and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Petois, Hoeltish|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Federal parliamentary republic|
|Adriaan Wilhelm Paulus|
|Rupert van Bleiswijk|
• Hennish Partition
• Grand Duchy of Flamia
• Annexation by Gaullica
• Second Republic
• Third Republic
• Founded the EC
|1 January 1948|
|75,828 km2 (29,277 sq mi)|
• 2018 estimate
• 2014 census
|225.85/km2 (584.9/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2015 estimate|
• Per capita
• Per capita
|Currency||Euclo (EUC (€))|
|Time zone||Euclean Standard Time|
The Hennish Republic (Hennish: Hennische Republiek), commonly known as Hennehouwe (Hennish: Henehouwe), is a sovereign state and federal republic on the westernmost coast of Euclea. It borders Gaullica to the south, Kesselbourg and Swetania to the west, and Estmere to the north. It covers an area of 75,828 km2 (29,277 sq mi) and has a population of more than 17.1 million. The capital and largest city is s’Holle; other major cities are Zilverzee, Herxen and Wapenvald.
Weranic peoples have inhabited Hennehouwe since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Hennish and the Hoeltish. The region was a part of the Solarian Empire, making up the majority of the Province of Flamia. When the Solarian Empire collapsed in 418, the Verliquoian Empire retained control over much of Flamia. Northern regions of the province were lost due to lack of control and conquest by Weranic tribes. The Kingdom of Reek was established in the north. It was conquered by the Verique and became a part of the Verliquoian Empire.
The modern-day state is descended from the Kingdom of Hennehouwe, a medieval kingdom founded on New Year's Day, 1352 in Zilverzee by delegates rebelling against Gaullica from the Hennish Counties. The rebellion was part of the War of the Jeans, which saw the Verliquoian Empire collapse and evolve into the Empire of Gaullica. The Hennish counties were able to successfully secure their independence, establishing the Kingdom of Hennehouwe in 1401. During the Amendist Reformation, the teachings of Johan Kasper became mainstream, particularly in the northern counties. The country was embroiled in religious strife. During the Amendist Wars, the country was partitioned by sectarian lines by Estmere and Gaullica. The Kasperist northern counties were organized into the Estmerish-backed First Hennish Republic while the Catholic southern counties became part of the Gaullican-backed Duchy of Flamia in 1537. In 1637, the First Republic was reformed into the Sotirian Commonwealth, a puritanical Kasperist theocracy.
During the 17th century colonised Nuvania in Asteria Minor. Religious strife in Euclea eventually led to the Gilded Wars which led to the south’s victory over the north and unification of Hennehouwe under the Grand Duchy of Flamia. The Estmerish-Hennish War saw the Grand Duchy’s defeat and the loss of Nuvania to Estmere in 1747. Hennish independence would be lost in 1749, when Gaullica annexed the Grand Duchy outright. Hennish revolutionaries would assist the anti-Gaullican alliance during the War of the Triple Alliance, through the Hennish Revolution, which resulted in restored independence under the Second Hennish Republic.
In the lead up to the Great War, Functionalist Gaullica annexed the ethnically Petois regions in the south, in addition to neighbouring Kesselbourg. The Gaullicans installed a new independent government led by functionalists and Gaullican sympathizers. The legitimate Hennish government fled s'Holle for the northern counties, bringing the country's gold reserves with them. The government went into exile in Ashcombe after fleeing north into Estmere in 1927. Following the war's end Hennehouwe's government was restored under the Third Republic. In 1949, the country became a founding member of the Euclean Community. Economic and political reforms in the post-war era significantly aided Hennish reconstruction and development, seeing it become one of the wealthiest states in Euclea by per capita, with a high level of human development and low inequality.
The country has a tradition of pillarisation and a long record of social tolerance, having legalised abortion, prostitution and with maintaining a progressive drug policy. Hennehouwe ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, economic freedom, human development, and quality of life, as well as happiness. Hennehouwe is a founding member of the Euclean Community, a member of the Community of Nations, GIFA, NAC and the ITO.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Government and politics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
Kingdom of Hennehouwe (1452-1537)
Partition era (1537-1719)
Following the death of King Adriaan-Willem I of Hennehouwe in 1537 and the lack of legitimacy and authority around his son, Adriaan-Willem II, the Kingdom fell into outright civil war, with the Kasperist north and Catholic south splitting into two separate camps, along the Zwartwater River. Moving to consolidate the division and establish a buffer zone, the Amendist Kingdom of Estmere assisted in the establishment of the First Hennish Republic in the Kasperist north, while Catholic Gaullica aided King Adriaan-Willem II proclaimed himself as the Duke of Flamia.
