Prime Minister of Mascylla
|Prime Minister of the Crowned Republic of Mascylla|
Royal Arm used by the Crowned Government of Mascylla
|Crowned Government of Mascylla|
Office of the Prime Minister
The High Honorable
|Status||Head of Government|
|Reports to||Parliament of Mascylla|
|Appointer||Parliament of Mascylla|
|Term length||12 years|
|Formation||23 May 1793|
|First holder||Wilhelm Stenreck|
The Prime Minister of the Crowned Republic of Mascylla is the head of the Government of Mascylla. The Prime Minister (informally abbreviated to PM) and the Council of the Crown (consisting of all the most senior ministers, most of which are government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions towards the Monarch, to Parliament, to their poltical party ultimately the electorate. The Office is one of the Great Offices of the Government. The current holder of the office, Thomas Falkner, leader of the Deer's Union, was appointed upon a vote in the Parliament on 14 September 2016.
The office is not established by any statute or constitutional document with absolute clearance but exists only by long-established convention, which stipulates that the monarch must ratify as Prime Minister the person most likely to command the confidence of the Parliament; this individual is typically the leader of the political party or coalition of parties that holds the largest number of seats in that chamber. The position of Prime Minister was not created; it evolved slowly and erratically over two hundred years due to numerous acts of Parliament, political developments, and accidents of history. The office is therefore best understood from a historical perspective. The origins of the position are found in constitutional changes that occurred during the New Settling (1880-1882) and the resulting shift of political power from the Sovereign to Parliament. Although the Sovereign was not stripped of the ancient prerogative powers and legally remained the head of government, politically every monarch sympaphized the need for him or her to govern through a Prime Minister who could command a majority in Parliament.
Constitutional basis and appointment
The Prime Minister of Mascylla is appointed by the King Emperor or Queen Empress of Mascylla under Section 64 of the Constitution of the Realm, or with a plurality vote by Parliament. After inauguration by either one of those two options, the Prime Minister is responsibkle for attending the office atmost three months after the action. Directly after his appointment, he is referred to as "The Honourable", and after his official attending and seat in Cabinet as "The High Honourable". The Prime Minister is, like other ministers, normally sworn in by the Monarch or the Representative of Parlisment and then presented with the commission (letters patent) of office. When defeated in an election, or on resigning, the Prime Minister is said to "hand in the commission" and actually does so by returning it to his appointee. In the event of a Prime Minister dying in office, or becoming incapacitated, or for other reasons, the Monarch can terminate the commission. Ministers hold office "during the pleasure of the Sovereign" (s. 64 of the Constitution of the Realm), so theoretically, the Monarch can dismiss a minister at any time, by notifying them in writing of the termination of their commission; however, their power to do so except on the advice of the Prime Minister is heavily circumscribed by convention. According to convention, the Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party or largest party in a coalition of parties in the Assembly of the Realm which holds the confidence of the House. Some commentators argue that the Monarch may also dismiss a Prime Minister who is unable to pass the government's supply bill through both houses of parliament, including the Mascyllary Senate. However, there is no constitutional requirement that the Prime Minister sit in the Assembly of the Realm, or even be a member of the federal parliament (subject to a constitutionally prescribed limit of three months), though by convention this is always the case. The only case where a member of the Senate was appointed Prime Minister was Moritz Feckel, who subsequently resigned his Senate position and was elected as a member of the Assembly of the Realm.
Following a resignation in other circumstances or the death of a Prime Minister, the Monarch generally appoints the Deputy Prime Minister as the new Prime Minister, until or if such time as the governing party or senior coalition party elects an alternative party leader. This has resulted in the party leaders from the National Democratic Union being appointed as Prime Minister, despite being the smaller party of their coalition.
Powers and role
Most of the Prime Minister's power derives from being the head of Government. The powers of the Prime Minister are to direct the Monarch through advice to grant Royal Assent to legislation, to dissolve and prorogue parliament, to call elections and to make government appointments, which the Monarch mostly follows. The formal power to appoint the Representative of Parliament is by Parliament (the Assembly of the Realm) itself, on the advice of the Prime Minister, whereby convention holds that the Monarch is bound to accept the chosing. The Prime Minister can also advise the monarch to dismiss the Representative of Parliament, though it remains unclear how quickly the monarch would act on such advice in a constitutional crisis. This uncertainty, and the possibility of a "race" between the Representative of Parliament and Prime Minister to dismiss the other, was a key question in the 1975 constitutional crisis. Prime Ministers whose government loses a vote of no-confidence in the Assembly of the Realm, are expected to advise the Representative of Parliament to dissolve parliament and hold an election, if an alternative government cannot be formed. If they fail to do this, the Representative of Parliament may by convention dissolve parliament or appoint an alternative government.
The Prime Minister is also the responsible minister for the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, which is tasked with supporting the policy agendas of the Prime Minister and Cabinet through policy advice and the coordination of the implementation of key government programs, to manage Taino policy and programs and to promote reconciliation, to provide leadership for the Mascyllary Civil Service alongside the Mascyllary Civil Service Commission, to oversee the honours and symbols of the Realms, to provide support to ceremonies and official visits, to set whole of government service delivery policy, and to coordinate national security, cyber, counterterrorism, regulatory reform, cities, population, data, and women's policy.
Privileges of office
Whilst in office, the Prime Minister has two official residences. The primary official residence is the Kronenrat building in Königsreh. Most Prime Ministers have chosen the Kronenrat as their primary residence because of its security facilities and close proximity to the Reichsrat house. More recently, Felix Heidwecker used the Flussmund Prime Ministerial residence, Heldger House, as his primary accommodation. During his office, Falkner had a staff at the Kronenrat consisting of a senior chef and an assistant chef, a child carer, one senior house attendant, and two junior house attendants. At Heldger House in Flussmund, there is one full-time chef and one full-time house attendant. The official residences are fully staffed and catered for both the Prime Minister and their family. In addition, both have extensive security facilities. These residences are regularly used for official entertaining, such as receptions for Mascyllary of the Year finalists.
The Prime Minister receives a number of transport amenities for official business. The Crowned Air Force's No. 34 Squadron transports the Prime Minister within Mascylla and overseas by specially converted Boeing Business Jets and smaller Challenger aircraft. The aircraft contain secure communications equipment as well as an office, conference room and sleeping compartments. The call-sign for the aircraft is "Legate". For ground travel, the Prime Minister is transported in an armoured BMW 7 Series model. It is referred to as "R-1", or Realm One, because of its licence plate. It is escorted by police vehicles from state and federal authorities.
Acting and interim Prime Ministers
From time to time Prime Ministers are required to leave the country on government business and a deputy acts in their place during that time. In the days before jet aircraft, such absences could be for extended periods. For example, Otto Stenmüller was acting Prime Minister for 16 months, from April 1899 until August 1900, when Prime Minister Wilhelm Gelß was away at the peace negotiations for the Great War in Midrasia and Senator Georg Spitz was acting Prime Minister for more than seven months in 1916. An acting Prime Minister is also appointed when the prime minister takes leave. The Deputy Prime Minister most commonly becomes acting Prime Minister in those circumstances. Three Prime Ministers have died in office – Joseph Lyder (1855), Michael Wellnitz (1930) and Mahey Quicecya (1969). In each of these cases, the Deputy Prime Minister (an unofficial office at the time) became an interim Prime Minister, pending an election of a new leader of the government party. In none of these cases was the interim Prime Minister successful at the subsequent election.