United Federation of Baltica
Jungtinė Baltijos Federacija
Motto: “If god is with us, who is against us ?”
Anthem: “The New Republic”
|Goja, Kauni, Kretia
|Federal parliamentary Republic
• Federal President
• Federal Councillor
• Establishment of the Baltican Federation
• 2023 estimate
• 2023 census
|38/km2 (98.4/sq mi)
• Per capita
The United Federation of Baltica, or simply Baltica, is a sovereign state within the continent of Argis. The country is a Federation composed of four Republics (Raskia, Kauni, Liplan-Kretin and Dokestva) and three Sister Republics ( Westoria, Govir and Belgorta). The United Federation of Baltica is a product of the Second Baltican Civil War, having formed during the conflict. It is a very loose Federation, for the large part still suffering from the cultural divide between Dolch and Ras that led to the war that created it. Currently, Baltica has two capitals: the administrative capital in Kauni is home to the Central Government, and Sveaja remains the economic capital of the nation. 14.6 Million people call Baltica home. The majority reside in the largest republic of Liplan-Kretin, home to 5.7 million people or about 40% of the total population. Baltica's history is quite complicated, seeing as the nation has gone through multiple great struggles in an attempt to unify itself. Before the Dolch settlement along the modern-day city of Niden, little is known about both Baltica and the ethnic Gintarian groups who lived in its lands. When the Dolch did arrive, they made quick work of settling and expanding their territory, coming into conflict with the ethnic Gintarians who lived in the lands of the Litauisch Peninsula. This early Dolch state in Baltica would be known as the Order of Baltishtin, as it was a Holy Order that was established by Dolch Catholics in hopes to convert and conquer Baltica. The height of the Order of Baltishtin would come under the reign of Lord Arnold of Baltishtin, who expanded the Order of Baltishtin by almost 3x of what it originally was. Lord Arnold's later decedents, primarily Leupold the Ready, would end up transitioning the Order of Baltishtin from a Holy Order into a Kingdom, subsequently also removing a significant amount of Catholic influence, later leading to the adoption of reformism and the later establishment of Church of Baltica. Leupold's dynasty, the House of Wensal would rule Baltica for the majority of its early existence, leading it through the period of "Three Kingdoms" and later unifying the whole of modern-day Baltica after the House of Wensal intermarried into the House of Kretin-Is-Lipja, integrating the lands of modern-day Kretia into the Kingdom of Baltica and thus ending the era of "Three Kingdoms". The House of Wensal would come to an end in 1654 after its last ruler Vingas II would pass without any heirs. As such multiple smaller dynasties would assume the throne of Baltica, most notably the House of Librer from 1659-1754, the House of Valganski from 1782-1883 and the House of Duvensky from 1883-1960. Throughout this period, Baltica faced many revolts, especially from the ethnic Ras who made up a majority of the nation. In 1960, the first Baltica civil war would rage out across Baltica, with the goal of removing the Monarchy after centuries of misrule and oppression. The Republic of Baltica was formed in the aftermath of the Civil War, initially intended to be a fully democratic nation. However, one Algridas Banis would end up overthrowing the Democratic Council of Baltica and would shortly form a dictatorship with him at its centre. This decision was largely sparked by the lack of decisiveness from the Democratic Council of Baltica, although it was merely an excuse for Algridas to cement its own rule over Baltica. This period would be known as the "Republic Era" and would only come to an end after the conclusion of the Second Baltican Civil War, after which Baltica would transition into a Federation, which it has remained to this day. Unlike its predecessor, the Baltican Federation remains very open and democratic, one of few nations within Argis to have an elected head of state.
Under the Baltican Federative System, Baltica is officially divided into four Republics (Dokestva, Liplan-Kretin, Raskia and Kauni) four Sister Republics (Belgorta SREP, Govir SREP, Westoria SREP and Razija SREP) and two Federal Territories, Ramutia and the Eastern Isles. Republics within Baltica exercise a greater degree of autonomy from the Federal Government of Baltica, being able to pass their own regional laws and control their own resources. Meanwhile, the Sister Republics act as "Federative States", which although also practice their own self-autonomy, are much closer linked with the Federal Government which still manages a majority of the national services like healthcare and sewage treatment, as well as the natural resources and economic laws within the SREP's. Territories, however, are fully administered by the Federal Government and are in essence fully owned by the Federal Government, which is able to dictate all the economic, social and political laws within all Federal Territories. The Sister Republic of Rozija is the most recent addition to the Federation of Baltica, having joined Baltica after the Kalnija-Baltica conflict in 2023, after which Razija was officially integrated into Baltica with its largest city, Rigav, acting as its local administrative capital. Many discussions over the future roles of the individual Republics have been discussed, with the most popular notation being to reform the existing four Republics into Sister Republics in order to allow the Federal Government greater control over Baltica as a whole. Such discussions have remained limited towards the federal government only, as the individual Republics have maintained their position to remain opposed to increased Federal control over their regional sovereignty.
