San Castellino

Jump to navigation Jump to search
Republic of San Castellino

República de San Castellino (Stillian)
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Motto: "La República se dobla, pero no se rompe."
"The Republic folds, but does not break."
Anthem: "¡General, aquí estamos!"
("General, here we are!")
¡General, aquí estamos!
Map of San Castellino
Map of San Castellino
Capital
and largest city
Gazallenoa
Official languagesStillian
Recognised national languagesSan Castellino's Stillian (91%)
Stillian (65,01%)
Lysian (19,8%)
Andesian (6,7%)
Ethnic groups
(2012)
Mestizos (52,2%)
Stillians (17%)
New-Lyrian (14,3%)
Azanian (9%)
Iverican (5%)
Indigenous (1,3%)
Others (1,2%)
Demonym(s)San Castellinos
Government
• Supreme Leader, President of the Republic
Sullivan Di Foxycionni
• Secretary of State for the National-Capitalist Pact
La Joie Divine N'Golo
LegislatureNational-Capitalist Pact
Population
• 2013 estimate
19,530,000
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
131,462,760,000
• Per capita
6,721 (2020)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 68.2
very high
HDI (2014)Decrease 0.702
high
CurrencySan Castellino's Peseta (SCP)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Alharun Central Time)
• Summer (DST)
not observed
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy BCE/CE
Driving sideright

San Castellino, officially the Republic of San Castellino (Stillian: República de San Castellino) is a large country located in western Mesothalassa in Alharu on Eurth. The country is situated between the Manamana Bay, the Bahia del Trébol and the Baie Ferdinande. San Castellino is divided in two by the plateau of the High-Chanchel, between the Mariachi desert and the equatorial forest. San Castellino has immediate borders with Mauridiviah, New-Lyria, Eldorado and Sitallo. The country covers an area of 365 431 km2 including the few islets that belong to it, and the enclave of Ferdinades (4 560 km2) which is populated by approximately 19,530 hundreds of inhabitants. The capital city Gazallenoa is the most populated city with a more than 10 millions inhabitants.

The country is officially a presidential republic, but de facto is an authoritarian republic led with an iron fist by general Sullivan Di Foxycionni and his National-Capitalist Pact. San Castellino is usually quiet in the foreign affairs due to a nationalist and isolationist policy.

Etymology

Originally called San Constantino by Stillian explorers - in honor of Saint Constantine - the name "San Castellino" appears for the first time in the 17th century in the memoirs of Juan Cristobal, a Stillian writer who immigrated to Gazallenoa. Apparently, the name is the result of a distortion of the original name by the local indigenous population. But it is really from the beginning of the 18th century that the name San Castellino is popularized.

Although San Castellino is the official name of the country, there are several nicknames, the most famous of which is the affectionate name "Castie" which even gave birth to the patriotic song "Me gustaría estar en Castie" ("I wish I was in Castie").

Geography

  • Capital: Gazallenoa
  • Enclave: Ferdinandes City

History

First signs of human presence

Pre-colonial history 

Colonial history

(16th century - 18th century)

Independence

  • 23 June 1780 : A Stillian colonel named Francisco Cobbaco, with the help of San Castellino's independantists and Jacobins, makes a coup d'état and proclaim the independence of the San Castellinos State, establishing a military dictatorship. Most of the San Castellinos recognised his authority, but still a big part of them (between 30% and 35%) don't recognise it. With the help of the Republic of Iverica, the loyalists revolts the 9 of August 1780. The civil war is very bloody, both sides not hesitating to slit the throats of prisoners and to silence any opposition.
  • 17 March 1782 : Francisco Cobbaco is elected President of life by a referendum at 89% "yes".
  • 1 November 1786: Francisco Cobbaco proclaims himself Francisco the 1st, king of San Castellino and establish the Kingdom of San Castellino.
  • 14 February 1787 : Cristobal Dom Belcastel, the leader of the loyalists, is killed during the battle of Bancoco, destroying the moral of the loyalists. The General Juan-Carlos Bartolzio replace him but is not appreciated by his soldiers as much as his predecessor.
  • After 7 years of bloody civil war, both parties accept to sign a treaty, the 25 of July 1787. The Treaty of Rio de Enero (the ancient colonial capital of San Castellino) proclaim the full independence of the San Castellinos Kingdom and force Iverica to recognise the San Castellinos independence. But, the independantists having not fully won the civil war, Iverica still keeps as colonies the South-West regions of Rio de Enero and Cispacaña (which will later form the actual dominion of Rio de Enero).

