Monarchy of Mascylla

Queen of Mascylla
Königin Maskilliens
MascyllaCoA.png
Incumbent
DorotheaIV.png
Dorothea I
since 23 May 2015 (2015-05-23)
Details
StyleHis/Her High Majesty
Heir apparentCrown Prince Albert, Duke of Schönbrunn
First monarchLukas I
Formation23 May 1793
ResidenceHochkronstein palace, Königsreh, Kronlande
Websitewww.cro.gov.mc

The Monarchy of Mascylla concerns the monarchial head of state of Mascylla, which is a constitutional and hereditary monarchy with a parliamentary system, governing Mascylla and its dependencies. The Crowned Republic of Mascylla (Hesurian: Gekrönte Republik Maskillien) has been a monarchy since its foundation after the conclusion of the War of the Five Kings. Originally an elective monarchy, it became a hereditary monarchy shortly after its establishing under Lukas II, though virtually all monarchs before that belonged to a limited and small number of families which are considered to be the royal dynasties of Mascylla. Mascylla in the present day is a constitutional monarchy with a democratic legislative branch, as defined in the current Grand Constitution of the Realm. The monarch and the members of the Royal Family undertake a variety of governmential, official, diplomatic, unofficial, and representative duties within Mascylla and abroad.

Dorothea I became Queen of Mascylla on 23 May 2015 on the death of her father, Ludwig III of Mascylla.

List of monarchs

P Period of rulership
 FK  During the War of the Five Kings
 FY  Founding Years
 MK  Mascyllary Kingdom
 CR  Crowned Republic of Mascylla
 R  Interregnum
P Name Portrait/Image Birth Marriages Death
FK Lukas of the Elbgau Confederacy
Lukas Wilhelm
1789

1793
(4 years)
Franz Xaver Winterhalter King Louis Philippe.jpg 9 June 1755
Ahnern Castle
son of Ronald, Count of Ahnern
Linda Luisa, Princess of Aldia
FY Lukas I
Lukas Wilhelm; the Great
1793

1834
(41 years)
Lukas I of Mascylla.jpg 9 June 1755
Ahnern Castle
son of Ronald, Count of Ahnern
Linda Luisa, Princess of Aldia 27 December 1834
Hochkronstein palace
aged 79
FY Lukas II
Lukas Augustus
1834

1874
(40 years)
Albert II "the Great".jpg 13 January 1799
Gärsteburg Castle
son of Lukas I
Charlotta, Duchess of Würthburg 2 April 1874
Hochkronstein palace
aged 75
MK Friedrich I
Friedrich Georg
1874

1883
(9 years)
Pedro II of Brazil 1850.jpg 21 November 1839
Hochkronstein palace
son of Lukas II
Margarethe, Countess of Wülsheim-Uppar 10 May 1883
Rehsweiler Palace
aged 44
MK Ludwig I
Ludwig Albert; the Unjust
1883

1923
(40 years)
Gustaf VI Adolf av Sverige som kronprins.jpg 4 September 1845
Hochkronstein palace
brother of Friedrich I
Matilde-Sophie, Archduchess of Shwesia 25 May 1923
Volksplatz, Königsreh
aged 78
R Peter Zeschtemann
1923

1924
(203 days)
Peter Zeschtemann.png
CR Maximilian I
Maximilian Wilhelm; the People King
1924

1978
(54 years)
AlbertIofMascylla.jpg 13 December 1909
Hochkronstein palace
son of Ludwig I
Sophia Victoria, Princess of Lavaria 8 April 2001
Schönbrunn Residence
aged 91
CR Lukas III
Lukas Joseph
1978

2015
(37 years)
Hans-Adam Prince of Liechtenstein (1974) by Erling Mandelmann.jpg 29 January 1941
Hochkronstein palace
son of Maximilian I
Maria Anna, Duchess of Welsburg-Maln 15 April 2015
Konreid Principal Hospital
aged 74
CR Dorothea I
Dorothea Elisabeth
2015

present
(5 years as of 2020)
DorotheaI.png 12 November 1989
Hochkronstein palace
son of Lukas III
Wolfgang, Duke of Fahnicht not deceased
age 30

Constitutional and official rule

In the Grand Constitution of Mascylla, the monarch (otherwise referred to as the sovereign or "His/Her High Majesty", abbreviated H.H.M.) is the head of state. The Queen's image is used to signify Mascyllary sovereignty and government authority—her profile, for instance, appearing on currency, and her portrait in government buildings. The sovereign is further both mentioned in and the subject of songs, loyal toasts, and salutes. "Crown lies wooden" is the Mascyllary unofficial and ceremonial national anthem. Oaths of allegiance are made to the Queen and her lawful successors. According to the Grand Constitution, the Mascyllary Monarch, as the de facto head of state, is the holder of executive and, jointly with the Reichsrat, legislative power. The Monarch has the ability to deny giving a bill royal assent as well as to choose and dismiss the Prime Minister or any Minister of Government with or without cause. Thomas Falkner was however elected via the Parliament, the first time since roughly three decades.

