This article belongs to the lore of Anteria.

Era of Civil Wars

Era of Civil Wars
Exèrcit al Zócalo-28 d'agost.jpg
Date1938-1989[a]
Location
Caused by
  • Authoritarianism
  • Demographic structural factors
  • Poverty
  • Independency
  • Social inequality
  • Political corruption
  • Communism
  • Human rights violations
  • Local differences
  • Nationalism
Goals
  • Regime change
  • Democracy
  • Free elections
  • Unification
  • Human rights
  • Economic freedom
Methods
  • Civil disobedience
  • Civil resistance
  • Demonstrations
  • Guerrilla warfare
  • Insurgency
  • Mutiny
  • Protests
  • Revolution
  • Riots
  • Silent protests
  • Strike actions
  • Urban warfare
  • Uprising
Resulted in
Casualties
Death(s)
  • Sources differ from each country
    • 700,000 killed (Kent)
    • 70,000–85,000 killed (GrR)
  1. Some historians argue that the Era began in 1911 or 1921


The Era of Civil Wars (also known as the Social Rebounds of the 20th Century or the Civil Aftermath Period) is an un-official historical era in which there were the numerous civil wars occuring in the same relative time period between 1938 and 1980. Wars included in this era include the Zhoushi Council War(1938-1941), the Second Reunification War of Hoterallia (1939-1949), the North Memean Civil War ((1941-1945)), the First Vescarian Civil War (1948-1952), the Kentalian Civil war (1951-1964), the Kistolian Civil War (or Dutchy-Sebric War) (1950-1954), Gran Rugidoense Civil War (1968-1970), the Shadoveilian Reclamation War (1972-1977), Preimeai civil war (1972/3?-1976), the Bakyern Civil War (1973-1976), Lyonheimerish Communist Revolution (1974), and the Gabrielt Civil War (1976-1980). The short lived Gassnassian Insurgency (1972-1975?) is also part of the era due to the fact that it almost escalated into civil war.

One of the longest lasting eras in the history of Anteria, the Era of the Civil Wars drastically changed the international panorama, as regimes that lacked major wealth or hereditary succession arrangements after the Great War (Anteria) were more likely to undergo change. The importance of external factors versus internal factors and what lead to this era is still highly contested by historians and sociologists. As of 2021, the consequences of this era are still visible or present in Anterian society.

Overview

The Era of Civil Wars remains a mystery with many historians and sociologists trying to understand why there were so many seemingly unconnected bouts of social upheaval during this time period. Many theories have developed mostly centered around the Social Rebound Theory and the Great Coincidence Theory.

The Social Rebound Theory is the idea that these civil wars were began as a reaction to or because of unresolved social dilemmas mostly centered around the The Great War (1905-1911) or other wars connected to the Great War or each other. This theory particularly notices the apparent but unproven connections of rising Stratocracies in Kentalis.

This theory is given credit due in part to The Green Jacket Revolution, the two-and-a-half year war that saw the fall of the Vultesian Empire (Kingdom) and the rise of the Principate from 1918 to 1921. The Green Jacket Revolution was a direct follow-on to the Great War and thus, while not included as part of the Era of Civil Wars provides empirical evidence to the Social Rebound Theory. The Social Rebound Theory was first postulated by Layfetian sociologist Tyler Dore in his 1984 essay On the Impacts of The Great War on Internal Conflicts

The Great Coincidence Theory tries to assert that all these civil wars are indeed unconnected and it's just coincidence that they occured during this time. The theory is supported by how wide-spread these civil conflicts occured across the planet. The Great Coincidence Theory was first postulated by Rugidoense historian Homero Salgado's 1986 book A Brief History of Anteria and it's Social Issues (Spanish: Una breve historia de Anteria y sus problemas sociales) when as part of the book, Salgado rebukes Dore's essay. Salgado bases his book in his own experience in the Rugidoense Civil War and the social issues that led to the conflict he fought in.

Historians and Sociologists debate about whether to expand the period to include the Kiyortzani Civil War (1921-1924) due its its strong record of being independent of other conflicts, but also its economic effects remain uncertain and the Rugidoense Revolution (1910-1917) due to when it was fought.