Balticas geography remains quite diverse for the most part, featuring multiple unique landforms and ecosystems exclusive to Baltica and Baltica only. Baltica is located within the continent of Argis, specifically Southern-Central Argis. To its East, it borders the expansive Kazenoi Sea, whilst its south stretches across the Keelpijip Strait. The warm currents from the Keelpijip are what contribute to the warm and dry Medditaranian climate that makes up most of the Baltican South and East. The regions that rest within the Mediterranean zone are characterised as being quite dry, with below-average precipitation. However they remain warm almost all year round, as winters are very mild, at least compared to the Baltican North. The Baltican North, unlike its south, remains much more temperate, enjoying long warm summers and mild to intense winters. Much of the temperate climate can be found in Northern Raskia, Razija and Northern Liplan-Kretin. These regions also remain some of Balticas largest agricultural regions, producing almost 3/4s of Balticas total crop yield. One of Balticas most unique land formations is the Litauisch or Dokestvan Peninsula, located in the Baltican South. It is a very dry peninsula, historically the epicentre of the early Dolch settlement of Baltica. The Peninsula also forms a natural Bay to its East, known as the Bay of Austen, around which large cities like Janakis are located on. The Bay of Austen protects much of the settlments on it from natural erosion from the Kezanoi sea, hence the dense concentration of urban settlements and ports along it.
One of the most definitive features of Baltica is the Kunijan Mountains, a collection of large mountains situated within the Republic of Liplan-Kretin. The Kunijan mountains are the source of many Baltican rivers, like the Goja, Belgorta and Wensal Rivers. Additionally, it's home to various nomadic communities, which historically headed multiple flocks across the various natural plateaus of the mountains. The area around the Kunijan hills, which is naturally higher than the rest of Baltica, is referred to as the Kunijan Hill Basin and stretches from Liplan Kretin all the way to the Republic of Kalnija. The Kunijan Hill Basin has historically been an area of intense cattle herding due to the large presence of grasslands and poor soil within the Hills themselves. Balticas largest lake, Lake Morshu is also located within the Kunijan Hill Basin, having most likely been formed due to river runoff from the Belgorta River. Although Baltica is not heavily forested, it does have some regions, most notably Westoria which produce most of Baltica timber and lumber. Peatlands and bogs can commonly be found around low elevated points which coincide with river flows. The largest Baltican peatlands and bogs can be found within Raskia, with many of them being found along the Balandeli River. Heavy industrialisation and crop cultivation within Raskia have seen these natural peatlands and bogs decrease in recent years, although under the current Federative government, initiatives have been launched to protect Baltica's increasingly vulnerable wetlands.
Etymology and Flag
Historically, Baltica has been known by the Dolch as Baltishtin, a name derived from the Order of Baltishtin (Formerly known as the Holy Knighthood of Lubberlin) who ruled much of what is now modern-day Dokestva and Liplan-Kretin. Baltishtin was then Latinised upon the declaration of the Kingdom of Baltica by Leupold the Ready in 1485. From then on, Baltica would formerly be referred to as Baltica except by some Dolch states who continued to refer to Baltica under its "Traditional" Dolch name, Baltishtin. Baltica has traditionally had other names before the Baltishtin, most famously "Traubenland" or "Land of Grapes", which it was called for a brief time when the Dolch had discovered it. Nowadays Traubenland is primarily used when referring to the Dolch settlement of Baltica before the arrival and establishment of the Order of Baltishtin.
