Timeline of major events on Eurth
Eurth is considered the cradle of humanity, and remains the sole location in the universe where intelligent humanoid life, has been confirmed. Orbiting the star San, planet Eurth exhibits a diverse range of climates and topographies conducive to life. Its abundant natural resources, combined with its position within the Goldilocks Zone of its Sanar system, make it an ideal location for the emergence and sustenance of complex life forms.
The ancient lineage of this life began with the Europithecus afropensis, which emerged roughly two million years ago. This species thrived, primarily populating the southwestern regions of the Europa continent, covering territories such as Noble Nykia, Cabarria, Afropa, Abantium, and Wajoka in what is known as the Azanian subcontinent. The rich flora and fauna of Azania offered these early beings a wealth of sustenance and challenges. The varied landscapes, from dense forests to open savannahs, played a crucial role in shaping their evolution. The presence of large predators on the subcontinent, such as the Sabertooth, might have been a catalyst for the development of group tactics and strategies for survival.
Living within a hunter-gatherer societal framework, the Europithecus afropensis notably harnessed the power of fire. Their adaptability and resilience became evident as they persisted and evolved over millennia. Following the emergence of the Europithecus afropensis, various evidences, such as fossilized tools and remnants of ancient campsites, suggest an advanced understanding of their environment. These early humanoids not only utilized natural resources for their benefit but also demonstrated a basic sense of social organization, evident in the way they cooperatively hunted and shared responsibilities within their groups.
By about 500,000 years ago, one offshoot of this lineage, the Europithecus amutiensis, gained prominence, primarily in the Amutian subcontinent. By that time, significant strides had been made in the domains of tool-making, communication, and shelter construction. Some archaeological findings in Amutia show evidence of early art forms, possibly signifying cultural and spiritual expressions. This period also saw the beginnings of territorial divisions, leading to the formation of clans and larger social structures.
The journey of these early humanoids represents a timeline of growth and complexity. From the earliest traces of Europithecus afropensis to the advent of structured societies, Eurth witnessed a monumental transformation. In subsequent millennia, as humanoid populations grew and diversified, the rise of distinct cultures, languages, and traditions emerged. This transition, leading to the establishment of civilization, is evidence of the unparalleled evolutionary journey of humanoid life on Eurth.
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Stone Age
- 3 Bronze Age
- 4 Iron Age
- 5 Classical Age
- 6 Post-Classical Era
- 7 Modern Age
- 8 20th Century
- 9 21st Century
- 10 Future
- 11 References
The Stone Age is subdivided in three periods. The oldest period or Paleolithic includes early human history before 15000 BCE. There was no such thing as cities or civilizations as we know them today. Instead people would generally live in small groups, possibly extended family. They lived in temporary settlements as they moved around to hunt and gather necessary food and resources throughout the year. Early humans were mostly confined to cave dwellings. They made use of stone tools, with findings between circa 2,3-1,8 mya. It isn't until much later that fire is mastered between circa 700-120 kya. Even so, human culture on Eurth remained relatively primitive until the development of language around 100 kya. And the first clothing was created even later with evidence dated between 70-40 thousand BCE.
During the last glacial maximum (50 kya), the sea level was probably more than 110 meters lower than today. When glaciers advance and the climate is colder, glaciation occurs and sea levels drop. And when the climate is warmer, glaciers retreat, and sea levels rise, ushering in an interglacial period which is what we’re in right now. The first humans used this lower sea level to reach Marenesia and then Alharu. This ocean crossing is one of humanity’s important early achievements, even if it’s wrapped in mystery because no written records of this Cigarun civilization have been discovered. Heading south from Noble Nykia, with assistance from ocean currents and prevailing winds, there exists an advantageous ‘ocean highway’ with ideal conditions for island hopping. Another, more controversial theory about the peopling of the New Wurld theories that humans could have migrated by boat from northwestern Europa to Argis, following the drifting ice of the North Adlantic Ocean. This theory is quite popular in Dolchland, but no serious scientists give this idea any credence.
