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Hennehouwe

Hennish Republic

Hennische Republiek
Flag of Hennehouwe
Flag
Emblem of State of Hennehouwe
Emblem of State
Motto: 
  • Eendracht Maakt Macht
  • Unity makes strength
Anthem: 

MediaPlayer.png
Hennehouwe (dark green) in Euclea (light green and light grey) and in the Euclean Community (light green).
Hennehouwe (dark green) in Euclea (light green and light grey) and in the Euclean Community (light green).
Capital
and largest city
s'Holle
Official languagesHennish
Recognised regional languagesGaullican, Estmerish
Ethnic groups
(2016)
Hennish (73%)
Petois (9%)
Estmerish (4%)
Other (14%)
Demonym(s)Hennish
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
Adriaan Wilhelm Paulus
• Premier
Rupert van Bleiswijk
Eva Kaestel
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
Senate
Champer of Representatives
Independence 
• United Kingdom of Hennehouwe
1401
• Partition
1537
• Grand Duchy of Hennehouwe
1719
• Annexation by Gaullica
1749
• Second Republic
1855
• Third Republic
1935
• Founded the EC
1 January 1948
Area
• 
75,828 km2 (29,277 sq mi)
Population
• 2021 estimate
12,610,000
• 2018 census
12,424,398
• Density
163.85/km2 (424.4/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$727.43 billion
• Per capita
$58,548
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$638.09 billion
• Per capita
$51,358
Gini (2015)23.7
low
HDI (2015)0.934
very high
CurrencyEuclo (EUC (€))
Time zoneEuclean Standard Time
Date formatmm-dd-yy
Driving sideright
Calling code+51

‭The Hennish Republic (Hennish: Hennische Republiek), commonly known as Hennehouwe (Hennish: Henehouwe), is a sovereign state and federal republic in eastern Euclea. It borders Gaullica to the south, Kesselbourg and Kirenia to the west, and Estmere to the north. It covers an area of 75,828 km2 (29,277 sq mi) and has a population of more than 12.4 million. The capital and largest city is s’Holle; other major cities include Zilverzee, Herxen and Emmen.

Weranic peoples have inhabited Hennehouwe since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Hennish and the Hoeltish. The region was a part of the Solarian Empire, making up the majority of the Province of Flamia. When the Solarian Empire collapsed in 418, the Verliquoian Empire retained control over much of Flamia. Northern regions of the province were lost due to lack of control and conquest by Weranic tribes. A number of Hennish kingdoms were established in the north, chiefly the kingdoms of Reek and Stegeren. It was conquered by the Verique and became a part of the Verliquoian Empire.

The modern-day state is descended from the United Kingdom of Reek and Stegeren, a medieval kingdom founded in 1352 in Zilverzee by delegates rebelling against Gaullica from the northern counties. The rebellion was part of the War of the Jeans, which saw the Verliquoian Empire collapse and evolve into the Empire of Gaullica. The northern kingdom were able to successfully secure their independence, establishing the United Kingdom of Hennehouwe in 1401. During the Amendist Reformation, the teachings of Johan Kasper became mainstream, particularly in the northern counties. The growing religious divide between the Amendist north and Catholic south culminated in the Hennish Civil War, after which the country was partitioned by sectarian lines. The Kasperist northern counties were organized into the Estmerish-backed First Hennish Republic while the Catholic southern counties became part of the Gaullican-backed Duchy of Flamia in 1537. In 1647, the First Republic was reformed into the Sotirian Commonwealth, a puritanical Kasperist theocracy.

Both Hennish nations engaged in the sprawling phenomena of colonialism during the 17th century, colonising Nuvania and Satavia in Asteria Inferior. Religious strife in Euclea eventually led to the Gilded Wars which led to the south’s victory over the north and unification of Hennehouwe under the Grand Duchy of Hennehouwe. The Estmerish-Hennish War saw the Grand Duchy’s defeat and the loss of Nuvania and Satavia to Estmere in 1747. Hennish independence would be lost in 1749, when Gaullica annexed the Grand Duchy outright. Hennish revolutionaries would assist the anti-Gaullican alliance during the War of the Triple Alliance, through the Hennish Revolution, which resulted in restored independence under the Second Hennish Republic.

