Republic of Garambura
Motto: "Pamhenderekedzo dzeGonda tinoshanda zvakaoma"
("On the banks of the Gonda we toil")
Garambura (dark blue) located within Coius (light blue).
|Official languages||6 languages:|
|Ethnic groups |
|80.4% Black Bahian|
|Government||Unitary presidential republic|
|Independence from Rwizikuru|
|16 February 1969|
|30 April 1969|
• Admitted to the CoN
|5 March 1971|
• Admitted to the CBS
|17 November 1979|
|116,784 km2 (45,091 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
• 2014 census
|79.69/km2 (206.4/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2020 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2020 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2014)|| 56.4|
|HDI (2014)|| 0.706|
|Currency||Garamburan denier (GSH)|
|ISO 3166 code||GAR|
Garambura (/'gæræmbʊra:/; Gaullican: Garamboure), officially the Republic of Garambura (Gaullican: République de Garamboure), is a country in eastern Bahia, located on the continent of Coius. The River Gonda runs up most of the country. It borders Adesine to the north and Rwizikuru to the west. The country's capital and second-largest city is Mutimukuru, while the country's largest is Mambiza. With almost 9 million people, Garambura is one of the smallest countries in Coius and Bahia. The country has five official languages, with veRwizi, Sisulu and Gaullican being the most prevalent.
Since the 11th century, Garambura was historically under the subjugation of the vast veRwizi Empire, who hailed from modern-day Rwizikuru. First colonial contact came when the Gaullican Lower Gonda Company under Cassien merchant and explorer Michel Masson established a trading outpost called Saint-Germaine (modern-day Mambiza) in 1656. The Gaullicans eventually worked their way inland through colonial conquest and by 1840 the entirety of Garambura was part of the Gaullican Baséland colony. Sainte-Germaine served as a major stopover for Gaullican merchants on their way to Xiaodong and the Asterias, and so the city grew quickly under colonial rule. When Raphael Duclerque's national functionalists took power in Gaullica in 1919, cultural repression began spiking on the island as previous colonial ministers were replaced with national functionalists. Many natives were conscripted into the Gaullican army and fought heavily on the Bahian front of the war. When Gaullica lost the war, Garambura was transferred to Estmere as East Riziland, a subdivision of the larger Riziland.
Garambura got its independence from Estmere under the Rwizikuru Republic, but growing authoritarianism and the declaration of Izibongo Ngonidzashe that he would become an absolute monarch spearheaded calls for Garamburan independence. The Garamburan National Front formed in 1968 under Takakundi Kuda Kani as a guerrilla paramilitary, and Garambura unilaterally declared its independence on February 16, 1969, whilst Rwizikuru was fighting over the region of Yekumavirira. The war was swift as the guerrillas won a major battle at the Battle of Mambiza on April 18, forcing the Rwizikurans to retreat. Surrounded on both sides, Izibongo met with Takakunda on April 30, 1969, in Port Fitzhubert, and agreed to fully recognise Garamburan independence. Izibongo referred to the Garamburans as "traitors" and relations with Rwizikuru did not recover until Kupakwashe Ngonidzashe came to power in 1979.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics and government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
The name "Garambura" originates as a corrupted portmanteau of the veRwizi words Garama - meaning "life" or "lively" - and rakakura, meaning "vast". The country's official name is the Republic of Garambura, which was adopted upon independence in 1969. Unlike many other colonised nations, its etymology stems from its native language. Under Gaullican colonisation, it was referred to as Baséland, a name given to it by the Gaullicans after the Yebase people, who worked closely with the Gaullicans in the early colonial period of the country.
Archaeological evidence uncovered in Garambura suggests that civilised humans had inhabited the area since at least 2000 BC. Stone tools, fossilised bones and cuttings on animal bones suggest that foragers made up the majority of an early Garamburan populace. However, some archaeologists suggest these marks could have been made during the excavation process, and attribute the first humans in Garambura to be a people who inhabited a small area near modern-day Mbiza, known simply as the Vanhu peoples.
The first permanent settlers in Garambura appeared some time between 800 and 400 BC, and settled areas around the Gonda Delta, utilising the region's fertility to begin small settlements across the river. Slash and burn agriculture was used extensively and affected the early biodiversity of the region, both flora and fauna. These small settlements would exist almost independent of any other Bahian polities of the time, and the area was well-developed for pre-colonial Bahia, transforming into a loose confederacy of tribes by 800 AD, following fetishist beliefs. When the Irfanic Founagé Dominion of Heaven formed towards the end of the 9th-century, the tribesmen of early Garambura feared their traditional beliefs would be forcefully stamped out. The towns briefly united into the Akatendeka Confederacy, but were swiftly defeated by the rising Hourege system in Bahia, which would heavily influence Garamburan society after the fall of Akatendeka.
