Timeline of major events on Eurth
Eurth is the homeworld of humanity, the only known intelligent life in the Universe. The earliest humanoids were the Europithecus afropensis. It appeared about two million years ago and, in several early migrations, it spread throughout southwest-Europa. This region includes such nations as Jilderen, Cabarria, Afropa, Bhalman and Dragonryders. It was likely the first human species to live in a hunter-gatherer society and to control fire. An adaptive and successful species, Europithecus afropensis persisted for more than a million years, and gradually diverged into new species by around 500.000 years ago, most notably Europithecus saharensis which adapted to live in a savannah-like climate of that time in Sa Hara. Civilisation is a cooperative product that all peoples have contributed to. It is our common legacy and debt.
The Stone Age is subdivided in three periods. The oldest period or Paleolithic includes early human history before 15.000 BCE. Early humans were mostly confined to cave dwellings. They made use of stone tools, with findings between circa 2,3-1,8 mya. It isn't until much later that fire is mastered between circa 700-120 kya. Even so, human culture on Eurth remained relatively primitive until the development of language around 100 kya. And the first clothing was created even later with evidence dated between 72K-42K.
During the last glacial maximum (50K), when the sea level was probably more than 110 meters lower than today, the first humans reached Marenesia and then Alharu. This ocean crossing is one of humanity’s important early achievements, even if it’s wrapped in mystery. Heading south form Jilderen, with assistance from ocean currents and prevailing winds, there exists an advantageous 'ocean highway' of island hopping. Another, more controversial theory about the peopling of the 'new world' theories that humans could have migrated to Argis from Northwestern Europa by boat along the drift ice of the North Adlantic Ocean. This theory is quite popular in Derthalen, but no serious scientist give this idea any credence.
The middle period or Mesolithic lasts from roughly 15.000 to 5.000 BCE. After the last Ice Age (11K), hunter-gatherers again spread north across the continent of Europa. This happened in multiple phases. We know this because of the pottery remains found in different styles. The beginning of the Holocene period (10K) is marked by the Neolithic Revolution and agriculture. Many farm animals were domesticated: pigs (11.000 BCE), sheep (11.000-9.000 BCE) and cattle (8.500 BCE). The same is true for the founder crops of agriculture (10.000-9.000 BCE) and rice (13.000-8.000 BCE). This human activity has drastically changed the geography and biosphere of Eurth through urbanisation and deforestation.
The newest period or Neolithic lasts from 5.000 until 2.000 BCE. Technological innovations help to improve transportation. Rowing oars come into use (4.500 BCE) and the wheel is invented (3.500 BCE). The domestication of the horse (3.200 BCE) and camels (3K BCE) further advance this. The earliest seaworthy boats are around 2.500 BCE, enabling the re-exploration of the Marenesian islands by early sailors occurs between 3.000-1.000 BCE. Around 3.000 BCE the first writing system is developed, greatly improving the way information is exchanged and preserved.
Around the 4th millennium BCE, the complexity of trade and administration outgrew human memory, and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form. The invention of writing coincides in some areas with the early beginnings of the Bronze Age.
- Potter's wheel
- Copper and bronze tools
- Cradles of civilisation, including craft, trade
- City-states: urban centres surrounded by politically attached communities
- Ethnic gods, state religion
- Technology: iron tools
- Economy: includes trade and much specialization; often taxes
- Politics: city-states turn into small local Kingdoms
- Declines, falls and resurgence
- Culture: one or more religions sanctioned by the state
The Classical Age lasts from approximately 1000 BCE to 500 CE.
- 1004 BCE: The Union of Clans is formed in Jilderen.
- 980 BCE: Rebellious allied tribes in Orioni appoint a Queen to better fight the Tigrai province of the Medani Empire.
- 800-300 BCE: The Axial age brings forth new ways of thinking regarding religion and philosophy, in a striking parallel development, without any obvious direct cultural contact between all of the participating cultures. Key thinkers from this age had a profound influence on future philosophies and religions.
- 900 BCE: Proto-Aloorian culture in Europa starts as various smaller groups are forced towards the sea by larger clans and realms. The proto-Aloorians focus on seafaring and the sea in general, seeing it as a new opportunity and a way to get away from their enemies.
- 800 BCE: First evidence of a single proto-Aloorian language, further aiding trade and knowledge sharing between the various areas. Organised religion starts playing a role as a singular, unified language enabled sharing the oral traditions of the various groups.