In the lead up to the Great War, Functionalist Gaullica annexed Petois-majority areas in the south, in addition to neighbouring Kesselbourg. The Gaullicans installed a new independent government led by functionalists and Gaullican sympathizers. The legitimate Hennish government fled s'Holle for the northern counties, bringing the country's gold reserves with them. The government went into exile in Ashcombe after fleeing north into Estmere in 1927. Following the war's end Hennehouwe's government was restored under the Third Republic. In 1949, the country became a founding member of the Euclean Community. Economic and political reforms in the post-war era significantly aided Hennish reconstruction and development, seeing it become one of the wealthiest states in Euclea by per capita, with a high level of human development and low inequality.

The country has a tradition of democratic values and a long record of social tolerance, having legalised abortion, prostitution and with maintaining a progressive drug policy. Hennehouwe ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, economic freedom, human development, and quality of life, as well as happiness. Hennehouwe is a founding member of the Euclean Community, a member of the Community of Nations, GIFA, NAC and the ITO.

History

Pre-classical

Solarian Flamia

Middle Ages

Kingdom of Hennehouwe (1452-1537)

Partition era (1537-1719)

Following the death of King Adriaan-Willem I of Hennehouwe in 1537 and the lack of legitimacy and authority around his son, Adriaan-Willem II, the Kingdom fell into outright civil war, with the Kasperist north and Catholic south splitting into two separate camps, along the Zwartwater River. Moving to consolidate the division and establish a buffer zone, the Amendist Kingdom of Estmere assisted in the establishment of the First Hennish Republic in the Kasperist north, while Catholic Gaullica aided King Adriaan-Willem II proclaimed himself as the Duke of Flamia.

Soldiers of the Sotirian Commonwealth attacking Duchy forces during the War of 1666.

Between 1537 and 1600, the two Hennish states remained at peace and relatively prosperous. However, the Kasperist north was gripped by increasing religious fervour and an emergent new identity defined by its Kasperist religion. During the first half of the 17th century, the North would be further gripped by the rise and domination of the Puriteinen (translates into Puritans), a radical Kasperist movement that sought to free the North of real and percieved Catholic traditions, but also to ensure “Godly living”. The north’s States-General would see the infiltration of Puriteins, backed by the Fellowship of Saint Jacob, this culminated in the overthrow of the First Republic in 1642 and the establishment of the Sotirian Commonwealth.

The Commonwealth saw a theocratic regime emerge, which pursued the colonisation of Nuvania with great zeal and resources, while domestically it constructed a ultra-religious society, with numerous laws which banned music, Christmas and Easter celebrations, strict conditions on clothing and pursued often extremely violent repressions against non-conformists and Catholics. The intensity of the Commonwealth eventually led to conflict with the south during the Amendist Wars, which ultimately led to the unification of Hennehouwe by the Gaullican-backed South in 1719, which restored a monarchical government.

Grand Duchy of Flamia (1719-1749)

Gaullican Hennehouwe (1749-1855)

Second Republic (1855-1926)

Independence from Gaullica following the War of the Triple Alliance led to the establishment in Hennehouwe of a second republic. The second republic's constitution re-established the post of stadtholder as head of state and grand pensionary as head of government. The second republic was federal in its organisation, being based on the old duchies and regions that the nation's population had become attached to. The federal system also rationalised the old system of land distribution that led to the formal abolition of nobility in Hennehouwe. Most importantly secularism was imposed in the constitution, a controversial act which would come to define Hennish politics for the next few decades.

s'Holle central station in 1895.

