Prime Minister of Mascylla

Prime Minister of the Crowned Republic of Mascylla
Prime ministerial standard Mascylla.png
Standard of the Prime Minister
ThomasFalkner.jpg
Incumbent
Thomas Falkner

since 14 September 2016
Crowned Government of Mascylla
Office of the Prime Minister
StylePrime Minister
(informal)
The High Honorable
(formal)
His Excellency
(international correspondence)
StatusHead of government
Member of
Reports toReichsrat
Reichssenat
Monarch (traditionally)
ResidenceKronenrat building
SeatKönigsreh
AppointerVia general election
Term length8 years
renewable (2 times)
Formation23 May 1793
First holderWilhelm Stenreck

The Prime Minister of Mascylla, formally the Prime Minister of the Crowned Republic of Mascylla, is the head of the Government of Mascylla. The Prime Minister (informally abbreviated to PM) and the Council of the Crown (consisting of all the most senior ministers, most of which are government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions towards the Monarch, to the Reichsrat and Reichssenat, to their poltical party ultimately the electorate. The Office is one of the Great Offices of the Government. The current holder of the office, Thomas Falkner, leader of the Rehunion, was appointed upon a general election on 14 September 2016.

The office is not established by any statute or constitutional document with absolute clearance but exists only by long-established convention, which stipulates that the monarch must ratify as Prime Minister the person most likely to command the confidence of the Parliament; this individual is typically the leader of the political party or coalition of parties that holds the largest number of seats in that chamber. The position of Prime Minister was not created; it evolved slowly and erratically over two hundred years due to numerous acts of Parliament, political developments, and accidents of history. The office is therefore best understood from a historical perspective. The origins of the position are found in constitutional changes that occurred during the New Settling (1880-1882) and the resulting shift of political power from the Sovereign to Parliament. Although the Sovereign was not stripped of the ancient prerogative powers and legally remained the head of government, politically every monarch sympaphized the need for him or her to govern through a Prime Minister who could command a majority in Parliament.

List and timeline

1793—1923

Prime Minister Term of office Political party Elected
Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Days
1 WilhelmStenreck.jpg Wilhelm Stenreck
(1763–1837)
27 May 1793 14 October 1835 15479 Unaffiliated
  • first Prime Minister of Mascylla
  • key military and political figure for his leadership in the War of the Five Kings and the unification of Mascylla
  • rewarded by Lukas I with the office of Prime Minister and commander-in-chief of the armed forces
  • prone health issues forced him to resign in 18345, passing away two years later
  • succeeded by Friedrich Gäste
2 Vigée-Lebrun, Elisabeth-Louise - Charles-Alexandre de Calonne (1734-1802) - Google Art Project.jpg Friedrich Gäste
(1799–1857)
6 November 1835 11 April 1843 2713 Unaffiliated
  • overwhelming support for Gäste's appointment for his personal relations with Stenreck
  • unexperienced with political matters, slowly loosing confidence of the Reichsrat
  • diplomatic approach at easing political tensions in Erdara, however only minor success
  • lost a vote of no confidence to Parliament, forced to resign and give power to Joseph Lyder
3 FriedrichBahgald.jpg Joseph Lyder
(1776–1854)
13 April 1843 9 February 1853 3590 Nationaldemokraten 1843
  • former military general and war hero, raised massive support for his reputation in the Reichsrat
  • first Prime Minister of an affiliated political group (the Nationaldemokraten) and first Deputy Prime Minister to succeed the office of Prime Minister
  • strong advocated for states' rights and constitutional protection, took nationalist policies only when they didn't infringe the subnational autonomy
  • popular for his strong political determination and resolve
  • sudden worsening of his health keeps him home, resigns, and dies a few months later after a stroke; succeeded by Moritz von Purbell
4 MoritzvonPurbell.png Moritz von Purbell
(1822–1890)
12 February 1853 28 July 1861 3088 Nationaldemokraten 1853
  • second-youngest Prime Minister of Mascylla
  • tried diplomatic approach to Hytekojuznia over unprecedented tensions, outbreak of the Saarow War not avoided
  • poor handling of the state crisis and lost war deemed very unpopular by the populous and the Reichsrat
  • Von Purbell dismissed by King Lukas II after the Treaty of Karonau
  • Succeeded by opposition leader and candidate Philipp Bräu
5 PhilippBräu.png Philipp Bräu
(1825–1892)
7 August 1861 17 December 1877 5976 Zentrum 1861
1869
  • opposition leader of the Zentrum and first elected opposition Prime Minister
  • able to receive enough popularity due to misconception and mistrust of the Nationaldemokraten after Von Purbell's turn
  • proposed rapid transformation of judicial branch to internalize separation of powers, quickly fell in mistrust of Lukas II
  • Nominated many partially foreign people to prominent civil and political offices (inclusion of Finstrian, Juznik and Wenish)
  • tried to peacefully resolve Hytekojuznia's claims in Elpsland, however unsuccessful with the Elpsland War
  • diagnosis of throat cancer forces him to retreat from political events and largely gives up duties to Deputy Georg Maybach
6 OswaldGöttinger.png Oswald Göttinger
(1830–1908)
4 January 1878 30 September 1885 2856 Sozialistische Proletariatspartei 1878
  • first Prime Minister elected by the Mascyllary population (first open election)
  • largely continued Bräu's domestic policies, reinforcing powers of worker coalitions and securing democratic processes
  • large advocate for various social and educative reforms and additional constitutional amendments
  • failed assassination attempt by conservatives in 1882, survives the shooting unharmed
  • succeeded by Fabian von Tilgern
7 Fabian von Tilgern.png Fabian von Tilgern
(1811–1896)
15 October 1885 9 March 1893 2702 Nationaldemokraten 1885
8 William Howard Taft cph.3b35813.jpg Georg Schmidt
(1845–1917)
12 March 1893 5 April 1901 2945 Proletariatspartei 1893
9 Edmund Barton crop.PNG Paul Martinsen
(1862–1914)
1 May 1901 27 June 1914 4805 Zentrum 1901
1909
  • assassinated by Hytekojuznik nationalists during the Continental War through a fatal shooting
  • first Prime Minister to die in an assassination or during his office
  • succeeded by his Deputy Prime Minister, Theodor Rähner
10 Theodor Rähner.png Theodor Rähner
(1858–1930)
28 June 1914 4 March 1923 3171 Nationaldemokraten 1914
11 Robert Menzies in 1939.jpg Erwin Martinsen
(1872–1949)
15 April 1923 20 December 1923 249 Nationaldemokraten 1923