Between 1537 and 1600, the two Hennish states remained at peace and relatively prosperous. However, the Kasperist north was gripped by increasing religious fervour and an emergent new identity defined by its Kasperist religion. During the first half of the 17th century, the North would be further gripped by the rise and domination of the Puriteinen (translates into Puritans), a radical Kasperist movement that sought to free the North of real and percieved Catholic traditions, but also to ensure “Godly living”. The north’s States-General would see the infiltration of Puriteins, backed by the Fellowship of Saint Jacob, this culminated in the overthrow of the First Republic in 1642 and the establishment of the Sotirian Commonwealth.
The Commonwealth saw a theocratic regime emerge, which pursued the colonisation of Nuvania with great zeal and resources, while domestically it constructed a ultra-religious society, with numerous laws which banned music, Christmas and Easter celebrations, strict conditions on clothing and pursued often extremely violent repressions against non-conformists and Catholics. The intensity of the Commonwealth eventually led to conflict with the south during the Amendist Wars, which ultimately led to the unification of Hennehouwe by the Gaullican-backed South in 1719, which restored a monarchical government.
Grand Duchy of Flamia (1719-1749)
Gaullican Hennehouwe (1749-1855)
Hennehouwe is located in northern Euclea, it is bordered by Estmere to the north, Kesselbourg and Swetania to the west, Gaullica to the south and the Gulf of Assionaire to the east. It has a total land area of XXXX km2 (XXXX sq mi), making it the Xth largest country in Euclea and the Xth largest in the World.
Hennehouwe is dominated by low-lying flat plains and small rolling hills. While, some stretches of the coastal plain fall below sea-level. The interior is mostly dominated by farmland and forested areas, dissected by waterways and canals, to further aid fertile regions. The coastal plain consists mainly of sand dunes and polders. Further inland lies a smooth, slowly rising landscape irrigated by numerous waterways, with fertile valleys and the northeastern sandy plain of the Tarweland (Wheatland). The thickly forested hills and plains of the Grotevlatke are more rugged and rocky with caves and small gorges. The highest point in Hennehouwe is Wachterspunt at 694 m (2,277 ft). Hennehouwe's only major waterway is the Zwartwater River, which disects the country from west to east.
The climate is maritime temperate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Köppen climate classification: Cfb), like most of northwest Euclea. The average temperature is lowest in January at 3 °C (37.4 °F) and highest in July at 18 °C (64.4 °F). The average precipitation per month varies between 54 mm (2.1 in) for February and April, to 78 mm (3.1 in) for July. Averages for the years 2000 to 2006 show daily temperature minimums of 7 °C (44.6 °F) and maximums of 14 °C (57.2 °F) and monthly rainfall of 74 mm (2.9 in); these are about 1 °C and nearly 10 millimetres above last century's normal values, respectively.
Government and politics
Hennehouwe is a constitutional federal parliamentary republic. The Hennish political system operates under a framework laid out in the 1949 constitution known as the Algemene Wet (General Law). Amendments generally require a two-thirds majority of the States-General; the fundamental principles of the constitution, as expressed in the articles guaranteeing human dignity, the separation of powers, the federal structure, and the rule of law are valid in perpetuity.
The stadtholder, Adriaan Wilhelm Paulus (19 March 2018–present), is the head of state and invested primarily with representative responsibilities and powers. He is elected by the Staten Conventie (states convention), an institution consisting of members of county legislatures, divided in equal number, who elected one of the number to the office.
Government (78) Socialist Labour Party (46)
Progressive Democrats (32)
National People's Party (31)
Patriot's March (13)
Party of Values (8)
Catholic Action (5)
Environmentalist Alliance (4)
Free Party of the Petois (3)
Environmentalist Alliance (3)
United Syndicalist Movement (3)
Women's Freedom and Equality Party (2)
The prime minister, Rupert van Bleiswijk (14 June 2014–present), is the head of government and exercises executive power through their Cabinet. Federal legislative power is vested in the States-General, which constitutes the unicameral legislature. The States-General is elected through direct elections, by proportional representation (mixed-member).
