Rohini

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Republic of Rohini

Rohini (Oharic)
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of Rohini
Map of Rohini
Capital
and largest city
Vali
Official languagesOharic
Recognised national languagesAnglish
Demonym(s)Rohinese
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Joni I
• Governor
Hakim Memiri
Establishment
• Colony of Orioni
1634
• Republic established
1949
2009
Area
• Total
13,713 km2 (5,295 sq mi)
Population
• 2018 census
1,691,876
• Density
123.37/km2 (319.5/sq mi)
CurrencyRohinese phi (ROP)
Time zoneUTC+11
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright

The Republic of Rohini is an island located in the North Oriental Ocean on Eurth. Its closest neighbouring countries are Orioni to the southwest, Ide Jima and San Ba to the west, and the Sunset Sea Islands in the southeast.[1] The island is approximately 13,713 km2 (5,295 sq mi) in size and home to a little over 1,69 million people. The capital city Vali is also the country's largest city.

Rohini is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. The country's head of government is the governor, representing the Orinese monarch, who serves as head of state. The current monarch and head of state is Empress Joni I, and the current head of government is governor Hakim Memiri. The relatively unknown island in northern Thalassa has always known a shaky balance between ethnic and religious groups. These tensions culminated in the government topple of 2008. In 2009 the country voted to re-join the Orioni Empire as a semi-independent realm.

Rohini is an old country, yet at the same time also very modern. Since the 1980s, the country has been part of the economically fast-growing "Thalassan Tigers". Rohini has advantageous tax and finance laws. Rohini's long relationship with Orioni has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. Rohini is member of several international and intergovernmental institutions, including the Assembled Nations and Group of Island Nations.

Etymology

The name Rohini comes from the Old Buranic word Rhûn (east), in relation to its location east of Burania. In Nyburanik the island is sometimes also called Ositäinen. In Oharic the name Kefīli was used until the mid-19th Century.

Geography

The Rohinese territory is situated in the Oriental Ocean on the northwestern area of the Thalassan continent. The Rohni River begins in the Kagiu Hills and flows south through Vali, ending in the Oriental Ocean. The highest point on the island is Mount Tofuji at 1,641 metres (5,384 ft). The capital and largest city is Vali (Oharic: Waliye, "to govern"). Major cities include Koli, Sakia, Kagiu and Ningma. The territory of Rohini is currently subdivided into 4 regions and 34 municipalities.

The dramatic landscape of Rohini, with its soaring cliffs, has drawn visitors to this remote island in the North Oriental Ocean for decades. But recent times have seen a sharp acceleration in tourist numbers, with an annual increase of 10% over the past five years. This increase is taking its toll on the island's natural environment. It has led to a recent decision to close popular tourist spots for non-residents while maintenance crews tend to damaged sites.

History

Withdrawal of Orinese troops in 1949.
  • 2nd Century: Archaeological evidence indicates the earliest habitation of Rohini dates to around 300 CE, probably by settlers from the Orient.
  • 9th Century: The local Rohinese believe that Empress Yomiro II of Orioni once came here and established a temple to worship in Amisti. In 1794 a hoard of Orinese coins dating to approximately 800 CE was discovered in a cave near Lake Kagiu. The coins were supposedly left on Rohini by the Orinese. In 1936 the archaeologist A. W. Brøgger described it as an example of long-distance exploration.
  • 16 February 1634: The navigator Captain Ortega arrived at Rohini. Subsequently, the island was claimed for the Orioni Empire. A lighthouse was built as an aid for sailors.
  • 1843: A successful independence movement on the Baribeni islands led to its independence. This first act of decolonisation inspired similar campaigns in Rohini and other Orinese colonies.
  • 1912: Suppression of a revolt on Rohini island. In order to calm the situation, Empress Oshita granted a number of concessions, including the establishment of Rohinese schools, the end of conscription, and suspension of taxes for five years.
  • 1941-1947: Thalassan War had a strong negative impact on the country.
  • 1949: Decolonisation of Rohini island and independence as a republic.
  • 1960s: Rohini was the scene of ethnic riots when poor Rohinese set fire to Orinese stores and businesses. The ruling Nationalist Party of Rohini (NPR) subsequently launched the New Economic Policy (NEP), a kind of positive discrimination that had to give the Rohinese majority a place in the business world and gave priority to universities.

Politics

Governor Memiri on campaign in 2009.
Capitol building and seat of government in Vali.

Rohini stopped being a single-party state in 1982 when Commonist Workers Party (CWP) was allowed to participate in local elections. Political reforms during the 1990s relaxed the NPR's hold on power. During the 2000s the country faced a major political challenge: for the first time since independence in 1949, the ruling NPR party was expelled from power through elections, when a governing coalition was formed between centre-left parties.

