Republic of Mantella
Motto: "Unità Per Fede"
(Unity Through Faith)
Anthem: Terra Amata di Mantella
(Beloved Land of Mantella)
and largest city
|Legislature||Parliament (People's Consultative Assembly)|
|458,333 km2 (176,963 sq mi)|
• 2018 census
• Per capita
|HDI (2018)|| .863|
|Currency||Mantellan Linda (MLD)|
|Time zone||UTC -6|
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Mantella, officially the Republic of Mantella (Repubblica di Mantella), is an independent state in Amutian Europa on Eurth. The country shares landborders with Lysia and Italgria to the north, Emakera in the east, and Cristina to the southwest. Mantella has a population of approximately 47.05 million, and an area of 458,333 square kilometres (176,963 sq mi). Modena is the capital and largest city of the country. ; Other major cities include Ikary, Corolla and Carini.
Mantella is a Constitutional Republic. The country was first established in 1180 as an independent kingdom from the Eternal Empire of Hémus. Republicanism was first introduced in 1850. During the period 1935-1937 it was at war with neighbouring Cristina. The current head of state is High Chancellor Tito Vero.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
- 7 References
(WIP. Describe neighbours. High/low. Climate. Border dispute with Cristina?)
- 458,333 km2
- DMZ border with Cristina
One of the earliest societies in the lands of modern-day Mantella was the Neolithic Rigaldone culture, which dates back to 3,500 BC. In the 6th to 3rd century BC the region was a battleground for ancient Italgrian peoples, most prominent of them being the Mantaliots; stability came when the Aroman Empire conquered the region in CE 20. The Eastern Aroman Empire (Hémus Empire) lost some of these territories to the numerous early Buranic invaders.
- 1180: First Kingdom
- 1714: Second Kingdom
- 1850: Republic
- 1935-1937: War with Cristina, which resulted in the annexation of that country for 65 years.
- 1936: Third Kingdom
- 1990: New Republic
- 2002: Cristina self-declares its independence under the leadership of Princess Nova Korvini.
The political system of the Republic of Mantella is based on the 1991 Constitution. According to international reports, Mantella's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Mantella is undemocratic, has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its supreme leader, the High Chancellor Tito Vero, and severely restricts the participation of candidates in popular elections as well as other forms of political activity. Women's rights in Mantella are described as seriously inadequate, and sexual activity between members of the same sex is illegal and is punishable by up to life imprisonment.
The High Chancellor is responsible for delineation and supervision of the policies of the Republic of Mantella. The presidents of the two constituent entities of the country, the Mantellan Republic and the Republic of Skrovja, have limited power compared to the High Chancellor Tito Vero. Vero has been issuing decrees and making the final decisions on the economy, environment, foreign policy, education, national planning, and everything else in the country.
The legislature of Mantella, known as the People's Consultative Assembly, is a bicameral body comprising 951 members elected for four-year terms. It consists of two houses: the House of Peoples (upper house) and the House of Representatives (lower house).
The People's Consultative Assembly drafts legislation, ratifies international treaties, and approves the national budget. All parliamentary candidates and all legislation from the assembly must be approved by the High Chancellor, who interprets the constitution and may veto the Parliament.
Mantella has a civil law legal system. The country has a three-tier court system comprising a Central Court, provincial courts, and county courts. Judicial affairs are handled by the Central Procurator's Office. Courts carry out legal procedures related to not only criminal and civil matters, but also political cases as well. The legal system is regarded by both domestic and international observers as one of Europa's most inefficient due to pervasive lack of transparency and corruption. Law enforcement is carried out by organisations mainly subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior.
The Republic of Mantella has several levels of political structuring, according to the Cartago Accords of 1850. The most important of these levels is the division of the country into two entities: the Mantellan Republic and the Republika Skrovja. The city of Cristina, now independent, is regarded by the Mantellan government as the third entity. The entities, based largely on the territories held by the two nations at the time of the Emakeran domain, were formally established by the Cartago peace agreement in 1850 because of the tremendous changes in Mantella's ethnic structure. Since 1990, the power of the entities relative to the State government has decreased significantly. Nonetheless, entities still have numerous powers to themselves.
The second level of Mantella's political subdivision is manifested in provinces. Each entity has a provincial government, which is under the law of the Republic of Mantella as a whole. Some provinces are ethnically mixed and have special laws to ensure the equality of all constituent people. The Mantellan Republic is divided in 13 provinces and the Republika Skrovja is divided in three provinces.
