List of Tagmatine Emperors

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This is a list of the Holy Emperors of Tagmatium, starting on the ceremonial foundation of Europatorion on Easter Sunday, CE333. This marks the conventional start of what is known by most of the population of Eurth as Tagmatium, although the nation itself does not recognise this as the start of a new nation. Rather, it sees itself a continuation of the Aroman Empire, with the foundation of Europatorion viewed as merely the start of a new era. Only emperors who are recognised as legitimate rulers and exercised sovereign authority are included, to the exclusion of junior co-emperors (symbasileis) who never attained the status of sole or senior ruler, as well as of the various usurpers or rebels who claimed the imperial title but did not successfully sit upon the Leopard Throne.

The line of Tagmatine emperors is held to start with Methodianos the Holy, the first Christian emperor, who built the city of Europatorion as the heart of a newly-refounded Aroman Empire. This was to be the imperial capital of a reborn empire that held the entirety of Europa in its sway but in reality, the empire struggled to hold onto what it had, let alone embark on a new series of conquests. Methodianos is often held up to be a model ruler and it is under him that the characteristics of Tagmatium emerged - a centralised state under the rule of an absolute monarch, with Christianity as its state religion and dominated by the Laimiaic North over the Aroman South.

Methodianos was also the first sole emperor since 272. Before Methodianos, the Octarchy or Octovirate, was a system of eight emperors set up by Auxentius in order to rule the sprawling Aroman Empire. It consisted of four senior and four junior emperors, with an organised sytem of succession, which was something that the Aroman Empire had lacked before then. However, by 296, the system had buckled under the threat of continued invasion of Aroman territory and disagreements between the Octarchs. Rapidly, it broke down into a civil war and culminated in one of the most traumatic events in Aroman history - the Burning of Arome. Methodianos arose out of this crisis to reunify the empire by 308.

Tagmatium considers itself to be the direct legal continuation of the Aroman Empire. The emperors listed below up to Theodoros in 484 were either sole or joint rulers of the Aroman Empire, consisting by then of the heartlands of what is now Adaptus, EuandriaSuverina, Sporsia, Tagmatium and Vanarambaion. By the Disorder (858-874), this had been reduced to just Tagmatium. Tagmatium also recognises Adaptus as a true continuation of the traditions and institutions of Arome as well but not necessarily the imperial legitimacy. The other "Aroman" nations, such as Sporsia and Euandria, are not considered continuators, although they consider themselves as heirs, just not of the imperial titles. The government and inhabitants of Tagmatium consider the monarchs to be rightful Aroman emperors in direct succession from Venerabilius. "Tagmatium" is an exonym applied to the state that forms of the old Aroman Empire that is centred on the Central Sea.

Until the reign of Ioannes II, known as the "Lawbringer", the Tagmatine emperors official held the title of "Venerabilius", although other titles such as "Dominus" were also used. Their names were preceded by Imperator Cotta and followed by Venerabilius. After Ioannes' reforms, the title commonly became the Laimiaic "Basileos", which had formerly meant sovereign, though Venerabilius continued to be used in a reduced capacity. During the reign of Mikhael I, "Equal-to-the-Apostles" (Laimiaic: Isapostolos) was added, as a recognition of the leading role Mikhael took to drive out heresy from the Empire. The title of "Autocrat" (Laimiaic: Autokrator) was added sometime in the Disorder, to attempt to show the legitimate emperor from amongst the usurpers. The standard imperial formula of the Tagmatine monarchs is currently "[emperor's name], by the Grace of Christ the God, faithful Holy Emperor and Autocrat of the Aromans and Equal-to-the-Apostles" (Laimiaic: Agios Basileos kai Autokrator ton Arhomaioi kai Isapostolos).

Although hereditary succession has never been a constitutional principle, it was often the norm. Here, dynasties are recognised not necessarily due to hereditary succession but often through one emperor either appointing a like-minded individual, favourite or influencing the election to the extent that they are able to choose their successor. Often, this did result in an emperor's son or sometimes daughter succeeding them. In theory, this was removed under the reforms of Leon III and replaced with an emperor elected by the eligible voters in Tagmatium, rather than just from the Senates, but a free election has only happened twice so far.

