Administrative divisions of Kertosono

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Administrative map of Kertosono

Kertosono is divided into 42 first-level administrative divisions (more commonly known as "constituent states") falling under seven different categories of subdivision based on each division's status before the treaties of unification were signed in 1901. As per the 1927 constitutional amendment, each administrative division posseses nearly the same powers and delegation of duty as the others, with the exception of the constituent kingdoms of Kertosono which have much more power over their own internal affairs, and the abolishing of administrative divisions was made lengthier to avoid smaller constituent states from being absorbed into their larger counterparts. As per the 1927 constitution, the seven categories of administrative subdivisions in Kertosono in order from highest to lowest status are the karajan "kingdoms", kabupaten "regencies", kadipaten "grand duchy", kapaten "duchy", kapangeren "principality", Siti "land", and Kuthoroyo "province-level city".

The internal borders of the constituent states have remained unchanged since 1927, although much of the borders which existed prior to 1927 mimicked the current borders except for a few border changes and some constituent states merging with other constituent states. With a unified Kertic state being a very new concept in the timeline of the Kertic peoples, and along with a compromise made to achieve Kertic unity, the once-independent small and fractured Kertic states were guaranteed territorial and governmental integrity within the framework of Kertosono, and the fractured and messy borders from the warring and small-states period of the nation was inherited, and could still be seen today. Efforts to tidy and make new divisions based on geographic and cultural factors in the past have failed.

Each constituent state is entitled to its own constitution, leader, legislative body, and judicative body within the national federal system that is Kertosono, and is entitled to manage its own territory via the 1901 compromise and the 1927 constitutional amendment within the clauses of deconcentration and devolution. As such, constituent states are thought of as "semi-independent" bodies, with the power of enacting their own legislation within their borders which may contradict rulings in other constituent states.

Types of divisions
1st level
Non-Urban Urban
3 Kingdoms
7 Regencies
5 Grand Duchies
9 Duchies
7 Principalities
11 Lands
1 1st-level city
2nd level
Non-Urban Urban
78 Kapanèwon
16 Municipalities
39 Kawédanan
87 Districts
8 Provinces
3 Autonomous Regions
2 Nature reserves
12 2nd-level cities
6 Market towns


Under 1901 treaties of unification and compromise, the previously independent and sovereign Kertic entities forwent their individual sovereignties in order to form the Empire of Kertosono, a federation originally comprised of 52 states and political entities. These once sovereign entities were allowed to retain their pre-unification borders and boundaries, including all exclaves and enclaves outside the core realm of each entity's possessions. The status of government within each respective entity was respected, and the status of the new constituent states of the Kertic Empire were retained, giving birth to six classifications of first-level adminsitrative divisions of the empire. While in theory the 1901 constitution guarantees equal rights and delegation of powers from the central government to all the constituent states, the stronger and more-prestigious subdivision types, namely the kingdoms and regencies, were given the most leeway and recognition, while the lower types of subdivisions were subject to greater interference from larger powers such as neighboring states and the central government, thus creating an informal hierarchy of subdivision categories within the new Empire.

As a result, many larger entities absorbed smaller entities under the pretext of cooperation and the strengthening of mutual ties, thus slowly reducing the number of individual entities the Kertic empire possesses. By 1925, the number of 52 states had been reduced to 41, with many smaller entities joining their larger neighbors. A special case was observed in 1921, when the Duchy of Blora and the Duchy of Aryoseno merged to form the Grand Duchy of Wringinanom, rather than getting absorbed into one of their larger neighbors. In an effort to stop and retain a balance of power between the smaller and larger constituent states, a new constitution was passed into law by Parliament in 1927 forbidding the absorption of smaller entities into larger states, thus protecting the powers reserved for the smaller states. Another stipulation of the new 1927 constitution was the creation of urban-localities and subdivisions ranging from the first to the third level. 1st level urban localities were equal in power to the constituent states of the empire (named Kuthoroyo), while in the 2nd level, the term 'Kuthamadya' was created, having equal powers with divisions of a constituent state, with varying powers given to the Kuthamadya depending on the constituent state.

Until the present day, there has only been one creation of a Kuthoroyo, the City of Banyumas, which also happened to be the capital of the regency, separated from the Regency of Banyumas in 1931. Voters in the City of Banyumas overwhelmingly voted to split from the regency, as it was itself an exclave from the bulk of Banyumas's territory. The regent of Banyumas at the time protested such decision and act, citing concerns over political and economic stability of his regency, and nullified the separation of its own capital. In a compromise led by the Kertic Emperor, Banyumas was to be its own constituent state of the Kertic Empire, although in doing so must annually give rebates towards the regency of Banyumas equal to 8.79% of the annual profit of the city, as well as several services being coordinated between the two, such as education, healthcare, and police. Various Kuthamadya have been formed after the creation of such categories, most notably the Kuthamadya of Ngawi. Voters in the City of Ngawi narrowly rejected to become a Kuthoroyo similar to Banyumas prior in 1931 in the 1956 referendum, thus staying within the helm of the Kingdom of Ngawi. Similar propositions were also held in Kertonyono and Sragen, although they too were rejected with even larger margins.

