Politics of Orioni

Politics of Orioni
Erwaniye poletika
Symbol of Orioni.png
Seal of Orioni
State typeUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
ConstitutionConstitution of Orioni
Legislative branch
NameSibiseba
TypeUnicameral
AppointerDirect election
Executive branch
Head of State
TitleEmpress
CurrentlyJoni I Nabérrie
Head of Government
TitleChairlady
CurrentlyChandra Pristo
Cabinet
NameImperial Council
Current cabinetPristo II
Ministries12
Judicial branch
NameJudiciary of Orioni


The politics of Orioni take place with the framework of a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch, currently Empress Joni, is the head of state while the Chairperson of the Memakiriti, currently Chandra Pristo, is the head of government. The Orinese Constitution provides for a separation of powers. The political system of Orioni consists of an executive branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch.

Executive power is exercised by the Chairperson of the Imperial Council (Oharic: Memakiriti). The Government consists of the Chairperson and councillors. The government, including the Chairperson, can be revoked by the Sibiseba.

The Sibiseba (Anglish: Assembly) passes statutes and votes on the budget; it controls the action of the executive through formal questioning on the floor of the houses of Sibiseba and by establishing commissions of inquiry. The Orinese political system is a multi-party system. Former executive leaders are members of the Sibiseba.

The judiciary is based upon civil law system and is independent of the executive and the legislature. The highest court is the Imperial Court of Orioni.

History

An early executive branch was the Imperial Council (Oharic: Memakiriti). At its creation in 1175, it was composed of four councillors or advisors, with the monarch representiving the fifth decisive vote. The position of "Councillor" (abbreviated as Cllr) was appropriated from city government and carried over to the national level. The title precedes the holder's other titles, for example Cllr Andrew Pipkin. Each councillor was the head of a specialized department and a geographical area of expertise (several provinces). The Empress would open her personal correspondence and discuss hearings only in the presence of at least 2 councillors. They gave council to the empress, and confirmed (or co-signed) and accelerate royal decisions (edicts and declarations). These four departments were:

  • Councillor of the Imperial Household: oversaw the royal entourage, clergy, affairs of the capital, royal buildings, and personal military guard.
  • Councillor of War: First Officer of the Crown, highest commander of the army, oversaw border provinces.
  • Councillor of the Navy: highest commander of the navy, oversaw colonial matters.
    • Assisted by the Admiral of the Galleys.
  • Councillor of Mediation: oversaw diplomacy, foreign relations and trade.
    • Assisted by the Collector of the Tithe.

The Council was considered a very important body of government. The various councillors were still subject to the crown. Some historians even consider it to be more important than the Monarchy itself.[citation needed]

In 1195 new laws were introduced to celebrate 20 years of restoration. An early legislative branch was formed as part of the constitutional law reforms, transforming the monarchy into a more deliberative form. The Gizatochi was an early precursor to the Sibiseba. This institutionalised assembly critiqued monarchical decisions, discussed laws about taxes, trade, diplomacy, and military matters. It was a select committee that included fifty noble representatives from the Tamanyi cities. This was expanded in later centuries to include representatives from. However, colonial posessions were not represented.

Monarchy

National government

Executive

Chairperson

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party Elected Notable credit(s)
Placeholder.svg Mr/s $Name
(birth-death)
 1951  1955 $Party $Year(s) Europan Commercial Alliance
Placeholder.svg Mr/s $Name
(birth-death)
 1955  1959 $Party $Year(s) $Credit(s)
Placeholder.svg Mr/s $Name
(birth-death)
 1959  1963 $Party $Year(s) $Credit(s)
Placeholder.svg Mr/s $Name
(birth-death)
 1963  1967 $Party $Year(s) $Credit(s)
Sydykbekov Tugelbay.JPG Mrs Yekirigizi Sinetsihufi
(1912-1997)
 1967  1975 WPO 1971
1975
Consequences of Second Argic War
Placeholder.svg Mr/s $Name
(birth-death)
 1975  1979 $Party $Year(s) Recovery from economic crisis
Placeholder.svg Mr/s $Name
(birth-death)
 1979  1983 $Party $Year(s) $Credit(s)
Placeholder.svg Mr/s $Name
(birth-death)
 1983  1987 $Party $Year(s) $Credit(s)
U Thant (1963).jpg Mr Hano Ketenya
(1924-2020)
 1987  1991 WPO $Year(s) $Credit(s)
Placeholder.svg Mr/s $Name
(birth-death)
 1991  1995 $Party $Year(s) $Credit(s)
Placeholder.svg Mr/s $Name
(birth-death)
 1995  1999 $Party $Year(s) $Credit(s)
Placeholder.svg Mr/s $Name
(birth-death)
 1999  2003 Blueropa $Year(s) Infrastructure projects[1]
Isabella Rossellini Cannes 2015.jpg Mrs Chandra Pristo
(1952-)
 2003  2007 SP.O 2003
2015
Entente of Oriental States
Jonas Sjöstedt 20190501 crop.jpg Mr Ionas Strupar
(1970-2016)
 2007  2015 PO&N 2007
2011
Military projects[2]
Isabella Rossellini Cannes 2015.jpg Mrs Chandra Pristo
(1952-)
 2015  2019 SP.O 2003
2015
Financial recovery; UENA Orioni 2018 World Cup; Green Shift; STEM grants; Strategic petroleum reserves[3]
Awidefale Rezovi.jpg Ms Awidefale Rezovi
(1975-)
 2019  Present SP.O 2019 Bainbridge Islands peacekeeping; 5G rollout

Legislative

Judicial

Weekly agenda

  • Monday: review of legislative by judicial
  • Tuesday: Sibiseba meets
  • Wednesday: Memakiriti meets
  • Thursday: Subcouncils meet
  • Friday: Question time of executive by legislative

Local government

Provincial governor

Political parties and elections

Types

Alliances

Policy making

Foreign Relations