List of Emperors

Portrait Name Reign Notes

Methodianic dynasty (308-397)

Buranian dynasty (397–439)

Methodianos III 397 –
Born in 383. Grandson of the Buranic Magister utriusque Militiae (commander-in-chief) Cassius Gento, a half-Aroman, Methodianos was elected as emperor after the death of the last relative of Methodianos the Holy. The child was little more than a puppet for Gento and eventually suffered an "accident" when he became too independent and started to question the actions of Gento.
Anastasios I 409 –
Born in 389. Another grandson of Gento, Anastasios was able to outmanoeuvre his elderly would-be puppet master and had him lured into a trap whilst fighting against the Cussians in 413. After this, he turned inward and indulged in court intrigues and attempted to see which is more powerful – the Buranic religions or Christianity. He is said to have been hit by a tile falling from a church roof for his blasphemy, which split his skull.
Konstantios I 427 –
Born in 411. Son of Anastasios I, Konstantios tried to distance himself from his ancestry but he found it hard to be accepted. He could never fully trust his Aroman soldiers, so he had restored the old Imperial Buranic Bodyguard. This increased accusations of not being “truly” Aroman and acting in favour of the barbarians. The Aroman army units attached to the emperor's household resented this and murdered him, installing the Magister officiorum, Hilarios, in Konstantios' stead.

Hilarian dynasty (439–480)

Hilarios I 439 –
Born in 384. After ascending the Leopard Throne, Hilarios attempted to purge the Buranic elements from Arome. He was able to negotiate a peace treaty with Qubdi and the Cussians, which meant he could re-exert more direct imperial control over the south and western territories of the empire and clean house of the Buranians. He removed many of the Buranians that had become high-ranking officers and replaced them with loyal Aromans. This resulted in several massacres orchestrated by the emperor directly. Died peacefully in his sleep.
Konstantios II 451 –
Born 429. Nephew of Hilarios, he was appointed by him in the years before his death as co-emperor. Konstantios attempted to strengthen imperial control over the west. Covert Cussian support for the rebels weakened these attempts. He called the Council of Coroclion in AD459 in order to sort out the Christological issues of the day. Crowned his father, Ioannes, as co-emperor of his own. Despite his relative youth, he died shortly after.
Ioannes I 464 –
Born 392. Ioannes spent much of his reign in reforming the coinage and tax system, as well as instituting strict price limits for staples such as bread. He also reduced the bread dole for the capitals. This was an attempt to help the dire economic straits the empire was in.
Methodianos IV 469 –
Born 409. Curator Triticorum (Curate of the Wheat Dole) Methodianos was chosen by the wife of Ioannes, Palpellia, as the successor. His religious sympathies ran counter to the main religious tendencies of the empire, holding a dissenting opinion of the Trinity, but he otherwise managed accrue a significant surplus in wealth through being frugal. This both strengthened the empire, due to it having enough money to spend but also weakened it, due to not having enough troops. Methodianos abdicated when he realised how much damage his religious views were causing.

Non-dynastic (480-484)

Arkadios I "the Brave" 480 –
Born c. 426. Arkadios was a general raised to the throne to try to stabilise the crumbling Aroman Empire by a large conquest of the fragmenting west. Last person to rule both what is now Adaptus, Tagmatium and Suverina, although the western territories were very unstable. He wasn't able to keep the west from falling apart again and ultimately died at the Battle of Dubaserium (now Dubasari) of against a coalition of rebels and invaders.

Eastian dynasty (484-561)

Theodoros "the Quick" 484 –
Born in 435. Theodoros was a subordinate general under Arkadios. When the imperial army's withdrawal after the Battle of Dubaserium descended into a race back to the capital to see who would get there first and become emperor, Theodoros won. However, he spent his reign attempting to stabilise both the western and eastern frontiers.
Anastasia 518 –
Born in 468. The only child of Theodoros, who made the scandalous decision of forcing the Senates to appoint her sole ruler on his death. She resisted attempts to make her husband, Eufemios, co-emperor. She built on father's work and was able to get her son elected.
Theodosios I 531 –
Born in 503. A vigorous ruler, Theodosius was able to capitalise on the successes of his grandfather and mother and return Aroman rule to Vanarambaium. He supposedly died of aneurysm after being told of a number of garrisons had gone over to the Aromano-Vanaram Kingdom.
Konstantinos I 541 –
Born in 518. Konstantinos banned the few remaining games and festivals that had survived into the Christian era, as well as vastly increasing taxes due to the wars Arome had been waging. A riot broke out which saw much of Europatorion destroyed and Konstantinos fled in the chaos, but was recognised by some rioters and lynched.
Maurikios I 559 –
Born in 538. After having been installed on the Leopard Throne by the rioters, Maurikios seemed to be turning out to be a wise ruler. He began the rebuilding of Europatorion but died of the Plague sweeping across Europa. He left a nation beset by unrest and plague. Maurikios had no appointed heir or close relatives at his death, leading to squabbling amongst officials and generals which turned into outright civil war.

