Timeline of major events on Eurth
Eurth is the homeworld of humanity, the only known intelligent life in the Universe. The earliest humanoids were the Europithecus afropensis. It appeared about two million years ago and, in several early migrations, it spread throughout southwest-Europa. This region includes such nations as Jilderen, Cabarria, Afropa, Bhalman and Dragonryders. It was likely the first human species to live in a hunter-gatherer society and to control fire. An adaptive and successful species, Europithecus afropensis persisted for more than a million years, and gradually diverged into new species by around 500.000 years ago, most notably Europithecus saharensis which adapted to live in a savannah-like climate of that time in Sa Hara. Civilisation is a cooperative product that all peoples have contributed to. It is our common legacy and debt.
The Stone Age is subdivided in three periods. The oldest period or Paleolithic includes early human history before 15.000 BCE. Early humans were mostly confined to cave dwellings. They made use of stone tools, with findings between 2,3M-1,8M years ago. It isn't until much later that fire is mastered between 700K-120K ago. Even so, culture remained rather primitive until the development of language around 100K. And clothing was created ever later, with evidence dated between 72K-42K. During the last glacial maximum (50K), when the sea level was probably more than 110m lower than today, the first humans reached Marenesia and Alharu.
The middle period or Mesolithic lasts from roughly 15.000 to 5.000 BCE. After the last Ice Age (11K), hunter-gatherers again spread north across the continent of Europa. This happened in multiple phases. We know this because of the pottery remains found in different styles. The beginning of the Holocene period (10K) is marked by the Neolithic Revolution and agriculture. Many farm animals were domesticated: pigs (11.000 BCE), sheep (11.000-9.000 BCE) and cattle (8.500 BCE). The same is true for the founder crops of agriculture (10.000-9.000 BCE) and rice (13.000-8.000 BCE). This human activity has drastically changed the geography and biosphere of Eurth through urbanisation and deforestation.
The newest period or Neolithic lasts from 5.000 until 2.000 BCE. Technological innovations help to improve transportation. Rowing oars come into use (4.500 BCE) and the wheel is invented (3.500 BCE). The domestication of the horse (3.200 BCE) and camels (3K BCE) further advance this. The earliest seaworthy boats are around 2.500 BCE, enabling the exploration of the Marenesian islands by early sailors occurs between 3.000-1.000 BCE. Around 3.000 BCE the first writing system is developed, greatly improving the way information is exchanged and preserved.
Around the 4th millennium BCE, the complexity of trade and administration outgrew human memory, and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form. The invention of writing coincides in some areas with the early beginnings of the Bronze Age.
- Potter's wheel
- Copper and bronze tools
- Cradles of civilisation, including craft, trade
- City-states: urban centres surrounded by politically attached communities
- Ethnic gods, state religion
- Technology: iron tools
- Economy: includes trade and much specialization; often taxes
- Politics: city-states turn into small local Kingdoms
- Declines, falls and resurgence
- Culture: one or more religions sanctioned by the state
The Classical Age lasts from approximately 1000 BCE to 500 CE.
- 1004 BCE: The Union of Clans is formed in Jilderen.
- 980 BCE: Rebellious allied tribes in Orioni appoint a Queen to better fight the Tigrai province of the Medani Empire.
- 800-300 BCE: The Axial age brings forth new ways of thinking regarding religion and philosophy, in a striking parallel development, without any obvious direct cultural contact between all of the participating cultures. Key thinkers from this age had a profound influence on future philosophies and religions.
- 753 BCE: Ugeral the Savage proclaimed himself High King in Jilderen.
- 536 BCE: Erwanin queendom defeats the Medani Empire is defeated and becomes the first Orioni Empire.
- 437 BCE: Vinmarian the Fair becomes ruler in Jilderen.
- 330 BCE: In Occidental Europa, the boy-king Alexander of Adthens dreamed of conquering the known world. Starting in his home city of Adthens, he conquered the four known corners of the Occident. His death came prematurely.
- 150 BCE: The Aroman Empire emerges in northwest-Europa. Built on top of the Alexandrian empire, they expand into a much larger territory by conquering central Europa.
- 200 CE: The Aroman Empire becomes too large to be governed from a single location. It is split into two self-governing halves. Internal mismanagement and external threats cause the Empire to collapse. Its core remains continued as Tagmatium and Adaptus. The Aroman influences can still be felt by the language ties extending as far south as the Byzantine Sea, from Byzantium Nova (west) to Pirilao (east).
- 420 CE: Colonists from the country of Atmora make their way into the Auraid Bay, successfully colonizing and founding Gut Atmora, under the rule of the Atmoran High King, Totgald.
Smaller local kingdoms turn into regional Empires.
- Anglo-Germano-Celto-Nordic tribes extend from Magnaeus (south), over Akiiryu to Volsci, Karthenia and Nan Gorgwaith (northeast).
- Great Plains people between them, including Mongol-Swedes and Akiiryu.
- Asiatic nations on the eastern shores, from Jaihu to Koku to Ide Jima.
- Island nations Miiros and Orioni develop on the fringes.
This age lasts approximately from 500 CE to 1500.