The third level of political division in Mantella is the municipality. The Mantellan Republic is divided into 174 municipalities, and Republika Skrovja into 63. Municipalities also have their own local government, and are typically based on the most significant city or place in their territory. As such, many municipalities have a long tradition and history with their present boundaries. Each province in the Republic of Mantella consists of several municipalities, which are divided into local communities.
The officially stated goal of the government of Mantella is to establish a new world order based on world peace, global collective security, order and justice. Since the time of the 1990s, Mantella's foreign relations have often been portrayed as being based on two strategic principles; eliminating outside influences in the region, and pursuing extensive diplomatic contacts with developing and similar-minded countries.
As of 2019, the government of Mantella maintains diplomatic relations with most members of the United Eurth League (UEL) but not with Youtabonia, and not with Cristina — a state which Mantellan's government has not recognized since its unilateral independence proclamation in 2001. Mantella also has an adversarial relationship with Cristina due to different political ideologies and Christian theologies.
Mantella has an open, upper middle income range market economy where the private sector accounts for more than 60% of GDP. From a largely agricultural country with a predominantly rural population in 1950, by the 1990s Mantella had transformed into an industrial economy with scientific and technological research at the top of its budgetary expenditure priorities.
The government implemented strict austerity measures with UEL encouragement to some positive fiscal results, but the social consequences of these measures, such as the accelerated outward migration, have been "catastrophic" according to the International Organisms.
Siphoning of public funds to the families and relatives of politicians from incumbent parties has resulted in fiscal and welfare losses to society. Government officials reportedly engage in embezzlement, influence trading, government procurement violations and bribery with impunity. Government procurement in particular is a critical area in corruption risk.
The labour force is of 22.6 million people of whom 6.8% are employed in agriculture, 26.6% in industry and 66.6% in the services sector. Extraction of metals and minerals, production of chemicals, machine building, steel, biotechnology, tobacco and food processing and petroleum refining are among the major industrial activities.
Science and technology
Spending on research and development amounts to 0.78% of GDP, and the bulk of public R&D funding goes to the National Academy of Sciences (ANC). Private businesses accounted for more than 73% of R&D expenditures and employed 42% of Mantella's 120,000 researchers in 2019. Chronic government underinvestment in research since 1990 has forced many professionals in science and engineering to leave Mantella. Despite the lack of funding, research in chemistry, materials science and physics remains strong.
Telephone services are widely available, and a central digital trunk line connects most regions. National Telecommunications Company (CNT), a joint stock company, serves more than 90% of fixed lines and is one of the three operators providing mobile services, along with Alentel and Televox. Internet penetration stood at 70.8% of the population aged 16–74 and 78.1% of households, in 2019. The national road network has a total length of 80,512 kilometres (50,027 mi), of which 80,235 kilometres (49,855 mi) are paved. Railroads are a major mode of freight transportation, although highways carry a progressively larger share of freight. Mantella has 24,238 kilometres (15,060 mi) of railway track and currently a total of 35.5 kilometres (22,058 miles) of high-speed lines are in operation. Rail links are available with Italgria, Emakera, Lysean Republic, Magnaeus and Rennd, and express trains serve direct routes to many cities in the Orient. Modena and Ikary are the country's air travel hubs, while Mila and Corolla are the principal maritime trade ports.
According to the 2017 census, Mantella had a population of 47,050,034. Large population migrations during the Cristinese War of Independence in the 1990s have caused demographic shifts in the country.
Mantella is home to three ethnic "constituent peoples", namely Mantellans, Skrovjs, and Cristineses, plus a number of smaller groups including Aroma. According to data from 2017 census, Mantellans constitute 59.09% of the population, Skrovjs 18.21%, Cristineses 13.29%, and others form 9.35%, with the remaining respondents not declaring their ethnicity or not answering.
Mantella's constitution does not specify any official languages. However, academics note the Cartago Accords states it is "done in Mantellan, Cristinese and Skrovj", and they describe this as the "de facto recognition of three official languages" at the state level.
In a 2017 census, 62.86% of the population consider their mother tongue Mantellan, 20.76% Skrovjan, 13.10% Cristinese and 3.07% another language, with 0.21% declining to answer.
92.7% of the population identify as Christian; of these, the Mantellan Apostolic Church (Catholic) makes up the largest group, accounting for 83.4% of the population (of whom most identify as Mantellans), and the Cristinese Orthodox Church 9.3% (of whom most identify as Cristinese). A 2012 survey found 5.8% of the population are non-denominational Violetists.