The religious divisions in the nation were primarily between the Amendist north and Catholic south, the latter of which owing the Gaullophone Petois people was less sympathetic to the new Hennish states. The principle of laïcité in the constitution that restricted religious practice in particular was contentious being supported predominantly liberal and radical Amendists and opposed by more conservative Catholics. However as national unity was emphasised to protect the country from foreign encroachment Amendist and Catholic leaders emphasised the doctrine of "pillarisation" which adhered to the concept of sphere sovereignty. The three initial pillars were a Catholic pillar; an Amendist pillar which tended to be based on orthodox Kasperism; and a secular pillar aligned with liberal politics that tended to be supported by the Amendist bourgeoisie. The pillars were reflected in the political system; Catholics coalesced around the Catholic Party (KP), the Amendists the Party of the Right (RP) and the liberals the Hennish Freethinkers League (HVB). The RP however tended to dominate politics, as did the Amendists more generally.

Hennehouwe was one of the earliest countries in Euclea to industrialise, particularly in the coal-rich south of the country. With the introduction of a new currency, the guilder, Hennehouwe would see a fast development of industrial production around steel and coal exports to Estmere and Gaullica. Railways in particular saw massive expansion following independence connecting the nation closely to its neighbours and further fuelling industrialisation. By 1900 Hennehouwe maintained one of the highest industrial outputs in the world. This industrial expansion meant that the 1860's-1910's is often seen as a "golden age" for the country as it became involved in no wars and saw rising prosperity.

Industrial expansion led to the creation of a new working class which would soon campaign for political and workers' rights. By the early 1900's a new pillar, the socialists, had emerged around the Hennish Section of the Workers' International. Political pressure led to Hennehouwe to grant universal male suffrage in 1902.

The new state was officially neutral, being surrounded by two great powers (Estmere and Gaullica). Despite this Hennish leaders were closer to Estmere who they saw as their natural protectors against Gaullica, a fact biased by the Amendist elite who governed Hennehouwe. Sympathy with Gaullica was stronger in the south of the country amongst Catholics and particularly amongst Petois people.

The Great Collapse saw the industrial expansion and political stability Hennehouwe had enjoyed come to end as the country was severely effected by downturns in its major export partners Estmere, Gaullica and Werania. This led to one of the one hand the continued expansion of the HSAI but also of far-right organisations. A general strike in 1918 led to bloody repression by government forces that further polarised the country between the left and right.

Great War (1926-1934)

Gaullican troops entering Hennehouwe in 1926.

The 1919 election of the Parti Populaire in Gaullica had a profound effect in Hennish politics as far-right forces sought to emulate the PP's success. The most notable of these was the Hennish Parti Populaire which was powerful in Petois and its sister party the Bond van Nationaal-Solidaristen (League of National Solidarists, BvNS) which was prominent but less powerful in the rest of the country. In 1926 the Petois PP leader Jean-Yves Lemaître announced that Petois was succeeding from the country due to "Hennish repression"; the Hennish government under stadtholder Niels Cornelissen attempted to stop this from occurring by deploying the national guard to Petois. This action led to Gaullican Premier Rafael Duclerque to demand the Petois region be annexed into Gaullica to protect the Petois population, threatening a Euclean war if the Tripartite Agreement nations (Estmere, Werania and Etruria) intervened. A summit was called amongst the Four Powers Agreement nations (Gaullica, Estmere, Werania and Etruria) over the Petois issue; the Tripartite nations agreed to Gaullican demands to annex Petois as long as they refrained from annexing the entire country which would be kept a neutral buffer state per the Congress of Torrazza.

Hennish political leaders such as Cornelissen were dismayed at the decision and attempted to resist the annexation; Gaullican forces quickly overran the country in December 1926 and appointed a client regime under the BvNS in January 1927 which officially came to power after a "popular consultation" widely seen as rigged was organised by Gaullican authorities. This latter action whilst still being within the agreement signed between the four powers as it kept a nominally-independent regime in Hennehouwe outraged Euclea and led to Estmere and Werania to withdraw from the four-powers agreement. A government-in-exile was organised in Ashcombe stating the new BvNS government was illegitimate.

