the future of the federation. Divisions grew between pro-Chloéois planters, who wanted to side with Sainte-Chloé's independence movement and pro-Voloix business interests led by the Creoles who wanted Carucere to remain in the UP. With the support of Sainte-Chloé, the Creole peoples won the power struggle over the District government and announced their support for independence. President Voloix relented and allowed the provinces to secede which occurred on February 14th, 1954.

Independence period

After independence, Sainte-Chloé and Carucere maintained close political and economic ties. The new government was dominated by the Democratic Party who aimed to maintain the economic and political status quo. Although the Creole middle class had supported the United Provinces, the planters allied with them to gain a local base of support. Together they continued the plantation economy, exporting large amounts of sugar, coffee, and tea around the world. At independence the planters controlled about 80% of Carucere’s trade; around 60% of Carucerean plantations, almost all the cattle ranches, 90% of mines and 80% of the infrastructure were directly owned by Chloéois firms.

While the Democratic Party remained a powerful bloc, the opposition began to unite around a progressive ideology to oppose their influence. The working class creoles and whites supported the National Party, while the Coians gravitated toward the United Reform Party, and the Bahian Amendists backed the Social Republican Party. The three parties formed a coalition in 1957 in order to run a common candidate for each constituency. With the new arrangement, the opposition were able to win several key victories, including an upset that unseated a major figure in the Democratic Party. Despite their successes, the Democrats still maintained a solid parliamentary majority. In addition the coalition lacked ideological cohesion, operating purely to represent their ethnic community and thus was prone to infighting.

Riots in Jameston during the Sugar Crash in September 1965.

The Sugar Crash beginning in 1965 severely impacted Carucere’s plantation based economy, leading to the near collapse of the sugar industry on the island. While Chloéois planters were assisted by the Sainte-Chloé government in early 1966, the local Creoles were not. Faced with the loss of their livelihoods, many Creoles turned against the planters and the Carucerean economy continued to suffer. The Democratic Party was thrown into crisis leading to snap elections that year. Seeing an opportunity, the National Party, United Reform Party, and the Social Republican Party established a common platform to contest the election and won a majority. However the coalition would be beset by internal disagreements and would collapse barely two years later in 1958. Additional minor parties including the left-wing Arucian Section led to the formation of three distinct power blocs, the Democrats, the Reformists, and the Republicans. Although the opposition recognized there had to be some measure of power sharing and brokering in order to achieve power, politics remained unstable throughout the 1960s.

In response to the impasse, activist Jean Preval published the People's Charter for Change, Peace, and Progress in 1968 which declared three fundamental principles that the government should address; establishing civil and political rights for all, preventing racial violence, and embracing the country's multiracial nature. The publication was widely supported by Carucere’s population and made him a popular figure ahead of the 1970 presidential election, where he would be elected President on a wave of popular discontent. Officially Carucere was a parliamentary system, but it granted the President broad reserve powers in times of crisis or instability which were exercised regularly as caretaker governments or other interregnums occurred often. On July 7th 1971, Preval declared that due to the near continuous political crises, he would assume formal executive power to stabilize the country. His soft self-coup was nearly unopposed due to the incohesive opposition and his great popularity among the population.

President Jean Preval announcing the self-coup on July 7th 1971.

The first act of his empowered Presidency was to draft an entirely new constitution by discarding the original constitution first implemented under the United Provinces, arguing it would ensure political stability. The first major proposal was the creation of a federal system; the second was the establishment of a collective executive; the third was the abolishment of single-member districts for the Senate in favor of nationwide proportional representation; finally he formalized the National Assembly’s role in Carucere’s politics. The Senate passed the constitutional reforms after some debate, ratifying Carucere’s constitution on August 12th 1972.

Preval rode the wave of popularity to a reelection to a second term in 1974. In the legislative elections that year, Preval founded the Carucerean National Rally party to serve as a multi-ethnic political front to support his new constitution. One of their first major acts of the new government was to purchase hundreds of acres of farmland and other property from wealthy landowners to distribute it to local Carucereans. The land reform reinvigorated the Carucere's economy and ensured its ongoing diversification into the tourism and manufacturing sectors. However the large purchases of land significantly increased Carucere’s debt and progress ran slowly.The establishment of an hourly ferry service between Jameston and Crique helped connect the people on the two islands. He attempted to pursue land reform, but a rapid increase in the price of sugar strengthened the planters and international pressure dissuaded him. Nevertheless the Carucerean National Rally enjoyed broad popularity and continued to win elections despite several corruption scandals linked to the implementation of the land reform movement.

Preval’s final term oversaw the implementation of his economic and land reforms. However, the latter half of his term was defined by an economic recession in 1980 after a second crash in the price of sugar. In the midst of a recession Preval announced that he would not stand for a fourth term, ending his Presidency in 1982 after twelve years in office. He oversaw wide ranging social, political, and economic reforms, establishing a representative system and establishing economic programs to transition the country away from an extractive and agriculture based economy. For his prominent role he is widely seen as "The Father of The Nation".

After Preval’s retirement, the KNB suffered a protracted leadership struggle and the party went through a period of internal crisis. The party’s coalition fractured as its voters flocked to ethnic-based political parties such as the Reformed Social Party (PSR) and the United Progressive Party (PPI). In 1982, President Serville was elected on a platform on addressing Carucere's explosive population growth by expanding its economic development by improving national infrastructure, especially transportation and public utilities, and continuing to grow Carucere’s service sector. Serville refused to tie himself to any ethnic political party, instead opting to form a multi-ethnic political coalition by establishing an ideological platform. After an attempt to form his own political party ended in failure, Serville opted to cooperate with the legislature to form a PPI minority government that he supported. His defining legacy was the country’s accession to the Arucian Cooperation Organization.

The 1990s and early 2000s were known as the New Years, marked by major economic growth and deepening ties with its neighbors. A manufacturing sector was established and Carucere's tourism sector began to shift towards eco-tourism instead of the country's traditional tourist destinations. The period also saw the establishment of the post-Preval political order. President Daniel Sayasone was elected in 1990 on a shift towards free trade economic liberalism after Carucere joined the ACO. Sayasone followed the precedent set by Serville and cooperated with the ethnic political parties to form a government. In 1994, white conservatives split from the National Party to found the National Front. In the 1997 legislative elections, the Rally reemerged as the largest party in the Senate for the first time since the 1980s and formed a government. After his election in 1998, President Leyland and Premier Ferey of the Rally party oversaw market friendly reforms in order to better integrate it into the ACO customs union. The Rally would remain in power until 2002, when President Claude Dogo was elected and dismissed the government leading to legislative elections in 2003 where the PPI won the most seats.

Despite a declining birthrate in the 2010s, the country achieved steady economic growth and a consistent rise in living standards. In 2010, President Richard Smith was elected and appointed the country’s first PSR government. In 2018 Neil Gaubina was elected President on a platform of continuing economic growth and increasing integration with the ACO. Carucere was significantly affected by the 2020 eruption of Mount Micchiano causing severe economic and ecological damage. Nevertheless the country was able to weather the crisis and Gaubina was reelected in the 2022 presidential election.


Raider's Cove in northern Marien
Cloud forest in central Marien
Providence Falls in central Maugua.
Rainforest in Western Marien
The hot spring in Boiling Lake National Park
Detailed map of Carucere.