1924—present

Prime Minister Term of office Political party Elected
Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Days
12 Peter Zeschtemann.png Peter Zeschtemann
(1878–1963)
21 January 1924 11 July 1940 6016 Zentrum 1924
1932
13 Gough Whitlam - ACF - crop.jpg Ernest Rähner
(1899–1973)
2 August 1940 28 May 1956 5778 SDP 1940
1948
14 Wolfgang Behrest.png Wolfgang Behrest
(1903–1987)
14 June 1956 9 November 1964 3070 SDP 1956
15 Earle Page.jpg Ulrich Werner
(1907–1994)
8 January 1965 30 April 1973 3034 MDP 1965
16 David Gehlgen.png David Gehlgen
(1932–2020)
22 May 1973 17 October 1981 3070 Zentrum 1973
17 GeraldineFerraro.jpg Charlotte Mayn
(1941–2018)
6 November 1981 26 February 1989 2669 NDU 1981
  • first female Prime Minister ever elected
18 Michael Meilke.png Michael Meilke
(1946–2000)
1 April 1989 19 March 2000 4005 MDP 1989
1997
19 Konrad Folln.png Konrad Folln
(1954–present)
20 March 2000 10 February 2016 5805 SDP 2000
2008
20 ThomasFalkner.jpg Thomas Falkner
(1980–present)
14 September 2016 present RU 2016

Constitutional basis and appointment

The Prime Minister of Mascylla is appointed by the King Emperor or Queen Empress of Mascylla under Section 64 of the Constitution of the Realm, or with a plurality vote by Parliament. After inauguration by either one of those two options, the Prime Minister is responsibkle for attending the office atmost three months after the action. Directly after his appointment, he is referred to as "The Honourable", and after his official attending and seat in Cabinet as "The High Honourable". The Prime Minister is, like other ministers, normally sworn in by the Monarch or the Representative of Parlisment and then presented with the commission (letters patent) of office. When defeated in an election, or on resigning, the Prime Minister is said to "hand in the commission" and actually does so by returning it to his appointee. In the event of a Prime Minister dying in office, or becoming incapacitated, or for other reasons, the Monarch can terminate the commission. Ministers hold office "during the pleasure of the Sovereign" (s. 64 of the Constitution of the Realm), so theoretically, the Monarch can dismiss a minister at any time, by notifying them in writing of the termination of their commission; however, their power to do so except on the advice of the Prime Minister is heavily circumscribed by convention. According to convention, the Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party or largest party in a coalition of parties in the Assembly of the Realm which holds the confidence of the House. Some commentators argue that the Monarch may also dismiss a Prime Minister who is unable to pass the government's supply bill through both houses of parliament, including the Mascyllary Senate. However, there is no constitutional requirement that the Prime Minister sit in the Assembly of the Realm, or even be a member of the federal parliament (subject to a constitutionally prescribed limit of three months), though by convention this is always the case. The only case where a member of the Senate was appointed Prime Minister was Moritz Feckel, who subsequently resigned his Senate position and was elected as a member of the Assembly of the Realm.