The new functionalist administration soon created a brutal police state with a secret police force being created to root out opposition, particularly that of socialists. The HSAI, the largest socialist organisation in Hennehouwe and which had led governments prior to 1926, was decimated by the repression with its top leadership imprisoned or executed by the BvNS regime. Despite the BvNS attempting to build popular support for the new regime, they were never regarded as anything other then Gaullican collaborators limiting their appeal.

Citizens of s'Holle welcoming Weranian troops during the liberation.

Although Hennehouwe was theoretically neutral this was in reality a legal fiction with Gaullican officials having de facto power. The start of the Great War saw Hennehouwe declare war on Estmere less then an hour after Gaullica allowing Gaullican troops to cross the border, with the BvNS justifying this move by falsely stating Estmere had violated its borders and thus neutrality. During the war Hennehouwe placed itself under the total subordination of Gaullica; Gaullican general Barthélemy Rodier was considered to be viceroy of Henneouwe in all but name. Hennish industry and food was shipped to Gaullica causing many Hennish people to be without their needs during the war. As well as this several increasingly repressive measures came into force that discriminated against the Hennish people and language in favour of Gaullican speakers.

During the war resistance to Gaullicans was common in Hennehouwe. The Free Hennish Army (VHL) was the largest of these organisations having over 60,000 members in 1932. Supported by members of the Grand Alliance the resistance forces nevertheless suffered divisions between liberals and conservatives wishing to revive the pre-war republic and socialists who called for a more radical regime to replace it.

In 1932 as the war turned against them and the collaborationist government seen to be increasingly ineffective the Gaullican high command abolished the collaborationist government and placed Hennehouwe under formal military occupation in order to better utilise the nations industrial resources. The short period of direct Gaullican occupation (1932-1933) was marked by an increase in violence and destitution by Gaullican forces in the nation, with some Hennish commentators referring to the period as the "rape of Hennehouwe".

Hennehouwe became the location of several large battles between Gaullica and predominantly Weranian forces in the latter stages of the war such as the Battle of s'Holle and battle of Zilverzee. It was liberated by Weranian-Estmerish forces in May 1933 when the last Gaullican troops in the country surrendered to Grand Alliance forces. The government-of-exile returned to s'Holle to create a provisional government until elections for a constituent assembly could be held.

Third Republic (1934-present)

Niels Cornelissen was an important Hennish politician both before and after the Great War, playing a key role in the creation of the Community of Nations and United States of Euclea.

In 1934 a constituent assembly was elected. The largest party to be elected was the HSAI which renamed itself the Socialist Labour Party with liberals also emerging as a prominent force. The new constitution was similar to that of the second republic but implemented further reforms such as weakening the power of the stadtholder, enshrining labour rights and giving women the vote. In the immediate post-war period power often alternated between coalitions of socialists, Catholics, Amendists and liberals with the socialists often being dominant thanks primarily to their role leading the wartime resistance. Petois was returned to Hennehouwe and some Hennish politicians promoted the idea of annexing large parts of northern Gaullica, but these plans were dropped after facing opposition from Werania.

Reconstruction efforts dominated the post-war governments. Rationing was introduced to deal with shortages whilst public works programmes saw an expansion of the economy and the gradual decline of the housing crisis that was afflicting the nation, although emigration would remain high throughout the 1930's and 1940's. International cooperation was also heavily emphasised; Hennish leaders saw only through supranational integration would the country avoid being abandoned again. To this end Hennehouwe became one of the strongest supporters of the newly-created Community of Nations with the pre-war stadtholder Niels Cornelissen becoming its first secretary-general. Hennehouwe also became a founding member of the United States of Euclea.

During the 1940's Hennehouwe thanks to sound fiscal policy saw a steady revival of its economy. Following the Solarian War growth started to become very high as rations were gradually scaled back with the last rations (on housing) being repealed in 1950 as the government created a large welfare state based on the doctrine of a social market economy. A post-war boom meant that the loss of income from the war was offset as the country entered its longest period of economic growth in its entire history. The new economy was based on industry emphasising an internationally competitive manufacturing sector of primarily large corporations and strong protections for Hennish workers'.