Carucere lies 6 degrees north and 78 degrees east in the Western Arucian Sea. The islands are considered to be part of the Golden Isles archipelago which includes the island countries of Sainte-Chloé, Imagua and the Assimas, Bonaventura, and parts of Aucuria and Eldmark. There is considerable debate among geographers on whether the region should be considered geographically part of Asteria Superior or Asteria Inferior. In recent decades, a growing number of people consider the Arucian as a whole to be its own subregion based upon a common political, cultural, and historical heritage. Geologically the island sits upon the Asteria Inferior plate, with the Arucian rift to the north.

Known as "The Nature Island of the Golden Isles" due to its lush scenery and varied flora and fauna, Carucere still has some of its original rainforest and is home to the world's second-largest hot spring, the Boiling Lake. Covering an area of 8,121.52 km2 (3152.7 sq mi), the country consists of two main islands, Marien and Magua, separated by the Edward Strait which forms a large natural harbor, plus a number of much smaller islands. Marien is 6,694.50 km2 (2584.7 sq mi), comprising 82.4% of the country's area. Magua is 1,417.15 km2 (547.1 sq mi), comprising 17.4% of the country's area. The remaining area is distributed among the country's small islands. The Edward Strait divides the two main islands. The strait consists of three channels; two in the west and one in the east, with a large bay in the center. It has a shallow sandy bottom, averaging about 30 m (100 ft) deep. The natural harbor has an area of 216.8 km2 (83.7 sq mi).

Marien is very mountainous, with the Great Peak as the highest point in the country at 2476 m (8123 ft), and around 30 other summits of more than 2,000 m (6561 ft). Marien was formed by volcanic processes and continues to be volcanically active today. The country's central spine, a west to east axis of mountains, generally varies in elevation around 750 meters (2460 ft) above sea level. The island’s interior is dominated by volcanic highlands and plateaus broken up by steep slopes that quickly rise from the coastline and lowlands and deep gorges that form seasonal rivers. Marien is water-rich with swift-flowing highland streams, which cascade into deep gorges and form natural pools and crater lakes. The streams are not navigable due to their small size and seasonality, but many are sources of hydroelectric power. The southeastern region of the island, known as the Plaine Orientale, is a coastal plain and the flattest region of the island. The Plains has a number of coastal lagoons separated from the oceans by small sandbars. In addition tropical wetlands are also extensive on the coast in this region. As a result, malaria has historically been a problem near the marshlands and swamps in the area, which limited its development in the past. The major bodies of freshwater on Marien are all artificial, formed by dams to create reservoirs. The island is home to several nature parks such as the Three Sisters Cloud Forest Preserve

Magua is the smaller of the two main islands. The island is dominated by two major volcanoes (pitons); Piton Colin and Piton de Cabris at the center of the island. Piton de Cabris is an active volcano, while Piton Colin is dormant, possibly extinct. The northeast half of the island is dominated by the Range, a series of ridges and highlands interspersed with valleys and small ravines. The Range's southern form a sharp slope down towards the ocean. West of the Range, is the Henri Plains, a region of gently sloping lands and rolling hills descending from the Range to the ocean and the Edward Strait. The entire interior features rugged mountains of volcanic origin, including the remnants of several small extinct volcanoes. Active volcanism contributes to the island's many hot springs, including one of the largest hot springs in the world, the Boiling Lake and its outflow the Boiling River. The latter forms a Boiling Lake National Park.

Magua is the more populated of the two islands despite its smaller size due to its earlier settlement and more fertile soil. The population on the island of Marien was recorded as 280,675 and the population of Mauga as 326,563. The population centers of the islands are largely centered around the Edward Strait. There are four major municipalities on the islands, the capital Jameston and the cities of Crique, Pointe Henri, and Sainte Chloé.


Carucere was largely formed by activity from the Carucerean hotspot. Both islands were directly formed by active volcanism and remain highly geologically active with many volcanoes such as the Piton de Cabris in Magua and the Three Sisters Mountains in Marien. Carucere is part of a large cluster of hotspots and large igneous provinces that form the Golden Isles, formed by tectonic activity from the rift between the Asteria Superior and Asteria Inferior tectonic plates. The region is one of the most geologically active places in the world.


Carucere has a maritime tropical climate with characteristically warm temperatures and heavy rainfall. Excessive heat and humidity are tempered somewhat by a steady flow of the northwest trade winds. There are two seasons annually: the dry season from December to May, and the rainy season from June to November. Winds are predominantly from the northeast and are dominated by the equatorial winds. The climate varies significantly on the islands based upon elevation and the side of the island. At higher elevations in Marien, the climate is often cooler than that of the sweltering heat of the plains below due to constant cloud and mist cover and heavy rains in the mountains. The leeward side of the islands are noticeably drier due to the rain shadow effect, which is especially notable during the dry season.


The Arucian fruit bat can found across the country.

Carucere is one of the most biologically rich and diverse islands in the Arucian. The country contains five terrestrial ecoregions; moist forests, Lesser dry forests, montane warm forests, xeric scrub, and mangroves. The main ecosystems in Carucere are coastal, marine, forest, freshwater, karst, man-made ecosystems, and savanna.

The islands' fertile volcanic soils, heavy rainfall and a warm climate result in lush vegetation. All of the islands' original forests are on Marien, containing such plants such as mahogany, ironwood, and chestnut trees. Mangrove swamps are common on the coasts and the river mouths of Marien. However nearly all of the forest on Magua has been cleared, with only a few patches remaining. The rainforest lies between 300 and 1,000 m of altitude on the windward side of the islands, home to trees such as white gum and the chestnut tree; shrubs and herbaceous plants like the mountain palm, the ballsier or ferns. On the windward side, between 900 meters to about 2500 meters, is a tropical montane cloud forest, characterized by seasonal low-level cloud cover at the canopy level. Due to the moisture, the biome has high biomass and biodiversity of plants, particularly lichens, ferns, and flowering plants. At the very top of Carucere's highest mountains and in some small regions on the leeward side, is a humid savannah composed of mosses, lichens, sphagnum and larger plants such as high altitude violet or mountain thyme. The most prominent plant in the biome are the guaiacwood and the holywood trees which were valued for the quality of their wood.

Few terrestrial mammals, aside from bats and raccoons, are native to the islands. Bird species include the endemic purple-throated carib, Carucere woodpecker and the Sisserou parrot which is the country's national bird and is endemic to the islands. The waters of the islands support a rich variety of marine life. Most notably a group of sperm whales live in this area year-round. Other cetaceans commonly seen in the area include spinner dolphins, pantropical spotted dolphins and bottlenose dolphins.

Environmental preservation

Carucere's environment suffered significant damage during the colonial era from the development of intensive crops, especially tobacco and sugarcane, as well the large-scale harvesting of guaiacwood and holywood trees. Prior to the 20th century, it is estimated that Marien lost between 40-50 percent of its original forests and Magua lost up to 95 percent of its original forests. Threats to the country's biodiversity today include over-hunting and poaching, habitat loss and fragmentation, water pollution, and introduction of invasive species and pathogens. Habitat loss is a major issue largely caused by land clearance for quarrying, agriculture, squatting, housing and industrial development and road construction. Proposals to build more dams have been halted due to environmental concerns.

