Politics of Orioni

Jump to navigation Jump to search
Politics of Orioni
Erwaniye poletika
Sibiseba of Orioni.png
Sibiseba assembly building in O'polis
State typeUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
ConstitutionConstitution of Orioni
Legislative branch
NameSibiseba
TypeUnicameral
AppointerDirect election
Executive branch
Head of State
TitleEmpress
CurrentlyJoni I Nabérrie
Head of Government
TitleChairlady
CurrentlyAwidefale Rezovi
Cabinet
NameImperial Council
Current cabinetRezovi I
Ministries12
Judicial branch
NameJudiciary of Orioni
Symbol of Orioni.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Orioni

The politics of Orioni take place with the framework of a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch, currently Empress Joni, is the head of state while the Chairperson of the Memakiriti, currently Chandra Pristo, is the head of government. Orioni has been described as a bureaucratic monarchy where legally the power lies in the hands of the monarch but the real power lies in the hands of the bureaucracies surrounding her. The Orinese Constitution provides for a separation of powers. The political system of Orioni consists of an executive branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch.

Executive power is exercised by the Chairperson of the Imperial Council (Oharic: Memakiriti). The Government consists of the Chairperson and councillors. The government, including the Chairperson, can be revoked by the Sibiseba. The Sibiseba (Anglish: Assembly) passes statutes and votes on the budget; it controls the action of the executive through formal questioning on the floor of the houses of Sibiseba and by establishing commissions of inquiry. The Orinese political system is a multi-party system. Former executive leaders are members of the Sibiseba. The judiciary is based upon civil law system and is independent of the executive and the legislature. The highest court is the Imperial Court of Orioni.

History

An early executive branch was the Imperial Council (Oharic: Memakiriti). At its creation in 1175, it was composed of four councillors or advisors, with the monarch representiving the fifth decisive vote. The position of "Councillor" (abbreviated as Cllr) was appropriated from city government and carried over to the national level. The title precedes the holder's other titles, for example Cllr Andrew Pipkin. Each councillor was the head of a specialized department and a geographical area of expertise (several provinces). The Empress would open her personal correspondence and discuss hearings only in the presence of at least 2 councillors. They gave council to the empress, and confirmed (or co-signed) and accelerated royal decisions (edicts and declarations). The Council was considered a very important body of government. The various councillors were still subject to the crown. Some historians even consider it to be more important than the Monarchy itself.[citation needed] The four original departments were:

  • Councillor of the Imperial Household: oversaw the royal entourage, clergy, affairs of the capital, royal buildings, and personal military guard.
  • Councillor of War: First Officer of the Crown, highest commander of the army, oversaw border provinces.
  • Councillor of the Navy: highest commander of the navy, oversaw colonial matters.
    • Assisted by the Admiral of the Galleys.
  • Councillor of Mediation: oversaw diplomacy, foreign relations and trade.
    • Assisted by the Collector of the Tithe.

In 1195 new laws were introduced to celebrate 20 years of restoration. An early legislative branch was formed as part of the constitutional law reforms, transforming the monarchy into a more deliberative form. The Gizatochi was an early precursor to the Sibiseba. This institutionalised assembly critiqued monarchical decisions, discussed laws about taxes, trade, diplomacy, and military matters. It was a select committee that included fifty noble representatives from the Tamanyi cities. This was expanded in later centuries to include representatives from. However, colonial posessions were not represented.

Monarchy

National government

Executive

The executive branch is lead by the Chairperson, supported by councillors. The Chairperson is the head of government, elected by the legislative Sibiseba. In Orinese politics the Chairperson is equivalent to that of a prime minister. S/he heads the imperial council and lead of the councillors in the executive branch of government. The councillors are responsible for heading a government department.