File:Tod.jpg
The Grand Constitution of the Realm from 1944 and 1793 defined the monarch's governmental power

Today the Queen delegates much royal authority to Ministers in government, allowing the Queen to engage in the ceremonial role outlined by the Mascyllary constitution. The Prime Minister and the Council of the Crown attend the regular meetings of the Reichsrat, at which the Monarch presides and gives royal assent to laws. The Prime Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs report regularly to the Queen to advise her of the latest political developments. The Queen hosts official visits by foreign Heads of State, pays state visits abroad, receives letters of credence from foreign ambassadors and signs those of Mascyllary ambassadors. The convention for appointment of a new prime minister after a general election is that after consultation with representatives of the political parties, the Queen invites the party leader who has the support of the largest number of seats in the Reichsrat to form a government. Once it has been formed, the Queen formally appoints it. Some of the government's executive authority is theoretically and nominally vested in the sovereign and is known as the royal prerogative. The monarch acts within the constraints of convention and precedent, exercising prerogative only on the advice of ministers responsible to Parliament, often through the prime minister or the Council of the Crown. In practice, prerogative powers are exercised sometimes on the prime minister's advice – the prime minister and the sovereign have control. The monarch holds a weekly audience with the prime minister; no records of these audiences are taken and the proceedings remain fully confidential. The monarch may express his or her views, and, as a constitutional ruler, can accept the decisions of prime minister and the Cabinet (providing they command the support of the House). Although the royal prerogative is extensive and parliamentary approval is not formally responsible for its exercise, it is limited. However, many Crown prerogatives have not yet fallen out of use or have been partly transferred to Parliament. For example, the monarch cannot impose and collect new taxes; such an action requires the authorisation of an Act of Parliament. According to a parliamentary report, "The Crown cannot invent new prerogative powers", and Parliament can override any prerogative power by passing legislation.

The royal prerogative includes the powers to appoint and dismiss ministers, regulate the civil service, issue passports, declare war, make peace, direct the actions of the military, and negotiate and ratify treaties, alliances, and international agreements. However, a treaty can alter the domestic laws of Mascylla, according to the Grand Constitution; an Act of Parliament is not really necessary in such cases. The monarch is the Head of the Armed Forces (the Reichsmarine, the Reichswehr, and the Reichsluftstreitkräfte), and accredits Mascyllary High Commissioners and ambassadors, and receives heads of missions from foreign states. It is the prerogative of the monarch to summon and prorogue Parliament. Each parliamentary session begins with the monarch's summons. The new parliamentary session is marked by the State Opening of Parliament, during which the sovereign reads the Speech from the throne in the Reichsrat, outlining the Government's legislative agenda. Prorogation usually occurs about one year after a session begins, and formally concludes the session. Dissolution ends a parliamentary term, and is followed by a general election for all seats in the Parliament. A general election is normally held five years after the previous one under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011, but can be held sooner if the prime minister loses a motion of confidence, or if two-thirds of the members of the Parliament vote to hold an early election. Before a bill passed by the legislative Houses can become law, the royal assent (the monarch's approval) is required. In theory, assent can either be granted (making the bill law) or withheld (vetoing the bill), but since 1799 assent has always been granted.

The monarch has a similar relationship with the devolved governments of its principalities. The sovereign appoints the First Minister of a principality on the nomination of its Parliament. In the dependencies such as Tainoa and Panjib however, the sovereign acts on the advice of the native government. However, as devolution is more extensive in the dependencies, they are ble to control their own monarchial system and to operate as separate governments, in which they are freely able to move in the outline of the Grand Constitution. The sovereign is deemed the "fount of justice"; although the sovereign does not personally rule in judicial cases, judicial functions are performed in his or her name. For instance, prosecutions are brought on the monarch's behalf, and courts derive their authority from the Crown. The common law holds that the sovereign "can do no wrong"; the monarch cannot be prosecuted for criminal offences. The Crown Proceeding Act of 1955 allows civil lawsuits against the Crown in its public capacity (that is, lawsuits against the government), but not lawsuits against the monarch personally. The sovereign exercises the "prerogative of mercy", which is used to pardon convicted offenders or reduce sentences. The monarch is the "fount of honour", the source of all honours and dignities in Mascylla. The Crown creates all peerages, appoints members of the orders of chivalry, grants knighthoods and awards other honours. Although peerages and most other honours are granted on the advice of the prime minister, some honours are within the personal gift of the sovereign, and are not granted on ministerial advice. The monarch alone appoints members of the Order of the Gelgner, the Order of the Thenstell, the Crowned Theresian Order and the Order of Mehricht.