Government & Politics

Carucere's politics occurs in the framework of an independent federal de facto presidential collegiate republic. The government is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Carucere which establishes a hybrid political system that combines presidentialism, parliamentarism, aspects of council republicanism, with collegiate leadership. The President of Carucere is head of state, but the role of head of government is collectively exercised by the Council of State. Legislative power is exercised by the unicameral Senate of Carucere. Judicial authority is delegated to the national court system led by the Court of the Republic and the Constitutional Court. Unlike most other federations, Carucere operates through asymmetric federalism incorporating traditional states as well as cities and other small administrative divisions. These small divisions form a system of assemblies, represented by the National Assembly of Carucere at the national level. Carucere’s politics are divided into presidential and legislative politics, the latter of which are dominated by the Gosant. Carucere has a historical tradition of democracy, particularly direct and local democracy that originates before independence.


The President of Carucere is head of state of the country and is the leading political authority of Carucere. The president is primarily responsible for conducting foreign relations, such as approving treaties, declaring war, and making peace, as well acting as commander in chief of the Carucere Defence Force. The President is head of the Council of State of Carucere ex offico and is generally the leading political figure of the Council. The president is elected by an electoral college which is in turn elected by nationwide proportional representation every four years.

The members of the Council of State of Carucere collectively serve as head of government. The Council consists of four ministers and other high-ranking state officials, including the President, Vice President and the Premier. The Council formally wield’s the country’s executive powers by formulating policies and approving all significant measures such as decrees and submitting legislation to the Senate. The Council can issue broad decrees with the force of legislation as long as it is determined to be constitutional. The Cabinet of Carucere, which reports to the Council of State, consists of all the ministers of the executive agencies. Unlike a parliamentary system, the Cabinet largely serves to advise and implement policy instead of creating it.

Carucere has two distinct legislative bodies, the Senate and the National Assembly. The Senate is the country's primary legislative body, consisting of 79 members democratically elected by nationwide proportional representation. The Senate shares its legislative powers with the Council of State, although it has the ultimate authority on all laws. The Senate largely serves to oversee the actions of the national government by approving legislation and holding the Council to account. The Senate is responsible for determining the rules and principles concerning most areas of law, political amnesty, and fiscal policy; however, the government may draft specific details concerning most laws. The National Assembly is an assembly of delegates representing the legislative assemblies of Carucere’s local governments. Although it has no formal powers to draft or pass laws, it is a highly influential and respected institution, and by convention its resolutions are viewed as a reflection of public opinion.

Judiciary and Law Enforcement

National Police car in Jameston.

The Carucerean legal system is based upon the Gaullican system which is in turn based on Solarian Law, Verliquoian Law and the Evelin Code. The Carucerean court system is split into two court types and three jurisdictional levels. The two types of courts are judicial courts which handle criminal and civil cases and administrative courts which handle cases that concern the exercise of public power. The three levels of the judiciary are the parish court, the regional appeal courts, and the two national courts. The highest court concerning civil and criminal law is the National Court and the administrative courts are headed by the Constitutional Court. The Constitutional Court is the highest judicial authority in the country, serving as the supreme administrative and constitutional court in the country. In addition, it serves as the legal adviser of the executive branch on matters of constitutional law.

The two main national law enforcement agencies of Carucere are the civilian National Police of Carucere and the military Gendarmerie of Carucere. The National Police is the country's primary law enforcement agency with primary jurisdiction in cities and large towns. It closely cooperates with the three regional police forces of Carucere. The Gendarmere's primary jurisdiction is in smaller towns, as well as in rural and offshore areas. For operations offshore, the Gendarmerie cooperates with the Coast Guard. The three regional police forces of Carucere cover the entire island of Magua, and the western and eastern regions of Marien. No local police forces exist; instead units are stationed within a community or assigned to cover a parish.

Foreign relations

As a former member of the United Provinces, Carucere is closely linked to its island neighbors. It is a full member of the Arucian Cooperation Organization and participates in the organisation's customs area, visa free area, and common market. Carucere's shares especially close cultural and economic ties with Sainte-Chloé due to its geographical proximity and a common colonial history under Gaullica. The country also has good ties with the countries bordering the Western Arucian Sea. Carucere is also a member of the global Community of Nations and the continental Organization of Asterian Nations.

Due to its colonial legacy, Carucere shares many ties with countries around the world. It has many ties with its former colonisers, Gaullica and Estmere; Carucere is a member of their respective organizations the Association of Gaullophone States and the Estmerish Community respectively. Carucere has a unique relationship with Dezevau due to significant migration of gowsas to the country during the 19th century. Due to a common heritage, the two countries have cultivated social, cultural, scientific, and economic ties since the 1990s. For the past two decades, Dezevau has assisted with the economic development of the country, focusing on hydropower and geothermal energy. However Dezevau's social and cultural links are significantly more controversial, especially with the Bahio-Carucerean population due to its socialist nature and the common perception that it favors the Dezevauni population. For this reason, Carucere's relations with Dezevau have been described as bipolar and largely determined by the current political party in power.


The Carucere Defence Force is the nation's military and is responsible for the defence of the country. It consists of the Battalions, the Coast Guard, and the Gendarmerie. Its primary mission is to defend Carucere and protect the territorial integrity of Carucere. The largest active branch of the Defence Force is the Coast Guard, who is tasked with patrolling its waters and providing assistance and relief in times of disaster. In addition to a small surface fleet, the Coast Guard operates two helicopters and a light patrol aircraft that functions as the country's air force. The Battalions function as the main standing land forces of the country, organized into two battalions of 1000 personnel each. The Gendarmerie operates as the national police force and supplements the sole national police forces and the three regional police forces of the island.

The Defence Forces originates from the Provincial Guard of the Province of Carucere under the United Provinces, which functioned as a national police force. Following the country's independence, the Guard was reorganised and expanded into the Defence Forces in 1955. Today, the Defence Force largely operates as an internal security keeping force and disaster response agency. It also maintains a sporting arm that participates in several sports in Carucere to encourage athleticism, work ethic, and sportsmanship.

Administrative divisions

Carucere is constitutionally a federal state of ten parishes and a municipality, consisting of the country’s capital city, Jameston. Carucere operates through asymmetric federalism, where constituent states have varying degrees of autonomy and authority. The parishes are granted various powers, such as taxing and spending, with each parish having its own set of state powers, based upon local circumstances. Parishes are usually further divided into municipalities which also have their own limited local government and typically consist of a town and the surrounding region or a collection of smaller villages. They are typically governed by a mayor and an elected council, although their powers and relations vary between municipalities. These municipalities often incorporates direct and semi-direct democratic features, through popular assemblies.

The country's sole independent municipality, is the capital city of Jameston which holds the national seat of power. As a result of its social, economic, and political importance, it is one of the most important subdivisions in Carucere, and it is granted significant powers and autonomy. It is governed by a five member executive council elected by a local assembly of 19 members, who are elected by delegates from the city's four district councils, which are in turn elected by local councils. These councils are elected by popular vote but semi-direct democratic institutions such as popular initiatives are used.