- 800 BCE: Proto-Tapelt civilizations collapse due to changing climate on the Palu Peninsula.
- 753 BCE: Ugeral the Savage proclaimed himself High King in Jilderen.
- 650-550 BCE: Proto-Tapelt diverged into the Old Tapelt and Old Pekateka.
- 536 BCE: Erwanin queendom defeats the Medani Empire is defeated and becomes the first Orioni Empire.
- 500 BCE: Some untold disaster forces proto-Aloorians groups to come together and merge, heavily increasing the population density and forcing creative solutions for homelessness among new inhabitants.
- 475 BCE: Usage of derelict or otherwise unused ships as living space becomes common among proto-Aloorians. At first, these vessels are brought on land and used to build shelter; later on, shanty towns start to form on the water with large families inhabiting multiple boats.
- 437 BCE: Vinmarian the Fair becomes ruler in Jilderen.
- 330 BCE: In Occidental Europa, the boy-king Alexander of Adthens dreamed of conquering the known world. Starting in his home city of Adthens, he conquered the four known corners of the Occident. His death came prematurely.
- 150 BCE: The Aroman Empire emerges in northwest-Europa. Built on top of the Alexandrian empire, they expand into a much larger territory by conquering central Europa.
- 50 BCE: Further expansion by foreign groups force the first groups of Aloorian travelers to exist. Generations of already living on ships aid those first groups with getting accustomed to the sea gypsy life.
- 100 CE: Proto-Aslo migration and invasion of the Palu Peninsula.
- 200 CE: The Aroman Empire becomes too large to be governed from a single location. It is split into two self-governing halves. Internal mismanagement and external threats cause the Empire to collapse. Its core remains continued as Tagmatium and Adaptus. The Aroman influences can still be felt by the language ties extending as far south as the Byzantine Sea, from Byzantium Nova (west) to Pirilao (east).
- 220 CE: The Volsci take advantage of the West-Aroman collapse to resume piracy on the Kosscow Sea and other nearby waters.
- 420 CE: Colonists from the country of Atmora make their way into the Auraid Bay, successfully colonizing and founding Gut Atmora, under the rule of the Atmoran High King, Totgald.
- 450 CE: No sedentary groups remain, all Aloorians live on naval vessels for, at the least, the majority of the year. Due to the large size of the Europan waterways, the Aloorians slowly separate between Northern and Southern groups; each known for their own specialty, customs and ship types. Many of the various coastal regimes in Europa hire Aloorian vessels and groups for one reason or another at some point in time.
- 450 CE: Proto-Aslo dominance of the Palu Peninsula at it's greatest extent.
Smaller local kingdoms turn into regional Empires.
- Anglo-Germano-Celto-Nordic tribes extend from Magnaeus (south), over Akiiryu to Volsci, Karthenia and Nan Gorgwaith (northeast).
- Great Plains people between them, including Mongol-Swedes and Akiiryu.
- Asiatic nations on the eastern shores, from Jaihu to Koku to Ide Jima.
- Island nations Miiros and Orioni develop on the fringes.
This age lasts approximately from 500 CE to 1500.
- 500: Late Aroman Empire persists in Byzantium Nova
- 555: The First Plague appears in Youtabonia. Rages across the continent of Europa, and persists in small pockets until the circa 700.
- 575: Salamic Golden Age in Hakenium and Sa Hara. It lasts nearly five centuries until approximately 1250.
- 731: First incidence of plague in Orioni in the colonial city of Ishikamo.
- 987: The first plague reaches Orioni mainland via Vega in October 987.
- 1023-1174: Civil war in Orioni between the Akrep dynasty and Loyalists.
- 665: For unknown reasons, anger grows in Gut Atmora and a war for independence from their home country of Atmora strikes. Atmora gains the upper hand for the first half of the war until the Atmoran general Ysgramor and his five sons joined the side of the rebels. Raising an army of 500 men and women known as the Zeymahzin, he drove back the Atmoran forces despite being outnumbered using his tactical knowhow. By the end of the war, he valiantly proclaimed independence and his new rule over the lands of Vataanjunaar.
- 1102-1119: Rihannsu westward migration from the Central Europan Steppes, move into Tagmatine Empire.
- 1120: Rihannsu formally become federates of Tagmatine Empire.
- 1202: Rihannsu forced to depart Tagmatine Empire.
- 1208: Rihannsu make landfall on the continent of Aurelia, establish city-states, including the first city, Dartha.