Baltica's current flag, referred to as the "Federales" consists of a tri colour comprised of Yellow, Blue and white. It bares striking similarity to the former "Republika" flag which was also a tri colour but instead consisted of White, Green and yellow. The "Federales" flag was adopted due to the current Federation government trying to distance itself from the former Dictatorship of the Republic government, hence why it was first used by the North Baltican Federation during the Baltican Civil War. The meaning behind the colours of the flag goes as so, Yellow for the prosperity and riches of Baltica, Blue for the nation's main ethnic groups, the Ras and Gintarian Dolch, and finally white for the hopefully continued peace between the Ras and Gintarian Dolch in their common cause for a united Baltica. The flag can sometimes also be seen with the New Baltican Coat of arms in its centre. Many have remarked on the flag's similarity with the former flag of the Kingdom of Baltica which bares very similar colours to today's "Federales" flag. However, the new federal government of Baltica has made it clear that the "Federales" is not going to be changed any time soon.
Southern Gentarian Tribes
The first so-called “Balticans' ' were a Southern branch of the Gentarian peoples group. It is believed that a part of the Gentarians had migrated Southwards into Baltica in pursuit of better farmland, eventually settling the warmer coast of the Pellucid Sea. It is believed that around this time the Southern Gentarians split into multiple different culture groups, all sharing some but not all cultural and linguistic features. Primarily this included the Raskians, who inhabited much of the Eastern regions along the Balendeli river, the Kretina who settled the lands just North of the Litauisch peninsula, the Highlanders or Aukshtaitis in the North and finally the Hermaitai who lived directly within the Litauisch peninsula. Despite being somewhat unique from one another, they all spoke mainly two distinct dialects, this being Kretian and Raskian, which both had their “Low” and “High” variations. Additionally, all shared common deities and to some extent a faith, although regional differences were seen throughout the entirety of Baltica.
During this early period in Baltican History, the Liplan river was one of the most populated and Important regions within Baltica. It is believed that it was an epicenter of trade and was almost always contested by various smaller clans and chiefdoms. Early coinage, Idols and early weaponry have all been discovered throughout the greater Liplan Basin. It is also believed that the fabled city of “Juralia” rested along the Liplan, mentioned quite frequently throughout the Oral histories of the South Eastern Gentarians. Juralia is often described as “The Home of the Baltican Gentarians”, and the birthplace of the Baltican pagan faith “Takija”. What would happen to Juralia remains a mystery, if it ever existed in the first place that is, but its place at the core of at the time the Baltican heartland explains why it rose to such large prominence during the ancient period.
The most prominent event of this early tribal period is believed to have been a large war, that sprung up from a sudden cold spike resulting in large-scale famine in North Eastern Baltica or modern-day Ramutia and Kretia region. This war most likely resulted in the large-scale displacement of multiple people within the North, shifting much of the then population away from the Liplan and into other regions of Baltica. Most notably, it is believed that multiple of the Aukshtaitis would migrate southwards into the bay of Goja, eventually going on to establish the city of Goja during the late mediaeval period in Baltica.
Initial Baltican Settlement
Baltica would first be discovered by the Dolch in 1331, after some Dolch merchants were swept away by the strong Westerly winds of the Kezanoi Sea, eventually landing on the Litauisch Peninsula in Southern Baltica. They would remark on the quite warm climate and abundance of trees and berry bushes, specifically grapes. Hence, these first merchants would call this unknown land Traubenland. Upon their return back to Dolchland, the rumours of Traubenland would spread among fellow Dolch merchants, eventually coming into the attention of the church, who organised an expedition into Traubenland, led by the then Bishop Kasimir. Bishop Kasimir and his entourage of 2,000 men would settle the Southern Bank of the Bay of Austen. This first settlement was known as Niden, and grew quite quickly as the locals began cultivating the land, especially for its grapes, which would be fermented into wine and exported back to Dolchland. By 1344, the small town began to grow quite quickly, attracting many people from Dolchland in pursuit of a better life and opportunity.
However, this time of relative peace would come to an end, as in 1348 the Dolch settlers would discover the Hermaitai peoples within the peninsula. At first, the interactions between the Dolch and Hermaitai were peaceful, with the two groups sometimes engaging in trade. This would quickly come to an end once the Dolch began to spread Southwards, as shortly after the construction of the town of Randerwel it would be raided and burned down by a large force of Hermaitai. Bishop Kasimir (who had been bedridden for quite some time) signed one of his last degrees, this being the “Vacation Armajan”, calling for both warriors and men to aid the Dolch in Niden in their fight against the perceived heathen tribes of Traubenland. This decree would attract many to Niden, with one of said groups being the Holy Knights of Lubberlin who dedicated all of their fighting forces to Niden.
