Motto: Oh toi, Liberté!
Anthem: La Victoire en Chantant
Map of Lysia
|François Richard Hervé Autun|
|Charles André Alexandre Mécra|
• 2016 estimate
• Per capita
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Lysia, officially the République Lysienne (Anglish: Lysian Republic) or sometimes colloquially called Fleur de Lys, is a sovereign state whose territory is in Occidental Europa on Eurth. The Republic borders Adaptus in the north, Suverina to the east, and Great Anglia in the west. The Republic is well known for being a founding member of the ISTC, and an active member in the Assembled Nations.
Most modern language scholars believe that the name Lysia or Lycia is an Aroman-adapted version of an original Luqqawanna. This would mean “the land of the Luqqa people” in an old Occidental language. The Lysians also appear as Lukia in Aroman inscriptions. For example, Saint Joris of Lukia, after whom the states of San Giorgio and San Jorge are named.
The Fleur de Lys is one of the most widely spread heraldic furniture, with its presence rivalling the one of the cross, eagle and lion in those matters. Even if greatly variable given the many styles the flower may take, being visible on the old Gallambrian coat of arms for example. However, this Fleur de Lys has little in common with the real Lys (Lilium of Liliaceae family). It has a true religious and symbolic significance. The legends and stories about it have, over time, changed it into a symbol of royal prestige.
Coming back to the foundation of the Grand Duché du Lys, founded by Louis I at the expense of the Eternal Empire of Hémus, the conquest was done with long spears with tips in the shape of a Fleur de Lys. These efficiency and fashion standards had been issued by Louis himself as he started the conquest of what would be today’s Fleur de Lys. The land which he had conquered would be known as “La Terre Conquise par les Fleurs de Lys” (the Land conquered by Fleurs de Lys). This would become the symbol of the Grand Duc. It granted him additional prestige, embedding such a symbol along with how it enabled his victories. It would take another 200 years before the name of Fleur de Lys was definitely adopted. As in the origin the name was the grand Duché du Lys, the short “Lysian” or “Lysien” was maintained as the demonym.
(WIP. The borders of Lysia varied over time. Also include the Lycian Way from Aroma to the eastern frontier. Lac Lyrie or Lac Venège.)
Administrative divisions include:
- Fleur de Lys (capital: Lyrie)
- Lyrie (capital)
(WIP. The history of Lysia can borrow some inspiration from RL Lycia and Lydia. Both has ties with RL Greece, much in the same way as we establish our Aroman Empire. Alternatively, with the movement of Lysia from Amutia to Occidental Europa, tie the capital city history into the history of Myra, birthplace of Saint Nicholas.)
- 400s-300s BCE: From the 5th or 4th centuries BCE, Lysia came under increasing Aroman social and political influences.
- 200 BCE: The Lysian language became extinct and was replaced by Ancient Aroman, some time around 200 BCE. There is some evidence that the Lysian population was not as docile as the Aroman hand-off policy would suggest.
- 1102: The Union Pan-Républicaine finds its origins back in 1102 at the proclamation of the République following the end of the Eternal Empire of Hémus over the territory of present-day Lysia and Mauvin.
The death of Queen Mary of Anglia in 1673, mother of King Louis VIII of Lysia, had already consumed the fragile reconciliation between the Anglian and Lysian crowns. The situation was all the more tense as each kingdom sought to dominate the other through the many colonies scattered around the world. The government of Louis VII had long been concerned about Great Anglia's designs on the colonial domain of Lysia : Lysian Louvier in Aurelia and Lysian Columbia in Argis. King Louis VIII was put under pressure to strengthen the Lysian presence in the colonies. In addition, the Anglian crown was concerned about the strategic Lysian city of Taren. Placed in a place conducive to threatening the Anglian coast and in Aurelia it wished to extend the territory of Anglian Azuria to stop the menacing lysian neighbor.
Furthemore, the boundary between Anglian and Lysian possessions in Aurelia was largely undefined in the 1710s. In the early 1710s the Lysians began constructing a chain of forts in to assert their claim and shield the native population from increasing Anglian influence. The Anglian settlers along the coast were upset that Lysian troops would now be close to the western borders of their colonies. They felt the Lysian would encourage their tribal allies to attack them, like they did during the Four Year's War against the Mantellans. The most important Lysian fort planned was intended to occupy a position west of Silvat. Peaceful Anglian attempts to halt this fort construction were unsuccessful, and the Lysian proceeded to build the fort they named Fort Grelot. Anglian colonial militia and a small number of native warriors were then sent to drive them out. They ambushed a small Lysian force at Rocheville on 14 March 1715 killing eleven. This was the first engagement of what would become the global conflict. The Anglian also harassed Lysian shipping beginning in August 1715, seizing hundreds of ships and capturing thousands of merchant seamen while the two nations were nominally at peace. It resulted in the two kingdoms officially declaring war on August 28, 1715.