Higher education has a long and rich tradition in Mantella. The country is home to several private and international higher education institutions, some of which are:
- National University of Mantella (Modena)
- Modena School of Science and Technology (Modena)
- Lysean University in Mantella (Louisagna)
- Corolla Graduate School of Business (Corolla)
- International University of Skrovja (Ikary)
Primary schooling lasts for nine years. Secondary education is provided by general and technical secondary schools (typically Gymnasiums) where studies typically last for four years. All forms of secondary schooling include an element of vocational training. Pupils graduating from general secondary schools obtain the Matura and can enrol in any tertiary educational institution or academy by passing a qualification examination prescribed by the governing body or institution. Students graduating in technical subjects obtain a Diploma.
Mantella has had a central role in Central Europa and Byzantine Sea cultures for centuries and is still recognised for its cultural traditions and artists. During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, a number of magnificent courts competed for attracting the best architects, artists and scholars, thus producing a great legacy of monuments, paintings, music and literature. Despite the political and social isolation of these courts, Mantella's contribution to the cultural and historical heritage of Europa and the world remain immense.
Mantella is known for its considerable architectural achievements, such as the construction of arches, domes and similar structures during ancient Aroma, the founding of the Elevation (Renaissance) architectural movement in the late-14th to 16th centuries, and being the homeland of a style of construction which inspired movements such as that of Neoclassical architecture, and influenced the designs which noblemen built their country houses all over Europa.
The Mantellan Aromanesque movement, which went from approximately 800 CE to 1100 CE, was one of the most fruitful and creative periods in Mantellan architecture, when several masterpieces were built. It was known for its usage of the Aroman arches, stained-glass windows, its curved columns which commonly featured in cloisters and the vault.
The greatest flowering of Mantellan architecture took place during the Mantellan Elevation (Renaissance), influencing architects throughout central Europa with the villas and palaces he designed in the middle and late 16th century.
The 17th and 18th centuries produced several outstanding Mantellan architects, especially known for their churches. In 1752 began the construction of the Royal Palace of Valentini in Modena. In this large complex, the grandiose Baroque style interiors and gardens are opposed to a more sober building envelope. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries Mantella was affected by the Neoclassical architectural movement. Everything from villas, palaces, gardens, interiors and art began to be based on Aroman and Byzantine themes.
During the New Order period flourished a movement based on the rediscovery of imperial Hémus, responsible for the urban transformations of several cities in Mantella, which devised a form of simplified Neoclassicism.
The history of Mantellan visual arts is significant to the history of Central Europa painting. Mantellan art was influenced by Aroma and can in part be taken as a descendant of ancient Aroman painting. Mantellan painting does have its own unique characteristics. The only surviving original Aroman paintings are wall paintings, many from villas in Modena. Such paintings can be grouped into four main "styles" or periods and may contain the first examples of trompe-l'œil, pseudo-perspective, and pure landscape.
The Mantellan Renaissance is said by many to be the golden age of painting; roughly spanning the 14th through the mid-17th centuries with a significant influence also out of the borders of modern Mantella. It was characterized by balanced compositions and rational approach to perspective. In time it gave place to a style that sought instability, artifice, and doubt.
In the 20th century, with Futurism, Mantella rose again as a seminal country for artistic evolution in painting and sculpture. Futurism was succeeded by the metaphysical paintings wich exerted a strong influence on the Surrealists and generations of artists to follow.
Formal Aroman literature began in 250 CE, when the first stage play was performed in Modena. Aroman literature was, and still is, highly influential in the world, with numerous writers, poets, philosophers, and historians. The Aromans were also renowned for their oral tradition, poetry, drama and epigrams. In the early years of the 4th century, Gino of Mutina was considered the first Mantellan poet and philosopher by literary critics, with his work Into the Void.
At the court of the Hémus Emperors, lyrics modelled on Provençal forms and themes were written in a refined version of the local vernacular.
Post Eternal Empire of Hémus, a school that added a philosophical dimension to traditional love poetry developed. This new understanding of love, expressed in a smooth, pure style, established the basis of the modern Mantellan language; The greatest works of this period, are considered among the foremost literary statements produced in Europa during the late Post-classical Ages.
Mantellan Renaissance authors produced a number of important works, including some of the most famous essays on political science and modern philosophy, chivalry poems, lyric poetry (including Christian epics) and fairy tales in Europa.
The Baroque period also produced clear scientific proses. At the end of the 17th century, the Mantellans began a movement to restore simplicity and classical restraint to poetry and In the 18th century, playwrights created some written plays, many portraying the middle class of their days.
