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Bogmian language

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Flag of the former Kingdom of Bogmia
Pronunciation/boɡmijʃcina/ Speaker Icon.svg
RegionSlavic Belt in Thuadia
EthnicityPustogorian Bogmians
Extinct1912 – 1940 in Bogmia[1]
Still alive in Tlhenget:
L1: 75,820
L2: 12,500
FL: 45,000
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-1BG
ISO 639-2PBG
ISO 639-3PBG
Distribution of the language
  Absolute majority
  >30% of native speakers
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

The Pustogorian Bogmian language (Bogmian: Pustogorská Bogmijština), or simply referred to as Bogmian language (Bogmian: Bogmijština), or by its exile name referred to as the Pustogorian language or Pustogorian dialect (Bogmian: Pustogorština), is a language spoken in the Pusté Gory (Haydag: Тлъенгетав Гаў, Common: Barren Mountains or Tlhenget Mountains) area of the Northern Territory of Qazhshava, which developed in a Bogmian community which fled Bogmia shortly after the Empire of Three Kings was formed.


The Bogmian language was the slavic language spoken in Bogmia, but after the integration with the Slavic Zhengian, it developed into the present day form of the Zhoushi language, which is still slavic, but with notable inclusion of some Zhengian grammatical aspects, such as fourth person denoting clusivity or large Prei-Phnom influence in phonology and vocabulary, as well as the development of a special alphabet lacking diacritics in favor of special characters.


Although originally using the Protopolyashi script, Bogmian language in exile later developed an alphabet on its own. In an act of defiance, the Bogmians in exile developed a diacritic alphabet, which is in a strong contrast to the Zhoushi grapheme script. This alphabet uses four digraphs (dj, dz, dž and tj) and three diacritic markers: caron for softening (Č, Ě, Ľ, Ň, Ř, Š and Ž), circumflex for phonetic shifts (Ĥ and Ô) and accute for vowel lenghtening (Á, É, Í, Ó, Ú and Ý).

A a Á á B b C c Č č D d Dj dj Dz dz Dž dž E e
É é Ě ě F f G g H h Ĥ ĥ I i Í í J j K k
L l Ľ ľ M m N n Ň ň O o Ó ó Ô ô P p Q q
R r Ř ř S s Š š T t Tj tj U u Ú ú V v Ƿ ƿ
X x Y y Ý ý Z z Ž ž
Order 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
Majuscule A Á B C Č D Dj Dz E É Ě F G H Ĥ I Í J K L Ľ M
Minuscule a á b c č d dj dz e é ě f g h ĥ i í j k l ľ m
IPA Sound a b t͡s t͡ʃ d ɟ d͡z d͡ʒ ɛ ɛː ʲe f g x ɦ i j k l ʎ m
Order 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
Majuscule N Ň O Ó Ô P Q R Ř S Š T Tj U Ú V Ƿ X Y Ý Z Ž
Minuscule n ň o ó ô p q r ř s š t tj u ú v ƿ x y ý z ž
IPA Sound n ɲ ɔ ɔː u͡o p k͡v r s ʃ t c u v w k͡s ɨ ɨː z ʒ

The letter Ĥ was later introduced to distinguish the sound of /ɦ/ from foreign words from the sound /x/. Example of the usage may be the word ĥistorie (history), which is read as /ɦɪstorijɛ/.

Historically, multiple variants were developed, including a govoric one:

Protopolyash Govoric Latin IPA Sound
Ⲁ ⲁ А а A a a
Ⲁ ⲁ А́ а́ Á á
Ⲃ ⲃ Б б B b b
Ⲅ ⲅ Г г G g ɡ
Ⲇ ⲇ Д д D d d
ⲆⲒ ⲇⲓ Дь дь Dj dj ɟ
ⲆⲌ ⲇⲍ Ѕ ѕ Dz dz d͡z
ⲆϬ ⲇϭ Џ џ Dž dž d͡ʒ
Ⲉ ⲉ Е е E e ɛ
Ⲉ ⲉ Е́ е́ É é ɛː
Ⲓⲉ ⲓⲉ Ѣ ѣ Ě ě ʲe
Ⲍ ⲍ З з Z z z
Ⲓ ⲓ И и I i i
Ⲓ ⲓ И́ и́ Í í
Ⲓ ⲓ Й й J j j
ⲒⲨ ⲓⲩ Ы ы Y y ɨ
ⲒⲨ ⲓⲩ Ы́ ы́ Ý ý ɨː
Ⲕ ⲕ К к K k k
Ⲗ ⲗ Л л L l l
ⲖⲒ ⲗⲓ Љ љ Ľ ľ ʎ
Ⲙ ⲙ М м M m m
Ⲛ ⲛ Н н N n n
ⲚⲒ ⲛⲓ Њ њ Ň ň ɲ
Ⲟ ⲟ О о O o ɔ
Ⲟ ⲟ О́ о́ Ó ó ɔː
Ⲟ ⲟ Ө ө Ô ô u͡o
Ⲡ ⲡ П п P p p
Ⲣ ⲣ Р р R r r
ⲢⲒ ⲣⲓ Ҏ ҏ Ř ř
Ⲥ ⲥ С с S s s
Ⲧ ⲧ Т т T t t
ⲦⲒ ⲧⲓ Ть ть Tj tj c
ⲦⲤ ⲧⲥ Ц ц C c t͡s
Ⲩ ⲩ У у U u u
Ⲩ ⲩ У́ у́ Ú ú
Ⲫ ⲫ Ф ф F f f
Ⲭ ⲭ Х х H h x
Ⲯ ⲯ В в V v v
Ϣ ϣ Ш ш Š š ʃ
Ϩ ϩ Ґ ґ Ĥ ĥ ɦ
Ϫ ϫ Ч ч Č č t͡ʃ
Ϭ ϭ Ж ж Ž ž ʒ


Unlike Zhoushi, Pustogorian Bogmian preserved exclusively Slavic base, with little to no Zhengian influence. Example of this may be the lack of clusivity distinction, still preserved vowel lenght and little to no noun gender indifference (Only notable word is a loanword "Zombie").

  1. Bogmian language in Bogmia developed into the Zhoushi language via the merger with Slavic Zhengian language, although some dialects are still linguistically close to the pure Bogmian spoken in the Tlhenget Mountain Range