Eight Years' Strife (561–569)

Theodosios II 561 –
Born in 536. A subaltern in one of the palace guard regiments, Theodosios was quick to threaten, cajole and bribe his way to the Leopard Throne. However, he was besieged in Europatorion and snuck out, which was taken as desertion.
Valentinianos I 563 –
Born in 517. A leader of one of the provincial armies, Valentinianos was crowned emperor after Theodosios fled. His uncouth country manners and habit of seducing the young daughters of Senators led to the elite of the capital recalling Theodosios. In a foreshadowing of what was to come, Valentinianos was tortured hideously before being executed.
Stylianos 563 Born in 528. A minor palace official, he was proclaimed as emperor by the palace guards. His brief rule was typified by chaos in the provinces and drunken indiscipline by the army units stationed in the capital. Before long, the Aroman elite could take no more of it and had Stylianos overthrown by dint of having the palace doors locked against him. Theodosios was invited back to take the Leopard Throne again. Stylianos later became a monk and gained a reputation for being especially holy and is considered a saint by most churches.
Theodosios II (second reign) 564 –
Despite being invited in by the capital's elite, Theodosios almost immediately began a brutal purge of them. He reasoned that if they deposed him once, they could do the same again. This lasted until he was beaten to death by his own cup-bearer at a feast whilst palace officials placidly looked on.
Heraklios I 566 –
Born in 537. The cup-bearer ascended the throne soon after and was able to rule well, if briefly. He appointed Ioannes, a mid-ranking officer in the palace guard, as his Magister utriusque Militiae, or commander-in-chief. He died mysteriously whilst going for a morning swim in the imperial bathhouse, drowning despite being known for his swimming prowess and athletic ability.

Ioannesian Dynasty (569–611)

Ioannes II "the Lawbringer" 569 –
Born in 526. After his election by the army and the people, one of the first actions of Ioannes was to abolish the role of Magister utriusque Militiae and give that authority to a body rather than one person, forming a proto-general staff. He also undertook a wide-ranging administrative reform and started to update the ancient law system. This included making Laimiaic the language of administration, which reflected how the Empire had changed over the last several hundred years. Ioannes focussed on keeping the frontiers stable, rather than any plans for reconquest of lost territory. He also brought the Church under imperial control. He rebuilt Europatorion in a glorious style after its destruction.
Ioannes III "the Accountant" 587 –
Born in 548. Ioannes was the son of Ioannes III. He wasn't as interested as his father about reforming the law system, but the work continued nonetheless. The work also encompassed a reformation of the tax system, to make it more efficient and to try to avoid the unrest seen several decades before. He was careful to give his father credit and is remembered as the archetypal dutiful son.
Konstantinos II "the Pious" 602 –
Born in 583. Konstantinos was considered a pious and learned individual, often distributing alms to the poor. He regularly wandered the capital in disguise in order to learn their true feelings. One evening, he was found robbed and brutally beaten by his bodyguards and died soon afterwards.
Arkadios II 603 –
Born in 587. Brother of Konstantios. Unlike his brother, he wasn't groomed to rule and he spent much of his reign prevaricating. In the end, he was toppled by an ambitious general and official, Theodosios, who packed him off to exile in a monastery.

