National Bank of Orioni
|Established||March 1, 1939|
|Governor||Mrs Minyoti Pironi|
|Central bank of||Orioni|
ORP (ISO 4217)
The 1924 economic crisis prompted the government to establish supervision over all private banks. Previously the nation's monitary policy was administered by the Council of the Treasury. By 1934 a group of Orinese academics proposed the concept of establishing a central bank. The Sibiseba discussed the benefits of promoting price stability and economic growth. The ruling coalition government agreed to a five-year plan for the creation of a charter. It was submitted to the Sibiseba in February 1939 and made into law that same month. On March 1, 1939, the National Bank of the Orioni was formally inaugurated by Empress Owa, with Mrs Jurjina Yasna as the first governor. Its principal functions and responsibilities at the time were the preservation of monetary confidence and the improvement of economic growth.
Over the years, changes were added to make the charter correspond to economic requirements. In November 1974, following the disturbing Second Argic War (1968-1974), Governor Robert Wefochi amended the charter to contain rules for international monetary stability. The Bank's authority was also expanded to include regulation of the entire Orinese financial system, not just oversee the banking system.
The criminal practice of money laundering is a persisting problem in Orioni and the wider Orient. The NBO has announced many preventive and counteractive measures to overcome the illegal processes. In January 2009, the Anti-Money Laundering Act was made into law. It provides a foundation of the monitoring, blocking and penalising suspected and conviction money laundering operations. In January 2011, Chairman Strupar further strengthened the Anti-Money Laundering Law. He expanded its responsibilities to include: suspicious transactions in foreign exchange, real estate, art, precious metals and jewellery.
On the evening of November 28, 2014, a Friday, the NBO website was hacked by a group named Incognito in a protest against the Strupar government. The website wasn't restored until the early hours on Monday morning of the next week. The following weeks a set of confidential electronic documents were released describing tax evasion and shell corporations used for illegal purpose in Rohini. The documents indirectly contributed to the ousting of Chairman Strupar and the reelection of Chairlady Pristo.
Apart from monetary policy, the National Bank of Orioni carries out these following functions:
- issuing and printing of Phi banknotes
- placing in circulation of Phi coins
- services to the Orinese financial sector
- services to the general public
- management of foreign currency reserves
- collection, circulation and analysis of economic and financial information
The Governor of the National Bank is a member of the Sibiseba, the legislative body of Orioni. The following is a list of the Governors of the National Bank of Orioni since its foundation in the 20th century.
- Mrs Jurjina Yasna (1939–1941)
- Mr Ali Gobiri (1941)
- Mrs Jina Anisi (1941–1944)
- Mrs Wendimi Morsi (1944–1957)
- Mrs Abriti Anshixu (1957–1971)
- Mr Robert Wefochi (1971–1975)
- Mrs Sisili Distari (1975–1982)
- Mrs Rani Melekotawi (1982–1989)
- Mrs Lanika Esakesi (1989–1999)
- Mrs Loka Manda (1999–2011)
- Mr Lukasi Daperi (2011–2015)
- Mrs Jeni Simizi (2015–2019)
- Mrs Minyoti Pironi (2019 - Present)