- 1250: Invasion of Borean steppe tribes from the east-Europan plain. These include present-day Akiiryu, Mongol-Swedes, Paranoid Shizo.
- 1270: Formation of the Crescent Empire
- 1293-1343: The Rihannsu Clan Wars erupt between the various city-states, resulting in the deaths of tens of thousands.
- 1300: Pseudo-Ottoman Empire is formed and lasts until the early 1900s.
- 1315: The Great Famine lasts until 1317.
- 1340: The Black Death strikes again, this timing lasting until circa 1400.
- 1343: The Rihan Republic is formally established after fifty years of warfare between the various clan-led cities.
- 1480: Crescent Empire expands out of the Palu Peninsula as a hegemonic empire.
Early Modern Age
This age lasts approximately from 1500-1800.
- 1300-1600: The Elevation is a great period of rebirth of classical-based art and learning that began in the 14th Century. From the Old Arhoman elevationam (nominative elevatio) meaning "a lifting up," noun of action from past participle stem of elevare.
- 1300-1800: The Little Ice Age disrupts climate patterns and farming harvests.
- 1400-1700: The Age of Continuation is a broad designation for a period of increased overseas exploration. It's marked by emerging globalisation. Many lands previously forgotten during the Post-Classical Age were re-discovered. Since the majority of these lands were already populated, explorers were often seen as invaders.
- 1448: First contact between the Rihannsu and Zelvorians, relations sour over the next twenty years.
- 1471-1476: The Rihannsu-Zelvorian War breaks out.
- 1476: The Rihan Republic subjugates the Zelvorians, enslaving them.
- 1522: The War of the Two kingdoms in PyeMcGowan comes to an end.
Late Modern Age
This age lasts approximately from 1750-1900. Marked by strong political and industrial revolutions.
- 1750-1850: Political Revolutions
- 1760-1830: First industrial revolution including textile, steam, iron, mining, gas
- 1775-1825: The first explorers set out to find Terra Congruentia Incognita, a large landmass theorised by classical mathematician Metagoras of Arhomaneia (550–480 BCE), located past the southern Antargic Circle.
- 1807-1832: Eustacian Wars involving the Rihan Republic, Kirvina, Shffahkia.
- 1816: Great Famine
- 1850-1900: Second industrial revolution including steel, chemical, automobile, petroleum, rubber
- 1853: Limonaian conquest of the Crescent Empire. Subsequent establishment of the Colony of Metztlitlalio
- 1867-1883: Wars of Liberation in Girkmand
- 1902: Limonaian civil war
- 1910: Economic crisis
- 1915: Pseudo-Spanish Flu
- 1923-1927: Fulgistani Revolutionary War
- 1927: Economic crisis
- 1932-1956: The Long War or 'War of Imperialist Aggression'.
- 1940-1975: Atomic Age
- 1941-1947: Thalassan War, involving Andalla, Sunset Sea Islands, Giokto, and Kipan
- 1943: Economic crisis
- 1945-1959: Temporary independence of Metztlitlalio as the Unified Republic of Palu then the South Palu Confederation.
- 1949: First Argic War
- 1950: Jet Age
- 1955: Space Age
- 1958: Economic crisis
- 1959: Law of the Seas convention is signed in Sunset Sea Islands
- Template:Country data Sevrun 1964: Sevrunian rebellion
- 1965: Oil Producing Eurthican Countries (an organization) is formed.
- 1968-1974: Second Argic War involving Iverica, Prymont, Ostport, Hellenic Rus and Germanic Staat
- 1974: Economic crisis
- 1975: Digital revolution
- 1977: Independence of the Archpriest Dominion of Metztlitlalio
- 1979: Unification of Prymont
- 1989: Cambrian Uprising & Insurgency
- 1991: Marenesian Wars
- 1991: Economic crisis
- 1992: Metztlitlalio civil war between Tapelt separatists Agilnaj and the Archpriest Dominion.
- 1993-1995: Qothwane Crisis begins, ending with the joint invasion of Qothwane Confederation
- 1995: Information age
- 2007: Banking crisis
- 2009: End of the Metztlitlalio civil war. Agilnaj dissolved.
- 2009: First war between the Rihan Republic and Enolia, results in a bloody stalemate.
- 2019: Second war between the Rihan Republic and Enolia, results in Rihannsu annexation of Enolia.
- 2019: Establishment of the League of Alharu and Aurelian Native Nations.
- 2020: Start of the Oil Wars.