Supreme Court of Zamastan
|Supreme Court of Zamastan|
|Established||September 27, 1804|
|Composition method||Presidential nomination with Senate confirmation|
|Authorized by||Constitution of Zamastan|
|Judge term length||Life tenure|
|Number of positions||9 (by statute)|
|Chief Justice of Zamastan|
The Supreme Court of Zamastan (SCOZ) is the highest court in Zamastan. It has ultimate (and largely discretionary) appellate jurisdiction over all federal and state court cases that involve a point of federal law, and original jurisdiction over a narrow range of cases, specifically "all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party". The Court holds the power of judicial review, the ability to invalidate a statute for violating a provision of the Constitution. It is also able to strike down presidential directives for violating either the Constitution or statutory law. However, it may act only within the context of a case in an area of law over which it has jurisdiction. The Court may decide cases having political overtones, but it has ruled that it does not have power to decide non-justiciable political questions.
Established by Article III of the Constitution, the composition and procedures of the Supreme Court were initially established by the 1st Congress through the Judiciary Act of 1804. The Court consists of the chief justice and eight associate justices. Each justice has lifetime tenure, meaning they remain on the Court until they resign, retire, die, or are removed from office. When a vacancy occurs, the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoints a new justice. Each justice has a single vote in deciding the cases argued before it. When in majority, the chief justice decides who writes the opinion of the court; otherwise, the most senior justice in the majority assigns the task of writing the opinion.
Size of the court
Article III of the Constitution sets neither the size of the Supreme Court nor any specific positions on it (though existence of the office of chief justice is tacitly acknowledged in Article I, Section 3, Clause 6). Instead, these powers are entrusted to Congress.
Appointment and confirmation
The president to nominate and, with the confirmation (advice and consent) of the Senate, to appoint public officials, including justices of the Supreme Court. This clause is one example of the system of checks and balances inherent in the Constitution. The president has the plenary power to nominate, while the Senate possesses the plenary power to reject or confirm the nominee. The Constitution sets no qualifications for service as a justice, thus a president may nominate anyone to serve, and the Senate may not set any qualifications or otherwise limit who the president can choose.
The Supreme Court consists of a chief justice, currently Roosevelt Dunn, and eight associate justices. Among the current members of the Court, Benn Burgess is the longest-serving justice, with a tenure of 14,222 days (38 years, 343 days) as of September 30, 2020; the most recent justice to join the court is Abdallah Gilmour, whose tenure began on May 12, 2019.
- Roosevelt Dunn (Chief Justice); Joined September 13th, 1999 (21 years, 17 days)
- Benn Burgess; Joined October 23rd, 1981 (38 years, 343 days)
- Humphrey Bullock; Joined April 3rd, 1984 (36 years, 180 days)
- Atticus Dougherty; Joined April 18th, 1989 (31 years, 165 days)
- Kacper Hogg; Joined January 26th, 1990 (30 years, 248 days)
- Shona French; Joined November 23rd, 2001 (18 years, 312 days)
- Julie Beaumont; Joined February 5th, 2007 (13 years, 238 days)
- Isaiah Mccormack; Joined October 2nd, 2015 (4 years, 364 days)
- Abdallah Gilmour; Joined May 12th, 2019 (1 year, 141 days)