Mauridiviah

Most Serene Republic of Mauridiviah

Serenísima República de Mauridiviah (Andesian)
Flag
Flag
Emblem
Emblem
Motto: 
"Somos los Hijos de Bolívar, Aquí Para Terminar su Trabajo"
"We are the Children of Bolivar, Here to Finish his Work "
Anthem: Alma Llanera
(Soul of the Plains)
Alma Llanera
Location of the Most Serene Republic of Mauridiviah (dark green) in Alharu (dark grey)
Location of the Most Serene Republic of Mauridiviah (dark green)
in Alharu (dark grey)
Capital
and largest city
Maurotopia
Official languagesAndesian, Iverican
Recognised regional languagesVarious native languages
Ethnic groups
(2017)
Madrians (70,3%) (roughly 55% Mestizos, 45% White)
Central Alharun (Central Asian) (9%)
Ivericans (6%)
Limonaian (5%)
Beleareasian (4%)
South Europan (Black) (3%)
Native Alharun (1,2%)
Thalassan Islander (0,9%)
Other (0,6%)
Religion
74% Atheism
15% Tacolicism
6% Christianity
3% Animist religions
1% New Age religions
0.7% Other religions
0.3% No Answer
Demonym(s)Mauridivian, Madrian (Antiquated)
GovernmentConstitutional Unitary Presidential Republic
• President of the Republic
Diego Polo
• Vice President
Israel Villar
• Speaker of the Court
Mario Corona
LegislatureSenate of the Republic
Establishment 
of the modern republic
• Declaration of Independence
11 April 1752
• Recognized
14 October 1756
• Madrian Reorganization
21 May 1786
• Consumated
5 July 1788
• Federalization Declared
9 March 1814
• Federalization Established
25 August 1818
• Bolivarian Revolution
10 September 1844
• Separation
2 October 1862
• Collapse
February 1881
• Monarchy Declared
20 January 1924
• Republic Declared
22 April 1988
Area
• 
425,000 km2 (164,000 sq mi)
Population
• 2018 estimate
34,600,000
• Density
81.412/km2 (210.9/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
420,000,000,000
• Per capita
12,444
Gini (2018)Negative increase 27.6
low
HDI (2017)Increase .7622
high
CurrencyComo (MDC)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Alharun Central Time)
• Summer (DST)
not observed
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy BCE/CE
Driving sideright
Calling code+59


The Most Serene Republic of Mauridiviah, commonly referred to simply as Mauridiviah (Meaning 'land of Maura' ), is a nation located in the south-center of the continent of Alharu, with the Bay of El Trébol bordering it to the south-east. Mauridiviah is considered to be the second most southerly nation on the continent, behind Synturia.

Mauridiviah is a Presidential Republic, meaning that the President is the head of state and government, and he is not accountable to the legislature. In Mauridiviah however, the President does indeed preside over the nation's unicameral legislature, the Senate of the Republic. Mauridiviah also employs separation of powers, having a total of four branches of government: the Executive, Legislative, Judicial, and Electoral branches. The Judicial branch is headed by the Supreme Court while the Electoral branch is headed by the Censors.

Mauridiviah is a member of the Argic-Thalassan-Alharun Regional Association, otherwise known as ATARA. Mauridiviah is also an Observer in the Confederation of Independent Socialists, otherwise known as CIS.

Etymology

The name of Mauridiviah is a name that comes completely from the Great Madrian Civil War, at the end of which the original kingdom was founded. "Mauridiviah" can therefore be broken down into three distinct parts: "Mauri-", "divia", and "h".

"Mauri-" means "Maura + suffix", referencing the daughter of the first king of Mauridiviah. Its male counterpart of Mauro would be "Maure-". The "-divia" is a unique feature of the Mauridivian dialect of Andesian. It means "land of", "clan of", "association of", etc. It is used to denote the collective ownership of something. As such, Mauridivia means "Land of Maura". However, there is another part to it. The "h" at the end is a feature from the Great Madrian Civil War. political factions and local independent government organizations would often end their names with a silent "h" as a sign of status. For example, the Maracih and Sanguayanh factions.

The idea behind adding the "h" was simply to state that they were a faction with so many resources that they could afford to print an extra letter unto their bureaucratic paperwork, and as such they were not some kind of weak association.