The middle period or Mesolithic lasts from roughly 15000 to 5000 BCE. After the last Ice Age ended around 11000 BCE, some hunter-gatherers again spread northwards across the continent of Europa. This happened in multiple phases. We know this because of the pottery remains found in different styles. The beginning of the Holocene period (10K BCE) is marked by the Neolithic Revolution and agriculture. Across the glube, people began to plant and grow native crops. This way thgey could not only have an abundance of what they needed, but they also no longer needed to search for them. They likewise realized that if they could domesticate and even breed certain animals around them. This provided them with further food and other benefits. Many farm animals were domesticated: pigs (11000 BCE), sheep (11000-9000 BCE) and cattle (8500 BCE). The same is true for the founder crops of agriculture (10000-9000 BCE) and rice (13000-8000 BCE).
The human population of Azania and several other regions gradually began to adopt a more settled mode of living. There was suddenly an option of having a surplus of necessities, and the ability to maintain such a surplus. For the first time, this opened up the possibility of having larger settlements and even the creation of cities. This human activity has drastically changed the geography and biosphere of Eurth through urbanisation and deforestation. In ancient Memopotamia, the increased surpluses of food generated by agricultural production would soon lead to the blossoming of civilisation's first seeds.
The newest period or Neolithic lasted from 5000 until 2000 BCE. The increased ease of providing for the settlement meant that not everyone had to be involved in the collection or production of food. Instead, some members of society were able to focus on other jobs, such as craftsmen. Technological innovations helped to improve transportation. Rowing oars came into use (4500 BCE) and the wheel was invented (3500 BCE). The domestication of the horse (3200 BCE) and camels (3000 BCE) further advanced this. The earliest seaworthy boats appeared around 2500 BCE, enabling the re-exploration of the Marenesian islands by early sailors between 3000-1000 BCE. Around 3000 BCE, the first writing system was developed, greatly improving the exchange and preservation of information.
Archaeologists have also noticed that humans during this period seemed to really improve their production skills when it came to hunting tools and even art. Stone tools became smoother, more perfected. And farming tools also began showing up alongside them. At evolved, with pottery becoming even more prominent and utilized, accompanied by bigger and bolder sculptures and architecture. The people who created them no longer had to move their sculptures around or abandon their architecture to follow their needs throughout the year. All of this adaption and ingenuity led to what we know now as the Bronze Age.
The Bronze Age marks the period when humans transition from exclusively using stone tools for all things, to now utilizing metal, specifically bronze. At first, it seems that some early civilisations in Memopotamia had chosen copper. It wouldn't take too long before people learned that by mixing tin with copper, they could create an even stronger and more durable metal. This would be bronze. This discovery led to the production of bronze tools and eventually weapons.
The increasing food surplus allowed the maintenance of full-time specialised workers who were not engaged in agriculture, such as merchants, weavers, metallurgists, and craftsmen. City-states appear as urban centres surrounded by politically attached communities. The taxation and redistribution of food supplies lead to the formation of governments. Other major inventions and changes for this period include: copper and bronze metallurgy, the potter's wheel, ethnic gods and state religion.
Around the 4th millennium BCE, the complexity of trade and administration outgrew human memory, and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form. The invention of writing coincides in some areas with the early beginnings of the Bronze Age. These characteristics traits are the important traits that make a civilisation. Notably: the existence of differing cities, a clear governing body, often times a shared religion, a distinct social structure, written language and art. The technological innovations also contributed to the increased interaction between civilisations.
Trade has had a major impact on the wurld we know today. People started to trade goods to share their surplus, initially within individual communities. As cities within civilisations realized they could trade with each other, trade expanded. This was time-consuming and dangerous, but also profitable. Traders began searching for goods from farther away, leading to trade between civilisations. The early days of glubal trade continued to grow and evolve. The details of this time are uncertain, but its impact on human history is undeniable. Trade played a crucial role in the development of early civilisations and continues to shape the wurld today.