Following a resignation in other circumstances or the death of a Prime Minister, the Monarch generally appoints the Deputy Prime Minister as the new Prime Minister, until or if such time as the governing party or senior coalition party elects an alternative party leader. This has resulted in the party leaders from the National Democratic Union being appointed as Prime Minister, despite being the smaller party of their coalition.

Powers and role

Most of the Prime Minister's power derives from being the head of Government. The powers of the Prime Minister are to direct the Monarch through advice to grant Royal Assent to legislation, to dissolve and prorogue parliament, to call elections and to make government appointments, which the Monarch mostly follows. The formal power to appoint the Representative of Parliament is by Parliament (the Assembly of the Realm) itself, on the advice of the Prime Minister, whereby convention holds that the Monarch is bound to accept the chosing. The Prime Minister can also advise the monarch to dismiss the Representative of Parliament, though it remains unclear how quickly the monarch would act on such advice in a constitutional crisis. This uncertainty, and the possibility of a "race" between the Representative of Parliament and Prime Minister to dismiss the other, was a key question in the 1975 constitutional crisis. Prime Ministers whose government loses a vote of no-confidence in the Assembly of the Realm, are expected to advise the Representative of Parliament to dissolve parliament and hold an election, if an alternative government cannot be formed. If they fail to do this, the Representative of Parliament may by convention dissolve parliament or appoint an alternative government.

The Prime Minister is also the responsible minister for the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, which is tasked with supporting the policy agendas of the Prime Minister and Cabinet through policy advice and the coordination of the implementation of key government programs, to manage Taino policy and programs and to promote reconciliation, to provide leadership for the Mascyllary Civil Service alongside the Mascyllary Civil Service Commission, to oversee the honours and symbols of the Realms, to provide support to ceremonies and official visits, to set whole of government service delivery policy, and to coordinate national security, cyber, counterterrorism, regulatory reform, cities, population, data, and women's policy.

Privileges of office

Whilst in office, the Prime Minister has two official residences. The primary official residence is the Kronenrat building in Königsreh. Most Prime Ministers have chosen the Kronenrat as their primary residence because of its security facilities and close proximity to the Reichsrat house. More recently, Felix Heidwecker used the Flussmund Prime Ministerial residence, Heldger House, as his primary accommodation. During his office, Falkner had a staff at the Kronenrat consisting of a senior chef and an assistant chef, a child carer, one senior house attendant, and two junior house attendants. At Heldger House in Flussmund, there is one full-time chef and one full-time house attendant. The official residences are fully staffed and catered for both the Prime Minister and their family. In addition, both have extensive security facilities. These residences are regularly used for official entertaining, such as receptions for Mascyllary of the Year finalists.

The Prime Minister receives a number of transport amenities for official business. The Crowned Air Force's No. 34 Squadron transports the Prime Minister within Mascylla and overseas by specially converted Boeing Business Jets and smaller Challenger aircraft. The aircraft contain secure communications equipment as well as an office, conference room and sleeping compartments. The call-sign for the aircraft is "Legate". For ground travel, the Prime Minister is transported in an armoured BMW 7 Series model. It is referred to as "R-1", or Realm One, because of its licence plate. It is escorted by police vehicles from state and federal authorities.

Acting and interim Prime Ministers

From time to time Prime Ministers are required to leave the country on government business and a deputy acts in their place during that time. In the days before jet aircraft, such absences could be for extended periods. For example, Otto Stenmüller was acting Prime Minister for 16 months, from April 1899 until August 1900, when Prime Minister Wilhelm Gelß was away at the peace negotiations for the Great War in Midrasia and Senator Georg Spitz was acting Prime Minister for more than seven months in 1916. An acting Prime Minister is also appointed when the prime minister takes leave. The Deputy Prime Minister most commonly becomes acting Prime Minister in those circumstances. Three Prime Ministers have died in office – Joseph Lyder (1855), Michael Wellnitz (1930) and Mahey Quicecya (1969). In each of these cases, the Deputy Prime Minister (an unofficial office at the time) became an interim Prime Minister, pending an election of a new leader of the government party. In none of these cases was the interim Prime Minister successful at the subsequent election.