Thus, the name Mauridiviah means "Land of Maura (This is the name of a powerful faction)"

Using the International Phonetic Alphabet, Mauridiviah's name is pronounced as follows: [ maw ri 'ði βja ], otherwise written as [ m a u̯ ɾ i ð̞ i β̞ j a ]

Hear it spoken here:

Pronounce "Mauridiviah" with Google Translate's Help

History

Arrival of Humans and the Hunter-Gatherers (60,000/40,000 to 5,000 Years Ago)

It is still disputed in the archaeologist community when exactly humans first came to inhabit the Madrian Hinterlands, however most scholars would place the exact date somewhere between roughly 60,000 and 40,000 years ago. These early humans would've been typical Alharun hunter-gatherers, descendants of the hunter-gatherers who had long ago crossed from Europa into Argis.

The lives of these hunter-gatherers would've been challenging, as the tropical climate would've proved very difficult to move through or live in, due to the thick jungle that covers most of the Hinterlands, as well as the wide variety of deadly plants, diseases, and animals. Many of them would've likely become coastal fishers with a small minority of them surviving in the in the hinterlands proper. These inland dwellers are the distant ancestors of some modern Mauridivian aboriginals. The population of humans during this period of early humans is estimated to have never exceeded 25,000 persons.

Prehistory (3,000 BCE to 500 BCE)

At around 3,000 BCE the Agricultural Revolution finally came to the isolated hinterlands, leading to the establishment of the first semi-sedentary cultures and proto-cities.

We know very little of this time, however the city of Choroni is thought to have been founded during this time period.

Pre-Europan Contact (500 BCE to 1680 CE)

Several different, mostly tribal cultures developed in the hinterlands thanks to the introduction of widespread agriculture. Little is known of the tribes before Iverican contact, however native oral tales tell of an advanced fishing culture who's descendants are likely the Nari tribe. The Nari are the largest and most well-known tribe in the hinterlands, and circa 1650 CE it is thought that they could be found in coastlines from Manamana Bay to the Cashari Peninsula. They were excellent sailors, and there's evidence of contact between them and ancient Selayar. Their diets consisted mainly of fish and maize, with the boar being considered holy and therefore not eaten nor hunted. Thanks to early scholarly efforts and a large number of living descendants, the Nari language and culture has been well-preserved.

As to tribes which are more inland, very little is known about them before contact and their cultures have mostly disappeared. However, we do know of an advanced culture that lived along the Ayacuco River in the south of the hinterlands. They farmed maize and other crops (notably sugar cane and cocoa) and built great dirt pyramids. Some of these still stand today as earth mounds. As so little is known about them, they're usually referred to as the "Ayacuco River Culture"

The few uncontacted jungle tribes in Mauridiviah trace their origins to this period.

Before contact with Europan diseases, the population is estimated to have been as high as 2 million people.

Contact with Ivericans (1680-1690)

Despite the fact that Aloorians (the ancestors of Variota, Saale, and Bergistan) had arrived to the eastern shores of Alharu in the 14th century, the western side of Alharu remained isolated from the Europan goods, people, and chiefly diseases. This is mainly due to the fact that trade routes rarely extended that far and the significant lack of technology and organization in the western part of Alharu, with only the civilizations of Cashar and Kaitaine being well established at the time. This would all be upset by the arrival of a plucky band of migrants from Europa.

Far across the Adlantic, in the lands of the Iberic Empire, trouble was brewing. After a bloody invasion by the Mahdan Caliphate, a people that had been conscripted to death and radicalized by agitators rose up in open revolt against the Imperial Crown. After many massacres provoked by ethnic hatred and a long civil war, the last of the people loyal to the crown fled to the nearby Pirilao. These were families from all over the former Iberic Empire that opposed the deposition of the crown and the radical stances of the revolutionaries, as well families simply fleeing the violence. However, at Pirilao this group of refugees was betrayed and they were forced to undertake a difficult voyage that would take decades, now known as the "Gran Viatge" in Iverican and "Gran Viaje" in Andesian. This journey came to an end for many after the discovery of Iverica.

However, it was not the end for everyone. Although all of the travelers (after fighting off the natives) did settle on the Iverican mainland, not all of them were satisfied with the lands that they had encountered. Several bold explorers continued to sail the coasts south hoping to find wealth and never-before seen cultures. Many merchants also sought to establish trade routes with the peoples of Alharu.

Between 1680 and 1690, these traders and explorers sailed up and down the western coasts of Alharu making contact with many of the peoples there including the Nari. At first relations were pretty good between the Nari and these Iverican newcomers. They often exchanged gifts and traded, however then things took a turn for the worse. These Iverican explorers and merchants had brought diseases that the immune systems of the natives had never encountered.