The first known network of glubal trade was between the Memopotamian and Zonglan civilisations, with products such as spices and metals being traded. Some of the earliest writings contain mentions of seven “mother-peoples” on Eurth. These cradles of civilisation inhabited roughly the same time period, and can be distinguished by their unique pottery and trade craft. These cradles of civilisation appear to have included: the Tribes of Yuropa and Land of Shinar in Azania; the seafaring confederation of Mari Teutā (Proto-Europan: Sea People) on the islands; the Golden River civilisation and Houses of Amari in the Orient; the two other remaining civilisations are unknown. The most ancient records also tell of an era when the wurld was shepherded under the careful direction of the Old Ones. They were thought to travel the oceans the way men might drive a cart across the land.
The Iron Age saw a major change in technology and trade. Iron tools and weapons replaced bronze and copper, bringing strength and durability. Locations changed in importance, with iron suppliers gaining advantage. Economic relations shifted, requiring more specialized trade and often taxes. The Iron Age was a time of change and growth in trade and technology. It saw the rise and fall of trade networks and shifts in economic power. Iron allowed for stronger tools and weapons, leading to new opportunities for trade and conquest. It was a crucial time in human history.
During this time, the strongest city-states became small local kingdoms. Politics changed, and culture shifted with the official sanctioning of one or more religions. Early kingdoms included Hakkad in Memopotamia, Proto-Nykian in Azania, and Shakyan principalities on the west coast of the Jasmine Sea in the Orient. The rise of one kingdom often led to the decline of another. This time saw a shift in power and influence among states and cultures. Early kingdoms brought challenges and opportunities. Centralised governments and sanctioned religions allowed for better control and organization. But it also caused conflicts and power struggles. The rise of these kingdoms marked a significant turning point in history, paving the way for larger societies.
The Classical Age lasts from approximately 1000 BCE to 500 CE.
Smaller local kingdoms turn into regional Empires. Northern Europa was occupied by Buranian tribes, from pre-Thelarike and early Volsci in the north, to steppe people such as Akiiryu near Amutia. Oriental nations developed along the eastern shores, later forming the Three Kingdoms of Jaihu, Koku to Ide Jima. Island nations such as Miiros and Orioni developed on the fringes.
- 1004 BCE: The ‘Union of Clans’ is formed in Jilderen.
- 1000 BCE: King Archaeminos founds the Archaeminoan dynasty in Azania. It becomes the largest empire of its age.
- 980 BCE: Rebellious allied tribes in early Orioni appoint a Queen to better fight the Tigrai province of the Medani Empire.
- 900 BCE: Proto-Aloorian culture in Europa starts as various smaller groups are forced towards the sea by larger clans and realms. The proto-Aloorians focus on seafaring and the sea in general, seeing it as a new opportunity and a way to get away from their enemies.
- 800-300 BCE: The Axial age brings forth new ways of thinking regarding religion and philosophy, in a striking parallel development, without any obvious direct cultural contact between all the participating cultures. Key thinkers from this age had a profound influence on future philosophies and religions.
- 800 BCE:
- First evidence of a single proto-Aloorian language, further aiding trade and knowledge sharing between the various areas. Organised religion starts playing a role as a singular, unified language enabled sharing the oral traditions of the various groups.
- Proto-Tapelt civilizations collapse due to changing climate on the Palu Peninsula.
- 753 BCE: Ugeral the Savage proclaimed himself High King in Jilderen.
- 650-550 BCE: Proto-Tapelt diverged into the Old Tapelt and Old Pekateka.
- 536 BCE: Erwanin queendom defeats the Medani Empire is defeated and becomes the first Orioni Empire.
- 500 BCE:
- The Hereskus Empire in Memopotamia gains independence from the Archaeminoan Empire.
- Some untold disaster forces proto-Aloorians groups to come together and merge, heavily increasing the population density and forcing creative solutions for homelessness among new inhabitants.