After the emergence of Hourege, many villages began to be settled up and down the Gonda River, mainly by the veRwizi and Sisulu populace, who had diverged into separate areas of the country by this point. The villages were dominated by the Hourege system, but the Banfuri coastal cities dominated, with Mutimukuru emerging to be one of the larger Hourege settlements in Bahia. Traditional society flourished in Garambura under the Houragic golden age, with the Gonda Delta settlements and Mutimukuru seeing increases in size as Pan-Bahian trade increased. The dominance of Hourege was solidifed when the area was conquered by the veRwizi Empire in the 12th century.
The empire's rule was generally quite lax and the area did not suffer any real direct oppression. Under the golden age of the veRwizi Empire, around the 1400s, pan-Bahian trade flourished and the coastal cities of Garambura attracted merchants and tradesmen for their attractive deltas and natural harbours. The start of major trade in the area caused a massive divide between the veRwizi people of the coast, now wealthy and living lives more akin to middle-class veRwizi in Rwizikuru, and the Sisulu and Njinji peoples inland, who felt neglected by the empire's rule. They revolted in 1636, losing the revolt itself but contributing as a whole to the collapse of the empire in the 1650s, after which a Sisulu-Njinji tribal confederacy invaded the veRwizi portions of Garambura, suing them for land in the north and isolating them to the direct coast.
Confederacy of Njinjiland and the Sisulu
The confederacy would consider themselves as a regional successor to the veRwizi Empire as it collapsed back into modern-day Rwizikuru. They controlled most of Garambura and the River Gonda but were disgruntled by company presence in southern Garambura and the Gonda Delta, which was viewed as sacred by the fetishists of the confederacy. They would launch regular raids on the company-owned trade cities of the Lower Gonda, culminating in one successful raid in 1772, lead by Mabuti I, which damaged the local finances and disrupted trade to and from Gaullican colonies in Bahia and the Asterias. The Gaullican Lower Gonda Company would quickly amass an army to avenge the raids and decisively defeated the Confederacy and the 1774 Battle of Ingezi, which heavily destabilised the Confederacy and caused local rebel groups to try and secure their independence. By 1813, the confederacy had effectively ceased to exist, and most of its modern day borders were absorbed into the colony of Baséland. Some Njinji leaders are thought to have fled into rural Bahia, including into Yemet and the nearby Nyikaitsva mountains, to escape persecution by Gaullican colonial authorities.
The colony of Baséland was declared as a protectorate of the Gaullican Empire, with its first governor, Robin Gaume, taking power officially on February 19, 1813. The preceding Gaullican Lower Gonda Company was nationalised and abolished by royal decree a year prior as the Gaullican crown sought to take direct control over the area for its imperial ambitions. Explorations and documentations of Baséland north of the Gonda delta began in 1820, under Gaullican explorers Timothée Fabre, Jehan Traver and Patrice Pasternoste. Sponsored by the crown, the trio explored and vaguely mapped much of central and northern Baséland, including the Gonda Valley, Gibixego forest and Lusulu forest. Maware was discovered and documented by Pasternoste in 1823, and was the first major pre-colonial city the Gaullicans discovered. The head of Mabuti I, Karame of the Njinji, was also discovered by Pasternoste and donated to the Musée de l'histoire baïenne in Verlois that same year.
In the middle of the 19th century, Gaullica expanded the area military, building an assortment of coastal forts and a naval docks in Sainte-Germaine and across the coast throughout the 1850s. Major Gaullican naval assets were moved to Sainte-Germaine's large and expanded port and the city benefitted massively from becoming a global trade entrepot under the Gaullican Empire. The Gaullicans made use of the Yebase, traditional nomadic peoples originating from Yemet that often ran and administered specific aspects of the colony. The Yebase was a Sotirian people, whose status in colonial society was semi-equal to that of the white settler populations. The Chennois demographic of Sainte-Germaine expanded massively during this era as Gaullica encouraged settlement in the area to transform it into one of its prestigious colonial cities. Didier Maxime Rhissassi led a major expedition northwards that produced the first detailed maps of Maware and northern Garambura, assisting in the assertion of absolute Gaullican control in the area. Alphonse Amsalu sunk the Gaullican ship Insulaire off the coast of Sainte-Germaine in 1884, during the height of the Sougoulie rebellions, which destroyed the relationship between the settlers and the Yebase and started the first major Pan-Bahian literary revolution in the colony, with influential authors such as B.S.E. Mercier, Otes Touré and Louis Larue publishing their works around this time. With this legacy, the city of Sainte-Germaine hosted the Conference for the Promotion of the Pan-Bahian Idea, gathering an assortment of Pan-Bahian advocates, philosophers, historians and authors to discuss the future of Bahia.