These diseases quickly spread like wildfire, but not everybody was hit the same. The civilizations of Kaitaine and Cashar were isolated, organized and knowledgable enough to isolate the sick from the healthy and limit the damage from these new diseases. However, many other native Alharun tribes, including the Nari, were not so lucky. It is said that they were octomated, as eight in every ten of them died.

After this deadly contact, the population of the Madrian Hinterlands is estimated to have been no more than 400,000.

Conquest and Colonization (1690-1752)

The Nari were not the only ones who were suffering during this time, however. The newly arrived Ivericans quickly found themselves unable to farm enough food quickly or well enough to feed themselves and a famine ensued. This famine killed many and made the leadership of the newly founded Second Republic of Iverica that one calamity could wipe them off the face of the Eurth. Wanting to avoid this, they decided to sponsor an initiave to colonize a second new homeland for their people that would allow for their culture to survive if anything were to happen to Iverica.

A great many possible locations were presented, but only one caught the eye of the Primo of Iverica: a mostly flat region of fertile lands, surrounded by natural barriers and tucked away at the end of a bay. It is said that when the Primo askedthe explorer who had visited those lands to described them, he described them as the "Most serene place in the whole of the world". With that, the place was chosen and many people signed up to be colonists to this brave new land, declaring this second new homeland an extension of the Gran Viatge. The first boat of plucky settlers set sail on May 5th, 1690 from Porto Altaria and landed on a beach not too far from modern-day Concepción on June 16th, 1690.

The land these settlers found however was anything but serene. It was hot and full of mosquitos and agressive natives. Finding no land suitable for farming near the beach, the settlers went inward. They found a nice sport near a stream that reminded them of ancient descriptions of Sant Madrí. As such they named the city (and later the entire lands and colony) Madria. Concepción was founded soon thereafter, meant to serve as Madria's sea access. Colonization had begun.

To be continued.

Revolutionary War (1752-1756)

Most Serene Third Republic of Iverica (1756-1788)

After the Revolutionary War ended, the former Captaincy General of Madria was in disarray. Cities and other local governments had substituted the colonial government during the war, but now that the Second Republic had been defeated, many moved to support a new central government. One located in the hinterlands, rather than far across the ocean.

On October 2nd of 1756, as the final signing of a peace treaty approached, several Proceres began calling for the formation of a constituent assembly, chiefly Paolo Montenegro and Lazarillo de Madria. Starting on the 8th of October, several such assemblies began forming in the cities of San Juan, Madria, and Concepción. As to not cause confusion, Arturo Carabobo, then the leader of the Second Continental Army, declared that only the assembly gathering in Madria was legitimate and that the assembly would meet for the first time on November 12th. The assembly at Concepción willingly dissolved itself, but the assembly at San Juan (which at the time did have more representatives from all over the country than Madria) refused to dissolve. It met for the first time on October 20th. Augusto Bolívar arrived at the city and forced the the dissolution of the assembly on October 29th.

With the so-called Pretender Assemblies out of the way, the assembly at Madria was able to meet, although due to bad weather the delegation from Caridad de los Moros arrived two days late, leading to the first meeting being held on November 15th. After meeting for 146 days, the assembly finally approved and signed a Constitution on April 10th. Elections were held from May 2nd to May 6th all over the nation, and the new government was inaugurated on May 20th. This was the beginning of the Most Serene Third Republic of Iverica.

The government of the republic was adapted from that of the mother country, with some modifications made by the assembly. To be continued.

Republican Union of Madria (1788-1818)

Confederation of Colomboia (1818-1844)

Republic of Boliviana (1844-1862)

The Four Departments (1862-1881)

The Great Plague of 1881

Great Madrian Civil War (1881-1912)

The Three Factions (1912-1924)

Reunification and Establishment of the Most Serene Kingdom of Mauridiviah

Most Serene Kingdom of Mauridiviah (1924-1988)

Crisis of 1988 and the Establishment of the Most Serene Republic of Mauridiviah

Most Serene Republic of Mauridiviah (1988-Present)

Modern Times

Geography, climate, and environment

Demographics

Population

Government & Politics

President of the Republic

Senate of the Republic

Supreme Court

Elections Commission and the Censors

The States of Mauridiviah

Mundus Liber Institute

Law Enforcement and Crime

Economy

Education

Armed Forces

Infrastructure

Culture

Languages

Science and Technology

Health