Aexpurtian dynasty (611-669)

Theodosios III "the Aexpurtian" 611 –
Born in 558. A native of Aexpurtia, he was also the governor and from a long line of officials in the province. Theodosios overthrew Arkadios, mainly due to his inaction over the religious strife taking place in the country. He leant towards the Aroman faction of the Church and the old order that it represented, rather than the more puritanical Tzanchians.
Maurikios II "the Drunk" 624 –
Born 563. Brother of Theodosios and his co-emperor, Maurikios was known to be something of a heavy drinker and took no real interest in running the empire during his reign, paying more interest in playing backgammon and days-long drinking sessions. He died after falling from his horse, supposedly due to being inebriated.
Demetrios I "the Seafarer" 630 –
Born in 581. Son of Maurikios II, he was elected by the army and people almost out of embarrasment due to his father's death. He proved to be more in his uncle's mould. Several invasions by the Kingdom of Thelarike took place in the early part of his reign, so he launched an attempt to conquer the islands for Arome. This was one of the first expansions into land not previously held by Arome for five hundred years.
Theognostos I 651 –
Born in 599. Theognostos tended to ignore the unrest that was spreading across the country and allowed the various church factions to squabble amongst themselves, rather than take a lead role in the religious debate. He continued his father's war against the Fisher Kings, as well as preventing the Qubdi from making inroads into Aexpurtia.
Arkadios III "the Fat" 661 –
Born in 605. He gave in thoroughly to the decadence that had been underpinning the court since his grandfather, Maurikios II. Reportedly so fat that he needed eight strong soldiers rather than the usual four to lift the shield he stood on during his acclamation. Reportedly died of overexertion whilst walking through the imperial menagerie.
Petros 669 Born in 617. Son of Theognostos, Petros was a relatively blameless individual, seemingly having been appalled by the lifestyles of his grandfather and uncle into living in a more temperate and Godly manner. He willingly went into a monastery when a coup was unleashed against him.

Non-dynastic (669-683)

Konstantinos III "Thelarikonikator" 669 –
Born in 623. Buoyed by his success over the conquest of the Hexanesa from the Fisher Kings, Konstantinos overthrew the Aexpurtians as they descended into decadence and religious turmoil. Despite using his authority as emperor to try to bully the various Christian factions into compliance, he was not able to stop the virtual civil war as it spread across the country.

The Inspired (683-785)