In 1948 Hennehouwe was one of the six founding members of the Euclean Community. The countries strong economic growth meant that during the 1950's and early 1960's there was strong social stability in Hennehouwe whilst labour shortages meant the government actively encouraged immigration from Etruria and Auratia at first and later from Zorasan and Senria, making Hennehouwe a multicultural country.

From the 1950's onwards Hennehouwe was dominated by predominantly conservative governments with the Catholic Sotirian People's Party and Amendist Party of the Right leading governments, helped by the continued dominance of pillarisation in society. However by the 1960's and 1970's this rigid system began to break down; de-pillarisation was accelerated as young people began to become more interested in women's rights, sexuality, disarmament and environmental issues. This led to a general secularisation and liberalisation in Hennish society. This reached its height during the mid-1970's when a series of social democratic-liberal government spearheaded important reforms in Hennish society such as the introduction of divorce, abortion and drug decriminalisation laws.

During the late 1970's and early 1980's the Hennish economy entered into a decline due to stagflation and deindustrialisation. A series of conservative governments in this period oversaw several economic reforms such as privatisations and public spending cuts as Hennehouwe moved from an industrial to a service-based economy. During the 1990's the two Sotirian parties merged to form the National People's Party (NVP), an expression of the increasingly cordial relations between Catholics and Amendists in Hennish society.

In 2005 the Hennish economy entered its worst recession since the war with the banking and housing system collapsing. Although the government narrowly avoided a bailout agreement with the EC it was forced to draft an austerity plan to be implemented, which was met with public protests. The 2000's and 2010's have seen public debate regarding immigration, secularism and multiculturalism particularly from Coius become far more pronounced. Hennehouwe remains however one of the wealthiest nations in the world with a very high standard of living.

Geography

Hennehouwe is located in northern Euclea, it is bordered by Estmere to the north, Kesselbourg and Swetania to the west, Gaullica to the south and the Gulf of Assionaire to the east. It has a total land area of XXXX km2 (XXXX sq mi), making it the Xth largest country in Euclea and the Xth largest in the World.

Tarweland fields.

Hennehouwe is dominated by low-lying flat plains and small rolling hills. While, some stretches of the coastal plain fall below sea-level. The interior is mostly dominated by farmland and forested areas, dissected by waterways and canals, to further aid fertile regions. Further inland lies a smooth, slowly rising landscape irrigated by numerous waterways, with fertile valleys and the northeastern sandy plain of the Tarweland (Wheatland). The thickly forested hills and plains of the Grotevlatke are more rugged and rocky with caves and small gorges. The highest point in Hennehouwe is Wachterspunt at 694 m (2,277 ft). Hennehouwe's only major waterway is the Zwartwater River, which disects the country from west to east.

A polder of coastal Hennehouwe.

The country has a maritime temperate climate with significant precipitation throughout all four, like most of northwest Euclea.

Government and politics

Hennehouwe is a constitutional federal parliamentary republic. Stadtholder Adriaan Wilhelm Paulus is the current head of state, whilst Premier Rupert van Bleiswijk serves as the head of the federal government. Hennehouwe's constitutional framework is laid out in the General Law (Algemene Wet), which has been in place since the formal creation of the Third Republic in 1936. Amendments to the General Law require a two-thirds supermajority in both houses of the General Assembly, or via a constitutional referendum. However, the fundamental principles of the constitution, as expressed in the articles guaranteeing human dignity, the separation of powers, the federal structure, republicanism and the rule of law are valid in perpetuity.