- The famous bog body Lackaroe Man, is estimated to have been born. Based on carbon dating, he was born sometime between 525-470 BCE and was Hanged (presumably ritual sacrifice) between 480-415 BCE.
- 475 BCE: Usage of derelict or otherwise unused ships as living space becomes common among proto-Aloorians. At first, these vessels are brought on land and used to build shelter; later on, shanty towns start to form on the water, with large families inhabiting multiple boats.
- 437 BCE: Vinmarian the Fair becomes ruler in Jilderen.
- 330 BCE: In Occidental Europa, the boy-king Andreas of Adthens dreamed of conquering the known world. Starting in his home city of Adthens, he conquered the four known corners of the Occident. His death came prematurely.
- 150 BCE: The Aroman Empire emerges in northwestern Europa. Built on top of the Alexandrian empire, they expand into a much larger territory by conquering central Europa.
- 110 BCE: Humyara Kingdom established in Azania.
- 50 BCE: Further expansion by foreign groups force the first groups of Aloorian travellers to exist. Generations of already living on ships aid those first groups with getting accustomed to the sea gypsy life.
- 53 CE: Aayan Empire collapses in the Orient
- 59 CE: An Aroman merchant vessel, blown off its course, lands in Marenesia. Its wreck was found at the bottom of $Name Bay near Deopolis, Salvia. Amphoras found in the ship are in fact similar in shape to jars produced in kilns at Tellakois, on the west coast of Adaptus.
- 100 CE: Tacolism becomes widespread in the Ibro River Valley. Disciples of Saints James the Greater, Saint Paul, and Saint John the Apostle establish a church in the walls of Léon dei Veio.
- 125 CE: The Christian apostle Liosous arrives in what is now Tanemum and spreads Christianity throughout Salvia.
- 297 CE: The Burning of Arome marks the end of the Classical Age in Occidental historiography.
- 333 CE: Methodianus the Holy officially moves the capital of Arome to his newly built city of Europatorion. Some historians count this as the end of the Aroman Empire, and the start of Tagmatium, although it is still referred to as the former.
- 383 CE: Emperor Valentinianos I declared Christianity the state religion of the Aroman Empire.
- 420 CE: No sedentary groups remain, all Aloorians live on naval vessels for, at the least, the majority of the year. Due to the large size of the Europan waterways, the Aloorians slowly separate between Northern and Southern groups; each known for their own speciality, customs, and ship types.
- 450 CE: Many of the various coastal regimes in Europa hired Aloorian vessels and groups for one reason or another at some point in time.
The Post-Classical Era is marked by hereditary monarchs. Elites gain power from land and military dominance. Trade is controlled by guilds to limit production. Economic production occurs in homes. Serfs make up the bottom of society with limited rights. Faith in God is universally accepted, with reverence for the past. It shapes all intellectual life.
Early trans-Adlantic voyages resulted in a deadly two-way exchange of deadly epidemics, causing a glubal catastrophe. Smallpox wiped out much of the Alharun population, while a "Marenesian Plague" ravaged Europa. It spread from the New Wurld to the Salamid port cities of Azania, quickly spreading across the closely integrated societies of the Old Wurld. Native Europans had little immunity. This caused a roughly 30% fall in the global population, alongside its New Wurld counterparts. It had a profound effect on almost all cultures and societies. It caused immediate mass death, particularly in larger cities and urbanised societies. There were multiple waves of resurgence in the 6th and 8th centuries. The population reduction also had climatic effects. With less cultivated land, forests recovered, causing global cooling and the start of the "Little Ice Age" in the 10th century.
- 520s: Humyara Kingdom in Azania lost its independence, and became a tributary state of Qubdi.
- 555: The First Plague appeared in Noble Nykia. It raged across the continent of Europa, and persisted in small pockets until the circa 700.
- 561: Emperor Maurikios I died to the First Plague, which has been sweeping across the Occident.
- 575: Salamic Golden Age in Hakenium and Sa Hara. It lasts nearly five centuries until approximately 1250.