Shortly after the arrival of the Knights of Lubberlin, the Dolch launched many raids into Hermaitai lands, especially as Niden had become highly overpopulated and the city was on the brink of starvation. Luckily for the Dolch, the raids provided a temporary food source for the settlers, but it quickly attracted the attention of larger tribes. In 1361, the Dolch would engage in the largest battle of the settlement period, this being “The Battle of Three Rivers”. This saw the Dolch come out on top and expand entirely around the Bay of Austen. The newly conquered lands would be divided between the Holy Knights of Lubberlin (who shortly thereafter would go on to adopt the new name of “Holy Knights of Baltishtin”, with their new patriarch being the then recently passed Saint Kasimir), and the church in the form of Bishoprics, the largest of which remained the Archbishopric of Niden.
Order of Baltishtin
The Order of Baltishtin would officially come into power in 1370, with its first official Lord Commander being Lord Austen the Wise (1343-1391), after whom the Bay of Austen was named after. He was not born within the lands of the Order, but nonetheless took a very much active role in the governance of the newly gained lands. He would organise yet another degree, asking for more men and supplies to officially make the state self-efficient from Dolch Merchants, and was able to establish a small but trained standing army in order to protect Dolch from native Gintarian raids. In 1378, Austen along with various mercenaries from Dolchland would organise a grgreateate raid Southwards, steadily taking more land from the locals and pushing up to the Central Litauisch mountains. Austen would also go on to establish many new cities, such as Osterrulter and Tunyev. One of his final campaigns was a Northern offensive, during which Austen and his cousin Bertolf (1357-1410) were able to successfully conquer land along the Jorlingijan river. Austen would go on to honor his cousin for his efforts by naming him Lord of the Jorglands, after which the now Lord Bertolf would go on to establish the city of Janakis along the Jorlingijan. This final campaign would be the last of Austen's great efforts, as in 1390 he would develop a severe form of leprosy and would die the next year. After his death, his cousin Bertolf would ascend to the role of Lord Commander, becoming Lord Bertolf of Baltishtin in 1393.
Bertolf would continue much of the efforts of his predecessor, going on to expand the Order further in all directions. One of his most crowning achievements was the so-called “Great Conversion”, during which the many pagans that had still been within the Orders land were largely converted to Catholicism. The faith as a whole would become a much more noticeable presence within not only the Order but natives themselves as many missionary efforts had finally been able to bear fruit. The Dolch language would also become more established as Bertolf would sponsor many efforts to “educate” natives. These efforts would go on to see a large revival of trade in the area and would provide a great opportunity for the Dolch to expand their influence North and South in a much more peaceful manner. In 1402, a group of knights, traders and priests would go on their own expedition towards Northern Baltica to establish a proto-colony. Their efforts would be successful, as they would go on to form the Order of Belgorta along the coast of the Kazanoi Sea. However, Bertolf would only have a short reign compared to his cousin, dying in 1410 of fever. His death without an obvious replacement meant that for the first time, the Order was left temporarily without leadership. This would allow for a fairly minor, but aspiring Lord; one Lord Arnold (1389-1448) of Visagris to be elected as Lord Commander of the Order of Baltishtin in 1416.
Lord Arnold was the first Lord to have within the lands of the Order itself, his father Lord Gurt (1358-1401) having been Lord of Visagris before him. His ambition was much greater than either Austen or Bertolf, and he wished to see the whole of Baltica united under his rule. Similarly to Lord Austen, he would call upon fellow Dolch, this time, not settlers but warriors and Knights, promising land and riches from his conquered territories. Many would answer the call, and Lord Arnold was able to launch his first successful campaign along the coast of the Litauisch peninsula. Lucky for Arnold and his army, the tribes within the mountains and hills of Central Litauisch chose to instead swear fealty to the Order, seeing as much of their local economy had become dependent on Dolch merchants and river trade routes. These territories would be split between the natives, church and army, becoming the Lordship and Bishopric of Siela. This acquisition would mean that the Dolch had uncontested access to the rest of Litauisch, and the peninsula would be fully under Dolch control by 1427.