The Anglian army quickly invaded Lysia and tried in vain several times to lay siege to Lyrie. The city of Taren was captured by Anglian amphibious forces in April 1716 and the lysian fleet was unable to free the city until the end of the war in 1718. Then in 1717, the Lysian forces launched a counter-attack and marched on Anglian soil. They were stopped at the Anglian village of Carter where General De Soumise was defeated and killed in a coordinated Anglian assault in March 1718. The Lysian army withdrew from Anglian territory and did not attempt new incursions unlike the Anglians who retook Lysian territory until Matignon in April 1718. From May 1718, the Anglian fleet led a series of naval expeditions to capture several islands off the northern coast of Lysia. On 20 May, the fleet captured the island of Beau Rocher off the northern coast of Lysia. On June 12 it is the island of Sainte-Vierge which is captured, the Lysian fleet being too weak to counter-attack, the islands were occupied until the end of the war. General Lysian Gaston de Button, understanding that the end of the war was approaching, launched a counter-attack on Matignon which caused the Anglian troops to retreat to the outskirts of the town of Hampshire. On August 10, the battle began and lasted all day. The deadly confrontation finally saw the Anglians victorious and the retreat of Gaston de Button.
In Aurelia, despite short-lived Lysian victories at the beginning of the conflict with the capture of Fort Edward in 1715, the decisive Anglian campaigns of 1716-1717 of anglian general Aaron led to the fall of the main lysian town of Nouvelle-Lyrie in August 1718. Brief Lysian bursts prevented the west of the Lysian colony from falling. In the autumn of 1718 the Lysians were preparing to counter-attack and the Anglians to march on Saint-Philippe, but a peace treaty has been signed in Europa.
The Anglo-Lysian hostilities were ended in 1718 by the Treaty of Godstone, which involved a complex series of land exchanges, the most important being Lysia's cession to Great Anglia of the eastern part of Lysian Louvier. Anglia returned to Lysia the islands that had been captured in Europa. Lysia's defeat caused the Lysians to embark upon major military reforms, with particular attention being paid to the artillery. The Anglian government was close to bankruptcy and now faced the delicate task of pacifying its new Lysian-Louvian subjects in the annexed territories as well as the many Aurelian natives tribes who had supported Lysia.
- 1945: The Union was dissolved in 1945 following the Armistice which ended the $Name War.[b]
- 2018: The Union Pan-Républicaine was restored following a parliamentary crisis in Lysia. The crisis originated over a scandal involving high-ranking functionaries for the Aérospatiale debt scandal, Ahranan Spying Gate, Affaire Saint-Étienne along many other affairs. This led to a time of uncertainty in the République. Charles Mécra, previously Président du Conseil of Lysia, was nominated to be Dictator. Mécra called for a meeting with the Cinq. During the Summit of Concorde he negotiated for some kind of help to Lysia. However, after deep discussions, further potential external threats for the other Républiques came to the fore, both economic and military. Another, more decisive Summit would follow at Châteauneuf de Germain, where the re-creation of the Union Pan-Républicaine was sealed, after 73 years.
The Lysian political system, which have been reformed in 2018 at Président du Conseil Charles André Alexandre Mécra’s intention at the time, to give more power to the Presidencies along with deleting many forms of bureaucracies existing at the time, is a fully democratic one which have no longer the slow decision-making process or issue of falling Governments every month.
Président de la République
La Présidence is the Head of State, but also consist of all the staff needed to advise and allow full function of La Présidence. Le Président is the official representative towards foreign entities, even if its power is greatly limited on the diplomatic matters because of the Ministère des Affaires Diplomatiques et Commerciales, which is in charge of negotiations and signature when coming to diplomatic matters and contracts with foreign entities. Making as a result, Le Président’s powers quite limited, even if he/she own a great impact on Le Conseil in which he may veto to a decision or in case of no 4/5 majority, may bring balance and cut the decision. Current Président, being elected in office since the 01 Vendémiaire An CCXXV (or 22 September 2016) is François Richard Hervé Autun from the Parti Républicain.
As we may have seen in the upper paragraph, La Présidence isn’t an all powerful position, but the party owning it however has a serious advantage over its political opponents, by being able to, in case of a draw in a vote or on a decision, get the advantage. Even if Le Président is the only member of its Party around the table, and wish to confront the Ministers, it is possible by allowing him/her to simply call for a national referendum on the matter if he does not wish to use his/her veto (knowing that, even if there is a veto, nothing prevents the Minister to put back a point to the agenda and make the same, again proposal), where the national referendum would give sensible important time for campaigning against a measure for instance, and it works on the other scenario which is where, Le Président would be alone with a Minister to support the Proposal, and therefore may push it towards a national referendum in hope of winning. Le Président veto power is however suspended when coming to remove of offices, for Ministers or itself.
La Présidence really remains a key position inside the République Lysienne operations, and is a factor that may completely redraw the political landscape of the Republic, to certainly not underestimate even if its power is very limited, and in the end, remain only to the decision-making process.
La Présidence may also be dismissed, or by Le Président directly at any time, making him/her leave the office, or through a proposition in Le Conseil which shall mandatorily pass through a national referendum to determinate the final outcome, with the particular case being that, there is only the need of one minister being seconded by another to make the national referendum, and Le Président veto power is suspended de facto.