- 622: Nabi Hanan moved from Hakkad to Raj Frut in Mahdah. His teachings to great achievements in Salamic theology and science.
- 661: Bishop Optatus of Sozaclea is deprived of his diocese and becomes an itinerant preacher, which marks the beginning of the Enlightened Aroman Church
- 665: For unknown reasons, anger grows in Gut Atmora and a war for independence from their home country of Atmora strikes. Atmora gains the upper hand for the first half of the war until the Atmoran general Ysgramor and his five sons joined the side of the rebels. Raising an army of 500 men and women known as the Zeymahzin, he drove back the Atmoran forces despite being outnumbered using his tactical know-how. By the end of the war, he valiantly proclaimed independence and his new rule over the lands of Vataanjunaar.
- 700: The Léonid Kingdom rises to prominence by consolidating the fertile lands in the north of the Ibro Valley.
- 704: The Siege of Arome ends when Pope Calrissius I capitulated and fled Tagmatium to Salvia, which marks the Enlightened Aroman Church becoming the new State Church of Arome.
- 731: First incidence of plague in Orioni in the colonial city of Ishikamo.
- 750: The first Aroman expeditions arrive in the Ibro River Valley.
- 800: The Sacred Aroman Realm (Regnum Sanctum Arhomanus Orientalis) is formed, an independent continuation of the old Aroman Empire.
- 865: After over nine hundred years of Aroman rule, Aexpurtia is conquered by Qubdi.
- 887: Olrik Naddoddson is banished from Thelarike “because of some killings”. He and his family lead a Buranian exploration into the Adlantic Ocean.
The tenth century was the start of the Little Ice Age (900-1400), a disruption in glubal climatic patterns. This resulted in generally cooler and wetter temperatures. These strongly affected the rainy season. In the fourteenth century, this manifested into a general trend of intense colds and snowfall in the polar steppes, irregular droughts in temperate climates, and seemingly unending rainfall in subtropical areas. It had a significant impact on farming harvests. This, in turn, led to increased conflict, human migration, spread of disease. Certainly not a good time to be alive.
- 916: The Battle of Aluiss Creek, is fought between rebelling Jarldoms from the Yetis Empire, and a couple of Cordic Kingdoms. The battle would in return create the first Gotneskan Kingdom, and be the downfall of the once almighty Yetlandi Empire.
- 987: The first plague reaches Orioni mainland via Vega in October 987.
- 999: Wars between the Léonid Confederation and the Stillian League are fought. The conflict is largely a stalemate and ends with L'Union
- 1019: Abundantiu, the former Marzban or native governor of Sporsia, overthrows the rule of Qubdi and becomes the first independent monarch of Sporsia since the Cottan conquest of the country in 63 BCE.
- 1023-1174: Civil war in Orioni between the Akrep dynasty and Loyalists.
- 1030: L'Union. 5 kingdoms around the Ibro valley unite as an Iberic Empire under the marriage of Queen Isabella of Stille ét Léonia with King Ferran of Tacalonia ét Argon.
- 1036: Mahana is united following the wars between the Kurula Dynasty and the Nadal Empire
- 1050: Einar The Great consolidates his rule over Littia, modern day Littland
- 1050: The Little Ice Age causes the Adlantic Ocean's pack ice to grow.
- 1100: The Wampanoag Empire reaches its territorial peak.
- 1172: City of Saint Christ becomes part of the Eternal Empire of Hémus.
- 1200: On this date, the leadership of the Tacolic Church disseminated its codified doctrinal works to the people of the Empire.
- 1205: Babluqiya Sultanate subjugates Qubdi.
- 1250: Invasion of Buran from the Central Europan Steppes.
- 1270: Formation of the Crescent Empire.
- 1277: Buranian expansion halted after the Battle of Montgisard.
- 1300: Pseudo-Ottoman Empire is formed and lasts until the early 1900s.
- 1315: The Great Famine lasts until 1317.
- 1340: The Black Death strikes again, this timing lasting until circa 1400.