Charles Dumont became governor of the colony in 1906, beginning a thirteen-year-long tenure marked with landmark liberal reforms, including the Vivien Lemaigre case in 1907, which affected the status of white landowners relations with their indentured workers. Demont was captured and executed in 1919 by the Parti populaire during their takeover in Gaullica in what is now celebrated domestically as Droits de l'homme day. High militarisation levels as well as conscription into the Tirailleurs bahiens followed under functionalist rule. Throughout the war, Gaullican colonies enjoyed success in the Bahian front, but with the fall of mainland Gaullica in 1934, surrendered to Allied forces towards the end of the year.
Baséland was sought after by many Euclean powers, mainly Etruria, who wished to expand their colonial influence with the prestige and development of the colony. Ultimately, through political posturing and an unwillingness from Werania and Estmere to succumb to Etruria's major colonial ambitions, the colony fell to Estmere, who merged into the existing colony of Riziland in 1935. Estmerish colonial rule was comparatively lax as authorities prepared the colony for its independence. Over this time, Indigénisme developed as a political ideology in the 1930s and 1940s, with the eventual goal of creating a racially-segregated Baséland. The idea never came to fruition, despite its popularity among Chennois people, and Baséland remained a part of the new Republic of Rwizikuru when it declared its independence in 1946, becoming the District of East Riziland.
Garambura is located in eastern Bahia, with a 168 km (104 mi) coastline on the Banfura Sea, where most of its population is located. It lies between longitudes 10°N and 15°N and latitudes 30°W and 34°W. Garambura has an area of 104,491 sq km (40,344 sq mi), making it the smallest country on mainland Coius. Garambura shares borders with two sovereign states, the Kingdom of Rwizikuru to the west, and the Republic of the Adésine to the north-west.
Garambura's geography is dominated by the River Gonda, which runs the entire the length of the country. Most of Garambura's population and urban areas lie on the Gonda, which runs a total length of 604 km (375.3 mi) within the borders of the country. Due to Garambura's rurality outside of the coastline, the Gonda is known for its expansive meanders, as well as its large oxbow lakes which have formed as a result of meanders joining and disconnecting larger meanders. Oxbow lakes can be across most of the country where the Gonda flows. As well as oxbow lakes, Garambura has a significant amount of freshwater and saltwater lakes, which are scattered out across the country. Lake Msosa, previously known as Lake Stephanie until 1977, is the country's largest lake, and is a freshwater lake located in the Gibixego Nature Reserve.
The tallest point in Garambura is the peak of Mt. Kabwata, located at the eastern end of the Nyikaitsva mountains, a larger mountain range spanning most of Rwizikuru, but ending in Garambura. Mt. Kabwata is located 1,627 m (5,338 ft) above sea level, and is a regular tourist destination for hikers and climbers due to its relative ease to climb and peakside views. The lowest point in Garambura is the floor of Lake Kangalongolo at 57 m (187 ft) below sea level.
Much of Garambura is covered by subtropical rainforests, around 86%, that experiences humid and wet climates throughout most of the year. Mangroves also exist on the country's coastline, although are fairly rare and limited to the Jilonga Mangroves around 20 miles west of the country's capital of Mutimukuru. The country also possesses some of the most extensive environmental protection legislation in Bahia, with around 40% of the country's forests designated as protected reserves. The Gibixegu Nature Reserve, Gonda Valley Nature Reserve, and Lusulu Village Nature Reserve are among the most expansive untouched natural habitats in Bahia.
Garambura is known for its diverse geology and mineral resources, being a producer of minerals such as coal, copper, iron ore and tin, as well as having large deposits of valuable resources like diamonds and gold, the latter of which the country possesses the largest deposits in Bahia.
Much of Garambura is subject to a tropical climate with some large-scale local variations. Towards the east of the country, away from the Gonda, the climate is known for its heat and aridity, whilst the western portion of the country nearer to the Gonda is known for its vast rainforests, its humidity, mild temperatures and large amounts of rainfall. The country rarely experiences prolonged drought periods, although the city of Maware in the east has been known for its longer-than-usual dry periods. However, schemes are beginning to be put in place that transfer water from the river Gonda into reservoirs in the Lusulu Village National Park, some 20 miles south of Maware.
Flora and fauna
Garambura is home to an extremely diverse selection of local flora and fauna, with most of the country covered in tropical rainforests and inhabited by numerous species of animal, many of which are unique to the area. Many nature conservationist organisations estimate there are over 500 unique species of mammal, reptile and amphibious creatures in Garambura, and the country works closely with these organisations to preserve the wildlife. An estimated 85% of the country is covered by rainforest, down from around 92% in 1979, which has caused some groups to raise concern for deforestation in Garambura, much of which is illegal and untracked by the government.
In recent years, the government of Garambura have begun numerous programs in order to prevent the degradation of the country's environment, particularly its rainforests. Illegal deforestation is a problem in the country, especially in the north and east, where settlements and scarce and illegal foresters can conduct slash and burn techniques on vast swathes of the forest. In 2013 especially conservationist efforts for wildlife spiked up significantly when the Banfura ray was declared extinct, having been targeted by fisheries along the south coast for years.