Jiddiyan Civil War

Jiddiyan Civil War
970315-N-0000S-008 NEO Operations USMC.jpg
Evacuation of Emmirian citizens during Operation Towers Wake
Date6 February – 2 September 1991
(6 months, 3 weeks and 6 days)
Location
Result Coalition-led intervention by Emmiria and Durnstaal, establishment of the Monarchy of Saudi Jiddiya
Belligerents
Regime Forces

Rebel Forces

Coalition of Crown Albatross

Commanders and leaders
Maahir el-Sarah
Strength
Unknown 350,000 soldiers
17,000+ peacekeepers
Casualties and losses
23,394 killed

19,000+ killed

  • 17,500+ Rebels
  • 1,300 Coalition Troops
32,000–33,800 civilians killed

The Jiddiyan Civil War was a period of civil disorder and violence in Saudi Jiddiya in 1991, sparked by the suppression of protests and political gatherings by the Maahir el-Sarah tyrannical regime. In February, the el-Sarah regime forces began a violent crackdown on protestors and quickly the situation unfolded into rebels attacking government targets. All major population centres were engulfed in demonstrations and violence by 13 March and foreign countries began to evacuate their citizens. These evacuations included Operation Kibbilesa and Operation Towers Wake. The Coalition of Crown Albatross Security Council, in Resolution 843, authorised a force of 17,000 troops on July 1st to direct relief efforts and restore order in Saudi Jiddiya. The C.C.A. feared the unrest would spread beyond Jiddiya's borders and send refugees throughout Adula, and the Coalition force led by Emmiria and Durnstaal intervened, invading the country. On 15 August, Operation Salba was launched, overthrowing Maahir el-Sarah's regime, and the war officially ended on September 2nd, 1991. Coalition forces stayed in Jiddiya and helped restore rule of law in the country until they departed and ended the occupation at the beginning of 1992. The after-effects of the war directly attributed to the creation of the Central Adula Mutual Defense Agreement.

Background

War

Crackdowns

Escalation

Coalition Intervention

With the increasing threat to regional security, along with the growing fear of intervention of terror groups like Al-Fijar and the Malvarian Liberation Front, the Coalition of Crown Albatross Security Council conveened at the Headquarters Building in Tofino, Zamastan, on June 2nd, 1991, to discuss the possibility of a combined international coalition to intervene in Saudi Jiddiya. All members present agreed that the el-Sarah regime needed to be toppled or removed, either through intervention militarily or politically diplomatic paths. Zamastan's delegation preferred increasing economic sanctions against the el-Sarah government by suspending all assets from Mulfulira and Skith, and they refused to send troops into the region as they had only withdrawn from an extensive and exhausting war in Vulkaria. The delegations from Beleroskov and Yuan also opposed military intervention, although their reasonings clearly laid in their communist sentiments, wanting to abstain from giving communist allies in the region an upperhand. Emmiria's delegation, along with the observer state of Durnstaal, suggested a 17,000+ troop force to invade the country and assist rebel forces against the regime. Ultimately, in a 7-3 vote (with Beleroskov, Yuan, and Drambenburg voting against), it was decided that Emmiria and Durnstaal would co-lead a Coalition-sponsored force to topple the el-Sarah government.

Overthrow of el-Sarah

Government Surrenders

Aftermath

Occupation and Martial Law