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Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat
Cộng Hòa Dân Quốc Ngọc Luật (Quốc Dân Ngữ)
|Largest city||Gia Dinh|
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|Lê Công Minh|
|Huỳnh Lâm Trung|
|Nguyễn Lâm Quốc Bảo|
|157,700 km2 (60,900 sq mi)|
• 2021 estimate
• 2010 census
|240/km2 (621.6/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2021 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2021 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Ngoc Luat Nguyen (NL¥) (NLN)|
Ngoc Luat, officially the Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat (NRNL; Lamian: Cộng Hòa Dân Quốc Ngọc Luật), is a country in Southeast Alharu, sharing a maritime border in Adisi Ocean and Adlantic Ocean due to its geographical location, neighboring the Republic of Rhava to the north. The country covers around 157,700 square kilometers, the country is divided into two portions, the mainland (around 125,000 square kilometers) and the Thuy Luc Island (around 32,700 square kilometers). The capital is Gia Dinh, other major cities include Lam Hong, Quang Dong, and Dai Bac. The sovereign state of Ngoc Luat has a population of around 37.2 million. Luật Giáo is enshrined in the constitution as the official state religion and is practiced by more than 97% of the population.
In the early 1980s, Ngoc Luat entered a period of rapid economic growth and industrialization called the "Miracle on the Lam River". In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Ngoc Luat transitioned from a one-party military dictatorship to a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system. Ngoc Luat's export-oriented industrial economy is one of the biggest on Eurth.
Government and politics
The government of the Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat was founded on the 1946 Constitution of Ngoc Luat. In the constitution, it states that the Nationalist Republic "shall be a nation that is bound by the nationalism of Ngocluatians, democratically voted by the Ngocluatians." It underwent significant revisions in the late 1990s, known collectively as the "Bản Sửa đổi Quốc gia" (National Revision). The government is divided into four branches (Viện): the Executive Assembly (Viện Điều Hành, cabinet), the Legislative Assembly (Viện Lập Pháp, Congress or Parliament), the Judicial Assembly (Viện Tư Pháp), and the Control Assembly (Viện Kiểm Soát, audit agency).
The head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces is the president, who is elected by popular vote for a maximum of 2 four-year terms on the same ticket as the vice-president. The president appoints the members of the Executive Assembly as their cabinet, including a prime minister, who is officially the President of the Executive Assembly; members are responsible for policy and administration.
The main legislative body is the unicameral Legislative Assembly with 500 seats. Three hundred and fifty are elected by popular vote from single-member constituencies; One hundred and twenty-five are elected based on the proportion of nationwide votes received by participating political parties in a separate party list ballot; Twenty-five are elected from members of the Dong Hai constituencies. Members serve four-year terms.
The prime minister is selected by the president without the need for approval from the legislature, but the legislature can pass laws without regard for the president, as neither he nor the Prime Minister wields veto power, with the only exception of the law heavily restricting powers of both the Presidents and Prime Minister.
The Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat Military Forces takes its roots in the National Revolutionary Army, which was established by Đại Công in 1939 in Lâm Hồng with the goal of establishing Ngoc Luat as an independent state under a nationalist government. It was later reformed into the Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat Military Forces after having organized the country and its military personnel.
Today, Ngoc Luat maintains a relatively small but experienced and technologically advanced military, mainly as a defense to foreign and external threats using the National Defence Law of The Nationalist Republic as a pretext. This law authorizes the use of military force when certain conditions are met such as the dangers of losing the nation's independence or foreign military interventions.
Control of the armed forces has also passed into the hands of the civilian government. As the Ngocluatian military shares historical roots with the Nationalists Faction, the older generation of high-ranking officers tends to have a nationalistic ideology when it comes to military-related topics. However, many have retired and there are many more Ngocluatians enlisting in the armed forces in the younger generations, so the political leanings of the military have moved closer to the public norm in Ngoc Luat.
As of 2012, the armed forces of Ngoc Luat number approximately 120,000, with nominal reserves totaling 2.1 million as of 2015. Conscription remains universal for qualified males reaching age eighteen, but as a part of the reduction effort, many are given the opportunity to fulfill their draft requirement through alternative service and are redirected to government agencies or arms-related industries. Current plans call for a transition to a predominantly professional army over the next decade. Conscription periods are planned to decrease from 14 months to 12.
- "The Constitution of the Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat." Ngoc Luat News Agency. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- "General Statistics Office of Ngoc Luat 2019."
- "MỘT SỐ THÔNG TIN VỀ ĐỊA LÝ NGỌC LUẬT" (in Lamian). Ngoc Luat Government Portal. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
- Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, e-gov database of legal texts: "Số Liệu Thành Phố Của Ngọc Luật. Archived.
- "Constitution of Ngoc Luat 1985."
- Chi, Lam Thi Thu (2004). NGOC LUAT: a transition tiger. The People's Papers.
- "Tổng cục Thống kê"
- "Chapter 2: Government". The Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat Yearbook. Government Information Office, Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 12, 2008.
- "The country's assembly denies bill favoring changes." The Nationalist Papers . June 7, 2005.
- Hoang, Ho Thi Lam (2017). "The Unfairness In Ngocluatian Politics." The Story Inside The Politics Jungle of Ngoc Luat.
- Giau, Do Hoang (1995). "National Revolutionary Army Summary – Ngoc Luat's Military in The Revolutionary War". Totally History. June 7, 2013. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
- History of the Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat Military Forces (Archived.) March 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Legislative Assembly (Hội Đồng Lập Pháp Viện) (December 25, 1946). "Clause 122". Hiến Pháp của Ngọc Luật Dân Quốc [Constitution of the Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat.] Gia Định: Legislative Assembly. Archived from the original on July 26, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2014. Quân đội quốc gia, hải quân và không quân phải vượt ngoài các mối quan hệ cá nhân, địa lý và đảng phái, phải trung thành với đất nước và bảo vệ nhân dân. (Anglish translation: The land, sea, and air forces of the whole country shall be above personal, regional, or party affiliations, shall be loyal to the state and shall protect the people.)
- Ha, Nguyen Thi Hoang; Tu, Dai Cong (2002). "Towards Civilian Supremacy: Civil-Military Relations in Ngoc Luat's Democratization" (PDF). Armed Forces & Society.
- "Ngoc Luat Yearbook 2012". Government Information Office, Nationalist Republic of Ngoc Luat. Archived from the original on January 6, 2012. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
- "Ngoc Luat to end conscription?" The Nationalist Papers March 9, 2009. Archived from the original on March 13, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
- "Military alternative in Ngoc Luat." The People's Papers. May 1, 2000. Retrieved May 28, 2009.