Having been able to unify the peninsula which much less struggle than had initially been hoped, the large army that had amassed due to Lord Arnolds Initial call for aid, would instead rally under a new goal, this being the conversion of all so-proclaimed “heathens” within the greater lands of Baltishtin. This new goal would see various offensives into Northern Baltica, primarily around the Wensal River. It had been hoped for years that the lesser, Holy Order of Belgorta could be connected to the Order of Baltishtin, and by 1433 that hope had become a reality, with the combined armies of Belgorta and Baltishtin being able to successfully defeat the petty chiefdom's in between them. At the time, a majority of land around the Wensal River was inhabited by the Kretina, which after their defeat in the South would be forced to migrate North, eventually settling in the region of modern-day Kretia. Lord Arnold would end up granting a large amount of the territory he had conquered around the Wensal to his brother, Leo Tyler (1400-1450) who would form the House of Wensal shortly thereafter. Lord Arnold would launch one last offensive into the North in 1435, conquering more land along the Bay of Goja (Which at that point was believed to be a lake). In 1436, Lord Arnold would end up settling the city of Goja itself, along the river Smonisk. The city would grow quite rapidly, especially as the various knights and mercenaries that joined Lord Arnold on his conquests would end up settling along the Bay of Goja. As time would go on, Goja grew in importance, with Lord Arnold eventually making it his personal residence and Goja constructed shortly thereafter. The short peace period that followed was substantial in the economic growth of the order, as multiple artisans and workers (primarily from Dolchland) would begin to emerge, especially in present-day Dokestva. However, the peace would be relatively short, as Lord Arnold would launch his final Invasion into Northern Baltica in 1448, however, he and his troops would be caught within the Kunijan Mountains, having been ambushed by the Baltican Highlanders and being thoroughly decimated. Lord Arnold would suffer great injury, managing to return to Goja before inevitably succumbing to his injuries.
Years of Instability
Following the death of Lord Arnold (1389-1448) in 1448, there was a lack of unity and cohesion among the leadership of the Holy Order. Lord Arnold had conquered so much territory that he had expanded Baltica by almost 4x what it was under the reign of the previous Lords. This created a massive power divide, seeing as the new nobility that had come to rule the conquered territory directly clashed with both the old nobles concentrated around Niden, as well as the Church. Being a holy order on paper, this meant that a large sum of Balticas land was considered to be part of the Holy See, and as such, directly ruled and managed by the papacy. During the height of the Order of Baltishtin, over ⅓ of all land of the order would be owned by the church, with all the taxes, resources and people on said land being administered by members of the church, appointed by the Pope himself. In the elections of 56, a new Lord Commander, Lord Wilhelm (1418-1487) would be elected. In reality, however, he held very little influence, as he failed to bring together the nobility and church, and practically had no jurisdiction outside of Goja.
Lord Wilhelm attempted to carry out multiple reforms related to land and personal holdings and attempted to strengthen the position of future Lords by making all of the Goja Principality administered by the Lord, rather than just the city itself. These reforms initially saw support, especially from the new Nobility who wanted to preserve their newly gained domains. However, in an attempt to please the Old nobility, Lord Wilhelm "confiscated" various holdings from the New Nobles, and granted them to the old, which caused mass uproar among the new nobility. The House of Wensal, formed by Lord Arnold's brother, Leo Tyler (1400-1450), were one of the primary objectors of the land reform. The House of Wensal, and subsequently the Duchy of Wensal was one of the largest and most influential states formed after the conquest, holding valuable land along the Janakis and Wensal rivers. The land reforms saw their largest city, Janakis, be confiscated and handed down to the Church, forcing Leupold Tyler (1422-1501); Leo’s first son who had come to rule the lands of the House of Wensal, to move his main base of power to Wensulburg. The House of Wensal would eventually use its new position to build an alliance with multiple northern Nobles, who inhabited the newly conquered lands, and eventually, they began to conspire to not only dispose of Lord Wilhelm but to also remove the Churches control over Baltica. Essentially, they were advocating for Baltica to transition to a Kingdom. Sometime in May 1473, Leupold as well as the influential Duke of Belgorta, Hans Vilker (1437-1489), would amass a small personal army and march on Goja. There they attempted to capture Lord Wilhelm but failed as he fled the city. Leupold declared his ambitions to seek power over the Baltishtin, seeing as he was a descendant of the great Lord Arnold, something that resonated among much of the populace and Northern Lords.