Succession

File:Behr.jpg
Queen Lyanna in her coronation dress and crown

The rules of succession may only be changed by an Act of Parliament; it is not possible for an individual to renounce his or her right of succession. The Settling Act restricts the succession to the legitimate descendants of King Emperor Lukas I of Cheld (1755–1834), firsr king of Mascylla.

Upon the death of a sovereign, his or her heir immediately and automatically succeeds (hence the phrase "The king is dead, long live the king!"), and the accession of the new sovereign is publicly proclaimed by an Accession Council that meets at Sankt Johann's Palace. Upon their accession, a new sovereign is required by law to make and subscribe several oaths: the Accession Declaration as first required by the Grand Constitution, and an oath that they will "maintain and preserve" the rights of the principalities as required by the constitution aswell. The monarch is usually crowned in Sankt Lorenz Cathedral normally by the Archbishop of Langquaid. A coronation is not necessary for a sovereign to reign; indeed, the ceremony usually takes place many months after accession to allow sufficient time for its preparation and for a period of mourning. After an individual ascends the throne, he or she reigns until death or diminishing of the person. The last monarch involuntarily removed from power was Ludwig II, who was fatally wounded after an assasination in Königsreh in 1942, while the remainder of the Royal Family fled into exile during beginning of the First Crown Civil War.

Restrictions and regency

The Grand Constitution allows the acceptance of both genders as legitimate heirs to the throne, though in history most monarchs tended to declare their sons as heir apparents. Article 3 also restricts second-born children to be the successors with same or different gender. Although, if the first-born passes away or is physically and or mentally limited, the next in line obviously is named heir apparent. The Regency Laws allow for regencies in the event of a monarch who is a minor or who is physically or mentally incapacitated. When a regency is necessary, the next qualified individual in the line of succession automatically becomes regent, unless they themselves are a minor or incapacitated. Special provisions were made for Queen Lyanna I by the Regency Law 2015, which stated that the Duke of Fahnicht (the Queen's husband) could act as regent in these circumstances. During a temporary physical infirmity or an absence from the kingdom, the sovereign may temporarily delegate some of his or her functions to Counsellors of State, the monarch's spouse and the first four adults in the line of succession. The present Counsellors of State are: the Duke of Fahnicht, the Prince of the Terunder, the Duke of the Kronlande, the Duke of Phalya and the Duke of Kreschitia.

Residences

File:Kll.png
The Hochkronstein Palace in Königsreh

The sovereign's official residence in Königsreh is the Hochkronstein Palace. It is the site of most state banquets, investitures, royal christenings and other ceremonies. It also serves as the living space for the royal family. Another official residence is Burgwasser Castle, the largest occupied castle in Mascylla, which is used principally at weekends, Easter and during Royal Ascot, an annual race meeting that is part of the social calendar. The sovereign's official residence in Tainoa is the Palace of Palmensände in Abaqey. The monarch stays at Palmensände for at least one week each year, and when visiting Tainoa on state occasions. Historically, the Palace of Westermünd was the main residences of the Mascyllary Sovereign until Lukas I acquired the Palace of Weißhall. Weißhall was destroyed by fire in 1795, leading to a shift to Sankt Johann's Palace. Although replaced as the monarch's primary Königsreh residence by Hochkronstein Palace in 1800, Sankt Johann's is still the senior palace and remains the ceremonial Royal residence. For example, foreign ambassadors are accredited to the Court of Sankt Johann's, and the Palace is the site of the meeting of the Accession Council. It is also used by other members of the Royal Family.

Other residences include Chlarentz House and Silberbusch Palace. The palaces belong to the Crown; they are held in trust for future rulers, and cannot be sold by the monarch. Tännerhau House in Ankstedt and Bahlholz Castle in Pereuth are privately owned by the Queen.