Foreign relations of Caldia


The foreign policy of Caldia is based on the principles of non-alignment in times of peace and neutrality in wartime. Remaining outside of military alliances allows Caldia to maintain neutrality in the event of war. This premise includes the belief that non-involvement is the best serves Caldia's national security. However, it is required by the common defense clause of the come to the defense of other member-states in the event of a declaration of war. In 2017, the Caldish government spend 1.5% of the Gross National Product on defense. This is relatively low compared to many other Euclean nations. Foreign policy is coordinated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, currently led by Séamus Ó Faoláin.

Community of Nations

Caldia has been a member of the Community of Nations since its foundation in February 1935. It has actively participated in the organization, leading a number of efforts in the International Assembly, serving as an elected member of the Security Committee on several occasions, and sending Seán Fitzgerald to serve as Secretary-General from 1955 60 1961. The Caldish government views international cooperation and peacekeeping efforts through the Community of Nations as essential to maintaining global stability.

The CN maintains an office in Garrafrauns, and the Treaty for the End of Nuclear Armament Proliferation in the World was negotiated in Garrafrauns and signed in Shanbally in 1965.

Euclean Community

Caldia joined the Euclean Community under the leadership of Taoiseach Seamus Mac Amhlaidh in 1955 alongside Varienland and Werania. The application was submitted and negotiations began in 1952. Mac Amhlaidh pursued a policy of rapprochement with Estmere and Werania that allowed Caldia to join the EC. The decision was met with controversy as some argued the nature of the common defense clause would force the Caldish government to go back on its policy of non-alignment. However, others viewed Caldish membership as natural and favored economic cooperation with Eastern Euclea. To address the controversy, Mac Amhlaidh declined to join the Euclean Defense Treaty Organization and secured the right to opt out of any future military agreements for the next 50 years.

Since joining, Caldia has been an active member of the EC. It joined the Euclean Monetary Union and the Euclozone in 1983 and participates in all EC organizations and institutions. Under Alexis Walker, the Caldish government became increasingly pro-Euclea. Caldia sent Caitríona Níc Donnchadh to serve as the High Commissioner from 2014 to 2017. Walker has served as the elected President of the Euclean Community since 2017.

Northern Forum

The Caldish government takes a multilateral approach to international affairs. It founded the Northern Forum in 1952 alongside its neighbors in Northern Euclea in order to reach consensus and further cooperation in the region. Together, they work together in areas that include the environment and infrastructure, coordinate joint policy within the Euclean Community, and cooperate indirectly in domestic politics through consultation and coordination.

Non-alignment and neutrality

Caldia's doctrine of neutrality dates back to the early 18th century. The country has not been at war since 1709 and celebrated 300 years of peace in 2009, one of the longest records in recorded history. During the Great War, the Caldish government maintained its policy of neutrality. However, it was violated following the joint Estmerish-Weranian invasion of the nation.

In order to allow for a policy of neutrality in wartime, the government maintains a policy of non-alignment in peacetime. Caldia has not participated in a military alliance since the early 18th century. The government maintains a policy if non-participation in military agreements, preventing it from joining the EDTO. Treaty of Kesselbourg requires Caldia to come to the aid of EC member-states should one be targeted by a declaration of war. While this breaks with the policy of non-alignment, Caldia is politically and economically integrated into the Euclean Community. The Caldish security doctrine allows for cooperation in the event of threats against peace and security. Issues of Euclean security are considered to be issues of Caldish national security, allowing Caldia to participate in the common defense clause.

Caldish neutrality has allowed it to serve as a mediator in military conflicts and political disputes. It also regularly acts as a protecting power for a number of nations around the world. While it typically serves as a protecting power for EC member-states, it has also acted as one for states who have broken off ties with Euclean nations. Currently, Caldia serves as the protecting power for Estmere in Zorasan after diplomatic relations were suspended during the 2019 Estmere-Zorasan Crisis.

Military

Since the end of the Great War, the Caldish military has been deployed on numerous occasions in peacekeeping operations conducted by the Community of Nations. Such deployments included peacekeeping efforts in Tsabara, ???, and ???. For the military to be deployed to an active conflict zone, a "triple-lock" system is in place that requires the approval of the Comhthionól Náisiúnta, the cabinet, and the monarch. The monarch acts on the advice of the High Commander of the Caldish Defesne Forces. Caldish participation in peacekeeping efforts fulfills the government's stated desire to pursue multilateral coalitions to meet its foreign policy goals.

Participation in international organizations

Diplomatic relations with other nations

Caldia maintains permanent diplomatic missions in over fifty countries. Dozens of foreign countries maintain an embassy in Caldia, all of which are located in the capital. There are also a number of consulates maintained by foreign governments in Caldia. When a new ambassador or consul is sent to Caldia by a foreign nation, they are received by the monarch to whom they present their letter of credence.

Country Ambassador from Ambassador to Other missions
 Amathia Mirula Costiniu Elsie O'Flynn
 Amardia Adroushan Houssian
 Eldmark Harald Stenbock Séamus Mac Dubhghaill
 Imagua and the Assimas Joseph O'Mahony
 Mihi Mai Ra Tauteiraro Otetoka Éamon Ó Muircheartaigh
 Montecara Piersilvo Ludovìc Eithne Ní Leannáin Also hosts the Permanent Mission of Montecara to the International Council for Democracy.
 Solstiana Cináed Ó Fiannachta
 Senria Hideomi Itou Aodhán Ó Maolalaidh
 Tinza Jamyang Thaye Riain Ó Marcaigh