Lord Wilhelm attempted to rally an army in the South, successfully amassing a small army of 10,000 men. The rebels, however, managed to amass almost 25,000 men (40,000 according to on-the-ground sources), and they quickly marched south with haste, capturing castle after castle and city after city. Finally, Lord Wilhelm would attempt to engage with his 10,000 men, hoping that his heavy cavalry and knights would prevail over the largely levy-force of the rebels. The following battle is referred to as the Battle for Baltica, and most likely took place along the Janakis River. Lord Wilhelm and his forces did surprisingly well, managing to kill some 5,000 men, but by the time the rebel forces joined and engaged fully Wilhelm's force quickly crumbled and began to retreat, only to be cut off by the rebels' own cavalry. Lord Wilhelm perished in the battle as did most of his knights. With the former Lord vanquished, Leupold would re-enter Goja in 1479, and declared himself the New Lord of Baltica. In the following months, he began to confiscate large sums of land from the Church, and even enforced a new tax on church holdings. Finally, in 1484, he made good on his promise and officially announced the transition from a Holy order ruled in part by the church. As such, Leupold would be crowned King in 1485, being granted the idiom Leupold the Ready. Shortly after, he was excommunicated from the Church, by the then-pope. The House of Wensal however, would solidify its power rapidly, and by the time of Leupold's death in 1501, the Kingdom of Baltica would emerge as one of the leading powers within the region of Baltica. However, shortly thereafter, various native-led Kingdoms would form to oppose the Baltican hegemony over the region, leading to the “Age of Five Kings”, that would see Baltica divided for the better course of the 16th and 17th centuries.
The climate of Baltica varies wildly depending on region. Much of the East consists of a Mediterranean climate, with high average tempertures and low huminidty year round. The Litauisch Paninsula to the South of Baltica also rests within the Mediterranean zone, but sees much lower huminidity than even nearby Vikija Region. Much of the West however, is quite humid and temperate experiencing warm summers and cold winters. This climate divide is largely caused by the Kretin Mountains, that cut off the Mediterranean east from the more humid West. Temperatures throughout Baltica typically average at the mid 30-35 °C in the summer, whilst during winters temperatures can reach as low as -27 °C in the Western Territories. Snow is common and rivers often freeze up in the west, although in the south, the warmer temperatures often mean that freezing or snow is rare, although possible as seen in 2011, when the Goja River froze.
|Climate data for Baltica
|Record high °C (°F)
|Record low °C (°F)
|Source: Baltican Weather Administration
The primary territory of Baltica lies in Southern Argis, with much of the Nations North being comprised of the Kunijan Mountains, whilst the far south is home to the large Litauisch Paninsula. The physical geography of Baltica varies considerably depending on how far East or West one is. Most of the East consists of Hills and occasional flatland, with some prevlant revers such as the Liplan and Goja. However, Western Baltica is a lot more flat, and consits of many more bogs, wetlands, marshes and bogs. Before the Industralisation of Baltica in the 1960s, these features made up over 40% of Western Baltica, but now only makes up less than 25% of all land in Western Baltica. Besides wetlands, forests are also quite abandon through Baltica, especially in the West, constituting most of the territory. The largest natural forest remains the Draigai Forest, which at one point used to be much larger but due to logging in the recent decades has greatly diminished in size. However, most of these forests can only be found in western or northern Baltica, as areas like Visagris had undergone large deforestation and land transformation during the 1970s. Although new legislation exists to prevent the type of deforestation Baltica experienced during the late 20th century, logging and land transformation remains rapid in some regions, and the yearly loss of both forests and wetlands is still quite common.
Rivers are quite abandoned in Baltica, with over 300 rivers flowing all over the nation, the largest of which are the Liplan River and the Balandeli Rivers. Historically rivers acted as economic and Industrial centres of Baltica and many of its modern cities still reside along historically vital rivers. Although rivers in Baltica are typically quite fresh and not contaminated, due to the recent Civil War many of them have been contaminated due to oil and chemical spills. This was seen in the Kauni river, which experienced a large oil spin due to conflict around Kauni oil refineries.
The Government of Baltica operates under a federative system, under which some states (Referred to as Republics) exhibit a greater sense of autonomy and self-government. The Federal Government of Baltica was introduced shortly after the end of the Second Baltican Civil war, replacing the former North Baltican Central Government and the Republic Government from before the war.