Across Carucere are the kominote (communities) which forms the Carucerean legislative assembly system. They usually consist of small settlements and function as the basic unit of government, equivalent to a municipality. In Maugua parishes are largely ceremonial and largely serve to encourage coordination and cooperation between communities. The system originates from the village assemblies established by gowsas that settled on the island, which in turn were used in their native Dezevau to govern small settlements. A kominote consists of voluntarily self-organized towns or neighborhoods and are granted various powers, such as taxing and spending. Although kominotes do exist in Marien, they lack the autonomy and powers of their counterparts on Magua and usually serve as ordinary municipal governments or lack any formal status at all. They commonly operate by a combination of semi-direct and direct democracy as well as directly elected officials.

Each community elects a delegate to the National Assembly, an assembly of representatives from all communities in Carucere. Originally participation was largely limited to Dezevaunis, due to its origins and geographic center in Magua. However due to a combination of migration and changing attitudes, membership of the National Assembly was expanded in 1984 to also include all municipalities. Today all Carucereans widely participate in the institution and has since gained legitimacy as a platform for representing popular and local interests.

Map 2nd lvl Division Capital Population (2020 Census)
Grand Port Parish Crique 83,856
Jameston Jameston 83,200
Plaines Anne Parish Pointe Henri 71,016
Deshaies Parish Capesterre 69,787
Pointe-Noire Parish Caracol 63,633
Colline Sud Parish Tiberon 60,104
Côte Nord Parish Sainte-Chloé 50,017
Sainte-Rose Parish Sainte-Rose 49,839
New Sheaford Parish New Sheaford 27,514
Vallée Verte Parish Vertmont 22,896
Côte Azure Parish Jamestown 25,376

Largest cities


The population of Carucere is estimated to be around 540 thousand people in 2022, making it the least populated country in the Golden Isles. The last census conducted in 2021, recorded a population of 537,238 of whom 270,073 were males and 267,165 were females. Ethnic, racial, and religious statistics are tracked by the government, following ethnic categories originally established by Gaullican colonial authorities. Carucere is a highly diverse society, mainly drawn from Southeast Coian and Bahian origins with major Euclean influences.

Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups of Carucere
Ethnic group percent

The diverse ethnic composition of Carucere reflects its colonial legacy under Gaullican and Estmerish rule. While the earliest inhabitants were of indigenous heritage, today the two dominant groups in the country are those of Southeast Coian and of Bahian heritage. Bahians are the descendants of slaves brought by Estmerish and Gaullican colonial authorities from the 16th century up to the late 18th century. The Dezevaunis are the descendants of indentured workers brought by Gaullica during the later half of the 19th century. As a result, Carcere is commonly considered as a multiethnic society.

Gosa children posing for a photo.

Dezevaun-Carucereans or Gosas are the largest ethnic group in Carucere, forming about 27% of Carucere's population. Despite its name, the term encompasses all descendants of the gowsa migration which includes those of Kachai and Kabuese descent. Carucere is the only country in the Asterias where the descendants of Gowsa migrants form a plurality of the population. In Carucere, the term "Gowsa or "Gausa is used to refer to the indentured workers brought from Southeast Coius during the 19th century, while the Papotement term Gosa is used to refer to their descendants. While it originated as an Gaullican exonym and was used as a pejorative historically, it has since been reclaimed as an endonym. They primarily speak Papotement, although majority of them can also speak and understand Ziba. The majority of Gowsas practice Badi, although many have converted to Solarian Catholicism today .

A Bahio-Carucerean man at Carnival.

If counted as one ethnic group, the Bahio-Carucereans are the largest ethnic group, with approximately 29% of the population identifying as being of Bahian descent. However, they are usually divided into two main cultural/ethnic groups; the Noir and the Maroons. While those with Bahian background are usually the descendants of slaves forcibly transported during the Transvehemens slave trade, the two groups have major differences. Maroons descend from Bahian slaves transported from modern day Rwizikuru during the first period of Estmerish rule from 1530-1711. Meanwhile the Noir descend from slaves were transported from modern-day Garambura and Rwizikuru during the first phase of Gaullican rule from 1721 to 1771. Religion and language is a major divider between the two groups; Amendism practiced by the Noir tends to be more conservative and orthodox while the Amendism practiced by the Maroons tends to be more syncretic. Like other ethnic groups in Carucere, their culture reflects a syncretism of their originating cultures in Bahia with Gaullican and Estmerish influences. In addition, It is estimated that around 20,000 Bahians are descendants of Bahians from Sainte-Chloé, who arrived in the late 18th century during the Holistique movement. They form their own distinct identity and are usually considered a subgroup.

Creole school children.

About 26% of Carucere's population identifies as mixed race which are divided into two distinct groups, the Creole and the Medi. The general difference between the two groups are their progenitor ethnicities and the year of their emergence. Due to the complexities of Carucerean ethnic groups, it is believed that the majority of Carucereans have mixed ancestry to some degree and recent studies have shown that over two-thirds of Carucereans have some mixed ancestry, including those who identify with only one ethnic group.

Approximately 15% of the population identifies as Creole, or those of partial White and Bahian, Gosa, or Satrian ancestry. The Creoles emerged as early as the late 16th century from mixed people descending from Bahian women and Euclean (mostly Gaullican) men. This subgroup grew rapidly during the late 19th century during Gaullican rule after the arrival of large numbers of middle-class white settlers from Sainte-Chloé. The arrival of the gowsas around the same time led to Creoles with white and Dezevauni ancestry, especially on the island of Magua. The two have historically formed distinct subgroups, but today most Creoles are quad-racial, with varying degrees of White, Bahian, Gowsa, and Satrian ancestry. Euclean ancestry in the Creole population typically ranges between 50% and 40% on average, while Bahian ancestry ranges between 30% and 40%, Dezevauni ancestry ranges between 10% to 20%, and Satrian ancestry at mere 5% to 10%.

About 11% identify as Medi or mixed in Ziba, who are people of mixed non-white ancestry, mainly Gosa and Bahian with some Satrian. The Medi population emerged during the late 19th and formed a distinct group by the mid-20th century. Medi culture is diverse and reflects the mix of the cultural traditions and other aspects of its parent cultures. Today it is the fastest growing ethnic group on the island. Medis generally face a complex social, cultural, and linguistic situation that are reflected their unclear and uncertain social position in Carucere’s society. Medi overwhelmingly speak Papotement, although they may also speak their parent languages. The remainder of the mixed population originate from many different ethnic groups that came during the colonial era.

About 8% of the population identify as Satrian, the descendants of indentured workers from Estmere’s colony in modern-day Padaratha. The majority of Satrians today live in Côte Nord Parish, where they were originally settled by the Estmerish to work on plantations in the region. After the Gaullican seizure of the island after the War of the Triple Alliance, they turned the former Estmerish plantations into farms and established their own community. The majority of Satrians today continue to practice the Kuoeci school of Zohism.

There is a significant minority of Carucereans of White descent, about 7 percent of the population. The majority of White Carucereans are descendants of Chloéois middle class settlers who migrated to Carucere after the 1850s to service the plantation economy. Once the predominant economic elite of the island, the group has been declining since the 1970s due to emigration. A small minority of Whites are descended from settlers of previous periods of colonization, including from Estmere. Known as redlegs, they have historically formed a disadvantaged group within Carucerean society. There are also small minorities of people of Indigenous, Euclean, Shangean, and Senrian descent.