- 1430: The Iberic Empire experiences a flourishing of arts and learning known as the Imperial Renaissance or Renacimineto Imperiale.
- 1480: Crescent Empire expands out of the Palu Peninsula as a hegemonic empire.
- 1498: Template:Country data Mevrag Settlement of Mevraq.
Early Modern Age
The Elevation (1300-1600) was a great period of rebirth of classical-based art and learning that began in the 14th Century. From the Old Arhoman elevationam (nominative elevatio) meaning “a lifting up,” noun of action from past participle stem of elevare.
Around the same time, the Age of Reconnection (1400-1700) began a broad period of increased overseas re-exploration. It's marked by emerging globalisation. Many lands previously forgotten during the Post-Classical Age were re-discovered. Since the majority of these lands were already populated, explorers were often seen as invaders.
- 1527: The Kingdom of Littland was formed
- 1540: The island of Seylos was settled by the exiled King Harold and his supporters.
- 1593-1606: Thirteen Years' War was an indecisive land war between the Memopotamian sultanates and the Orioni Empire.
- 1590: Iberic Revolution began; commonly called L'Malcisma in Tacalan. In 1593, hundreds of thousands of Iberics fled in a diaspora event known as The Gran Viatge.
- 1620: First Iberics arrive in Argis; Deiargon's Fleet settled what would later be known as the Iverican Peninsula. The first Iverican Republic is founded.
- 1690: Iverica began its colonisation of Western Alharu by founding a colonial outpost in Concepción in modern-day Mauridiviah.
Late Modern Age
Drive the searching storm of time. Keep a sigh so far away. Fall in strait and leaden rhymes. Slow, the path is bound for them, Drive the tribes and build a State. Maids and beauty of a gem,Formed to close the lines of fate.
—Plebist revolutionary song, 1868.
This age lasts approximately from 1750-1900. Marked by strong political and industrial revolutions. This was a transitory period for much of the wurld. In many ways, the wurld was moving from the pre-modern into the modern era. Many of the geopolitical events that occurred in the 20th and 21st centuries find their original in this period.
- 1702: Iverica installs a satrap-style government over the republics of Cashar. From this period to 1720, Iverica aggressively expands around the areas of modern-day San Castellino and western Aurelia.
- 1702: End of 6 Year War between Littland and Malskia ends in Littish victory
- 1720: city of Læniguëuíl, becomes part of First Kingdom of Gotneska.
- 29 October 1722: The Goutian Empire is created. When Queen Elisabeth I of Gothia is proclaimed Empress.
- 1746: Disagreements between provincial governments weakened the First Iverican Republic. This allowed a nationalist party member, Maximo Olivar, to seize control of the government. Olivar ($born-$died) began a dictatorial reign. He is eventually overthrown by the Horse Grenadiers in 1765.
- 1750-1850: Political Revolutions.
- 1760-1830: First industrial revolution including textile, steam, iron, mining, gas.
- 1775-1825: The first explorers set out to find Terra Congruentia Incognita, a large landmass theorised by classical mathematician Metagoras of Arhomaneia (550–480 BCE), located past the southern Antargic Circle.
- 1777: Establishment of the Empire of Dolchland.
- 1795-1797: War of the Habstrian Succession between all the powers of Dolchland, especially Habstria and Panedonia.
- 1798: The official collapse of the Wampanoag Empire and the remnants of the old Wampanoag dynasty escape to Wampano.
- 1798: Bureman Incident, leading to an escalation of war between Mahana and Mekabiri.
- 1803: The Kingdom of Zaxar is founded by Emperor Robert I "the chosen" Zaxar.
- 1804-1809: Delamarian War of 1804 between Labradoria and Lysian Columbia.
- 1807-1832: Eustacian Wars involving Kirvina, Shffahkia.
- 1811: Nicolas Panoleon rises to prominence during the Lysian Revolution of 1799 and leads several successful campaigns against the Sacred Aroman Realm. He reigned as Emperor Nicolas I from 1811 until 1818.