19th century 

20th century

Bombing of Gazallenoa during the civil war.
  • 1927 : the economic crisis of 1927 also affected San Castellino, especially the nascent industrial sector, which was to emerge weakened forever. This economic crisis was accompanied by a sharp increase in unemployment and poverty, so that many towns (including some important ones such as Ferdinades City) were on the verge of bankruptcy. Extremist parties took advantage of the crisis - including the newly formed National Capitalist Pact - but not enough to come to power democratically.
  • 08 January 1936 : election of the first social-democrat President of the Council (the most influential executive function in the 2nd Republic), Juan Baptista.
  • 29 March 1936 : the army, fearing that the social-democrat government try a rapprochement with the anarchist New Lyria, attempt a coup d'état in Gazallenoa but fails.
  • 30 March 1936 : the army revolt against the government and this is the beginning of the 1936-1939 San Castellino's civil war, called by most of the San Castellinos as the "War of Shame". The country is divided between the "democrats" at the South-West and led by Juan Baptista, more numerous but disorganised, and the "nationalists" at the North-East, less numerous but more organised, and led by General Rodrigo Rodriguèz. The political oppositions between the "democrats" (in reality composed of social democrats, liberals, anarchists and communists) will start to tear them apart from the inside at the end of 1938.
  • 06 September 1939 : official end of the civil war with the elimination of the last democratic forces and the capture of Juan Baptista (who was guillotined on 25 September of the same year). The civil war, which reduced the country to ruins, caused the emigration of more than 120,000 San Castellinos abroad, as well as plunging the country into a backwardness that would only accumulate over time.
  • 25 September 1939 : Juan Baptista is accused of high treason and guillotined on the newly renamed Plaza de la Libertad. This day will become the national day of San Castellino in 1940.
San castellinos soldiers executing Salamids in the Austiña-Bircño extermination camp.
  • 09 April 1940 : the provisional military government ended and the general Rodrigo Rodriguèz founded the current Republic of San Castellino, an authoritarian regime based on national-capitalism. The general Rodrigo Rodriguèz is "elected" 102% of the votes for him.
  • 1951-1952 : the Salam minorities, seen as a "problem for unity" by the general Rodrigo Rodriguèz, are first discriminated with an active propaganda, secondly deported in extermination camps situated in the desert of Mariachi, and finally shot at the edge of a hole dug beforehand (in order to increase the "rentability"). The figures are not very reliable because of the difficulty of finding real information on the subject, but the genocide would have killed 45% to 60% of the Salam population of San Castellino and led to a Salamid diaspora to neighboring countries. The story was discovered and put in day by a foreign journalist in 1961, almost ten years after the genocide. This led to a general wave of indignation among the international community.

21st century

Politics

President Sullivan Di Foxycionni is the Supreme Leader of the Republic, while also serving as leader of the National-Capitalist Pact. La Joie Divine N'Golo, Secretary of State of the parti, serve as a sort of Prime Minister with very few powers compared to the Supreme Leader. The National-Capitalist Pact is indeed the ruling party and the only party authorized at San Castellino. The party concentrates all power and controls the state, with all top functionaries being chosen from among the party's top "activists". The Cristeros, a division of the army that serves as the political police, maintains the cohesion of the party and its absolute power over San Castellinos society. The National-Capitalist Pact also elect the Supreme Leader, which select the Secretary of State among the party. Officially, the government follow national-capitalism, an ideology theorized by Alonzo De Danli and characterized by ultra-conservatism, chauvinism, a deep attachment to Tacolicism and the idea that only the richest people in a country have the legitimacy and intelligence to run that country. But, in fact, the national-capitalist dictatorship became a corrupted authoritarian republic governed by a group of oligarchs around the National-Capitalist Pact.

Economy

The national currency is the San Castellino's Peseta (SCP).

The economy of San Castellino, unlike most dictatorships, is very weakly controlled by the state. Indeed, the country's economic doctrine is conducted in accordance with the official ideology of the country, national-capitalism, which advocates ultra-liberalisation of the large majority of markets and almost total privatization of services. As some famous examples, we can take the privatization of water, which is written into the constitution of San Castellino, or the fact that healthcare is managed by the Ministry of Economy.

The main sectors in San Castellino are oil, tobacco and agriculture. The oil sector in San Castellino is mainly controlled by foreign companies, notably by Galahinda through the company GalOil and Salvia. The San Castellinos tobacco and cigar industry is culturally and economically in the center of the country. Indeed, San Castellinos luxury cigars are internationally renowned. That is why the management of this sector is totally controlled by the Alharu Tobacco Company, even though it is a private company. Finally, agriculture - especially the cultivation of bananas, coffee and cotton - also has an important share of the San Castellinos GDP. Moreover, recently, the cultivation of avocados, although very water-intensive and requiring the clearing of many hectares of forest, is increasingly practiced in San Castellino.