Religion in Carucere
Religion percent
Irreligious/not stated
Other Sotirian

Religion in Carucere is characterized by a broad range of religious beliefs and practices due to its ethnic diversity. The constitution ensures the freedom of religion and tolerance, and these attitudes are generally present in society as well. About 60 percent of the population is Sotirian of which largely consists of Catholics and Amendists, 19% are Badi, 10% are Zohist, about 6% followed other faiths, and 3% professed no religion.

The largest religion in Carucere is Sotirianity at 59%, the lowest proportion in the Arucian. It is largely divided between the Solarian Catholic majority and Amendist minority, with other minor sects. Solarian Catholicism was brought to Carucere by Gaullican colonial authorities during periods of their rule. During the second period of Gaullican rule, the Holistique movement led to the education and conversion of gowsas it deemed talented. A significant minority of Dezevaunis and Bahians practice the religion today and it is the largest religious group in Carucere today. The religious divide between Catholics and Amendists continues to play a major role in modern Carucerean society.

Amendism was initially brought to Carucere during the initial colonization of Carucere in the 16th century; but the majority of Amendists today, mainly Bahio-Carucereans, were converted during the second era of Estermish rule from 1771 to 1855. Following the splintering of the Amendist Church in Estmere in the early 19th century, the evangelical and fundamentalist Reformed and Amended Church of Sotirias (RACS) established churches on Carucere to convert Bahians. When the Gaullica seized the island in 1855, the RACS was banned from practicing openly and the practice of Amendism was discriminated against. Without a central authority and with supression by the government, Amendism in Carucere splintered into several independent churches which established their own doctrines. Today the largest Amendist churches in Carucere are St John's Church, Faith Deliverance Church of God, and the reconstituted Reformed and Amended Church of Sotirias.

About 2% of the Carucere's population follows the Brethren Church. Records of small Brethren communities existed since the 18th century, after the return of Gaullican rule. Today a community of about ten thousand Brethren exists in Carucere, centered around the town of Sainte Rose, which is home to one of the Autonomous Brethren Churches. 0.2% follow some other form of Sotirian sect, which excludes Boku and Spiritual Amendism.

There are several minority faiths or religions in Carucere which includes Carucerean Badi, Zohism, Boku, and Spiritual Amendism. The complex interactions between these faiths has led to a syncretic tradition known as the "Carucerean religious complex", where practitioners practice common religious elements from these religions and mainstream Sotrianity. As a result, adherents may either identify themselves as practitioners of a sole syncretic religion, identify with a syncretic faith and a mainstream Sotirian faith, or solely identify as Sotirian despite their beliefs. Estimating exact numbers is further complicated as the census does not provide an option for Boku or Spiritual Amendism, thus they usually self-report as following an "Other" religion on the census.

The majority of Gosas in Carucere continue to practice the Badi religion in Carucere. The religion in Carucere is known for its significant doctrinal diversity for its small population, religious syncretism with Sotirianity, and the existence of a formalized religious hierarchy. As a result, Badi as practiced in Carucere has diverged significantly from the religion in its native Dezevau. Despite intense conversion efforts, it is estimated that over half of self-described Sotirian Dezevaunis also practice Badi simultaneously. Conversely many Badists also practice Catholicism. It is believed that this practice is common due to the nature of the two religions; Badi largely deals with the physical plane and life on earth and deemphasizes the afterlife, deities, or salvation; while Sotrianity places greater emphasis on an explanation for life, death, and the afterlife. Such people simultaneously observe rites from both religions, a practice known in Carucere as being a "Badist in life but Sotirian in death." Even among those who solely identify as Sotirian, many still believe in at least some parts of Badi such as the elemental system or acknowledge it as a cultural heritage. Since 1970, the Badist Council of Carucere represents the Badi population in the country, promoting Badi interests and organizing public festivals and rituals. In politics, they are represented by the United Progressive Party.

Zohism was brought to Carucere by Satrian indentured workers from Estmere’s colony in modern-day Padaratha. Although the Estermish attempted to convert the Satrians to Sotirianity, it is believed that many continued to practice their religion in secret. Today the majority of Zohists in Carucere follow the Kuoeci school, although some native schools have emerged from this sect. Zohism has largely maintained its doctrine despite its isolation, although its clergy is much more organized than in the traditional Kuoeci school. After declining for most of the 19th and 20th centuries, the religion has undergone a renaissance in Carucere in recent decades. Today, Zohism is the fastest growing religion in Carucere, especially among young Medi Carucereans. The Zohist community is represented by the Assembly of Gurus of Carucere.

Carucere has a distinct religious tradition among Bahio-Carucereans, particularly among Maroons, known as Boku that originates from the syncretism of Bahian Fetishism with early Amendism. Its origins lie from the first phase of Estmerish rule when slaves disguised their traditional religious beliefs as Sotirianity when they were suppressed by colonial authorities and incorporated many aspects of it into their beliefs. It is not a standardized faith and beliefs range from a syncretic form of the original religion to Sotirianity with fetishistic aspects incorporated; furthermore it is commonly practiced alongside Amendism. As a result, the number of practitioners is unclear, but it is believed that a majority of Maroons, and a notable minority of Noir, practice at least some form of it. Bokuists generally identify as Sotirian or as "Other" on the census.

Spiritual Amendism is a term used to refer a Sotrian tradition formed by newly emancipated Bahians under Estmerish rule in the late-18th century, during the arrival of missionaries from Amendist Churches including the Reformed and Amended Church of Sotirias. Practitioners were traditionally called "Shakers" due to their body movement during worship; however, it is seen as a derogatory term and the term Spiritual is much more preferred. It is generally considered to be more inline with mainstream Amendism than Boku and Spiritual Amendists usually consider themselves to be Sotirian and identify as Amendist on the census. Most Spirtiualists are divided between small "orthodox" and "non-orthodox" churches, where the former is more inline with mainstream Amendism and the latter has more influence from Boku. However there is no firm division between the two and most churches and adherents exist in a spectrum between the two groups.


First language of Carucereans (2022)
Language percent

Carucere officially has no official language although Gaullican serves as the de facto official language. Gaullican is the primary language for all administration and legal matters, but it is only spoken as a first language by a small minority of Carucereans, mainly White Carucereans. The Gaullican language on Carucere is largely a legacy of the Holistique movement on the island. Carucere is a diglossic society; nearly all of Carucere's population is able to converse in Gaullican and at least two of the "lower" languages of Papotement, Ziba, and Estmerish.

Papotement is the predominant language used on Carucere. Originating from the original Estmerish-based creole language spoken by Bahians, it draws significant influence from Ziba, Gaullican, and Estmerish. While its vocabulary is largely derived from Estmerish, it has many loanwords from Ziba and Gaullican and its grammar resembles that of some Bahian languages. While Gaullican continues to be the language of prestige, Papotement has been declared a national symbol since 1996 due to its social, cultural, and historical importance. Since then official government documents, new legislation, ballots, and other papers are usually translated into Papotement. Since 2003, all schools in the country are entirely bilingual in both Gaullican and Papotement.