Head of State
The Baltican Head of State is the Federal President, with the official title being The Federal President of the Baltican Federation. It is an elected role, in the sense that the President is elected separately from the Baltican Parliament and operates outside the jurisdiction of the parliament. Although the President has some powers, most importantly the ability to sign in new legislation and laws, as well as decide on the budget of the Baltican Government, the president himself is not allowed to create new laws, only suggest them to the parliament, who has the final say when it comes to writing up and proposing new laws and legislation. Although the President is not obliged to sign in law proposed by the Baltican Parliament, it is customary that all law that is voted unanimously in favour by the parliament is accepted by the president. In that sense, the Government operates in somewhat of a Ceremonial role.The Federal President represents the state of Baltica, and as such their actions are reflective of the nation. The President is a unifying figure and represents Baltica internationally. Being Independent from the parliament, the Federal President is expected not to interfere in the squabbles of political parties, and should refrain from expressing the views or agendas of specific political parties. Although the President can run with the support of parliamentary parties, it is customary for the Federal President to run without the backing of political parties.
Head of Government
The Baltican Head of Government is the Federal Councillor, head of the Baltican Federal Government and as such the executive government. Usually, the position is filled by the leader of the party with the most seats within the Baltican Parliament. The only exception being if an existing coalition party is unable to come to a collective choice of who should take up the position, in which case the position will temporarily be occupied by a Federal Councillor appointed by the Head of Stat until the parties can come to a consensus. The Federal Councillor, being the representative of the Baltican Parliament, has the ability to appoint ministers within the government, who are referred to as the Federal Ministers.The Federal Councillor can not be removed from office during their term, unless a “Vote of no Confidence” is held within the Baltican Parliament. If such an event was to happen, the leading party or coalition would have to elect a new Federal Councillor, meanwhile, the position would either be filled by a Vice Councillor or one appointed by the Head of State. The Vince Councillor operates as the deputy of the Federal Councillor and can take over if the Federal Councillor is unable to fulfil their duties as the Federal Councillor.
All members of the Baltican Cabinet are appointed by the Federal Councillor, and are officially “approved” by the Baltican Federal President; who although is able to protest members of the cabinet, has no power to replace or remove them, that power belongs solely to the Federal Councillor and the Baltican Parliament. Although there is no fixed number of Cabinet members that can be appointed, the minimum number of cabinet members for a cabinet to function is 15, although Federal Councillors are able to appoint more if they so choose.
The Baltican Parliament
The Baltican Parliament makes up the Legislative branch of the government. As the Baltican Legislative branch is Unicameral, this means that the Baltican Parliament is the sole Institution responsible for the legislative power in Baltica. Altogether, the Parliament is made up of 180 members, 160 of whom are elected by the people of the Republics of Baltica, whilst 15 are elected by the citizens of the SREP (Sister Republics or Federal States) and five are elected by the Federal Territories of Baltica. This process is done in order to represent the needs of the Republics, Sister Republics and Territories, without having the people of those subdivisions be marginalised within the Legislative government. Voting takes place every five years, with each constituency of Baltica being able to elect one representative through a first past the post electoral system. In order to be represented within the Parliament, a party needs to receive at least 4% of the total vote, or win in at least 3 constituencies.
The first Baltican Parliament elections took place on February 27th 2023, commemorating the first year anniversary of the Second Baltican Civil War.
After the Second Baltican Civil War, the entirety of the Baltican Judiciary was reformed to follow the Civil Law Tradition. This also replied to the Republics of Baltica, who were forced to comply with the new Civil Law, despite having operated under a mixed judiciary system before. The judicial system is made up of three courts, this being…
1. Ordinary Courts which deal with criminal cases as well as most civil cases.
2. Specialised Courts, dealing with administrative, labour and patent law.
3. Constitutional Court, which deals with matters revolving around the constitution.
The Baltican Armed Forces are the official military of Baltica, comprised of the Baltican Land Forces, the Baltican Navy and the Baltican Air Forces. The total Baltican military expenditure sits at 3.8% of Baltica's total GDP, which translates to just over 3.2 Billion Zedas. Altogether, the Armed forces consist of 100,000 active troops. Conscription has been an active policy in Baltica since the Baltican Republic, largely introduced in order to maintain a large active reserve. All men from the age of 18 must serve 11 months of military service. Due to the large loss of equipment during the Baltican Civil War, the Baltican Armed Forces are undergoing a large process of modernisation, most of which is being dedicated to the Baltican Navy and Land Forces, whilst the Air Forces have largely gone neglected.