Chairperson

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party Elected Notable credit(s)
Man Silhouette2.jpg Mrs Lusiya Selami ina Gitiri
(1878-1967)
 1951  1955 Constitutional Party 1951 Establishment of Europan Commercial Alliance; decolonisation of Burkini.
Man Silhouette2.jpg Mrs $Name
(1883-1960)
 1955  1959 Constitutional Party 1955 Dealing with the economic crisis of 1958.
Queen Sirikit 1960.jpg Mrs $Name
(1896-1987)
 1959  1963 Constitutional Party 1959 $Credit(s)
Esperanza Osmena (Malacanang photo).jpg Mrs $Name
(1901-1975)
 1963  1967 Constitutional Party 1963 $Credit(s)
Sydykbekov Tugelbay.JPG Mrs Yekirigizi Sinetsihufi
(1912-1997)
 1967  1975 WPO 1967
1971
Recovery from Second Argic War.
Begum Fazilatunnesa.jpg Mrs $Name
(1907-1988)
 1975  1979 WPO 1975 Recovery from economic crisis.
Usha Narayanan.jpg Mrs Beza Menkir Alem
(1911-2004)
 1979  1983 Motherland Movement 1979 $Credit(s)
Mae Jemison 2013.jpg Mrs Eleni Arame
(1918-2019)
 1983  1987 Liberal Homeland Party 1983
1991
$Credit(s)
U Thant (1963).jpg Mr Hano Ketenya
(1924-2020)
 1987  1991 WPO 19987 $Credit(s)
Mae Jemison 2013.jpg Mrs Eleni Arame
(1919-2007)
 1991  1995 Liberal Homeland Party 1983
1991
$Credit(s)
Jaya (Singer).jpg Mrs Salayish Ciris
(1937-)
 1995  2003 Blueropa 1995
1999
Infrastructure projects[1]
Isabella Rossellini Cannes 2015.jpg Mrs Chandra Pristo
(1952-)
 2003  2007 SP.O 2003
2015
Establishment of Entente of Oriental States
Jonas Sjöstedt 20190501 crop.jpg Mr Ionas Strupar
(1970-2016)
 2007  2015 PO&N 2007
2011
Various economic and military projects[2]
Isabella Rossellini Cannes 2015.jpg Mrs Chandra Pristo
(1952-)
 2015  2019 SP.O 2003
2015
Financial recovery; hosting the 2018 UENA World Cup; Green Shift; STEM grants; Strategic petroleum reserves[3]; expansion of EOS.
Awidefale Rezovi.jpg Ms Awidefale Rezovi
(1975-)
 2019  Incumbent SP.O 2019 Bainbridge Islands peacekeeping; 5G rollout; establishment of CAOS.

Legislative

Sibiseba assembly building in O'polis.

The Sibiseba ("assembly") is the unicameral legislative body of Orioni. It meets in O'polis, the capital of Orioni. The main advantage of this unicameral system is more democratic and efficient lawmaking. The legislative process is simpler, without deadlock between two chambers, and reduced costs. In 2021 there are 162 sibisebali, elected to a four-year term. 82 seats are required for a majority. The Sibiseba cannot be dissolved. The Sibiseba has ultimate legislative power, and no other government institution can over-ride its decisions. Neither the monarch nor the executive branch participates in the legislative process. Orinese nationals aged 20 years and older may vote. Prior to 1991, the voting age was 20. Orinese nationals aged 25 years and older may run for office in the Sibiseba.

Judicial

Based on the ancient Aroman system of αλήθεια (alítheia, truth).

  • Imperial Court of Justice on the national level
  • Palace(s) of Justice on the provincial (kifile) level
  • House(s) of Justice on the departmental (wereda) level
  • Table(s) of Justice on the municipal level

Weekly agenda

  • Monday: Interpellation of the executive branch by the legislative branch.
  • Tuesday: Sibiseba meets for legislative work.
  • Wednesday: Memakiriti meets for executive work.
  • Thursday: Subcouncils meet for executive work.
  • Friday: Review of legislative branch by the judicial branch.

Local government

Provincial governor

Political parties and elections

Types

Alliances

(Senior partner. Junior partner. Centrist alliance. Right-wing alliance.)

Policy making

Foreign Relations

Men in government

Chairman Hano Ketenya.

In Orioni, men have historically been underrepresented in the government and different institutions. Their role has traditionally been relegated to business and military positions, both at domestic and abroad. This inclination has changed in the 20th century with more men also pursuing leadership positions within the Orinese political sphere. As of September 2021, the participation rate of men in government stands around 33%. The following male leaders are considered pioneers.

References