- 1814: Sacred Aroman Realm is defeated by Nicolas I and dissolved.
- 1816: Great Famine kills 650,000 people. The massive eruption of Mount Synturia dispersed ash around the world, significantly lowering temperatures, leading to failed harvests.
- 1824: House Aventoft rises to the throne of Littland
- 1828: In a bid to keep up with colonial powers without resorting to outright colonization, Seylos arranges the purchase of Maimi from Esonice.
- 1845: Goutian Empire Assassination of Emperor Cian III, Emperor of Gothia. Killed by the so called
- 1850-1900: Second industrial revolution including steel, chemical, automobile, petroleum, rubber.
- 1852: Delamaria annexes Kingdom of Nassaua.
- 1853: Limonaian conquest of the Crescent Empire. Subsequent establishment of the Colony of Metztlitlalio.
- 1859: Biologist Stephen Erwin publishes his theory of evolution in About the Provenance of Living Organisms. The inspiration for this theory came from his earlier expedition to Oyus on the HMS Foxhound.
- 1864: The Kingdom of Seylos expands its presence in Aurelia by purchasing Kaseka from the Kingdom of Khao, as well as the mostly useless imperial title of Emperor of Xio.
- 1866: Mark Karls (1818-1883) is exiled from Variota. This notable philosopher, economist and chrometophobist takes refuge in Fulgistan, where he publishes his Plebeian Manifesto and calls for a glubal revolution. The first Transnational Plebiscite is organised in Batengdei.
- 1867-1883: Wars of Liberation in Girkmand.
- 1878: Constitutional Revolt in Littland forces King Helge III to sign a constitution.
Transition from a world of empire to a global international system organised around the sovereign state. By this time all the viable colonies were claimed, that route was closed, and future expansion would involve land conflicts.
- 1908: The Bashan Offensive, ending after the signing of the Treaty of Mahanaim which establishes the Trucial States of the Bashan.
- 1909: Mevraqi Revolution.
- 1910: Economic crisis.
- 1910: King Helge III of Kingdom of Littland dies, beginning the Littish Civil War
- 1913: End of Littish Civil War, The Republic of Littland is proclaimed
- 1915: Byzantine Flu.
- 1923-1927: Fulgistani Revolutionary War.
- 1803: The begining of The Flaxzar War between Zaxar, Bolhetar, and The Therno Hoard.
- 1927: Economic crisis
- 1932-1956: Long War or 'War of Imperialist Aggression'.
- 1933: The October Coup abolishes the Garindinan Monarchy.
- 1940-1975: Humanity enters the Atomic Age.
- 1941-1947: Thalassan War, involving Andalla, Iverica, Sunset Sea Islands, Giokto, and Kipan.
- 1943: Economic crisis.
- 1943: Seylos The Mandate Party in Seylos successfuly orchestrates a coup against the Royal government, however fails to capture them. Large amounts of Royalists, including many ships in the Royal Navy, flee to Gallambria.
- 1949-1954: First Argic War.
- 1954: Seylos With crumbling public support and military setbacks on all fronts, the Mandate is removed from power in Seylos by a final invasion of Seylosian Royalists and Gallambrians.
- 1947-1979: Decolonisation. The imperial powers gave up most of their overseas territories, often because they were forced to do so by popular movements or wars of national liberation.
- 1950: Humanity enters the Jet Age.
- 1954: Europan Commercial Alliance is formed.
- 1955: Humanity enters the Space Age.
- 1958: Economic crisis.
- 1959-1974: Selayari Civil War.
- 1964: Sevrunian rebellion.
- 1965: Oil Producing Eurthican Countries (an organization) is formed.
- 1966: Mediargic Missile Crisis begins when missile weaponry proliferates in the Central Argic region.
- 1968: Kohen Affair in Mevraq. Trade unions take over, establishing the modern Workers' Republic.
- 1968-1974: Second Argic War involving Iverica, Prymont, Ostport, Hellenic Rus and Germanic Staat.