Baltica has historically had a track record of poor energy production. Due to the very high instability and consistent fighting between the German Balts and the Regular Balts, multiple so-called “mega projects” have been abandoned due to the government's failure to secure both funding and materials to construct them. As such, Baltica had to mainly rely on coal, and eventually oil, for most of its energy production. The Krugiti Coal Power Plant was the largest coal power plant in Baltica. For a while it was the main energy production site, supplying over 19% of all energy needs in Baltica.
However, following a large fire in 2001, the power plant had to be closed and Baltica had to begin expanding its energy variety. Currently, multiple of the “mega projects” have been pushed into the limelight. In particular, the large Ugadi Nuclear Power Plant, planned to be constructed in the city of Ugadi, and the Kretia Hydroelectric Power Station, a planned hydroelectric dam to be constructed on the Balandi river. Although currently these projects are only in the planning stages, if they were to be constructed they have the potential to turn Baltica into an energy exporter, and possible key player in middle Argis.
For now, about 46% of all energy in Baltica comes from coal, with 18% from oil, and 11% with Hydro. The rest make up a small minority, including: Biofuel (8.7%), Solar (8.2%), Wind (5.1%), and geothermal (3%).
For most of its existence, Baltica had been an agrarian state. To fuel its economy, the country mostly relies on its southern territories, which have a strangely fertile soil. Today it still remains Baltica's largest Industry, making up over 21% of all total GDP, and employing over a million people. It's mostly known for its cheese, known as Dzugi, which almost makes up 2% of the whole economy. Dairy as a whole remains a big part of the Agricultural Sector. Strawberries, potatoes, wheat, and rye make up most of the crops produced by Baltica, rye especially, due to its use in alcohol and bread making.
Although Baltica's industry is comparably small, over the recent years it has begun to specialize in manufacturing, specifically furniture. Baltica has developed a taste for constructing mostly wood made items, relying on its abundance in forested areas in the North to fuel this recent expansion. Notably, the company Uklea has created a monopoly of wood manufacturing and harvesting, and is leading Baltica to an age of economic growth. Other companies have been opened in the mostly rural undeveloped North, leading to the northern economic boom.
Although Baltica doesn't produce many luxury goods, the nation has been renown for its alcohol, which some consider the best in Argis. It also led to Baltica becoming one of the highest consumers of alcohol in the world. Cigarettes also remain a very sought after commodity in Baltica, with local brand Uki being the favorite in Baltica by far; manly due to its low cost and availability. Although the fur trade is not as prevalent in Baltica as it once used to be, areas of the north are still regarded as producing some of the finest traditional fur clothing in the entirety of Argis.
Most of Baltica is quite interconnected, with almost all settlements over 100 people having a main road going in and out. Despite this, much of the Northern Woodlands remain quite isolated from the rest of the nation, partly due to a lack of population, but also the large wood coverage making it difficult to build and maintain roads and train tracks. The “National Spine” or R1, is the main road spanning much of the nation. It connects the capital, Goja to the large settlements of Kauni, Sveaja, Kretia and Visagana. It's by far the most used road network, and subsequently the most maintained. Other road networks include the RA1, a road network made for connecting the region of greater Kretia, as well as the R15, a road network connecting the southern region of Jounikis.
Rail remains the most popular form of transport in Baltica, mainly due to its availability and the fact that it's much cheaper than owning cars (Which are heavily taxed). Most of Baltica uses electric trains, although some parts of the underdeveloped North still continue to run on coal or even oil powered trains due to a lack of funds. The main rail track (A1) goes from Sveaja, Kauni and into Bazinas. This rail line continues to be the most popular by far, mainly due to it being around the industrial and agricultural hubs of the Kauni region.
The Goja track (A11), which connects Goja to Kretia and Eleania remains an important track for industry, as it connects the larger ports of Kretia and Eleania to the nation's industrial capital, Goja. In recent decades, there has been a large push to create new rail lines along the National Spine. Even today, many large cities are still not connected to one another. This forces people to use the underdeveloped bus transport to get to large cities in order to access the trains. As such, the government has responded with the announcement of the creation of the A30. This train line will connect the previously mentioned A11 and A1, as well as connect the cities of Visagana and Jounikis to the wider train line system.