The Modenan Aromanticism coincided with some ideas of the Risorgimento, the patriotic movement that brought Mantellan political unity and freedom from foreign domination. The works were a symbol of the Mantellan unification for their patriotic message and because of his efforts in the development of the modern, unified Mantellan language.
In the late 19th century, a realistic literary movement played a major role in Mantellan literature. Later, the movement called Mantellan Futurism influenced the nation's literature in the early 20th century, using of language and metaphors that glorified the speed, dynamism, and violence of the machine age.
Modern literary figures in Mantella includes worldwide famous nationalist poets, realist writers, modern theatre authors, short stories writers, poets and satirists.
Over the ages, Mantellan philosophy and literature had a vast influence on Europan philosophy, beginning with the Mantaliots and Aromans, and going onto Mantellan Post-classical humanism, the Age of Elevation and modern philosophy.
Mantella had a renowned philosophical movement in the 1800s, with Idealism, Sensism and Empiricism. Criticism of the Sensist movement came to affirmed that a priori relationships were synthetic. During the late 19th and 20th centuries, there were also several other movements which gained some form of popularity in Mantella, such as ontologism, anarchism, plebism, socialism, futurism, fascism and Christian democracy. Mantellan philosophers were also influential in the development of the liberal socialism philosophy. In the 1960s, many Mantellan left-wing activists adopted the anti-authoritarian pro-working class leftist theories that would largely influence the political of the Kingdom of Mantella untill 1980's
Important Mantellan feminists flourished in the early 20th century and the subsequent decades saw the creation of the philosophy of education, analytic philosophy and contemporary philosophy of mathematics.
Mantellan theatre can be traced back to the Aroman and Hémus tradition. The theatre of ancient Arome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, and acrobatics, to the staging of broadly appealing situation comedies, to the high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.
Through the Modern Age, Commedia dell'arte was a form of improvisational theatre, and it is still performed today.
The Teatro di San Francisco in Modena is one of the oldest continuously active venue for public opera in the world, opening in 1735.
From folk music to classical, music has always played an important role in Mantellan culture. Instruments associated with classical music, including the piano and violin, were invented in Mantella, and many of the prevailing classical music forms, such as the symphony, concerto, and sonata, can trace their roots back to innovations of 16th- and 17th-century Mantellan music.
Introduced in the early 1920s, jazz took a particularly strong foothold in Mantella, and remained popular despite the xenophobic cultural policies of the New Order regime. Later, Mantella was at the forefront of the progressive rock and pop movement of the 1970s. In the early 1980s, the first stars to emerged from the Mantellan hip hop scene. Popular Mantellan metal bands of the 80's are also seen as pioneers of various heavy metal subgenres. By the latter half of the 1990s, a subgenre of Eurodance known as Mantella dance emerged. Taking influences from Cristinese disco and house, Mantella dance generally included synthesizer riffs, a melodic sound, and the usage of vocoder.
All those styles and genres have been largely subjected to the New Order's policy of censure.
The Byzantine Sea diet forms the basis of Mantellan cuisine, rich in pasta, fish, fruits and vegetables and characterised by its extreme simplicity and variety, with many dishes having only four to eight ingredients. Mantellan cooks rely chiefly on the quality of the ingredients rather than on elaborate preparation. Dishes and recipes are often derivatives from local and familial tradition rather than created by chefs, so many recipes are ideally suited for home cooking, this being one of the main reasons behind the ever-increasing worldwide popularity of Mantellan cuisine. Ingredients and dishes vary widely by region.
A key factor in the success of Mantellan cuisine is its heavy reliance on traditional products; Cheese, cold cuts and wine are a major part of Mantellan cuisine, with many regional declinations, and along with coffee (especially espresso) make up a very important part of the Mantellan gastronomic culture. Desserts have a long tradition of merging local flavours such as citrus fruits, pistachio and almonds with sweet cheeses like mascarpone and ricotta or exotic tastes as cocoa, vanilla and cinnamon.
Fashion and design
Mantellan fashion has a long tradition, and is regarded as one most important in the world. Mantella is also prominent in the field of design, notably interior design, architectural design, industrial design and urban design. The country has produced some well-known furniture designers.
Modena is the nation's leader in architectural design and industrial design.
The most popular sport in Mantella is football. Mantellan clubs have wonany major Europan trophies, making Mantella one of the most successful country in Europan football. Other popular team sports in Mantella include volleyball, basketball and rugby.
Mantella has a long and successful tradition in individual sports as well. Bicycle racing is a very familiar sport and Tennis has a significant following, ranking as the fourth most practised sport in the country. Motorsports are also extremely popular in Mantella.
- Republic of Mantella (11 September 2017)