Carucerean Ziba is the second most spoken language in Carucere. Although only 5% of Carucereans, nearly exclusively Dezevauni, speak it as a first language, a significant number of Carucereans are fluent in Ziba and speak it as a second language. Its usage as a first language has been in decline for decades in favor of Papotement, although there has been attempts to revive its use. Carucerean Ziba has undergone significant change since its arrival, such as loaning a large number of words from Gaullican, the formation of new words unique to Carucere, and major influence in vocabulary and grammar by Papotement. As a result, Carucerean Ziba is distinct from the varieties spoken in Dezevau, although it remains largely mutually intelligible. Carucerean Ziba is a recognized language by the Carucerean government.

Many Carucereans of Kachai descent speak the Kachai language as a second or third language, but only a few speak it as a primary language, favoring Papotement or Ziba instead. Similarly many Satrian-Carucereans speak Papotement which replaced Tankari languages that they originally spoke as a first language. Today the use of Tamisari among Satrian Carucereans are largely limited to cultural and religious events.

A significant minority of Bahio-Carucereans speak Estmerish, a legacy of missionary efforts by the Reformed and Amended Church of Sotirias during Estmerish rule. They taught basic Estmerish with the express purpose of converting Bahio-Carucereans to Amendism; as a result, it has undergone a degree of creolization. While the use of the language has declined in favor of Papotement, for many fundamentalist and evangelical Amendists the language is part of their ethnic identity and favor it over Papotement in many situations.


Jean Preval University is the country's most prestigious educational institution.

Carucere's education system is managed by the Carucere Academy, a government institution under the Ministry of Education, which oversees primary and secondary schooling in the entire country. It oversees 300 elementary schools, including 1 private kindergarten under contract and 14 private elementary schools under contract. It also has 52 middle schools, including 6 private under contract. Finally, it oversees 38 high schools, 13 of which are private under contract. Enrollment in the Academy is mandatory with primary school lasting until age 12 and secondary school lasting until age 16. Children generally start pre-school at two and a half years but this is not mandatory. They are, however, expected to have basic reading and writing skills when they join the Academy. The Carucerean education system is modeled on a secularized version of a Holistique education.

Tertiary education is provided by University of Jameston, Félix Éboué University, Reine-Anne College, and the National Institute for Development. With the exception of Reine-Anne College, they are all public state funded institutions that provide certificate, diploma, and degree-level education programs. The National Institute for Development is a government backed graduate university, founded in 2013 with an emphasis on educational programs promoting economic and social development. There are discussions underway of reorganizing all public higher education institutions into a national university. Reine-Anne College is a private, pontifical college supported by the Catholic Church and provides a Holistique education.


Carucere has a universal health care system managed by the Ministry of Health. Medical centers in Carucere include: University Hospital Centre (CHU) in Jameston, Regional Hospital Centre (CHR) in Fort-Royal, and four hospitals located in Pointe-Noire, Caracol, Tiberon and Saint-Cholé. The University Hospital Centre is the largest hospital in the country with more than 900 beds; which includes 660 medical, 243 surgical, and 70 obstetrics beds, with another 10 in its intensive care unit. The hospital operates a 24-hour emergency service. In addition there are about a dozen smaller medical clinics in smaller towns around the islands. The population of who live on the western half of Marien island report a lack of health services available nearby.


Economic exports of Carucere in 2021.

Carucere has an upper-middle-income economy reliant on tourism with the financial services industry and passport sales becoming the island's largest source of income. It is the smallest economy in the Golden Isles and the Arucian as a whole, with a nominal GDP of S5.7 billion and a GDP per capita of S10,607. If measured by Purchasing Power Parity (PPP), Carucere's economy is $9.6 billion, with a GDP per capita of $17,937.

As a former Estmerish and Gaullican colony, Carucere's economy was historically dependent on agriculture, particularly in the production of sugar. Carucere's economy remained dependent on sugar production until the first Sugar Crash of the 1960s and 1970s caused significant economic turmoil. Following the Crash, the government diversified the country's commercial agricultural exports into goods such as tropical fruit and coffee. Since the 1980s, the government has promoted tourism into Carucere's largest economic sector and established a small manufacturing base centered around processing agricultural goods.

The service sector accounts for over 60% of GDP; 12% for manufacturing; 22% for agriculture; tourism overwhelmingly comprises the service sector followed by finance and telecommunications. Carucere is a member of the Arucian Cooperation Organization and participates in its customs area, free movement area, and common market. As a result, Carucere's economy and international trade is strongly tied to its neighbors in the ACO. Carucere's international diaspora, mostly to other ACO member states, sends millions of dollars to Carucerean families in remittances. Carucere's government maintains a Citizenship by Investment program, to attract economic investment in the country in exchange for Carucerean citizenship. Corruption, the influence of foreign businesses, and ecological sustainability are long-term challenges.

Agriculture and Fishing

A coffee field in southeastern Marien.

Agriculture is the second largest sector of the economy, worth approximately $1.254 billion, and employs about 35% of the population. About 22.6% of the total land area of Carucere is arable, the majority of which are used for farming. Carucerean agriculture was formerly centered around sugar production until the Sugar Crash of the 1970s forced the agricultural sector to diversify. Over 80 percent of the farmland in Carucere are owned by multinational corporations that operate several large commercial farms that grow crops such as coffee, barley, aloe vera, and fruit such as mangoes, banana, breadfruit, guavas, and papayas and citrus fruits such as lemons, limes, and oranges for export. The remainder of the agricultural sector are are banded together in about 10 cooperatives. The majority of agricultural products produced by these farms, especially vegetables, are made for domestic consumption. There is a relatively large fishing industry in Carucere, but it is not modernized and almost exclusively serves the domestic market.

Mining and forestry

Carucere's mining sector plays a minor role in its economy as the fourth largest sector. Pumice from volcanic activity is the most heavily mined resource in the country; Carucere also produces clay, limestone, volcanic ash, and sand and gravel. These resources are primarily used for the Carucerean construction industry. Carucere has the potential for a lumber industry, but due to environmental concerns remains largely underutilized. The national government has allocated 280 hectares (690 acres) of government land allocated to commercial forestry. Commercially valuable woods include mahogany, blue and red mahoe, and teak are grown in plantations.


Manufacturing is Carucere's third largest sector, worth approximately $712 million and employs about 25% of the workforce. Most of the main products and exports produced by Carucere's small manufacturing sector are derived from the agricultural sector. These products include copra, coconut oil, soap, bay oil, and fruit juices. Carucere's soap industry utilizes coconut oil and citrus, which is produced in large enough quantities for international export. Barley, usually grown during the winter, is used to produce beer and malta for domestic consumption. Since the 1990s, Carucere's concrete production industry has grown at a steady pace and has become a major share of exports.


Since the 1980s, the services has become the dominant sector of the economy, with a net worth of approximately 3.42 billion and employing over half the population. Today tourism forms the largest share of the Carucerean service sector and the economy as a whole in terms of worth and employment. Within the past couple decades, Carucere has become a center for offshore financing and payment processing. The transportation industry also plays a notable role in Carucere's economy largely due to the Edward Strait.