Mikhael I "the Inspired" 683 –
Born in 647. Mikhael took advantage of the religious turmoil to overthrow Konstantinos and replace him on the Leopard Throne. Magnaminously, Mikhael allowed him to retire as governor over the islands he conquered after an oath taken before a piece of the True Cross. Mikhael then solidified his rule through riding the coat-tails of the leader of the new religious movement, Bishop Optatos. The Enlightened Aroman Church was born and the old order tumbled down. As the destruction of icons and religious statues spread, he was also sure to place imperial officials and soldiers with the crowds of zealots, who were then able to sequester the smashed remains. He greatly enriched the imperial treasury with the precious metals and stones seized. He spent most of his reign fighting this internecine civil war against the adherents of the older manner of Christianity, most of whom were driven from the borders of the empire.
Evangelia "the Strong" 702 –
Born in 651. The wife of Mikhael. She ruled as empress in her own right after her husband passed away, winning the support of the army and the zealots. Evangelia was able to keep a hold on the conflicting needs of the new religious movement that still was shaking the country and those of an empire that needed to maintain its integrity in the face of what amounted to an ongoing civil war. Evangelia was able, through force of will and obvious piety, to keep the force of the Enlightened Aroman Church moving and prevent it from turning in on itself. In a shocking move, she commanded the forces at the Siege of Arome and drove out Pope Calrissius I, who fled into exile. On her deathbed, she was able to use the respect that the rest of the empire had for her to have her youngest, and favourite, son elected emperor.
Methodianos V 709 –
Born in 695. Despite his election to the throne, Methodianos had to fight off his oldest brother, Alexandros, who attempted to seize the throne from him. Alexandros utilised support from southern Aroman aristocracy, who disliked the new Church and the support that it had amongst the poor. After several battles, Alexandros was murdered by a common soldier. Methodianos then enacted legislation aimed at breaking the power of those elites. He was killed by his brother, Khristoforos, in order to placate those elites. This was because it seemed as though some of them were planning on defecting to the Suverinian kingdoms, who also followed the old Aroman Church.
Khristoforos I 726 –
Born in 689. Khristoforos was the middle son of Mikhael I and Evangelia. The murder of Methodianos was able to stabilise the country but Khristoforos still pursued the policies of his family and religion. He took control of the appointment of any bishops and favoured those who were Enlightened in order to cement the progress of the new Christianity. Called a Ecumenical Council at Ikonion to try to bring together those who still clung to the old ways and those who followed the new faith. In a surprise move, to show his genuine faith, he stepped down and became a monk before the Council of Ikonion took place. He was quickly appointed as a bishop and came to the Council.
Methodianos VI 730 –
Born in 711. After the shock abdication of Khristoforos, the Senates of Arome and Europatorion rallied around a son of Alexandros, who had remained loyal to his uncle Methodianos and the new faith. He presided over the Council of Ikonion and formally condemned those who did not follow the new iconoclastic faith, excommunicating them and unseating any cleric who refused to follow the new ways. In most cases, this was merely a formalisation of what had already happened but it had the biggest impact in the southern and eastern Aroman territories. Several rebellions took place after the overthrow of popular bishops took place but these were crushed by imperial forces. He died whilst on campaign against the Old Believers in Laimias.
Methodianos VII 748 –
Born in 723. In the aftermath of the death of Methodianos VI, one of his senior commanders, the Admiral (Laimiaic: Navarkhos) Methodianos was able to quickly move back to the heartland of the empire and seize the throne before anyone else could react. He married his son, Nikeforos, to Methodianos' daughter, Berenike. Despite his retreat, Methodianos brought his predecessor's campaign to a successful conclusion, at least in the field. Laimias would remain a hotbed of the old ways for years to come. He solidified the southern border against incursions by the Suvernians but was overthrown by his daughter-in-law, who had him blinded and forced into a monastery.
Berenike I 771 –
Born in 735. Berenike chafed under her father-in-law's rule, seeing herself as the true heir of her great-grandfather. She focussed more on trying to stabilise Arome and hoped to try to stop what was amounting to almost ninety years of virtual civil war that had done little more than profit the enemies of the empire. Berenike encouraged the spread of the new ways into the west, diverting the firebrands and the zealots that way and leaving the territories under direct Aroman rule calm for a time. She died during childbirth.
Nikeforos I 774 –
Born in 741. After having been considered the junior monarch to his wife, Nikeforos was determined to be seen as a strong ruler. He attempted to focus more on securing the borders of the empire than quelling the still ongoing religious turmoil. There had been major inroads made over the last decades by the Qubdi, Suverinians, Haru and even the Adapton states. Although he only ruled briefly, all of it was spent on campaign and he was only officially crowned during the reign of his father. He died when his horse threw him whilst fording a river whilst dressed in full armour.
Khristoforos II 779 –
Born in 735. Son of Methodianos VI. He attempted to carry on the campaigns of his father but did not quite have the ability and so relied on the abilities of more able generals. He also tried to rebuild the Senates after years of infighting, favouring those of a secular education over those with religious ties. Died of exertion after practising horse archery.

Non-dynastic (785-821)

Khristoforos III "the Wise" 785 –
Born in 749. Kouropalates under Khristoforos II, after his death he initiated a palace coup to place himself on the Leopard Throne instead of any planned heirs of the old regime. He calmed the religious zealotry of the newly Enlightened Aroman Church through a series of synods and meetings that encouraged those who clinged to the old ways to renounce their idols and to heal the wounds in the empire. He worked with the senates to see a peaceful transition, in the manner of the emperors of old.

Senatorial dynasty (821-858)

The Disorder (858-874)

The Iasonidian dynasty (874-922)

Non-dynastic (922-937)

Tzanchian dynasty (937-1031)

Europatorionian dynasty (1031-1106)

Non-dynastic (1106-1118)

Kontarianic dynasty (1118-1189)

Kommenid dynasty (1189-1279)

The Three Generals (1279-1304)

Valentinianos IV Tzouganres 1279 –
Born 1238. The last of the Kommenoi were unable or unwilling to deal with the Akiiryan incursions, the general Valentinianos gathered the army from his theme and those of Basil Mezarios and Heraklios Tzatzkhes and swiftly deposed the old rulers. He campaigned vigorously but ultimately fell out with his two subordinates, who murdered him.
Basil II Mezarios 1294 –
Born 1242. As senior emperor, Basil followed in his murdered mentor's footsteps but eventually became despondent. In turn, he was murdered by Heraklios.
Heraklios II Tzatzkhes 1303 –
Born 1241. Ruling alone, Heraklios could not hope to face the invaders by himself. On the eve of the Battle of Martyropolis, he found that the reinforcements he expected led by Andronikos Styppeiotes weren't coming. Deserted by his allies, Heraklios and his army were defeated in a battle that lasted from morning until nightfall. Reportedly, Heraklios was the last to fall.