- 1972-1975: Great Alharun War.
- Economic crisis.
- Group of Island Nations formed.
- 1975: Humanity experiences a Digital Revolution.
- 1979: On 22nd April, Fall of the once might Goutian Empire
- 1979-1984: Gotneskan Civil War, Results in a House of Rejavi/ Royalist victory.
- 1979: Unification of Prymont.
- 1983-1998: Garindinan Civil War, Results in the return of the monarchy.
- 1989: Cambrian Uprising & Insurgency.
- Economic crisis.
- Marenesian Wars.
- 1993: The Mahanan Civil War ends and the Federal Democratic Republic of Mahana is established.
- 1993-1995: Qothwane Crisis begins, ending with the joint invasion of Qothwane Confederation.
- 1997-2004: Sanarijan Civil War.
- 1995: Humanity enters the Information Age.
- 1996: Second Mediargic Missile Crisis.
- 1999: On 11 May 1999, Nanaviit gains Independence from Gotneska. And becomes part of the Gotneskan Commonwealth.
- 2000: Flaxzar War ended, and the Zaxar Empire was established.
- 2003: Black Hat collective released secret documents obtained through computer hacking and cyberattacks against several governments, institutions, and corporations.
- 2006-2009: Zekistani war.
- 2007: Banking crisis.
- 2015: Great Europan Collapse largely ended.
- 2018-2019: The Duke of Eire died. The resulting succession ended when the island nation was integrated into the Kingdom of Seylos.
- June 14-July 15: 2018 UENA World Cup.
- April 30: A multinational referendum between the Iberic states of Iverica, the Duchy of Verde, Vasqqa, Greater Galicia, and Narva resulted in the favour of the federalisation motion.
- May 22: Dalstavian War erupted between Anatea and Ruthenia.
- October 21: The island of Ceris to the west of Seylos, experienced a major economic and societal collapse. Seylos and several other nations attempted to intercede to stabilize the island, whilst also planning to grab influence and power in the process.
- May 9: 2020 Gungkoshi train collision
- May 19: Sentist forces attacked and razed the Hodrean city of Liechnenfax. The crisis culminated in the largest non-nuclear explosion ever created, and the largest death toll of any single event, numbering over two million civilians.
- October 2: Coronation of Emperor William I of Zaxar.
- November 11: Heads of state of the Iberic Coalition signed the Charter of Reunification, forming the Federated Commonwealth of New Iberium.
- November 22: November 22nd Attacks killed President Pierre Monroe of Delamaria, along with multiple bystanders. The attack was blamed on Sentist. It is widely thought that this was in retaliation to Delamarian anti-piracy operations which targeted Sentist and affiliated groups in the Dolch Sea.
- April 10: Grand War erupts.
- 202xs: Start of the Oil Wars.
- What is Climate Change? by Crash Course Geography (3 May 2021)
- So who discovered Argis, Alharu and Aurelia? by Orioni (22 May 2018)
- How did humans build the first civilisations? by Knowledgia (17 August 2022)
- Jilderen’s History: classical times (3 January 2012)
- Walter Sullivan, Rio artifacts may indicate Roman visit, The New York Times, 10 October 1982
- How the Mongols Lost China by Kings and Generals (9 January 2022)
- History of Zaxar (16 June 2022)
- Brief history of Cristina (13 August 2017)
- Zaxar § First Nations (100 BCE - 1000 CE) (16 June 2022)
- Girkmandian Wars of Liberation, 1867-1883 (25 May 2018)
- History of Zaxar (16 June 2022)
- The Sevrunian Rebellion (7 July 2005)
- Great Alharun War (12 March 2021)
- Sanarijan Civil War, 1997-2004 (18 August 2021)
- History of Zaxar (16 June 2022)
- Tarragat Island War (August 2006);War - Tarragat Island (26 May 2006)
- The Dalstavian War (29 June 2020)
- History of Zaxar (16 June 2022)