Carucere's beaches are popular tourist destinations and were until recently the main tourist attraction. Within the past couple decades, the Carucerean government has promoted its unique flora and fauna to attract tourists and currently markets itself as the “nature island” of the region. Carucere's mountains, rainforests, freshwater lakes, hot springs, waterfalls, and diving spots have made it particularly attractive ecotourism destination. The government has particularly focused on the country's hot springs, forming the DuBois National Park in the early 1990s to promote the Boiling Lake and the Boiling River as the primary destination for ecotourists. The towns of Zebedize, Mhanajia, and Boune have been the primary beneficiaries in the growth of tourism. Cruise ship stopovers have increased following the development of modern docking and waterfront facilities in Jameston in the late 1990s. Tourism overtook sugar production as the single biggest revenue earner in the 1980s and today it is one of the country's most important sources of foreign exchange. Approximately 800,000 “stay-over” tourists visit Carucere each year, while the ports of Jameston and Crique serve more than 2 million cruise-ship passengers on day visits annually.

Carucere is a notable financial center in the West Arucian, focusing on offshore banking and payment processing provided by various Asterian financial institutions. Regulation and supervision of the financial services industry is the responsibility of the Financial Service Unit under the supervision of the Ministry of Finance.

Economic immigrants

Carucere offers economic citizenship as part of an immigrant investor program. In exchange for a minimum donation of $150,000 to the National Economic Fund or a minimum investment of $250,000 in a pre-approved sector of the economy, the government can waive the normal requirement of seven years of legal residence to acquire citizenship. On average the program contributes to 15% of national revenue, and the funds generated are largely used to invest in Carucere's ecotourism sector. Carucere's program is widely considered to be one of the most attractive due to its affordability, simple application process, and Carucere's membership in ACO. The latter is especially appealing as Carucerean citizens are granted permanent residency in other ACO member states. However the program has been criticized for a lack of transparency despite strict security checks and the government's refusal to make the process completely transparent.



Preval Dam near Gourbeyre.

Carucere's energy production relies on a combination of fossil fuels and hydroelectric. Petroleum is Carucere's primary energy source, representing 60% of the country's total installed energy capacity. As there is no domestic oil production in Carucere, the country is reliant on international fuel imports. Hydropower overwhelmingly represents the remainder of Carucere's installed energy capacity. Despite the country's great potential for renewable energy, it would not be until the 1990s when the first small hydro plants were built in Carucere. The country, especially the island of Marien, has many swift-flowing highland streams which are ideal for inexpensive run-of-the-river power plants; however these plants are very vulnerable to seasonal changes in rainfall. As a result, energy from fossil fuels has to accommodate for the lack of hydroelectric energy production during the dry months from January to June. In 2014, Carucere completed construction of a large dam on Marien, forming a reservoir with a capacity of 2.5 million cubic meters. It provides Carucere with energy storage in the form of potential energy from dammed water flowing through a water turbine that powers a generator. However construction of additional dams are uncertain due to environmental concerns.


Rainfall and rugged terrain have historically impeded road building in Carucere, especially on the island of Marien. Marien did not have a major road network until the 1950s and it wasn't until the 1970s before the island had a road that encircled the entire island. Today the road network primarily runs along the coastline and along river valleys. Carucere has approximately 319 kilometers of major roads, a three-lane highway, on both Marien and Magua; the Magua highway encircles the entire island, while the Marien highway arches only halfway around the island's coast. Carucere has another couple thousand kilometers of paved roads on both islands. While there are no bridges across the Edward Strait, the two islands are indirectly connected by several ferry lines capable of transporting passengers, cargo, and vehicles. The busiest line is the passanger-only Edward Strait Ferry between Jameston and Crique. The majority of the ferry lines are operated by the Strait Transportation Authority, although lines operated by independent private companies exist. Bicycles, motorcycles and motor scooters are the most popular forms of private road transport in the country. Public road transportation relies on two types of publicly operated bus routes, the BL routes that operate inside major towns and the BR routes that travel between major towns and pass between small towns.

International travel into and from Carucere is mainly done through Saint-Pierre International Airport and the ports of Crique and Jameston. Saint-Pierre airport is Carucere's sole international airport, handling an average of 1.5 million passengers a year. It receives daily flights by several major airlines from across the Asterias, as well as several smaller regional commercial airlines and charters. Carucere has two small local airports located near Sainte-Cholé and New Sheaford that can only handle light aircraft. The Port of Jameston is the primary port of call for commercial containers arriving at Carucere. Cruise lines commonly stop at Crique and Jameston.


Carucere has a rich and diverse culture that reflects its complicated colonial legacy left by the Estmerish and Gaullican colonial empires. Carucerean culture is most influenced by the synthesis of East Bahian cultures, brought by the Transvehemens slave trade during the 16th to 18th centuries, and Dezevauni culture brought by the gowsa during the 19th century. This cultural synthesis was further shaped by Carucere's colonial overlords; Bahio-Carucereans share both Estmerish and Gaullican influences while Dezevaun-Carucereans were solely influenced by Gaullica. In addition, Carucere's culture is significantly influenced by the Nati people; despite their near destruction by Euclean colonialism, their influence survives through Maroon traditions and archeological artifacts. Carucere is the only country in the Asterias where the descendants of the Gowsas are a plurality of the population; as a result their cultural presence is significant and Carucere is considered to be their cultural center in the Asterias.



Rendu is considered to be the national dish of Carucere.

Carucerean cuisine is a culinary fusion formed from Gaullican, Estmerish, Bahian, Southeast Coian, and Satrian influences. Carucerean cuisine shares many characteristics with the culinary traditions of the rest of the Golden Isles; however Carucerean cuisine is distinct due to its cultural diversity. Ingredients from Coius such as breadfruit, glutinous rice, taro, lentil, fish sauce, and tofu are widely used in Carucerean cuisine. Indigenous ingredients widely used in Carucerean cooking include include sweet potato, okra, plantain, tomatoes, cassava, and sweet potatoes. Garlic, cumin, turmeric, and chilis are the dominant spices. The culinary staple of Carucere is breadfruit (venge) and rice. Breadfruit is often boiled or fried as part of a dish or as a snack. Congee and Sticky rice are popular methods to serve rice.

Raw sliced breadfruit for cooking; it is a staple food in Carucere.

Carucerean dishes are generally served spicy and in large portions. The largest meal of the day is traditionally breakfast, with a medium lunch, and a light dinner. The typical meal would include breadfruit or rice served with jerked meat, typically goat or pork. Rendu is considered to be the national dish of Carucere. It usually consists of seasoned {{wp}pork}}, fish, or poultry that has been slow cooked and braised in coconut milk and served with venge or rice, and vegetables like okra and eggplant. Dishes regarded as distinctly Carucerean include Jerk griot, pork shoulder marinated in jerk spice and then oven roasted; dobo medi, rice congee topped with shredded chicken meat and various savory condiments; Nam kawo, a dish consisting of small fried glutinous rice balls served with coconut and meat; and tonmtonm, steamed mashed breadfruit with okra sauce and goat meat seasoned with savory spices. Food of Satrian origin that are commonly eaten include Idilli, Sambar, and curd rice. Since the advent of modern international trade, traditional Satrian ingredients are easier to acquire which has led to an increase in popularity of Satrian-Carucerean food.

Gaullican and Gaullican-influenced cuisine is most prominent among the white population, although foods such as Gaullican cheese, bread, and wine are sometimes eaten across Carucere. Carucerean cuisine has also been influenced by Estmerish cuisine during the second phase of Estmerish colonial administration between 1772 to 1855. Many of the Estmerish dishes and food items that continue to be cooked today are cooked using local ingredients. The two most popular of these dishes are a variation of shepherd's pie and sausage and mash which are topped with mashed breadfruit or cassava instead of potatoes. Estmerish food is most commonly eaten by Noir Amendists.