The stadtholder is the head of state and invested primarily with representative responsibilities and powers. They are elected by the Federal Convention (Federale Conventie), an electoral college consisting of members of the General Assembly and regional legislatures, divided in equal number by regions, who elected one of a candidate to the office. The stadtholder is based on the historical position that emerged during the First Republic when the position was more akin to an elected monarch. However, in a trend that started with the Second Republic and more codified under the Third Republic. the position has become ceremonial in nature akin to the position of president in other Euclean republics. The stadtholder nevertheless continues to appoint ministers, including the Premier, that have the confidence of the General Assembly to form the federal government. The current statdholder is Adriaan Wilhelm Paulus who has been in office since the 19 March 2012 and re-elected in 2018. Stadtholders under the Second Republic held the position for life but since the inception of the Third Republic serve a six-year term that is renewable once. Stadtholders are required to serve in office as an independent but can previously have been a member of a political party.

The Premier is the head of government and exercises executive power through their Cabinet. Premiers have to command the confidence of the General Assembly and often as such lead coalition governments. Premiers tend to be more a first-among-equals in Hennehouwe compared to other Euclean heads of government with collective cabinet responsibility heavily emphasised. The current premier is Rupert van Bleiswijk who has been premier since the 14 June 2018. Van Bleiswijk leads a coalition of his own Socialist Labour Party and the Progressive Democratic Party, nicknamed the "purple government".

Federal legislative power is vested in the bicameral General Assembly. It consists of the more executively powerful lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, and the upper house, the Senate. The 180 seats of the Chamber of Deputies are directly elected via open-list proportional representation using the ten regions as constituencies. There is no electoral threshold, meaning the effective barrier varies depending on the size of the region (the largest region, Flamia, returns 40 members to the Chamber, whilst Oudkessel-Witburg, the smallest, returns seven). The 60 members of the Senate are indirectly elected by members of the Federal Convention on a region-by-region basis (with the exception of incumbent senators) via single non-transferable vote. Elections for the Chamber take place every four years, but may be dissolved earlier with a two-thirds supermajority in the Chamber. Elections for the Senate take place exactly twelve weeks after elections to the lower house.

Political culture

Hennehouwe's political culture is noted both for its consensus-based approach as well as social tolerance, being one of the most historically progressive states in Euclea. Hennehouwe also has a culture of widely-encompassing political engagement and a lean towards open, respectful debate, contributing to often high turnout rates in elections and referendums.

During the Second Republic and the early days of the Third Republic, pillarisation played a large role in the development of Hennehouwe's political system. The three political 'pillars' that emerged in the pre-war years; the socialist, liberal and Sotirian pillars, re-emerged. Even after the gradual fall of pillarisation during the 1930's and 1940's, these parties remained dominant. The centre-left Socialist Labour Party, the largest party at present in the General Assembly, originated from the amalgamation of socialist movements in the late 1910's. The centre-right National People's Party, formed in 1960, was created from the merger of the formerly-segregated Amendist and Catholic parties of the former Sotirian pillar. The Progressive Democratic Party is considered to be the modern-day successor of the parties of the former liberal pillar. These three parties remain the largest and most influential parties in Hennish politics, though their combined share of votes and seats has declined steadily in recent decades.

Seven other parties are currently represented in the General Assembly, the largest of which are the far-right Patriot's March and the Green Party. Both parties are relatively new, and follow the trend of similar parties rising in popularity in other Euclean countries. The Left has also emerged in recent decades, borne out of a political alliance of left-wing and far-left parties including the HSAI. The Agrarian–Farmer's Party and the People's Party for Sotirian Democracy are both conservative, rurally-based parties. Also represented are the Petois minority-orientated Party for the Petois and the liberal LIVE. A number of other parties have seats in regional and municipal legislatures, as do local parties and lists.

Administrative divisions

Hennehouwe is a federal state consisting of ten regions (Hennish: regio's), two of which, s'Holle and Zilverzee, are classified as city regions (stadsregio's). Most states are sub-divided into counties (provincies), which are further divided into municipalities (gemeenten). The city regions are only sub-divided into districts (stadsdelen), which function as both second and third-level divisions.