Styppeiotid dynasty (1304-1458)

Paraspondylid dynasty (1458-1509)

Dermokaitid dynasty (1509-1623)

Non-dynastic (1623-1637)

Anastasios II Avitonides 1623 –
Born in 1563. An elderly but energetic man, Anastasios was elected to the Leopard Throne by loyalists of the Dermokaitai to try to keep the empire as intact as possible as Sporsia, Qubdi and the Volsci circled. He wasn't truly able to resist both the threats within and the attacks from without and abdicated when he saw a much more able emperor in Arhomanos Andronikopoulos

Andronikopoulid dynasty (1637-1788)

Epifanid dynasty (1788-1956)

Khristoforos X 1926 –
Born in 1899. Khristoforos was seen as something of a modern, playboy monarch and beloved by the cosmopolitan elite for his urbane manners and the common people for his unforced charity. He was, however, something of a closet xenophobe and quietly encouraged attacks against the Volsci living on the Hexanesa. This led to a show of force by the Republic and Khristoforos allowed himself to be provoked. The incident sparked the Long War. As the war dragged on, it appeared to the General Staff that their monarch was not giving them the free hand they thought they needed. They encouraged Konstantinos to seize throne and Khristoforos suffered an “accident”.
Konstantinos VIII 1942 –
Born in 1903. He took up something of a poisoned chalice in the form of a country that had been at war for seven years. Konstantinos had always been something of a dark figure, bookish and withdrawn, a contrast to his brother. At first, he let his generals have free rein and the military saw the situation reverse, with Tagmatium starting to win again. However, it began to deteriorate and Konstantinos took a direct role in commanding the nation's forces. In the end, he seemed determined to let the war run on, despite both sides being exhausted. A coup under the covered of a military parade saw him killed.

Democratic Tagmatium (1956-1969)

Leon III Theonikos 1956 –
Born in 1898. He climbed through the ranks during the Long War and held the rank of Armatophylakes (Quartermaster General). Leon was well aware how sick his countrymen were of it. Leon led a coup against Konstantinos VIII, which was also the first televised coup in history. He agreed an armistice that led to a peace treaty and the end of the Long War. He then tried to bring proper democracy to Tagmatium, even stepping down to usher in the first election.
Konstantios V Makrembolitissos 1963 –
Born in 1921. Konstantios was the first emperor to be democratically elected by a general election of Aroman citizens. His reign was brief, as it is brought down by a series of strikes that ended in a military coup. He was exiled and Leon Theonikos was said to have died of a broken heart at the failure of his dream for a democratic Arome. Konstantios was given refuge in Euandria and founded a government-in-exile.

The Rule of the Admirals (1969-1995)

Tagmatium Resurgent (1995-Present)

Theodosios VI Makrembolitissos 1995 –
Born in 1966. Theodosios was the son of Konstantios V. When the armed forces overthrew Methodianos after a series of general strikes, he was invited to take the throne. He was viewed as a fresh start for Tagmatium and his pious faith was seen as a break from the creeping secularisation of Tagmatium under the Navarkhokrateia. Through personal charity and great charisma, Theodosios quickly became beloved by his people, although his forgiveness of the excesses by the old regime was viewed with some scepticism. Several of his high officials pressed for harsher punishment of more than just the leading figures. Ultimately, this is what caught up with him, as he was assassinated by elements of the military, who then attempted to restore the Navarkhokrateia.
Kommodos III Iakoumos 2005 –
Born in 1943. Kommodos is the current monarch of Tagmatium. Although he is the son of a minor governmental functionary, his support of Theodosios led him to be appointed to Khartoularios (High Chancellor) in the new regime. He was elected after the Civil War that began with the assassination of Theodosios and he has led the country through something of a rebirth of its domestic and international fortunes after the tumultuous 20th Century. He is respected rather than loved but he is credited with bringing Tagmatium to its current fortunes as one of the most powerful and wealthy nations on Eurth.