Constituent states

Constituent states of Kertosono
No. Formal name and flag Capital Population Area Density Location
km² mi2 km² mi2
Karajan "Kingdoms"
1 The Sailendran Kingdom of Ngawi

Ngawi 7,517,321 30,530.84 11,784.91 246.22 637.88 NGAWI.jpg
2 The Eternal Kingdom of Kertonyono

Kertonyono 5,414,781 23,973.05 9,254.60 225.87 585.15 KERTONYONO.jpg
3 Sragen The Palace of Peace

Sragen 4,576,440 56,43.95 21,783.89 81.07 210.04 SRAGEN.jpg
Kabupaten "Regencies"
4 The Regency of Wonomulyo
Wonomulyo 1,020,184 8,572.91 3,309.15 119 308.29 WONOMULYO.jpg
5 The Maritime State of Banyuasin
Musi Banyuasin 641,685 11,863.44 4,579.29 54.09 140.13 BANYUASIN.jpg
6 The Noble Regency of Wringinanom
Wringinanom 731,731 6,547.47 1,587.98 111.76 289.53 WRINGINANOM.jpg
7 The Sublime State of Ayodhya
Ayodhyakarta 820,255 4,113.95 1,587.98 199.38 516.54 AYODHYA.jpg
8 The Victorious Regency of Jaya
Jayakarta 510,586 5,795.13 2,236.92 88.11 228.25 JAYA.jpg
9 The Eastern Regency of Banyumas
Ajibarang 684,235 7,849.45 3,029.89 87.17 225.83 BANYUMAS.jpg
10 Wonosobo, The Regency of Prosperity
Wonosobo 823,674 7,063.27 2,726.42 116.61 302.11 WONOSOBO.jpg
Kadipaten "Grand Duchies"
11 The Monarchial State of Ngemplak
Pari 520,145 5,915.87 2,283.53 87.92 227.78 NGEMPLAK.jpg
12 The Mountain Realm of Argawangi
Gumintang 274,850 18,566.69 7,166.74 14.8 38.35 ARGAWANGI.jpg
13 The Grand Duchy of Ambarawa
Ambarawa 305,866 21,567.20 8,324.94 14.18 36.74 AMBARAWA.jpg
14 Kutha Ageng
Kutha Ageng 446,843 2,948.61 1,138.16 151.54 392.6 KUTHAAGENG.jpg
15 The Saraswatian Grand Duhcy (Juwangi)
ꦑꦢꦶꦥꦠꦺꦤꦤ꧀ꦯꦫꦱ꧀ꦮꦠꦶ (ꦙꦸꦮꦔꦶ)
Bojonegoro 339,677 3,678.90 1,420.06 92.23 239.20 JUWANGI.jpg
Kapaten "Duchies"
16 The Duhcy of Madhiun
Madhiun 187,012 3,381.36 1,305.20 55.31 143.28 MADHIUN.jpg
17 Jaranethes the Rich
Trenggalek 283,601 4,613.17 1,780.68 61.48 159.27 JARANETHES.jpg
18 The Independent State of Ngluntah
Ngluntah 130,583 1,379.90 532.64 94.63 245.16 NGLUNTAH.jpg
19 The Duchy of Wanasalam
Wanakarta 106,355 12,146.31 4,688.48 8.76 22.68 WANASALAM.jpg
20 The Maritime State of Tirtomoyo (Rembong)
ꦟꦒꦫꦶꦨꦲꦫꦶꦡꦶꦂꦠꦩꦪ (ꦉꦩ꧀ꦧꦺꦴꦁ)
Rembong 236,748 6,183.62 2,386.88 38.29 99.19 REMBONG.jpg
21 Katringan
Katringan 77,839 582.29 224.76 133.68 346.31 KATRINGAN.jpg
22 United Duchy of Wedi
Wedi 168,491 1,107.51 427.50 152.13 394.13 WEDI.jpg
23 The Duchy of Tandur the Great
Klopoanom 236,050 1,291.70 498.60 182.74 473.43 TANDUR.jpg
24 Jlamen Home of the Faithful
Jlamen 130,603 2,034 785.39 64.19 166.29 JLAMEN.jpg
Kapangeren "Principalities"
25 The Harmonious Society of Jeruk
Bajul Kesupen 145,301 2,078.91 802.46 69.89 181.07
26 The Principality of Rondo Ageng
Bolong 103,560 453.81 175.17 228.20 591.19
27 The Sovereign State of Muntilan
Muntilan 113,950 903.44 348.73 126.13 326.76
28 Lowokwaru Kuçeçwara
Malang 85,940 300.57 116.02 285.92 740.72
29 Klayon
Duri 78,574 605.33 233.66 129.80 336.28
30 The Mountain Palace of Srengat
Srengat 94,893 1,702.01 656.98 55.75 144.44
31 The Principality of Sawahgede
Sawahgede 43,483 534.13 206.18 81.41 210.90
Siti "Lands"
32 Sarinah
Sarinah 76,155 5,637.61 2,176.12 13.51 35.00
33 Land of Nggemblang
Nggemblang 32,105 786.37 303.54 40.83 105.177
34 Land of Njlantrah
Njlantrah 81,042 1,544.78 596.28 52.46 135.91
35 Land of Ploso
Ploso 54,075 445.58 172.00 121.36 314.40
36 Tranjak
Tranjak 89,305 1,164.56 1,164.56 449.52 76.69 198.67
37 Market of Pasar Pon
Majalangka 48,501 84.91 32.77 571.22 1,479.84
38 State of Kalikangkung
Indrapura 75,949 825.61 318.69 91.99 238.32
39 Salaka
Salaka 34,950 712.02 274.84 49.09 127.17
39 Tuminem
Tuminem 24,739 111.27 42.95 222.34 576.01
40 Land of Ruwo
Ruwo 15,683 972.92 375.55 16.12 41.76
41 The Northern Lands of Nglasem
Nglasem 35,720 19,359.92 7,472.93 1.85 4.78
Kutharaya "1st level cities (Grand Cities)"
42 The Grand City of Banyumas
Banyumas 1,447,101 646.19 249.49 2,239.43 5,800.13