Since 1958, the party system has been dominated by the Socialist Labour Party and the National People's Party. Since the 1950's every prime minister has been a member of one of these parties. However liberal parties have long been a feature in the Hennish political system with the current centrist Progressive Democrats have been a permanent fixture in the States-General since its creation in 1999. In 2016, the right-wing Patriot's March entered the parliament for the first time being the most successful new party since the entry of the Environmentalist Alliance into the States-General in 2005.
Hennehouwe comprises twelve federal states which are collectively referred to as Provincies (Counties). Each state has its own state constitution, and is largely autonomous in regard to its internal organisation. Two of the states are city-states consisting of just one city: the national capital of s'Holle, and Zilverzee.
Because of the differences in size and population, the subdivisions of the states vary. For regional administrative purposes four counties, namely Grotevlakte, Flamia, Stedum and Niawier, consist of a total of 19 Government Districts (Overheidsdistricten). As of 2019 Hennehouwe is divided into 101 districts (Districten) at a municipal level; these consist of 194 rural districts and 47 urban districts.
|County (Provincen)||Administrative centre||Population|
Hennehouwe has one of the oldest standing armies and navies in Euclea; both first established as such by Albertus of Zilverzee in the early 1500s. Following unification under the Grand Duchy of Flamia, the Hennish army was used throughout the Flamian Empire, while the Navy was utilised to expand and trade routes. The failure of the Flamian Army during the Gaullican invasion and annexation in 1749 provoked strong feelings of nationalism and humiliation led to the Hennish Revolution during the War of the Triple Alliance. Following independence, the Second Republic turned to a conscripted army to defend the nation, however the army would be defeated by Gaullica in the Great War despite heavy resistance.
The Hennish saw action in the Solarian War aiding United Nations of Euclea forces against Etruria. In 1949, with the creation of the Euclean Community, the Hennish military became a partner in its defence. In 1999 conscription was suspended, and the Hennish armed forces was once again transformed into a professional force. Since the early 2000s, the Hennish Army has provided soldiers to Community of Nations and EC peacekeeping missions.
As of 2018, the Hennish Armed Forces had 111,583 active military personnel and 58,642 reservists.
The military is composed of four branches, all of which carry the prefix Republikeins (Republican):
- Republikeins Landmacht (RL), the Republican Hennish Army;
- Republikeins Marine (RM), the Republican Hennish Navy, including the Naval Air Service and Marine Corps;
- Republikeins Luchtmacht (RLu), the Republican Hennish Air Force;
- Republikeins Marechaussee (RMar), the Republican Marechaussee (Military Police), tasks include military police, domestic policing duties and border control.
Hennehouwe had an estimated population of 17,130,000 as of January 2018. It is one of the most densely populated country in Euclea, except for very small states like Montecara and Tibernium. It is the XXrd most populous country in the world. Between 1900 and 1950, the country's population almost doubled from 5.1 to 10 million. From 1950 to 2000, the population further increased, to 15.9 million, while in 2014 it reached 17 million, though this represented a lower rate of population growth. The estimated growth rate in 2013 is 0.44%.
The fertility rate in Hennehouwe is 1.78 children per woman (2018 estimate), which is high compared with many other Euclean countries, but below the rate of 2.1 children per woman required for natural population replacement, it remains considerably below the high of 5.39 children born per woman in 1879. Hennehouwe subsequently has one of the oldest populations in the world, with the average age of 42.7 years. Life expectancy is high in Hennehouwe: 82.2 years for newborn girls and 79.9 for boys (2018 estimate).
The country has a migration rate of 2.0 migrants per 1,000 inhabitants per year. The majority of the population of Hennehouwe is ethnically Hennish. According to the 2014 census, the population was 81.1% Hennish, 8.1% Petois, 7.7% Hoeltish and 3.2% Other. Those who constitute Other are mostly drawn from Coius, Hyndana and Bahia.
