Politics of Orioni
|State type||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|Constitution||Constitution of Orioni|
|Head of State|
|Currently||Joni I Nabérrie|
|Head of Government|
|Current cabinet||Rezovi I|
|Name||Judiciary of Orioni|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The politics of Orioni take place with the framework of a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch, currently Empress Joni, is the head of state while the Chairperson of the Memakiriti, currently Chandra Pristo, is the head of government. Orioni has been described as a bureaucratic monarchy where legally the power lies in the hands of the monarch but the real power lies in the hands of the bureaucracies surrounding her. The Orinese Constitution provides for a separation of powers. The political system of Orioni consists of an executive branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch.
Executive power is exercised by the Chairperson of the Imperial Council (Oharic: Memakiriti). The Government consists of the Chairperson and councillors. The government, including the Chairperson, can be revoked by the Sibiseba. The Sibiseba (Anglish: Assembly) passes statutes and votes on the budget; it controls the action of the executive through formal questioning on the floor of the houses of Sibiseba and by establishing commissions of inquiry. The Orinese political system is a multi-party system. Former executive leaders are members of the Sibiseba. The judiciary is based upon civil law system and is independent of the executive and the legislature. The highest court is the Imperial Court of Orioni.
An early executive branch was the Imperial Council (Oharic: Memakiriti). At its creation in 1175, it was composed of four councillors or advisors, with the monarch representiving the fifth decisive vote. The position of "Councillor" (abbreviated as Cllr) was appropriated from city government and carried over to the national level. The title precedes the holder's other titles, for example Cllr Andrew Pipkin. Each councillor was the head of a specialized department and a geographical area of expertise (several provinces). The Empress would open her personal correspondence and discuss hearings only in the presence of at least 2 councillors. They gave council to the empress, and confirmed (or co-signed) and accelerated royal decisions (edicts and declarations). The Council was considered a very important body of government. The various councillors were still subject to the crown. Some historians even consider it to be more important than the Monarchy itself. The four original departments were:
- Councillor of the Imperial Household: oversaw the royal entourage, clergy, affairs of the capital, royal buildings, and personal military guard.
- Assisted by the Keeper of the Seals.
- Councillor of War: First Officer of the Crown, highest commander of the army, oversaw border provinces.
- Assisted by the Master of the Horse.
- Councillor of the Navy: highest commander of the navy, oversaw colonial matters.
- Assisted by the Admiral of the Galleys.
- Councillor of Mediation: oversaw diplomacy, foreign relations and trade.
- Assisted by the Collector of the Tithe.
In 1195 new laws were introduced to celebrate 20 years of restoration. An early legislative branch was formed as part of the constitutional law reforms, transforming the monarchy into a more deliberative form. The Gizatochi was an early precursor to the Sibiseba. This institutionalised assembly critiqued monarchical decisions, discussed laws about taxes, trade, diplomacy, and military matters. It was a select committee that included fifty noble representatives from the Tamanyi cities. This was expanded in later centuries to include representatives from. However, colonial posessions were not represented.
The executive branch is lead by the Chairperson, supported by councillors. The Chairperson is the head of government, elected by the legislative Sibiseba. In Orinese politics the Chairperson is equivalent to that of a prime minister. S/he heads the imperial council and lead of the councillors in the executive branch of government. The councillors are responsible for heading a government department.
|Took office||Left office||Political party||Elected||Notable credit(s)|
|Mrs Lusiya Selami ina Gitiri
|1951||1955||Constitutional Party||1951||Establishment of Europan Commercial Alliance; decolonisation of Burkini.|
|1955||1959||Constitutional Party||1955||Dealing with the economic crisis of 1958.|
|Mrs Yekirigizi Sinetsihufi
|Recovery from Second Argic War.|
|1975||1979||WPO||1975||Recovery from economic crisis.|
|Mrs Beza Menkir Alem
|Mrs Eleni Arame
|1983||1987||Liberal Homeland Party||1983
|Mr Hano Ketenya
|Mrs Eleni Arame
|1991||1995||Liberal Homeland Party||1983
|Mrs Salayish Ciris
|Mrs Chandra Pristo
|Establishment of Entente of Oriental States|
|Mr Ionas Strupar
|Various economic and military projects|
|Mrs Chandra Pristo
|Financial recovery; hosting the 2018 UENA World Cup; Green Shift; STEM grants; Strategic petroleum reserves; expansion of EOS.|
|Ms Awidefale Rezovi
|2019||Incumbent||SP.O||2019||Bainbridge Islands peacekeeping; 5G rollout; establishment of CAOS.|
The Sibiseba ("assembly") is the unicameral legislative body of Orioni. It meets in O'polis, the capital of Orioni. The main advantage of this unicameral system is more democratic and efficient lawmaking. The legislative process is simpler, without deadlock between two chambers, and reduced costs. In 2021 there are 162 sibisebali, elected to a four-year term. 82 seats are required for a majority. The Sibiseba cannot be dissolved. The Sibiseba has ultimate legislative power, and no other government institution can over-ride its decisions. Neither the monarch nor the executive branch participates in the legislative process. Orinese nationals aged 20 years and older may vote. Prior to 1991, the voting age was 20. Orinese nationals aged 25 years and older may run for office in the Sibiseba.
Based on the ancient Aroman system of αλήθεια (alítheia, truth).
- Imperial Court of Justice on the national level
- Palace(s) of Justice on the provincial (kifile) level
- House(s) of Justice on the departmental (wereda) level
- Table(s) of Justice on the municipal level
- Monday: Interpellation of the executive branch by the legislative branch.
- Tuesday: Sibiseba meets for legislative work.
- Wednesday: Memakiriti meets for executive work.
- Thursday: Subcouncils meet for executive work.
- Friday: Review of legislative branch by the judicial branch.
Political parties and elections
(Senior partner. Junior partner. Centrist alliance. Right-wing alliance.)
Men in government
In Orioni, men have historically been underrepresented in the government and different institutions. Their role has traditionally been relegated to business and military positions, both at domestic and abroad. This inclination has changed in the 20th century with more men also pursuing leadership positions within the Orinese political sphere. As of September 2021, the participation rate of men in government stands around 33%. The following male leaders are considered pioneers.
- 1917: the first male diplomat was Mr Tomeniko Anāsa, ambassador to Mekabiri.
- 1921: the first male male mayor was Baron Liyoni Kinigiyariti of Iwineti.
- 1929: the first male Sibisebali was Mr Luchi Sifira.
- 1951: the first male councillor was Mr Bizati Mekakelenya-Korebita, who served as Defense Cllr under Chairlady Lusiya Selami ina Gitiri.
- 1987: the first male chairperson was Mr Hano Ketenya.