Président du Conseil de la République
La Présidence du Conseil, previously an appointed position by the former Assemblée Nationale, is now a turning Presidency by each of the 5 Ministers, this shall be a position they shall each hold during the 4th year of their mandate for 1 year until their disposal out of office, which is passing from a Minister to another each year. As a result, this position is a more stable one, ensuring a minimum mandate of 1 year for the Président du Conseil, while before it was common during crisis periods to have a Président du Conseil and its Government last only weeks. The role of the Président du Conseil is to animate Le Conseil, by prioritising the agenda issues along being the one which manage the Cabinet Ministériel, the Justice Division along the Finance Division. It is its duty, by managing the Justice and Finance Divisions, to make propositions concerning those in Le Conseil and Le Directoire. For ensuring the stability and cohesion of the nation, the Présidence du Conseil have 5% of the budget, or a total of 17 694 724 716,62 Francs for the year CCXXVI.
The Lysian culture is one of the most stereotyped culture around the World, being cultivated and described as one of fashion, gastronomy, architecture, artists in all types along literature, and have a long-standing 3,400 years of History, as in the Heart of Europa.
Lysian culture, have started to clearly differentiated itself in the 17th Century, with the Lysian Classicism being erupted under the reign of Louis VIII from 1635 to 1721. The Lysian Classicism, which was from the 1660s to late 1790s would see a great inspiration coming from the Eternal Empire of Hémus directly, where Antiquity is modernised and getting greater, with possibilities that the technology at the time made available.
The Palais de Selzeaux is a great example of the Lysian Classicism, starting first as a local Royal hunting lodge for the Roy, Louis VIII when acceding the throne shall raise to power, being crowned. Louis, having a rather particular view when coming to architecture, having his own opinions on the matter, decided that the capital of the time was too “corrupted” and “dirty” to host his ideal court. In 1658, he would find the perfect localisation in the previous hunting lodge of his father, near the village of Selzeaux. Construction would go on for around 102 years, with gardens taking as much as 2,000 acres and making the Palace one of the the largest in Europa.
With twenty 3-fleurs restaurants, granted by the Guide Duchemin, along 57 2-fleurs and 304 1-fleur restaurants, Lysia has one of the most dense area of quality restaurants. Even if in total ranking it ranks 3rd, the particular history of Lysia gives it a fair advantage when coming to the Duchemin ratings, particularly as it knows how to maintain and develop its traditions, while polarising with the newest fashions. This is complemented by a very strict food legislation. The expansion of fast food is limited by the cap on foreign fast-food styles restaurants, with only 5 having been authorised since the 2000s. This number is unlikely to ever be raised. This strict legislations are clearly enforced. For example, 36 restaurants have been forcibly closed following a police intervention in the summer of 2019. The charges brought against those “cooking”, serving and maintaining the restaurant have been quite heavy.
Given the 35 hours work week, along with the light taxation when it comes to organic and healthy food, the Government indirectly wish to encourage each person to do cooking “Fait Maison”, or homemade. Studies have proven such a diet will drastically reduce the percentage of obesity and considerably improve overall health.
Pastries, viennoiseries, and all sort of hot drinks, a real institution have been created around the Boulangeries which extend their activities to also cake conception, macarons most notably and even lunch meals for some, with some such as Lenotre or Chez Carette becoming a figurehead and a must when coming to first class taste, even exporting it oversea. The traditions are kept as the State offer, thanks to the Ministère des Affaires Éducatives et Scientifiques support and incitation by the Republic, to include the Culinaries Schools into the free education place.
La Langue Lysienne, those are in capitals, defining the importance in the culture of the language. From the age of 3 to 20, Lysian lessons are mandatory with an average of 5 hours per week on such lesson, such act decided is explained first by the complexity of the Lysian, which is well-known to have rules, exceptions to those rules, and exceptions to those rules, necessitating lots of time for the younger generations to learn all those subtleties. Another point is for fighting the Anglicisime (English words which are introduced into Lysian), such as “weekend” which is more and more widely used by the population, and during those lessons translations of those words defined by the Académie Lysienne are used and pushed, hoping to also have an impact on the parents of the child. The third and last reason reside in the necessity to know “how to speak”, in the way of argumentation, with Concours de Plaidoirie and d'Éloquence being frequently organised in schools, and this, since the youngest age. Those three points promote a sane a pure language, which the Académie Lysienne is spearheading.
Annually, the Académie Lysienne is in charge of releasing the Dictionnaire Officiel and the Règles Officielles, two books which compile all the words, rules, usages and any information needed to properly speak Lysian. The Académie Lysienne detains a massive power, as effectively its rules are taught in all schools, and also define how the Government speak, with any Official being obligated to speak and write according to the Académie Lysienne’s books.
- OOC. Funny because he looks like Papa Smurf.
- OOC. This part needs to be rewritten, since the Second World War didn't occur on Eurth.)
- Crisis in the Assemblée Nationale (21 January 2018)