Hennehouwe's historic division along sectarian lines during the Amendist Wars continues to have a lasting effect to this day. As such, Hennehouwe remains split north-south by religion, with Amendism dominating the northern counties and Solarian Catholicism dominating the southern counties. Following independence in 1855, Hennehouwe became a largely secular country as the laicist constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the government generally respects this right in practice. Between 1855 and 1926, Hennehouwe's governments were mostly dominated by Amendists, though in the post-war era the religious makeup has generally equalised between Amendists and Catholics.
As of the 2014 Census, roughly 42% of Hennish identified themselves as Amendist; with the Amendist Union of Hennehouwe (Unie van Wijzigenisch Kerken; UWK) being the largest denomination, followed by the Kasperist Hennish Reformed Church (Hennische Hervormde Kerk; HHK). 33% of the population identified as Solarian Catholic, with the entire Catholic population being found south of the Zwarte River. 19% of the population identify themselves as Non-religious, among the lowest in Euclea. Of the remaining 6%, 2.9% identify themselves as Atudite, 1.99% identify themselves as Kwarker, the largest community found in Euclea and 1.11% as other; with 0.88% identifying as Irfanic and 0.23% as Krishinava, both were brought to Hennehouwe by immigration during the 1970s.
Largest cities or towns in Hennehouwe
Office for National Statistics population report for 16.11.2018
|2||Zilverzee (city)||Zilverzee||2,081,531||12||Hessum||North Stegeren||300,052|
|8||Emmen||South Stegeren||476,113||18||Kortgene||South Stegeren||190,666|
Healthcare in Hennehouwe is financed through both social security contributions and taxation. Health insurance is compulsory. Health care is delivered by a mixed public and private system of independent medical practitioners and public, university and semi-private hospitals. Health care service are payable by the patient and reimbursed later by health insurance institutions, but for ineligible categories (of patients and services) so-called 3rd party payment systems exist. The Hennish health care system is supervised and financed by the federal government, the County governments; have (indirect) oversight and responsibilities.
The Hennish enjoy good health, with one of the lowest rates of obesity rates in Euclea. Death in Hennehouwe is mainly due to heart and vascular disorders, neoplasms, disorders of the respiratory system and unnatural causes of death (accidents, suicide).
In 2016 forr the first time in Hennish history, the first child was euthanized following the 2 year mark of the removal of the euthanization age restrictions. The child had been euthanized due to an incurable disease that was inflicted upon the child. Although there may have been some support for the euthanization there is a possibility of controversy due to the issue revolving around the subject of assisted suicide.
Education in the Hennehouwe is compulsory between the ages of 5 and 16. If a child does not have a "startqualification" (HAVO, VWO or MBO 2+ degree) they are still forced to attend classes until they achieve such a qualification, further hinderances to education can incur some of the highest fines applied in education across Euclea.
All children in Hennehouwe usually attend elementary school from (on average) ages 4 to 12. It comprises eight grades, the first of which is facultative. Based on an aptitude test, the eighth grade teacher's recommendation and the opinion of the pupil's parents or caretakers, a choice is made for one of the three main streams of secondary education. After completing a particular stream, a pupil may still continue in the penultimate year of the next stream.
The VMBO has 4 grades and is subdivided over several levels. Successfully completing the vmbo results in a low-level vocational degree that grants access to the MBO. The MBO (middle-level applied education) is a form of education primarily focuses on teaching a practical trade, or a vocational degree. With the MBO certification, a student can apply for the HBO. The HAVO has 5 grades and allows for admission to the HBO. The HBO (higher professional education) are universities of professional education (applied sciences) that award professional bachelor's degrees; similar to polytechnic degrees. A HBO degree gives access to the university system. The VWO (comprising atheneum and gymnasium) has 6 grades and prepares for studying at a research university. Universities offer of a three-year bachelor's degree, followed by a one or two year master's degree, which in turn can be followed by a four or five-year doctoral degree program.
Doctoral candidates in Hennehouwe are generally non-tenured employees of a university. All Hennish schools and universities are publicly funded and managed with the exception of religious schools that are publicly funded but not managed by the state even though requirements are necessary for the funding to be authorised. Hennish universities had a tuition fee of about 2,000 euclos a year for students from Hennehouwe and the Euclean Community until 2017, when the Hennish government made university tuition free for Hennish students. The amount is about 10,000 euclos for non-EC students.