Political power lies with the presidency and the branches of government. Their power is based on a system of constitutional monarchy inherited from the Orinese colonisers with a proportional representation system. After it was granted independence from Orioni in the 1940s, Rohini has had 5 elected presidents. Presidents are limited to a maximum of 2 terms, for a duration of 6 years per term.

Political parties:   Nationalist Party of Rohini (NPR)   Centre-left coalition   Oriental Movement for National Integration (OMNI)

Portrait Name Took office Left office Party
Independence from Orioni in 1949
1  General PE Calles 8 (cropped).jpg Mr Alcide Indoro
1st president
1949 1961  Nationalist Party of Rohini (NPR)
2  Corazon Aquino 1986.jpg Mrs Petra Asini
2nd president
1961 1973  Nationalist Party of Rohini (NPR)
3  ChiangChingkuo photo.jpg Mr Paulo Olonini
3rd president
1973 1985  Nationalist Party of Rohini (NPR)
4  Al Fujimori.jpg Mr Uro Cecini
4th president
1985 1997  Nationalist Party of Rohini (NPR)
5  Tran Duc Luong, Nov 17, 2004.jpg Mr Avery Versari
5th president
1997 2009  (Coalition was formed between centre-left parties)
Re-admission into Orioni as semi-independent realm
1  Rodrigo Duterte 2009.jpg Mr Hakim Memiri
1st Governor
2009 2015  Oriental Movement for National Integration (OMNI)

Economy

Nationalisation of the RITZ.
The Irugne Dam near Kagiu.

With 1,7 million inhabitants, the Republic of Rohini is not immediately a major power in North Thalassa. Until the 1980s, Rohini was a largely agricultural country with tin mines and limited oil. The financial industry was not yet developed. The fact that most residents spoke Oharic was a major international advantage. But since the 1980s, under the direction of president Uro Cecini, the nation has been part of the economically fast-growing "Thalassan Tigers" such as Andalla, Sunset Sea Islands and Giokto. This is largely thanks to its location on the strategically very important northern archipelago between Europa and Argis. President Cecini, who governed the nation between 1985 and 1997, pushed the country towards great economic development. But he tolerated no criticism, neither domestic nor foreign.

Rohini has advantageous tax and finance laws, and is regarded as a tax haven. Its international financial centre offers amongst other things offshore banking services. It features in systems to use neutral nations with such laws to gain access to valuable foreign currency. The headquarters of RITZ is located in Vali. The Rohinese International Trade Zai or Zaibatsu was nationalised in 1949 when the nation became independent of Orioni. The government globalised its financial powers and expertise to create an economy based on offshore finance. The creation of shell corporations enables the purchase and sale of goods and currency. In 2010, Rohini was blacklisted internationally due to its alleged involvement with money laundering. Until 2011 it also offered passports to foreign nationals for a fee. Under pressure from the EOS, Rohini introduced financial transparency legislation in 2003, after which foreign dark money left the country.

The island is connected by air to major nations in Europa, Thalassa, including Orioni, Sunset Sea Islands, Andalla, Iverica and many more places. Rohini has three stations on the national train line, which connect Rohini East, Rohini West and Vali metro.

The main source of energy is provided by a series of four hydroelectric dams along the eastern Irugne River near Kagiu. President Asini initially proposed the hydroelectric power scheme on the Irugne River as her favourite resort was located near Kagiu. Electricity production in 2016 was 81% from hydroelectricity and 19% from natural gas.

Demographics

Aerial view of the modern Ningma city centre.

As per the 2018 census, Rohini had a total population of 1.691.876 of which 52% were males and 48% were females. The rate of literacy in Rohini was 75.28%. The population is very diverse: around 60% consists of mostly ethnic Rohinese who are culturally and ethnically related to Orinese. The distinction grew during the colonial era when the Orinese took over current Rohini. In addition, Rohini has a very large Orinese minority (more than 22%) that is mainly active in the business world. A third group are immigrants from Thalassa. Like most Orinese peoples, the Rohinese don't fit into the major ethnic categories of Europa or Thalassa. The present day population is thought to have resulted from the fusion of several immigrant groups who moved into the Oriental Ocean from both the Oriental and Thalassan directions in remote antiquity.

Culture

Rohinese culture has its roots in Orinese cultural traditions and heritage. In contrast to other Oriental countries, the Rohinese people place relatively great important on their independence and self-sufficiency. The Vali Academy of Arts was founded in 1791 and became a centre of education. The national library has helped many researchers with its rich collection of rare books. The Rohinese dialect is greatly influenced by the Oharic language after the 17th Century colonisation by Orioni. Many of the ancient oral stories and poems were preserved in written form. Rohini cuisine is famous for its various seafood restaurants, particularly cod and haddock but also salmon, with little to no use of fruits or vegetables due to the island's climate. Sport is an important part of Rohinese culture. Rugby is the national sport and draws the most spectators. Around 45% of Rohinese youth take part in sports at school

References

  1. Map of Eurth (europans.com)

External links