Regions of Gylias

Regions of Gylias
Also known as:
Régions gyliennes
Gylias-regionmap.png
CategoryFederal region
LocationGylias
Number20
Populations185.145 (Makarces) – 2.703.111 (Nerveiík-Iárus-Daláyk)
Areas17.001 km² (Sváen) – 141.776 km² (Nerveiík-Iárus-Daláyk)
GovernmentRegional council and governor
SubdivisionsMunicipalities

Gylias is a federal republic made up of 20 regions (French: régions). They were established as geographic entities by the Constitution of Gylias in 1961, and regional governments were established in 1970.

Regions are constituted as federations of municipalities, and form the intermediate level between local and federal government. In accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, regions exist mainly for coordination and management purposes, and only exercise the responsibilities delegated to them by communal assemblies and municipalities.

Their borders, largely unchanged since establishment, are broadly based on cultural and ethnolinguistic distribution. Regions thus have a distinctive role in Gylian society, possessing regional identities which coexist within a federal framework.

History

Regions were established by the Constitution of Gylias, adopted in 1961. The heritage of the Free Territories left Gylias with a strong focus on direct democracy and local governance. As a result, regions were initially more geographic than administrative entities.

Many region borders follow either rivers, natural features, or the borders of ancient Liúşai League states.

The arrangement of having only two tiers of government caused a growing perception that there was a risk of imbalance between local and federal government. The Darnan Cyras government passed legislation to set up regional governments soon after its re-election. The first regional elections were held in 1970.

The Law on Legislature Sizes of 1989 capped the size of all legislatures to prevent them from growing and usurping the prerogative of direct democracy.

Terminology

During the popular drafting of the Constitution, "regions" was chosen as the term for its perceived neutrality and simplicity. "Provinces" was rejected for its perceived imperialist overtones, and "states" due to the anarchist influence. Other terms were avoided due to perceived centralising connotations or simply did not find mass acceptance.

Responsibilities

Regions handle matters at the local matter which require greater amounts of coordination and planning than municipalities can provide.

In addition to coordination and management responsibilities, they have an executive function, carrying out the implementation of policies made at the municipal or federal level. Their governments collaborate with municipal and federal governments in delivering public services and social security, and convene regional advisory councils to exercise cooperative democracy.

Their responsibilities include:

  • Regional healthcare and educational organisation
  • Transport planning and regional infrastructure
  • Environmental and conservation policies
  • Regional development and planning
  • Overseeing the deposit-refund systems
  • Agricultural policy and land management

Regions finance themselves through regional taxes (including currency transaction taxes, financial transfer taxes, and Pigovian taxes) and regional currencies. In addition, they request funds from municipalities to cover regional projects, and receive equalisation payments at the federal level.

Government

Each region elects an assembly, known as the regional council (conseil régional), as well as a separate governor (gouverneur). Regional government members, heading specific departments, are known as prefects.

As with all other legislatures, councils are popular legislatures. Council sizes vary based on region population.

Regional elections feature strong representation for regionalist parties.

Region Council Seats Region Council Seats
SL Salxar Regional Council 70 EL Elena Regional Council (Synedrion) 150
MK Makarces Regional Council 60 AS Arsad Regional Council 70
GC Gacar Regional Council 60 EN Envadra Regional Council 80
GE Gerşyr Regional Council 70 NE Nezyál Regional Council 130
AR Arxaþ Regional Council 80 TO Tomes Regional Council 160
Alţira Regional Council 80 ḐR Ḑarna Regional Council 120
TA Tandar Regional Council 70 Aðuna Regional Council 130
KA Kausania Regional Council 120 HE Herlan Regional Council 140
Mişeyáke Regional Council 190 NA Nauras Regional Council 120
SV Sváen Regional Council 100 NID Nerveiík-Iárus-Daláyk Regional Council 200
Total: 2200

Culture

With English and French used as federal official languages, regions and municipalities play an important role in officially recognising and accommodating all other languages spoken in Gylias.

Regional boundaries broadly follow cultural and ethnic boundaries, thus giving regions a notable role in local identities. Elena is notable as one of the few regions with a non-Gylic plurality, having a Hellene plurality.

Regions adopt flags and symbols to reflect their identity, which are given equal prominence to the federal flag and seal in official contexts.

Regional flags draw from various sources of symbolism: Tandar's flag alludes to the Quliyasi Jihad and the Tanan Wall; Salxar to its role as the origin of the Free Territories; Elena's nine stripes represent the syllables of the motto Eleutheria e thanatos (Hellene reformed: Ελευθεʀία έ θάɴατος; "freedom or death").

List

Flag Region Abbr. Capital Area (km²) Population GDP share (%)
Flag of Belarus (1991, 3-2).svg Salxar SL Şet 77,390 202.425 2,37%
Flag of Karachay-Balkaria.svg Makarces MK Jaţe 52,925 185.145 2,35%
Blue white green.svg Gacar GC Razyn 58,362 199.956 2,45%
Flag of Huánuco Region.png Gerşyr GE Mytin 61,453 207.362 2,70%
FlagAR.png Arxaþ AR Xakalen 105,906 878.820 5,05%
FlagAŢ.png Alţira Senik 83,733 920.786 5,02%
Flag of Friuli-Venezia Giulia.svg Tandar TA Sænor 96,738 802.293 4,77%
Flagge Preußen - Provinz Westpreußen.svg Kausania KA Dáuzas 104,466 1.555.215 5,65%
Flag of Stellaland.svg Mişeyáke Zaul 112,408 2.653.739 6,58%
Flagge Preußen - Provinz Posen.svg Sváen SV Lænas 17,001 1.160.239 5,15%
FlagEL.png Elena EL Argyrokastron 65,344 1.826.760 6,15%
Bandeira do Estado Independente do Acre.svg Arsad AS Keraþ 108,304 713.424 4,87%
Flag of et-Valga.svg Envadra EN Mayt 113,781 962.752 5,20%
FlagNE.png Nezyál NE Kyman 65,451 1.486.094 6,04%
FlagTO.png Tomes TO Iásas 132,662 1.974.876 5,93%
Flag of Rastriya Janashakti Party.svg Ḑarna ḐR Deðras 87,464 1.550.277 5,15%
Flag of the Rassemblement pour la Culture et la Démocratie.svg Aðuna Tavis 92,421 1.579.901 5,35%
Civil Ensign of Guatemala.svg Herlan HE Arnak 70,941 1.752.702 6,25%
Hiiu valla lipp.png Nauras NA Nyretak 59,801 1.370.070 6,19%
FlagNID.png Nerveiík-Iárus-Daláyk NID Eyþer 141,776 2.703.111 6,78%
Data from the 2020 census conducted by the Bureau of Statistics and Accounting.