Every region receives their powers directly from the the federal Basic Law, with each state having its own constitution. The government of each region consists of a regional assembly (regionale vergadering), regional government (regionale overheid) and governor (gouverneur), the latter of which is usually the leader of the regional government. In city regions, the title of mayor (burgermeester) is used for the head of the regional government instead. Municipalities have a smaller degree of autonomy than regions, governed by a municipal council who in turn elect a mayor. Similarly, districts in city regions are governed by a district council and a chairperson. The function of counties has become largely ceremonial since the 20th century, with executive powers vested in regions and municipalities. City regions have an overall greater level of executive power as they assume the role of both a region and a municipality. As such, the powers of a district council and its chairperson are more limited than regular municipalities. The term limits for regional governments vary by state, set at either four or five years. Municipal and district elections are held every four years, and are synchronised nationwide under a long-standing agreement between the regions.

Region Administrative centre Population
Alblasserdam vlag.svg Flamia Herxen 2,771,104
Flag of Berkelland.svg Geeland Tongeren 641,695
Amersfoort flag outline.svg Grotevlakte Wapenveld 1,281,040
Flag of Zaanstad.svg Lower Stegeren Emmen 2,256,198
Aalsmeer flag.svg Molenburg Coevorden 907,482
Binnenmaas vlag.svg Oudkessel-Witburg Terneuzen ‭424,649
Flag of Beek (Limburg).svg Reekland Niersen 814,923
Flag of Antwerp (City).svg s'Holle s'Holle 1,413,551
VlagArnhem.svg Upper Stegeren Wissel 1,060,305
Flag of Rotterdam.svg Zilverzee Zilverzee 852,851

Law enforcement

Foreign Policy

Armed Forces

Hennehouwe has one of the oldest standing armies and navies in Euclea; both first established as such by Albertus of Zilverzee in the early 1500s. Following unification under the Grand Duchy of Flamia, the Hennish army was used throughout the Flamian Empire, while the Navy was utilised to expand and trade routes. The failure of the Flamian Army during the Gaullican invasion and annexation in 1749 provoked strong feelings of nationalism and humiliation led to the Hennish Revolution during the War of the Triple Alliance. Following independence, the Second Republic turned to a conscripted army to defend the nation, however the army would be defeated by Gaullica in the Great War despite heavy resistance.

RLS s'Holle patrol vessel of the Republican Hennish Navy.

The Hennish saw action in the Solarian War aiding United Nations of Euclea forces against Etruria. In 1949, with the creation of the Euclean Community, the Hennish military became a partner in its defence. In 1999 conscription was suspended, and the Hennish armed forces was once again transformed into a professional force. Since the early 2000s, the Hennish Army has provided soldiers to Community of Nations and EC peacekeeping missions.

As of 2018, the Hennish Armed Forces had 111,583 active military personnel and 58,642 reservists.

Soldiers of the Republican Hennish Army during military exercises in Estmere.

The military is composed of four branches, all of which carry the prefix Republikeins (Republican):

Economy

Demographics

Hennehouwe had an estimated population of 17,130,000 as of January 2018. It is one of the most densely populated country in Euclea, except for very small states like Montecara and Tibernium. It is the XXrd most populous country in the world. Between 1900 and 1950, the country's population almost doubled from 5.1 to 10 million. From 1950 to 2000, the population further increased, to 15.9 million, while in 2014 it reached 17 million, though this represented a lower rate of population growth. The estimated growth rate in 2013 is 0.44%.

The fertility rate in Hennehouwe is 1.78 children per woman (2018 estimate), which is high compared with many other Euclean countries, but below the rate of 2.1 children per woman required for natural population replacement, it remains considerably below the high of 5.39 children born per woman in 1879. Hennehouwe subsequently has one of the oldest populations in the world, with the average age of 42.7 years. Life expectancy is high in Hennehouwe: 82.2 years for newborn girls and 79.9 for boys (2018 estimate).