The most popular dessert is jedhi, a sweet dessert soup made with coconut and topped with tapioca, taro, gelatin, agar, and other fruit. Other desserts include pen patat, a soft sweet bread made using cinnamon, evaporated milk, and sweet potato and buko, a pie made from breadfruit flour, filled with taro and a sweet coconut sauce. Shaved ice desserts are very popular in Carucere which include cendol, containing droplets of green rice flour jelly, coconut milk and sugarcane syrup; melanje, consisting of evaporated milk or coconut milk, and various sweet ingredients, usually diced; and fresco made with a sweet fruit syrup and topped with fruit.

Bake and fish is one of the most popular street foods.

Street food and snacks are very popular in Carucere. The tradition originates from vendors selling food to workers on plantations in the late 18th century; today it is usually sold in open air food markets or street vendors. Popular street food includes pâté, a baked puff pastry-type pastry filled with spiced meat; bake and fish, fried flatbread topped with fish and tomatoes, and gainge, which consists of seasoned skewered meat grilled over an open fire and served with a sauce. Popular snacks are usually fried fruit, sliced or served whole, such as banana, plantains, and breadfruit. Desserts like cendol and mélangé are also commonly served by street vendors.

Malta is widely considered to be the Carucerean national beverage. A lightly carbonated and non-alcoholic malt drink, it is typically served with ice and mixed with condensed or evaporated milk. Coconut water can be found throughout the islands, although it is more commonly used as an ingredient. Rum is the most popular alcoholic drink, and is often used to make mixed drinks such as ponche-de-cream, puncheon wonm, and home-made wines from local fruits.


Like Carucere's society as a whole, the country's music is a syncretic mix of Bahain, Southeast Coian, Gaullican, and Estmerish elements. This mix of elements is reflected in its distinctive national styles of folk and popular music, particularly through its song types and styles, instrumentation, dances, and aesthetic principles. The most popular forms of music in Carucere are calypso, soca, and to a lesser extent reggae and dancehall.

Folk music in Carucere largely originates from the musical traditions of Bahian slaves that they brought from their homelands. While their own music was usually banned in favor of Euclean music and dance, they incorporated their own musical styles, forming a syncretic tradition. Many distinctive Carucerean musical and other cultural traditions derive from parodies of Catholic church hymns and the practices of white authorities. These include the Tuk band, based upon Estmerish regimental bands stationed on the island from the 1770s to 1850s and the Jameston, a parody of the dances that were popular with Gaullican planters. These were originally used to mock the slave masters and to communicate with each other. In addition, religious music of the Carucerean Christian churches played an important role in Carucerean musical identity, especially in urban areas. The arrival of the gowsas in the mid to late 19th century brought significant change to Carucerean folk music. Bahian-Carucerean folk music from early in this era was often hostile and disparaging toward gowsas, reflecting the tensions over work opportunities. However by the early 20th century, Guasan music began contributing to Carucerean folk music by influencing existing musical styles and introducing new ones.

Popular music in Carucere reflects the general pop music of the Golden Isles. Carucere has some regionally popular musicians such as Marie Braithwaite. In addition it has created a well-developed local scene playing imported styles like jazz, salsa samba, and calypso, as well as the indigenous spouge style. Spouge is a mixture of calypso and other styles, such as jazz and salsa. Modern Carucerean popular music is largely based around these styles..


Carucere's sporting traditions can largely be traced to Sainte-Chloé and the Holistique movement during the mid to late 19th century. Baseball and Arucian football and were promoted by the movement to the Gowsas and Bahio-Carucereans of Carucere, as they believed it would develop their moral character and abilities. Since then, both sports continue to be widely popular in Carucere and far outrank other sports in terms of viewership. Both sports played a major role in Jean Preval's attempts to create a multiethnic national identity with racially integrated teams that were heavily promoted by the government.

The most popular sport in Carucere in terms of viewership and participation is Arucian football. Although it was largely developed in Sainte-Chloé, Carucere significantly contributed to the development of the modern sport. The sport was popular among plantation workers who usually played it casually in fields. The first amateur club was formally founded in 1883 followed by the formation of the Carucerean Football League in 1888. Also known as the K-League, it is the country's domestic league for the sport. The first professional competition of Arucian football was held between a Chloéois and Carucerean club in 1938, the predecessor to the Arucian Football Association (AAF) in 1940, which formally codified the sport and established an annual international sport competition.

The second-most popular sport in the country is baseball. Baseball arrived in Carucere around the late 19th century from Sainte-Chloé and was casually played by plantation workers along with Arucian football. The first amateur clubs were founded in the 1870s, with the first formal amateur club was founded in 1888, which would become the Carrefour Stars. The club participated in several amateur baseball leagues in Carucere until the Stars joined the Arucian Baseball League in 1947. Today the Stars have eight (8) Arucian Series appearances and four (4) Arucian Series wins, with the last series victory in 2011.

Other sports popular in Carucere are casse, association football and tennis. Casse is a sport traditionally played by those living in modern-day Dezevau that was arrived in Carucere with the gowsas in the later half of the 19th century. It is ranked a distant third in popularity and it is generally casually played by Dezevauni. Tennis is popular across Carucerean society but is only played casually. While tennis was introduced to Carucere in the early 20th century, it has only become popular with the past couple decades; today there is a growing professional and amateur scene on the national level. Association football is most popular among the Estmerophone population, but is not widely played across Carucere. The Estmerophone community established an amateur association football league in 1983 and includes about a dozen teams.

Celebrations and Holidays

Date Estmerish name Papotement name Day off? Notes
January 1 New Year’s Day Nouvel An Yes Marks the first day of the Gregorian calendar year.
January 6 Epiphany Epiphanie Yes Celebrates the revelation of God incarnate as Jesus Christ.
variable Ash Wednesday Mercredi des Cendres No Marks the beginning of Lent.
variable Good Friday Vendredi saint Yes Commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus Soter.
variable Easter Lundi de Paques Yes Celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Soter.
May 1 Labor Day Fete du Travail Yes Celebrates the international labor movement and the Carucerean working class.
variable Pentecost Lundi de Pentecote No Celebrates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles.
August 12 National Day Fete Nationalel Yes Celebrates the signing of the Consitution of 1972 and the foundation of the Carucerean state.
August 15 Assumption Assomption No Celebrates the ascension of the Virgin Mary to Heaven.
September 3 Independence Day Jour de l'indépendance Yes Carucere's independence from the United Provinces.
November 1 All Saints' Day Toussaint Yes Commemorates all Sotirian saints, known or unknown. Also commemorates the souls of all deceased, regardless of faith; generally reflective and somber.
November 2 All Souls' Day Commemoration Yes Celebration of life and the lives of the deceased. Held concurrently with the Festival of Souls.
December 24 Nativity Eve Reveillon de Noel Yes The day preceding Nativity.
December 25 Nativity Noel Yes Celebrates the birth of Jesus Soter.
December 31 New Year's Eve la Saint Sylvestre Yes The day preceding New Year's Day.