- 500: Late Aroman Empire persists in Byzantium Nova
- 555: The First Plague appears in Youtabonia. Rages across the continent of Europa, and persists in small pockets until the circa 700.
- 575: Salamic Golden Age in Hakenium and Sa Hara. It lasts nearly five centuries until approximately 1250.
- 665 CE: For unknown reasons, anger grows in Gut Atmora and a war for independence from their home country of Atmora strikes. Atmora gains the upper hand for the first half of the war until the Atmoran general Ysgramor and his five sons joined the side of the rebels. Raising an army of 500 men and women known as the Zeymahzin, he drove back the Atmoran forces despite being outnumbered using his tactical knowhow. By the end of the war, he valiantly proclaimed independence and his new rule over the lands of Vataanjunaar.
- 1102-1119: Rihannsu westward migration from the Central Europan Steppes, move into Tagmatine Empire.
- 1120: Rihannsu formally become federates of Tagmatine Empire.
- 1202: Rihannsu forced to depart Tagmatine Empire.
- 1208: Rihannsu make landfall on the continent of Aurelia, establish city-states, including the first city, Dartha.
- 1250: Invasion of steppe tribes from the east-Europan plain. These include present-day Akiiryu, Mongol-Swedes, Paranoid Shizo.
- 1293-1343: The Rihannsu Clan Wars erupt between the various city-states, resulting in the deaths of tens of thousands.
- 1300: Pseudo-Ottoman Empire is formed and lasts until the early 1900s.
- 1315: The Great Famine lasts until 1317.
- 1340: The Black Death strikes again, this timing lasting until circa 1400.
- 1343: The Rihan Republic is formally established after fifty years of warfare between the various clan-led cities.
Early Modern Age
This age lasts approximately from 1500-1800.
- 1300-1600: The Elevation is a great period of rebirth of classical-based art and learning that began in the 14th Century. From the Old Arhoman elevationam (nominative elevatio) meaning "a lifting up," noun of action from past participle stem of elevare.
- 1300-1800: The Little Ice Age disrupts climate patterns and farming harvests.
- 1400-1700: The Age of Continuation is a broad designation for a period of increased overseas exploration. It's marked by emerging globalisation. Many lands previously forgotten during the Post-Classical Age were re-discovered. Since the majority of these lands were already populated, explorers were often seen as invaders.
- 1448: First contact between the Rihannsu and Zelvorians, relations sour over the next twenty years.
- 1471-1476: The Rihannsu-Zelvorian War breaks out.
- 1476: The Rihan Republic subjugates the Zelvorians, enslaving them.
- 1522: The War of the Two kingdoms in PyeMcGowan comes to an end.
Late Modern Age
This age lasts approximately from 1750-1900.
- 1750-1850: Political Revolutions
- 1760-1830: First industrial revolution including textile, steam, iron, mining, gas
- 1775-1825: The first explorers set out to find Terra Congruentia Incognita, a large landmass theorised by classical mathematician $NAME, located past the southern Antargic Circle.
- 1807-1832: Eustacian Wars involving the Rihan Republic, Kirvina]], Shffahkia.
- 1816: Great Famine
- 1850-1900: Second industrial revolution including steel, chemical, automobile, petroleum, rubber
- 1867-1883: Wars of Liberation in Girkmand
- 1902: Limonaian civil war
- 1910: Economic crisis
- 1915: Pseudo-Spanish Flu
- 1923-1927: Fulgistani Revolutionary War
- 1927: Economic crisis
- 1932-1956: The Long War or 'War of Imperialist Aggression'. The Long War was an ideological conflict in Ide Jima. The incumbent Imperialist dynasties were threatened by revolutionary communists. Tensions boiled over when a number of protesters were fired upon and killed during a workers protest at the then Imperial palace in the nation's capital. The conflict first began with many nations taking sides and sending support to one of the two main sides, Imperialists and Communists. The conflict then escalated into a total war akin to a World War. The conflict lasted from the 1930s into the 1950s, hence the name The Long War. The eventual outcome was a communist victory.
- 1940-1975: Atomic Age
- 1941-1947: Thalassan War, involving Andalla, Sunset Sea Islands, Giokto, and Kipan
- 1943: Economic crisis
- 1949: First Argic War
- 1950: Jet Age
- 1955: Space Age
- 1958: Economic crisis
- 1959: Law of the Seas convention is signed in Sunset Sea Islands
- Template:Country data Sevrun 1964: Sevrunian rebellion
- 1965: Oil Producing Eurthican Countries (an organization) is formed.
- 1968-1974: Second Argic War involving Iverica, Prymont, Ostport, Hellenic Rus and Germanic Staat
- 1974: Economic crisis
- 1975: Digital revolution
- 1979: Unification of Prymont
- 1989: Cambrian Uprising & Insurgency
- 1991: Marenesian Wars
- 1991: Economic crisis
- 1993-1995: Qothwane Crisis begins, ending with the joint invasion of Qothwane Confederation
- 1995: Information age
- 2009: First war between the Rihan Republic and Enolia, results in a bloody stalemate.
- 2019: Second war between the Rihan Republic and Enolia, results in Rihannsu annexation of Enolia.
- 2007: Banking crisis