The country has a migration rate of 2.0 migrants per 1,000 inhabitants per year. The majority of the population of Hennehouwe is ethnically Hennish. According to the 2014 census, the population was 81.1% Hennish, 8.1% Petois, 7.7% Hoeltish and 3.2% Other. Those who constitute Other are mostly drawn from Coius, Hyndana and Bahia.

Language

Religion

Sint Johannus Cathedral in Zilverzee was a former Catholic church before being seized by Amendists in 1666. It is the largest Amendist church in Hennehouwe.

Hennehouwe's historic division along sectarian lines during the Amendist Wars continues to have a lasting effect to this day. As such, Hennehouwe remains split north-south by religion, with Amendism dominating the northern counties and Solarian Catholicism dominating the southern counties. Following independence in 1855, Hennehouwe became a largely secular country as the laicist constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the government generally respects this right in practice. Between 1855 and 1926, Hennehouwe's governments were mostly dominated by Amendists, though in the post-war era the religious makeup has generally equalised between Amendists and Catholics.

The Basilica of the Holy Virgin Mother in Hexen, is the largest Catholic church in Hennehouwe.

As of the 2014 Census, roughly 42% of Hennish identified themselves as Amendist; with the Amendist Union of Hennehouwe (Unie van Wijzigenisch Kerken; UWK) being the largest denomination, followed by the Kasperist Hennish Reformed Church (Hennische Hervormde Kerk; HHK). 33% of the population identified as Solarian Catholic, with the entire Catholic population being found south of the Zwarte River. 19% of the population identify themselves as Non-religious, among the lowest in Euclea. Of the remaining 6%, 2.9% identify themselves as Atudite, 1.99% identify themselves as Kwarker, the largest community found in Euclea and 1.11% as other; with 0.88% identifying as Irfanic and 0.23% as Krishinava, both were brought to Hennehouwe by immigration during the 1970s.

Urban areas

Healthcare

Healthcare in Hennehouwe is financed through both social security contributions and taxation. Health insurance is compulsory. Health care is delivered by a mixed public and private system of independent medical practitioners and public, university and semi-private hospitals. Health care service are payable by the patient and reimbursed later by health insurance institutions, but for ineligible categories (of patients and services) so-called 3rd party payment systems exist. The Hennish health care system is supervised and financed by the federal government, the County governments; have (indirect) oversight and responsibilities.

The University Hospital of Annasdorp, is one of the largest medical institutions in Hennehouwe.

The Hennish enjoy good health, with one of the lowest rates of obesity rates in Euclea. Death in Hennehouwe is mainly due to heart and vascular disorders, neoplasms, disorders of the respiratory system and unnatural causes of death (accidents, suicide).

Education

Education in the Hennehouwe is compulsory between the ages of 5 and 16. If a child does not have a "startqualification" (HAVO, VWO or MBO 2+ degree) they are still forced to attend classes until they achieve such a qualification, further hinderances to education can incur some of the highest fines applied in education across Euclea.

All children in Hennehouwe usually attend elementary school from (on average) ages 4 to 12. It comprises eight grades, the first of which is facultative. Based on an aptitude test, the eighth grade teacher's recommendation and the opinion of the pupil's parents or caretakers, a choice is made for one of the three main streams of secondary education. After completing a particular stream, a pupil may still continue in the penultimate year of the next stream.

The Science Academy of Zilverzee is one of the oldest universities in Euclea.


Doctoral candidates in Hennehouwe are generally non-tenured employees of a university. All Hennish schools and universities are publicly funded and managed with the exception of religious schools that are publicly funded but not managed by the state even though requirements are necessary for the funding to be authorised. Hennish universities had a tuition fee of about 2,000 euclos a year for students from Hennehouwe and the Euclean Community until 2017, when the Hennish government made university tuition free for Hennish students. The amount is about 10,000 euclos for non-EC students.

Culture

Music

Arts and literature

The Abyss of the Black River by Johannus van de Zwartewater depicts the sectarian divide of Hennehouwe, with the Amendists on the left bank and Catholics on the right.

Cuisine

Sport